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Ignitable Liquid Classification System

Source: ATF National Laboratory

CLASS NUMBER (CLASS NAME)  "PEAK SPREAD" BASED N-ALKANE CARBON NOs (UNEVAPORATED LIQUID) EXAMPLES
1
Light Petroleum Distillates (LPD)
C4-C11 Petroleum ethers. Pocket lighter fuels, some rubber cement solvents. VM & P Naphtha. Skelly solvents, some camping fuels.
2
Gasoline
C4-C12 All brands and grades of automotive gasoline, including gasohol.
3
Medium Petroleum Distillates (MPD)
C8-C12 Mineral spirits, some paint thinners, some charcoal starters, "Dry-cleaning" solvents, some torch fuels. Some solvents for insecticides, polishes, and some lamp oils.
4
Kerosine
C9-C16 Kerosine, No. 1 fuel oil, Jet-A (aviation) fuel, solvent for some insecticides and polishes, some paint thinners, some lamp oils.
5
Heavy Petroleum Distillates (HPD)
C10-C23 Diesel fuel. No. 2 fuel oil (home heating oil).

0
Miscellaneous

 

Variable Single compounds, turpentine, specialty mixtures which cannot be further classified into one of the categories below.
0.1 Oxygenated Solvents
Variable Alcohols, esters, ketones.

0.2 Isoparaffins

 

Variable Isoparaffin products, some charcoal starters, some copier fluids, some aviation gasolines, some lamp oils, some solvents for insecticides and polishes, some camping fuels.

0.3 Normal alkanes

 

Variable Specialty products formulated from normal alkanes. Some lamp oils, some solvents for insecticides and polishes.
0.4 Aromatic solvents
Variable Light, medium, and heavy "aromatic naphtha" used as solvents for paints and plastics.
0.5 Naphthenic/paraffinic solvents
Variable Specialty solvent/fuel produts made from Class 3 or Class 4 distillates treated to remove normal alkanes and aromatics.

Reprinted with permission.

 
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