Lipinski, Edward R. Oil Burners Require Checkups. Sunday Republican.
November 27, 1994. p. E-5.
Abstract: This article explains simple maintenance procedures
homeowners can perform on their oil burners to ensure they are functioning
properly. The burner should also be checked annually by the service company.
Most burners will have a caged fan to increase the temperature of the
flame. This fan will collect dust and should be cleaned periodically. The
combustion chamber should be examined annually to check for cracks and soot
deposits. All cracks should be repaired and soot deposits indicate that
the flame needs to be adjusted.
The steam system should be equipped with a water level gauge. Check the
water level periodically and check the manual for instructions on how to
fill the water. The procedure should involve opening one valve. The steam
system will also have a drain valve, probably located at the base of the
furnace. The water should be drained weekly and replaced with fresh water
to prevent rusting.
In forced air systems, air is distributed throughout the house by a duct
system. The air filters of the system should be checked monthly and clogged
filters should be replaced to increase heat efficiency. A spare drive belt,
which connects the blower to the motor, should be kept handy. A damaged
drive belt will shut the system down.
If the heating system will not start, there are several things to check
before making a service call. Make sure that the thermostat controls are
set properly. Check the fuel tank to make sure there is enough fuel. The
electrical panel should be checked for blown fuses or tripped circuits.
There are two relay switches that may need to be reset. To reset the switches,
press them once. There are also two switches that control power to the furnace.
If either is not switched on, the furnace will not run.