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NFPA Journal Index, 1991-1999

This multi-year Index of NFPA Journal is an excellent resource for articles on fire and fire investigation topics. It is organized alphabetically. Click below to jump to a letter and scan the index keywords.

For more information on any entry, contact:
The NFPA Library at (617) 984-7445 or e-mail library@nfpa.org

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


A

ACCELERANTS. See also GASOLINE

Charcoal lighter ignites board and care facility fire, 96:5.97

Gasoline ignites dwelling fires, 98:5.50

Pyrotechnic accelerants used to ignite high-temperature fires, 92:6.67

Unknown accelerant

Clinic fire ignited by, 96:1.24

Manufacturing plant fire ignited by, 95:6.104, 98:2.20

Restaurant fire ignited by, 97:2.21

School fire ignited by, 95:6.98

Store fire ignited by, 96:5.94

Vehicle/dwelling fire ignited by, 98:5.45

Warehouse fire ignited by, 92:6.26, 96:3.39

ADHESIVE MATERIALS

Spontaneous ignition of, 91:6.26

ADULT CONGREGATE LIVING FACILITY FIRES

Florida, 1994, 95:6.35

ADVERTISING SUPPLEMENTS

Alarm devices and systems, 91:5.85, 92:4.79, 93:1.65, 93:6.105, 94:5.80, 95:2.96

Apparatus and rescue products, 91:6.79, 92:5.77

Building construction products, 91:2.128, 92:6.81, 93:5.105, 94:5.111, 95:5.126

Detection devices and systems, 91:5.85, 92:4.79, 93:1.65, 93:6.105, 94:5.80, 95:2.96

Electrical products, 94:5.111, 95:5.126

Extinguishing systems, 91:1.106, 92:1.75, 93:4.73, 94:4.91

Fire service equipment, supplies, and services, 93:2.89, 94:2.92, 95:1.87, 96:4.101

Hazardous materials storage, 92:2.87

Literature review, 95:4.103, 96:2.91, 96:6.116

NFPA Annual Meeting exhibitors

1994, 94:3.129

1995, 95:3.135

1996, 96:3.131

1997, 97:3.109

1998, 98:3.124

Protective clothing, 91:1.106, 92:2.87

Security systems, 93:6.105, 94:5.80, 95:2.96

AEROSOL CONTAINERS

Containers in area of ignition accelerated fire, 98:6.89

Explosion ignites dwelling fire, 92:6.28

Flammable contents ignited by open flame, 92:6.25

Flammable solvent/lubricant containers damaged by forklift, explode, 96:4.23

Hair spray used to ignite incendiary fire, 94:1.32

Incendiary fire ignited by, 97:1.27

Insecticide ignited by LP-Gas pilot light, 93:4.25

Paint cans explode in warehouse fire, 95:6.38

AIR CONDITIONERS. See also HVAC SYSTEMS

Fire spread by, 94:5.97

Malfunction causes fatal fire, 98:4.20

Operating noise masked alarm, 94:5.100

AIRCRAFT CRASH FIRES. See also AIRCRAFT RESCUE AND FIRE FIGHTING (ARFF)

Cargo aircraft

Military plane, crashes into restaurant/hotel, Indiana, Feb. 6, 1992, 93:5.66

Takeoff aborted, New York, March, 1991, 92:6.79

Catastrophic

B-727 and DC-9, runway collision, Michigan, Dec. 3, 1990, 91:4.70

Commercial commuter plane and private plane, runway collision, Illinois, Nov. 19, 1996, 97:5.54

Commercial jet, Florida, May 11, 1996, 97:5.54

Commercial plane, Georgia, Aug. 21, 1995, 96:5.99

DC-9, North Carolina, July 2, 1994, 95:5.68

F-16 and C-130 midair collision, North Carolina, March 23, 1994, 95:5.67

Four-engine turbo-prop plane, West Virginia, Oct. 7, 1992, 93:5.68

Four-passenger plane, Utah, July 9, 1992, 93:5.68

Light passenger plane, Alabama, June 23, 1996, 97:5.54

Light passenger plane, Kansas, Apr. 19, 1995, 96:5.100

Military cargo plane, crashes into restaurant/hotel, Indiana, Feb. 6, 1992, 93:5.66

Private passenger jet, California, Dec. 15, 1993, 94:5.106

Private passenger jet, Illinois, Oct. 30, 1996, 97:5.54

Runway collision, B-737 and twin-turbo prop, California, Feb. 1, 1991, 92:4.72

Seaplane, Rhode Island, Aug. 26, 1995, 96:5.99

Single-engine passenger plane, California, Nov. 26, 1993, 94:5.108

Single-engine plane, Oklahoma, Aug. 21, 1990, 91:4.70

Twin-engine plane, Alabama, July 10, 1991, 92:4.72

Twin-engine plane, Connecticut, April 27, 1994, 95:5.67

Twin-engine plane, Florida, Jan. 17, 1991, 92:4.72

Twin-engine plane, Georgia, Jan. 12, 1995, 96:5.100

Twin-engine plane, New York, March 22, 1992, 93:5.68

Twin-engine plane, Oklahoma, Dec. 21, 1995, 96:5.99

Twin-engine plane, Texas, Sept. 11, 1991, 92:4.72

Twin-engine plane, Virginia, Sept. 10, 1995, 96:5.99

DC-10 cargo jet, New York, Sept. 5, 1996, 97:6.60

DC-8 cargo plane crashes during takeoff, Florida, Aug. 7, 1997, 98:6.91

DC-9-35 crashes near runway, North Carolina, July, 1994, 95:6.110

Fokker F-28 passenger aircraft, New York, March, 1992, 93:6.88

Jetstream 4101 crashes into warehouse, Ohio, Jan., 1994, 95:6.110

Jumbo passenger jet, Texas, April, 1993, 94:6.98

L-1011 aircraft aborts takeoff, crashes, New York, Sept., 1992, 93:6.88

Lear jet crashes into residential/commercial area, Dec., 1994, 95:6.110

Military aircraft

California, July 20, 1994, 6.110

Cargo plane, crashes into restaurant/hotel, Indiana, Feb. 6, 1992, 93:5.66

Fighter-jet, New Mexico, Sept., 1993, 94:6.98

North Carolina, June 21, 1994, 95:6.110

Runway collision

Boeing 737 and Metroliner, California, Feb., 1991, 92:6.76

Detroit, Mich., Dec. 3, 1990, 91:3.69

Jet and cargo van, Georgia, May, 1991, 92:6.77

Simulated crash into high-rise tests emergency preparedness, 93:6.35

Statistics compared to motor vehicle fire statistics, 95:4.120

AIRCRAFT CRASHES

Fire fighter injuries related to, 98:6.55

AIRCRAFT FIRES (NONCRASH)

Airports, at (See AIRPORTS)

Military plane, California, Nov. 7, 1990, 91:6.74

AIRCRAFT HANGAR FIRES

California, 1994, 95:5.36

Kansas, July, 1993, 94:6.96

AIRCRAFT RESCUE AND FIRE FIGHTING (ARFF)

Debate continues on need for crews, funding, preparedness, types of rescue, 97:2.84

NFPA role in international aviation fire safety, 96:3.50

AIRPORTS. See also AIRCRAFT RESCUE AND FIRE FIGHTING (ARFF)

Aircraft fire on runway

Catastrophic, California, Feb. 1, 1991, 92:4.72, 92:6.76

Catastrophic, Detroit Metropolitan Airport, Dec. 3, 1990, 91:4.70

Catastrophic, Illinois, Nov. 19, 1996, 97:5.54

Georgia, May, 1991, 92:6.77

Massachusetts, 1998, 98:4.22

New York, March, 1991, 92:6.79

New York, March, 1992, 93:5.68, 93:6.88

New York, Sept., 1992, 93:6.88

Catastrophic fires

Aircraft fire on runway, California, Feb. 1, 1991, 92:4.72, 92:6.76

Aircraft fire on runway, Detroit Metropolitan Airport, Dec. 3, 1990, 91:4.70

Aircraft fire on runway, Illinois, Nov. 19, 1996, 97:5.54

Military aircraft fire, Wisconsin, Dec. 10, 1993, 94:5.106, 94:6.98

Emergency response drill, Logan International Airport, Boston, Mass., 91:2.54

Life safety jeopardized by tighter airport security, 96:6.85

Tank farm fire, Stapleton Airport, Denver, Colo., Nov. 25, 1991, 92:1.60

Terminal fire, fatal, D¸sseldorf, Germany, Apr. 11, 1996, 96:4.43

Washington, D.C. airports equipped with state-of-art fire protection and security systems, 98:4.80

ALABAMA

Catastrophic camping trailer fire, Dec. 6, 197, 98:5.56

Catastrophic dwelling fire, July 20, 1997, 98:5.50

Catastrophic fires

Aircraft, July 10, 1991, 92:4.72

Aircraft, June 23, 1996, 97:5.54

Board and care facility, Jan. 7, 1990, 91:4.67

Board and care facility, Sept. 19, 1990, 91:4.68

Board and care facility, Oct. 19, 1994, 95:5.62

Dwelling, Aug. 27, 1990, 91:4.64

Dwelling, Nov. 12, 1996, 97:5.51

Electric generating plant fire, Nov., 1991, 92:6.76

Electric generating plant fire, June, 1993, 94:6.92

Electric generating (nuclear) plant fire, May 23, 1996, 97:6.58

Fatal dwelling fire, 1995, 96:3.39

Manufactured home fire, 1992, 93:4.25

Manufacturing plant fire, Feb., 1994, 95:6.107

Nuclear energy plant fire, May 23, 1996, 97:6.58

Warehouse fire, 1992, 93:4.26

Warehouse fire, Oct. 2, 1997, 98:6.88

ALARM DELAYED

Alarms

Monitored alarm, lack of, 97:4.22

Not heard outside empty building, 95:6.108

Not in area of fire, 97:6.50

Not set off immediately, 92:3.32

Waterflow alarm did not operate, 96:3.39

Waterflow alarm incorrectly installed, 91:3.25

Central station notification of fire service delayed, 97:2.21

Cruise vessel delayed alarms factor in fatal fires, 98:3.66

Detection system lacking, 93:6.79, 94:5.102, 97:6.52, 98:4.22

Detector alarms not heard outside empty building, 95:6.108

Detectors, smoke

Below area of fire origin, 95:6.106

Lacking, 95:1.34

Not functioning, 92:6.29, 94:1.30, 97:3.29

Not set off immediately, 92:3.32, 95:2.30

Detectors below fire, 95:6.99, 95:6.106

Dispatched to wrong address, 94:5.29, 95:5.64

Employee(s), role of

Confirmed fire, 91:1.30, 91:5.64, 92:4.71, 92:5.56, 92:6.74, 93:6.81, 94:4.31, 94:6.89, 95:4.39, 40, 95:6.98, 97:5.54, 98:6.23

Evacuated patients, 94:4.29

Failed to locate source of fire, 96:6.24

Failed to use manual alarms, 92:6.29

Fought fire, 91:2.31, 91:3.26, 91:4.67, 91:6.23, 25, 73, 75, 92:2.28, 92:4.25, 92:6.77, 79, 93:1.26, 93:2.20, 93:6.82, 83, 85, 89, 94:2.27, 30, 94:5.30, 94:6.96, 97, 95:1.34, 95:2.31, 95:6.104, 106, 107, 96:6.64, 97:2.21, 3.33, 5.24, 6.19, 50, 56, 98:4.20, 5.18, 6.89

Left site to report fire, 93:6.30

Mistook alarm for false alarm, 98:5.53

Mistook fire alarm for intrusion alarm, 93:6.30

Reported fire as under control, 93:3.34

Fire burned undetected, 91:1.28, 91:5.28, 97:5.49, 98:6.84, 85, 86, 88, 92

Fire department advised to disregard alarms due to scheduled building maintenance, 97:6.49

Hotel room occupant had difficulty contacting front desk, 94:2.28

Industrial area unpopulated due to holiday, 93:6.82

Interior location of fire, 93:1.28

Manual pull stations not operational, 94:5.95

Motion alarms not set off immediately, 92:3.32

Neighbor(s), role of

Fought fire, 95:5.34

Refused to call fire department, 92:4.69

911 call incomplete, 94:5.102

911 called prior to alarm box report, 93:2.20

911 dispatcher misunderstood nature of call, 98:5.16

911 system lacking, 95:5.58

No fire detectors, 92:1.23, 26, 95:6.108

Occupant(s), role of

Attempted rescue, 91:4.68, 96:3.39, 97:2.22

Called police, 3/25

Fought fire, 91:2.29, 91:3.91:3.6, 91:4.47, 91:4.69, 92:4.26, 67, 92:5.25, 93:1.27, 94:1.31, 94:5.98, 102, 95:3.38, 95:4.37, 95:5.53, 96:1.23, 96:5.23, 97:2.22, 5.21, 98:1.23, 2.18, 6.23, 90

Left site to report fire, 93:3.34, 94:5.97, 96:6.22

Searched for fire, 91:1.30

Passer(s)by, role of

Attempted rescue, 91:4.64

Left site to report fire, 94:3.30, 95:5.35

Tried to locate smoke source, 91:4.64

Plant closed for weekend, 91:5.28, 92:1.23

Power shut off, 93:6.84

Protection systems unsupervised, 93:5.67

Reason unknown, 94:5.95, 95:5.36, 95:6.38

Remote location, 92:1.23, 93:5.62, 93:6.83

Security personnel confirmed fire, 97:5.23

Shopping mall closed for night, 97:4.21

Sprinkler system not connected to central alarm, 93:1.26, 95:3.39

Telephones not available at site/building, 95:5.58, 96:1.23

Telephones not operable due to fire, 93:5.66, 93:6.29, 30, 95:6.99, 96:6.22, 97:6.50

Water motor gong outside building not heard, 91:5.25

Waterflow alarms

Did not operate, 96:3.39

Incorrectly installed, 91:3.25

Weather obscured fire, 92:1.23

ALARM SYSTEMS

Addressable systems, testing of, 94:2.41

Computer use in, 92:2.32

Design of, 92:4.12

Inspection, testing, and maintenance to ensure reliability, 96:5.68

Installer certification required in Seattle, 93:1.55

Integrated fire and security systems in commercial buildings, 97:3.60

Intelligent systems eliminate false alarms without compromising protection, 97:6.78

Manual pull stations not operational, factor in catastrophic apartment building fire, 98:5.45

Manual pull stations not operational, factor in catastrophic hotel fire, 94:5.95

Manual pull stations not operational, factor in fatal fire, 97:4.19

Manual system out of service, factor in school fire, 98:1.21

Modified redundant systems increase safety, not cost, 93:6.68

Multisensor alarms speed detection, reduce nuisance alarms, 98:1.46

NFPA 72, The National Fire Alarm Code

72 and UL standards provide comprehensive equipment and installation requirements, 93:5.25

1996 edition, questions answered, 97:4.25

Consolidates signaling standards, 93:5.70

Previous standards combined, 91:5.86

Proprietary system at Chrysler Corp. Technology Center, 95:3.129

Reliable hardware, system design, installation, maintenance all needed, 95:1.49

Software management is crucial, 95:1.54

Sound and strobe alarms required by Americans with Disabilities Act, 95:4.58

Terminology needs clarification by users, engineers, designers, code enforcers, 98:5.62

Voice alarm system design guidelines, 94:1.50

ALARMS, FALSE

Catastrophic fire alarm delayed because assumed false alarm, 98:5.53

Causes, costs, and solutions to U. S. false alarm problem, 95:1.45

Delayed response in fatal fire, 95:6.37

Delayed response to catastrophic fire, 94:5.98

Intelligent systems eliminate false alarms without compromising protection, 97:6.78

Multisensor alarms can reduce false alarms and speed detection, 98:1.46

ALASKA

Catastrophic ship fire, July 27, 1996, 97:5.54

Hotel fire, March 20, 1996, 97:6.57

Manufacturing plant fire, April 3, 1997, 98:6.84

Store fire, April, 1994, 95:6.100

Vacant manufacturing plant fire, April 25, 1997, 98:6.92

Wildland/urban interface fire, June 2, 1996, 97:6.59

ALBERTA, CANADA

Apartment building fire, 1990, 91:5.26

Bulk storage elevator fire, 1996, 97:4.20

ALCOHOL (BEVERAGE)

Apartment building fires, factor in, 91:3.26, 92:4.69, 95:5.34, 96:5.24, 96:5.91

Catastrophic fires, factor in

Apartment building fires, 92:4.69, 96:5.91, 98:5.49

Automobile fire, 95:5.68

Board and care facility fire, 96:5.96

Dwelling fires, 91:4.64, 65, 66, 68, 92:4.68, 93:5.64, 94:5.97, 95:5.60, 96:5.92, 93, 98:5.49

Fraternity house fire, 97:5.50

Motor vehicle accident/fire, 98:5.55

Dwelling fires, factor in, 91:4.64, 65, 66, 68, 92:4.68, 93:2.22, 93:5.64, 94:1.31, 94:5.97, 95.5.60, 96:5.92, 93

Fatal fires, factor in

Apartment building fire, 95:5.34, 98:2.16

Dwelling fire, 93:2.22, 94:1.31, 98:1.23, 4.19

Fraternity house fire, 97:6.21

Hotel fire, 98:6.23

Manufactured home fire, 98:1.23

Manufacturing plant fire, 98:6.22

Motor home fire, 95:5.36

Shed fire, possible factor in, 93:2.20

Fraternity house fire, factor in, 97:5.50, 6.21

Group home fire, factor in, 92:1.26

ALCOHOL (FUEL)

Possible misuse in kerosene heater, fatal fire cause, 98:2.16

Spill ignited by light, 94:2.27

ALMAND, KATHLEEN H.

Profile of, 98:3.54

AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARDS INSTITUTE (ANSI)

U. S. response to European economic unification and global standards led by, 91:6.54

AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT

Accessibility standard set by act, 93:3.42

Builders and owners, effects on, 92:2.14

Life Safety Code changed to conform with, 93:3.18, 94:2.34

New technologies aid compliance, 97:6.38

Title III, discussion of, 95:4.54

AMMONIA

Liquid refrigerant, factor in warehouse fire, 94:3.27

AMUSEMENT CENTER FIRES

New Jersey, Dec., 1992, 93:6.79

Tennessee, July, 1992, 93:6.81

AMUSEMENT PARK FIRES

Arizona, April, 1995, 96:6.73

California, 1993, 94:3.28

APARTMENT BUILDING FIRES. See also CONDOMINIUM FIRES; HOUSING FOR ELDERLY FIRES

Alberta, Canada, 1990, 91:5.26

Arizona, 1994, 95:6.37

Arkansas, 1993, 94:3.28

California, 1990, 91:4.26, 91:5.26

California, Nov., 1993, 94:6.89

California, Dec., 1994, 95:6.110

California, 1996, 97:3.30

California, 1997, 98:2.18, 4.19, 5.15

Catastrophic

California, Sept. 7, 1991, 92:4.69

California, April 26, 1993, 94:5.96

California, May 3, 1993, 94:5.95

California, June 6, 1994, 95:5.59

California, Oct. 14, 1995, 96:5.93

California, Feb. 6, 1996, 97:5.49

California, Dec. 13, 1997, 98:5.46

Illinois, May 30, 1990, 91:4.65

Illinois, March 14, 1991, 92:4.69

Illinois, Dec. 9, 1991, 92:4.67

Illinois, Dec. 6, 1992, 93:5.64

Illinois, March 20, 1994, 95:5.53

Illinois, Sept. 15, 1997, 98:5.46

Illinois, Oct. 26, 1997, 98:5.46

Louisiana, Aug. 10, 1994, 95:5.60

Massachusetts, March 21, 1994, 95:5.59

Massachusetts, Dec. 28, 1997, 98:5.49

Michigan, July 31, 1991, 92:4.68

Michigan, Feb. 28, 1993, 94:5.95

Minnesota, Nov. 10, 1993, 94:5.97

Minnesota, Feb. 28, 1994, 95:5.58

Minnesota, Jan. 14, 1995, 96:5.91

Mississippi, Jan. 26, 1993, 94:5.95

New Jersey, Feb. 13, 1991, 92:4.69

New Jersey, May 6, 1997, 98:5.45

New York, Jan. 16, 1990, 91:4.65

New York, Aug. 4, 1990, 91:4.66

New York, March 13, 1991, 92:4.67

New York, Aug. 22, 1994, 95:5.66

North Carolina, Sept. 5, 1993, 94:5.100

Ohio, Dec. 11, 1993, 94:5.102

Ohio, Jan. 12, 1994, 95:5.58

Oregon, June 28, 1996, 97:5.49

Pennsylvania, April 5, 1997, 98:5.45

Rhode Island, Feb. 27, 1993, 94:5.96

Rhode Island, Dec. 23, 1995, 96:5.93

Texas, Aug. 21, 1993, 94:5.100

Colorado, 1997, 98:4.20

Colorado, July 18, 1997, 98:6.90

Connecticut, 1996, 97:2.21, 5.21

Florida, 1990, 91:3.25, 91:6.24

Florida, 1992, 93:1.27

Florida, 1993, 94:5.27, 94:6.33

Florida, 1995, 96:1.23

Florida, 1996, 97:3.29

Hawaii, 1993, 94:2.28

Illinois, 1990, 91:4.25

Illinois, 1993, 94:1.31

Illinois, 1994, 95:4.37

Louisiana, 1997, 98:2.16

Maine, 1995, 96:5.24

Maryland, 1989, 91:2.29

Maryland, 1991, 92:3.34

Massachusetts, 1990, 91:3.26

Massachusetts, 1992, 93:6.28

Massachusetts, 1994, 95:5.34

Massachusetts, 1995, 96:1.22

Massachusetts, 1997, 98:4.19

Michigan, Feb., 1994, 95:6.99

Missouri, 1994, 95:3.37

Nebraska, 1997, 97:5.22

New Hampshire, 1990, 92:1.26

New Jersey, 1996, 97:5.22

New Jersey, 1997, 98:3.41

New York, 1993, 94:5.27

New York, May, 1993, 94:6.90

New York, March 28, 1994, 95:6.85

New York, Aug., 1994, 95:6.100

New York, 1996, 97:6.20

New York, 1997, 98:2.18

North Carolina, 1994, 95:4.38, 95:5.34

Ohio, 1993, 94:2.29

Ohio, 1995, 96:5.24

Ohio, 1996, 97:4.20

Oregon, 1996, 97:3.30

Pennsylvania, 1990, 91:4.26

Rhode Island, 1992, 93:2.22

Texas, 1996, 97:2.22

Texas, Jan. 16, 1997, 98:6.90

Utah, 1994, 95:6.36

Utah, 1995, 96:2.23

Utah, 1996, 97:5.21

Vermont, 1996, 97:2.22

Virginia, 1992, 93:3.35

Virginia, 1993, 94:3.28

Virginia, 1997, 98:5.15, 6.22

Washington, 1995, 96:1.22

Washington, 1996, 97:1.25

Washington, 1997, 98:6.23

Washington, Nov. 13, 1997, 98:6.90

APARTMENT COMPLEX FIRES

California, Nov. 10, 1990, 91:6.73

California, 1992, 93:5.35

California, 1993, 94:2.28

Georgia, 1995, 96:1.22

Massachusetts, 1989, 91:3.26

Missouri, elderly housing, 91:1.30

New Jersey, 1993, 94:1.32

New Mexico, July, 1995, 96:6.74

Ohio, March, 1992, 93:6.81

APOLLO I SPACECRAFT

Fatal fire, 96:1.68

AQUEOUS FILM-FORMING FOAM (AFFF)

Concentrate extinguishes aircraft fire, 92:6.76

Limited prepiping hinders operations in fuel tank fire, 91:6.73

ARENAS

Crown Coliseum, Cincinnati, Ohio, updates fire protection system, 98:3.120

ARIZONA

Athletic complex fire, 1993, 94:5.30

Catastrophic fires

Dude wildland/urban interface, June 25, 1990, 91:1.59, 91:4.70, 91:6.78

Dwelling, Nov. 5, 1993, 94:5.97

Dwelling, March 26, 1995, 96:5.92

Dormitory fire, 1990, 91:2.29

Dwelling fire, 1993, 94:6.34

Fatal apartment building fire, 1994, 95:6.37

Manufacturing plant fire, Nov. 12, 1992, 93:4.33

Motor vehicle repair shop fire, 1990, 91:5.28

Movie studio/amusement park fire, April, 1995, 96:6.73

Nursing home fire, 1193, 94:4.29

Store fire, March 21, 1998, 98:4.49

Warehouse fire, Nov., 1992, 93:6.86

ARKANSAS

Apartment building fire, 1993, 94:3.28

Catastrophic fires

Building-under-renovation, June 18, 1993, 94:5.104

Manufactured home, Dec. 28, 1997, 98:5.50

Motor vehicle, Jan. 9, 1995, 96:5.99

Nursing home, March 13,1 990, 91:4.67

Packaging and storage facility, May 8, 1997, 98:5.53

Electric generating plant fire, Aug., 1993, 94:6.92

Fatal dwelling fire, 1997, 98:1.23, 4.19, 6.23

Fatal manufacturing plant fire, Aug., 1994, 95:6.107

Incinerator plant fire, 1994, 95:6.38

Manufacturing plant fire, 1990, 91:5.28

Manufacturing plant fire, 1992, 93:4.27

Manufacturing plant fire, Dec., 1993, 94:6.94

Manufacturing plant fire, Dec., 1994, 95:6.106

Manufacturing plant fire, July, 1994, 95:6.104

Manufacturing plant fire, May 20, 1995, 96:6.64

Shopping mall fire, 1996, 97:4.21

ARSON. See INCENDIARY (SUSPICIOUS) FIRES

ASBESTOS

Emergency response protocols for asbestos abatement site fires, 92:3.55

Exposure response policy, New York, N. Y., 92:1.42

Haz-mat contamination, terminal fire, 92:6.76

Haz-mat team gathers particles from ducts after fire, 97:6.22

ASHES

Boiler blocked by, caused explosion, 94:6.92

Careless disposal of

Apartment building fire cause, 98:6.22

Catastrophic dwelling fire cause, 93:5.64

Clubhouse fire cause, 91:6.23

Dwelling fire cause, 92:1.21, 98:1.22

ASPHALT

Ignited in roof fire, 94:6.95

Leaked asphalt ignited by unknown source, 93:6.84

ASPHYXIATION

Fire fighter fatalities related to, 97:4.60

ATLANTA, GA.

Stadium fire, July 20, 1993, 94:4.49

ATTICS

Fire spread into, 91:3.26, 91:4.67, 91:6.77, 92:2.25, 92:4.69, 93:5.64, 94:5.28, 100, 95:4.39, 95:5.36, 95:6.98, 100, 108, 96:1.21, 96:5.25, 96:6.65, 97:1.27, 2.22, 4.20, 21, 5.50, 51, 6.52, 53, 58

Fire spread through, 91:6.23, 92:6.76, 94:4.31, 96:6.64, 73, 98:1.21, 6.22, 6.86

Fire started in, 92:4.70, 94:4.29, 96:1.24, 97:2.23, 98:6.90

Lack of separations factor in fire spread, 95:6.108

AUSTIN, STEPHEN P.

Profile of, 96:5.38

AUSTIN, TEXAS

City contracts with volunteer fire departments, 91:2.104

Fire service uses media attention to increase fire safety, 97:2.33

Recruiting and retaining fire protection engineers, Austin Fire Department survey, 93:1.58

AUSTRALIA

Fenny Creek/Dandenongs wildfire, 1996, firefighter's account, 97:2.49

AUTOMOBILE FIRES. See also TRUCK FIRES

California, 1990, 91:2.32

Catastrophic

California, Jan. 23, 1990, 91:4.70

California, Oct. 2, 1990, 91:4.72

California, July 22, 1991, 91:4.67

California, Nov. 29, 1991, 92:4.73

California, March 3, 1994, 95:5.68

California, June 18, 1995, 96:5.97

California, Sept. 10, 1995, 96:5.100

California, Dec. 28, 1996, 97:5.55

Florida, March 17, 1993, 94:5.106

Florida, Nov. 9, 1996, 97:5.55

Georgia, Apr. 3, 1996, 97:5.54

Idaho, July 4, 1997, 98:5.55

Iowa, Nov. 23, 1994, 95:5.68

Kentucky, Aug. 6, 1996, 97:5.54

Kentucky, Sept. 27, 1996, 97:5.55

Missouri, Feb. 4, 1990, 91:4.70

New Jersey, Feb. 17, 1997, 98:5.55

Pennsylvania, Nov. 8, 1992, 93:5.68

Tennessee, Dec. 11, 1990, 91:4.70

Tennessee, Nov. 11, 1994, 95:5.68

Texas, July 12, 1993, 94:5.108

Texas, Jan. 18, 1994, 95:5.68

Virginia, Aug. 1, 1994, 95:5.68

West Virginia, July 26, 1990, 91:4.69

Fire statistics and fire safety information, 98:2.88

Illinois, 1993, 94:1.32

Kansas, 1994, 95:2.31

Oregon, July, 1992, 93:6.84

Texas, 1991, 92:2.28

AUTOMOBILE REPAIR SHOP FIRES

Arizona, 1990, 4/30

California, 1990, 91:2.30

Catastrophic, Ohio, Nov. 11, 1991, 92:4.70

Colorado, 1996, 97:1.26

Georgia, Jan., 1994, 95:6.100

Massachusetts, 1990, 91:2.31

Massachusetts, 1996, 97:2.23

Michigan, 1990, 91:2.30

Michigan, 1995, 96:3.40

New Mexico, May, 1995, 96:6.70

Ontario, Canada, 1989, 91:1.89

South Carolina, 1996, 97:5.23

Texas, 1990, 91:2.31

Washington, 1995, 96:6.21


B

BACKDRAFTS

Fire fighter injuries related to, 97:6.75

Model of incident, apartment building fire, N. Y., N. Y., March 28, 1994, 95:6.85

BAILEY, DAN W.

Profile of, 92:1.16

BALCONIES

Apartment building fire started on, 91:5.26, 96:2.23, 98:6.22

Fire spread to, 97:5.52

BARGE FIRES

Catastrophic

Illinois, July 3, 1997, 98:5.55

Louisiana Oct. 30, 1990, 91:4.70

Florida, Aug., 1993, 94:6.98

Massachusetts, 1997, 98:4.22

BARN FIRES

Illinois, 1990, 91:2.32

Massachusetts, 1995, 96:2.25

BARRACKS FIRES

Washington, May 11, 1990, 91:6.77

BATHURST, DONALD G.

Profile of, 93:6.20

BEDDING. See also MATTRESSES

Candle, ignited by, 95:5.53

Catastrophic fire involving, 91:4.65, 91:4.69

Cigar dropped by elderly, disabled person, ignited by, 98:5.15

Cigarette, ignited by, 94:2.30, 95:2.30, 98:6.23

Cigarette lighter, ignited by, 95:2.31, 95:5.54

Cigarette lighter, ignited by child playing with, 93:6.28, 94:5.97, 95:4.37

Cigarette lighter, ignited by juvenile with, 91:5.26

Detention center inmate, ignited by, 97:1.27

Electric heater, ignited by, 91:1.30, 94:5.98

Electrical receptacle arc in catastrophic fire, ignited by, 97:5.52

Fireworks, ignited by, 92:4.26

Gasoline in fatal fire, ignited by, 92:2.28

Incense, ignited by, 98:4.19

Kerosene heater in fatal fire, ignited by, 95:1.34

Lamp plug, ignited by, 91:3.25

Marijuana cigarette, ignited by, 97:5.22

Match, ignited by, 94:5.97

Medical equipment fire, ignited by, 94:5.104

Open-flame device, ignited by child(ren) playing with, 96:5.92

Smoking materials, ignited by, 96:5.92

Smoking materials in catastrophic fires, ignited by, 95:5.64

Space heater, ignited by, 95:5.53

Sparkler, ignited by, 97:2.21

BELL, A. D.

Profile of, 95:5.26

BENARICK, GLENN P.

Profile of, 94:1.22

BERND, ROBERT E.

Profile of, 98:1.36

BEVERLY HILLS SUPPER CLUB FIRE

Overview of fire, 96:2.64

BEYREIS, JAMES R.

Profile of, 94:5.20

BLAIR, JOHN A.

Profile of, 91:6.18

BLEVE

Fire fighter fatalities related to, 94:4.60

Forklift gas cylinder BLEVEs, 96:6.63

LP-Gas tank, Iowa, April 9, 1998, fire investigation report, 98:6.42

Propane cylinders, 91:6.23, 97:3.33

BLISS, DONALD P.

Profile of, 98:4.36

BOARD AND CARE FACILITY FIRES

California, 1993, 94:2.30

California, 1996, 97:1.27

Catastrophic

Alabama, Jan. 7, 1990, 91:4.67

Alabama, Sept. 19, 1990, 91:4.68

Alabama, Oct. 9, 1994, 95:5.62

California, Oct. 3, 1995, 96:5.97

Colorado, March 4, 1991, 92:4.70

Connecticut, Feb. 10, 1996, 97:5.53

Florida, Dec. 1, 1994, 95:5.64

Georgia, March 11, 1991, 91:4.67

Michigan, June 2, 1992, 93:5.66

Michigan, Nov. 11, 1995, 96:5.97

New York, Oct. 17, 1990, 91:4.68

Oregon, Jan. 12, 1995, 96:5.96

Pennsylvania, Aug. 20, 1996, 97:5.52

Pennsylvania, May 14, 1997, 98:5.53

South Carolina, Nov. 22, 1990

4.69

Tennessee, Feb. 8, 1996, 97:5.52

Texas, Aug. 13, 1990, 91:4.68

Texas, April 11, 1993, 94:5.105

Wisconsin, Dec. 31, 1990, 91:4.69

Detroit, Michigan, June 2, 1992, 93:1.29

Fatal fires, 1994-1998, investigation report, statistics on contributing factors, and protection, 98:5.34

Life Safety Code protection requirements questioned, 97:5.68

Massachusetts, 1995, 96:2.24

North Carolina, March 17, 1996, 97:5.52

Pennsylvania, 1993, 94:6.33

Pennsylvania, May 4, 1997, analysis, 97:5.68

Quebec, Canada, Aug. 31, 1996, analysis, 97:1.44

Vermont, 1995, 96:3.36

BOARDING HOUSE FIRES. See ROOMING HOUSE FIRES

BOARDWALKS. See PIER AND WHARF FIRES

BOATS

Electrical safety requirements for repair equipment, wiring, 95:5.40

Yacht manufacturing plant fire, Florida, 1996, 97:1.28, 6.50

BOAT FIRES. See also SHIP FIRES

Catastrophic

Cabin cruiser, Ohio, May 9, 1993, 94:5.106

Sailboat, California, Nov. 16, 1991, 92:4.73

Kentucky, 1997, 98:3.42

Marina, Connecticut, 1990, 91:6.26

Massachusetts, 1994, 95:4.39

Ohio, March, 1992, 93:6.81

Power boat, Nebraska, 1990, 91:4.31

Yacht, Florida, Apr. 19, 1996, 97:6.60

BOATYARDS

Electrical safety requirements, 95:5.40

BOEHLERT, SHERWOOD

Profile of, 96:1.36

BOSTON, MASS.

Fire department overview, 96:3.110

Fire department profile, 91:2.93

Fire landmarks in city, 96:3.104

Logan International Airport, emergency response drill, 2/54

Nightclub fire, 194291:3.74, Nov. 28

Simulated plane crash into Hancock Tower tests emergency preparedness, 93:6.35

Terrorist response training funded by Domestic Preparedness Act, 98:1.38

BOULDER, COLO.

Fire inspection requirements determined by life safety evaluation, 95:1.57

BOYD, HOWARD F.

Profile of, 93:4.18

BOYD, WAYNE H.

Profile of, 98:4.39

BRACE, TOM

Profile of, 96:4.37

BRANCH DAVIDIAN COMPLEX FIRE

Fire investigation, Congressional testimony, 95:6.91

BRANNIGAN, FRANK

Profile of, 95:1.23

BREEDLOVE, DIANE

Profile of, 94:2.22

BRICE, HERMAN W.

Profile of, 94:3.21

BRIDGE FIRES

Connecticut, 1996, 97:3.34

BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA

Manufacturing complex fire, 1991, 92:2.26

BRUNO, HAL

Profile of, 96:2.38

BRUSH FIRES

Fire fighter injuries related to, 94:6.64, 66

Wildland fire ignited by, 94:6.99

BUGBEE, PERCY

Past NFPA general manager, 95:6.77

BUILDING CODES

Coordination of model codes, discussion of, 91:2.72

Overview of history and content, 92:3.42

BUILDING MATERIALS

European Community product testing standards will affect U. S. products, 92:5.45

Glazing developments offer alternatives to wired glass, also raises code questions, 98:6.76

Through-penetration protection systems, 94:1.54

BUILDING SCENE COLUMNS

Adequacy and validity of existing fire tests, 94:2.14

Alarm system design, 92:4.12

Americans With Disabilities Act affects builders, owners, 92:2.14

Americans with Disabilities Act spurs changes to Life Safety Code, 93:3.18

Basis-for-design reports help authority having jurisdiction and building owner, 95:4.24

Cooperation needed to meet fire safety goals, 96:3.46

Design-related sprinkler system problems, 93:6.12

Doors, windows, walls, classification of assemblies as, 91:2.26

Elevators as means of egress, 96:1.30

Engineering life safety in high-rise buildings, 92:1.12

Establishing industrial fire safety programs, 93:2.12

Evaluating equivalencies and exceptions to fire code standards, 95:1.16

Evaluating occupant load for egress, 94:1.14

Field modifications to fire doors, 92:6.12

Fire-retardant wood shakes/shingles, 91:1.24

Glazing materials labeling controversy, 91:6.12

Life Safety Code, 1991, changes in, 91:3.33

Life Safety Code, 1991, contents and furnishing regulations, 91:4.20

Life Safety Code, building security provisions, 92:5.22

NFPA 13, Installation of Sprinkler Systems, 1994, changes in, 94:3.14

NFPA 13, Installation of Sprinkler Systems, 1991 edit., 91:5.12

NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, applied to industrial occupancies, 94:4.16

Occupant load calculation myths, 96:6.30

Out-of-service fire protection systems, procedures for, 96:4.30

Partnership of owners, designers, and public officials a must in fire protection, 93:1.12

Performance objectives for existing buildings, 95:6.22

Performance-based code development, 94:6.16, 95:2.16

Performance-based codes, 92:3.20

Performance-based codes, designing buildings for, 95:5.20

Performance-based codes based on existing codes, 95:3.24

Preventing detector nuisance alarms, 93:5.16

Regulations' effect on innovative construction methods, 96:2.32

Top five excuses for ignoring fire protection requirements, 96:5.32

Warehouse sprinkler system design, 93:4.16

BUILDING-UNDER-CONSTRUCTION FIRES. See also DWELLING-UNDER-CONSTRUCTION FIRES

Apartment building, California, 1997, 98:2.18

Apartment complex, California, Nov. 10, 1990, 91:6.73

Catastrophic, observatory, Hawaii, Jan. 16, 1996, 97:5.52, 6.59

Museum, Oregon, 1994, 95:6.35

Ohio, March, 1994, 95:6.110

Postal facility, Massachusetts, 1990, 91:3.27

BUILDING-UNDER-RENOVATION FIRES

California, 1991, 92:5.26

Catastrophic

Dwelling, Arkansas, June 18, 1993, 94:5.104

Grain elevator, Indiana, Oct. 1, 1996, 97:5.52

Historic building, West Virginia, 1996, 97:6.22

Manufacturing plant, South Dakota, Dec. 15, 1990, 91:6.75

Massachusetts, 1997, 98:3.42

Pennsylvania, 1997, 98:6.24

Recreational facility, Illinois, March, 1992, 93:6.88

Warehouse/homeless shelter, Washington, 91:4.31

BUKOWSKI, RICHARD W.

Profile of, 94:1.23

BURNING ISSUES COLUMNS

Candle fire statistics and fire safety information, 98:3.160

Carbon monoxide poisoning, causes, symptoms, prevention, 97:6.120

Children and fires, statistics, 95:5.144

Cigarette smoking statistics, 95:3.160

Disabled persons, fire safety for, 96:4.112

Dormitory fire statistics, 97:3.152

Elderly and fires, statistics, 96:2.104

Fire safety checklist, 97:1.104

Fire safety for preschoolers, 97:2.112

Fireworks incident statistics and safety, 98:4.96

Holiday and heating season fire safety, 98:6.120

Home heating equipment, risks of, 96:6.128

Kitchen fire statistics, fire safety information, 98:1.88

Motor vehicle and aircraft fire statistics compared, 95:4.120

NFPA codes and standards being updated, 96:5.120

100s in NFPA history, 96:3.160

Poverty's effect on fire risk, 96:1.104

Residential fire statistics and safety information, 98:5.112

School fire safety holds lessons for other occupancies, 97:5.104

Summer fire hazards, 97:4.96

Vehicle fire statistics and fire safety information, 98:2.88

BURNS

Burns and smoke compared as fire death causes, 95:1.38

Common products that cause severe burns, 96:1.79

Fire fighter injuries, 97:6.74, 75, 76

BUS FIRES

Illinois, 1991, 92:4.26


C

CALIFORNIA

Aircraft fire, Nov. 7, 1990, 91:6.74

Aircraft fire, Feb., 1991, 92:6.76

Aircraft fire, July, 1994, 95:6.110

Aircraft hangar fire, 1994, 95:5.36

Amusement park fire, 1993, 94:3.28

Apartment building fire, 1990, 91:5.26

Apartment building fire, 1996, 97:3.30

Apartment building fires, 1997, 98:5.15

Apartment building under construction, 1997, 98:2.18

Apartment complex fire, Nov. 10, 1990, 91:6.73

Apartment complex fire, 1992, 93:5.35

Apartment complex fire, 1993, 94:2.28

Board and care facility fire, 1993, 94:2.30

Building-under-renovation fire, 1991, 92:5.26

Catastrophic fires

Aircraft, Nov. 26, 1993, 94:5.108

Aircraft, Dec. 15, 1993, 94:5.106

Apartment building, Apr. 26, 1993, 94:5.96

Apartment building, Sept. 7, 1991, 92:4.69

Apartment building, May 3, 1993, 94:5.95

Apartment building, June 6, 1994, 95:5.59

Apartment building, Oct. 14, 1995, 96:5.93

Apartment building, Feb. 6, 1996, 97:5.49

Apartment building, Dec. 13, 1997, 98:5.46

Automobile, Dec. 28, 1996, 97:5.55

Board and care facility, Oct. 3, 1995, 96:5.97

Boat, Nov. 16, 1991, 92:4.73

Dwelling, Aug. 3, 1992, 93:5.64

Dwelling, Nov. 29, 1994, 95:5.62

Dwelling, May 29, 1995, 96:5.91

Dwelling, Dec. 14, 1995, 96:5.92

Dwelling, Dec. 19, 1996, 97:5.51

Dwelling, April 26, 1997, 98:5.45

Dwelling fire, June 1, 1997, 98:5.49

Manufactured home, Dec. 30, 1997, 98:5.50

Manufacturing plant, Nov. 15, 1997, 98:5.53

Motor home, July 30, 1990, 91:4.72

Motor vehicle, Jan. 23, 1990, 91:4.70

Motor vehicle, Oct. 2, 1990, 91:4.72

Motor vehicle, Nov. 29, 1991, 92:4.73

Motor vehicle, Dec. 25, 1991, 92:4.73

Motor vehicle, March 3, 1994, 95:5.68

Motor vehicle, June 18, 1995, 96:5.97

Motor vehicle, June 23, 1995, 96:5.100

Motor vehicle, June 27, 1995, 96:5.100

Motor vehicle, Sept. 9, 1995, 96:5.100

Motor vehicle, Sept. 10, 1995, 96:5.100

Motor vehicle, May 4, 1997, 98:5.55

Runway aircraft collision, fire, Feb. 1, 1991, 92:4.72

Structure fires due to civil disturbance, April 29-May 1, 1992, 93:5.67

Underground electrical vault, July 12, 1990, 91:4.69

Vacant dwelling, July 22, 1990, 91:4.67

Wildland, Oct. 20, 1991, 92:4.72

Wildland/urban interface, Nov. 2, 1993, 94:5.108

Condominium complex fire, 1990, 91:6.24

Detention facility fire, 1992, 93:5.36

Dwelling fire, 1991, 92:4.26, 92:6.28

Dwelling fire, 1992, 93:4.25

Dwelling fire, April, 1992, 93:6.79

Dwelling fire, Sept., 1992, 93:6.81

Dwelling fire, 1995, 96:2.23, 96:3.36

Dwelling-under-construction fire, 1993, 94:3.27

Earthquake, Northridge, Jan. 17, 1994, 95:3.52

Electric generating plant fire, Jan. 10, 1990, 91:6.76

Electric power conversion facility fire, Oct., 1993, 94:6.92

Fatal apartment building fire, 1997, 98:4.19

Fatal dwelling fire, 1997, 98:5.16

Fatal fires

Aircraft, Dec., 1994, 95:6.110

Apartment building, 1990, 91:4.26

Apartment building, Nov., 1993, 94:6.89

Automobile fire, 1990, 91:2.32

Board and care facility, 1996, 97:1.27

Dwelling, 1994, 95:2.30

Dwellings, 1995, 96:1.23, 96:6.22

High-rise office building fire, May 4, 1988, 92:5.56

Motor vehicle fire, 1995, 96:1.21

Paint plant explosion, fire, 1991, 92:4.28

Structure fires due to civil disturbances, April 29-May 1, 1992, 93:6.81

Test facility fire, 95:4.40

Wildland fire, Aug., 1992, 93:6.88

Wildland/urban interface fires, Nov., 1993, 94:6.99

Fatal manufacturing plant fire, 1997, 98:6.22

Fatal propane truck/clubhouse fire, 1997, 98:2.19

Garage, residential, fire, 1992, 93:6.29

Health clinic fires, 1995, 96:1.24

High-rise office building fire, Feb. 15, 1992, 92:5.56

Hotel fire, 1990, 91:6.24

Hotel fire, 1993, 94:2.28

Housing for elderly fire, 1995, 96:5.24

Library fire, Jan., 1992, 93:6.79

Manufacturing plant fire, 1990, 91:6.25

Manufacturing plant fire, Aug. 26, 1997, 98:6.84

Manufacturing plant fire, Jan. 12, 1990, 91:6.75

Manufacturing plant fire, 1992, 93:4.27

Manufacturing plant fire, Jan., 1992, 93:6.84

Manufacturing plant fire, 1993, 94:4.31, 94:6.36

Manufacturing plant fire, 1994, 95:4.40

Manufacturing plant fire, March, 1994, 95:6.106

Manufacturing plant fire, April, 1994, 95:6.107

Manufacturing plant fire, 1995, 96:6.23

Manufacturing plant fires, 1997, 98:2.20, 3.41, 4.21, 6.21

Medical research laboratory fire, 1990, 91:5.30

Mixed-occupancy fire, 1990, 91:6.25

Motion picture studio/manufacturing plant fire, Nov. 6, 1990, 91:6.74

Motor home fire, 1994, 95:5.36

Motor vehicle repair shop fire, 1990, 91:2.30

National forest fire, June 27, 1990, 91:2.30

Naval facility incident, 1993, 94:3.29

Office building fire, 1991, 92:1.23

Office building fire, March, 1991, 92:6.78

Office building fire, 1993, 94:5.30

Office building fire, 1994, 95:5.35

Office building fire, 1995, 96:1.21

Oil refinery fire, Oct., 1992, 93:6.82

Oil refinery fire, Jan., 1995, 96:6.63

Radio station fire, 1994, 95:4.40

Refinery fire, Jan. 21, 1997, 98:4.21

Restaurant fire, 1990, 92:3.34

Restaurant fire, 1992, 93:4.28, 93:5.35

Restaurant fires, 1997, 98:3.36, 4.22

Sawmill/manufacturing plant fire, March, 1991, 92:6.79

School fire, 1991, 92:6.29

School fire, 1992, 93:4.28

School fire, 1997, 98:1.21

Shed fire, 1991, 92:6.26

Shopping mall fire, 1993, 94:6.35

Storage facility fire, 1992, 93:6.29

Store fire, 1992, 93:2.19, 93:5.38

Store fire, 1995, 96:5.26

Store fire, 1996, 97:1.27

Store fire, 1997, 98:4.21

Supermarket fire, 1990, 91:6.26

Theater/lodge fire, 1995, 96:1.24

Theater fire, 1996, 97:3.29

Warehouse fire, 1990, 91:1.61, 91:6.73

Warehouse fire, 1991, 92:1.23, 93:1.28

Warehouse fire, 1992, 93:4.26

Warehouse fire, 1996, 97:6.23

Warehouse fire, Sept. 25, 1996, 97:6.57

Wildland fire, Aug. 6, 1990, 91:6.74

Wildland fire, 1992, 93:4.28

Wildland fire, Sept., 1992, 93:6.88, 93:6.89

Wildland fire, Aug. 13, 1997, 98:6.92

Wildland/urban interface fires, June 27, 1990, 91:1.59, 91:6.73, 74, 75

Wildland/urban interface fire, Oct., 1991, 92:6.74

Wildland/urban interface fire, Aug., 1992, 93:6.89

Wildland/urban interface fires, Oct., 1993, 94:6.99

Wildland/urban interface fire, June, 1994, 95:6.111

Wildland/urban interface fires, Aug., 1994, 95:6.111

Wildland/urban interface fire, Sept. 27, 1997, 98:6.92

CAMPING TRAILER FIRES

Catastrophic

Alabama, Dec. 6, 1997, 98:5.56

Ohio, Nov. 29, 1997, 98:5.56

Ohio, 1996, 97:6.20

CANADA

Apartment building fire, Alberta, 1990

5.26

Detention facility fire, St. John, New Brunswick, June 21, 1977, 94:5.50

Hazardous materials response, 92:1.38

Motor vehicle repair shop fire, Ontario, 1989, 91:1.28

Tire fire, Ontario, 1990, 91:1.50

Tire fire, Quebec, 1990, 91:1.55

CANDLES

Catastrophic fires caused by

Dwelling fires, 93:5.64, 94:5.97, 95:5.53, 59, 97:5.49, 98:5.49

Manufactured home fire, possible cause, 98:5.46

Vacant dwelling fire, 93:5.67

Dormitory fire caused by, 91:2.29

Fatal fires caused by

Dwelling fires, 95:1.34, 95:6.37, 96:6.22, 97:5.21, 98:5.17

Manufactured home fire, 91:4.26

Residential fires caused by, statistics and fire safety information, 98:3.160

CARBON DIOXIDE EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS

Electrical fire extinguished by, 95:5.35

Lacked sufficient agent for extinguishment, 95:6.108

Nuclear energy plant fire extinguished by, 95:6.102

Overpowered by fire, 94:6.94

Shipboard fire extinguished by, 92:6.48

Shipboard system discharges accidentally, kills two, 96:2.83

CARBON MONOXIDE

Causes, symptoms, and prevention of CO poisoning, 97:6.120

Fire fighter fatalities caused by, 91:4.53

Fire fighter injuries caused by, 97:6.75

Questions on gas, its effects, and detectors answered, 98:5.20

CARPETS AND RUGS

Carpet plant fire, Georgia, Jan., 1995, 96:6.62

Cigarettes, ignited by; catastrophic fire cause, 92:4.68

Cord, damaged, ignited by, 94:5.28

Cutting torch, ignited by, 94:6.97

Extension cord, ignited by, 95:6.37

Extension cord, ignited by; catastrophic fire cause, 92:4.67

Floor furnace, ignited by; catastrophic fire cause, 91:4.69

Kerosene heater fuel spill, ignited by, 98:6.23

Smoking materials, ignited by; catastrophic fire, 95:5.56

Unintentionally ignited; catastrophic fire cause, 96:5.93

CARSON, MARGARET D.

Profile of, 92:2.20

CASTINO, G. THOMAS

Profile of, 93:3.20

CATASTROPHIC FIRES, U. S.

1990, study of, 91:4.60

1991, study of, 92:4.62

1992, study of, 93:5.56

1993, study of, 94:5.88

1994, study of, 95:5.48

1995, study of, 96:5.86

1996, study of, 97:5.46

1997, study of, 98:5.42

CEILINGS. See also CONCEALED SPACES

Catastrophic fires

Ignites ceiling coverings, 92:4.67

Spread over tiles, 91:4.64

Ceiling tiles ignite, suspended ceiling fails, 92:6.31

Collapse

Hampers fire fighting, 94:6.89, 96:3.35

Prevents rescue, 93:5.64

Requires defensive attack, 98:1.21

Spreads fire, heat, smoke, 92:6.76

Cutting torch ignites material, 95:6.108

Dropped

Fire spread above, 96:5.91

Fire started above, 94:6.95

Fire spread through, 91:5.28, 92:4.25, 70, 92:5.30, 94:6.90, 93, 96:2.23, 96:3.35

Fire spread to structural members in, 95:6.100

Fire started in, 98:1.21

Multiple ceilings hide fire, limit access, 92:3.31

Plywood-covered, contributes to fire spread, 96:5.96

Vaulted design factor in fire spread, 95:6.107

CHAPEL HILL, NORTH CAROLINA

Fraternity house fire, May 12, 1996, 96:5.61

CHASES

Fire spread through, 94:5.96, 94:6.89, 97:5.49

Fire started in, 97:6.58

CHEMICAL FIRES

Calcium metal/water reaction cause fire, 94:6.95

Chlorine/antifreeze react, cause warehouse fire, 98:5.18

CMDP spontaneous ignition causes fire, 91:5.30

Foam rubber production chemicals react, cause fire, 96:6.23

Hydrocarbon-caustic solution reaction possible cause of explosion/fire, 91:6.78

Motor oil/pool chemicals react, cause fire, 96:6.70

Muriatic acid/pool chemicals react, ignite fatal fire, 98:3.36

Oxidizers/pool chemicals, factor in retail store fire, 97:6.54

Oxidizing pool and spa chemicals present hazard in warehouse stores, 98:1.50

Oxidizing pool chemical storage in warehouse stores needs special attention, 98:4.44

Peroxide/polyurethane chain reaction, 91:5.28

Polyol level in pump drops, causes exothermic reaction, 98:3.41

Potassium superoxide reacts with organic material, 95:6.38

Sodium hydrosulfite/aluminum powder react, cause explosion, 96:5.94

Sodium/water reaction, causes flash fire, 97:5.23

Waste chemicals in dumpster react, ignite waste products, 97:5.24

CHEMICAL PLANT FIRES

California, 1992, 93:4.27

Catastrophic

Iowa, Dec. 13, 1994, 95:5.66

Louisiana, May 1, 1991, 92:4.70

Minnesota, Nov. 17, 1993, 94:5.105

Ohio, May 27, 1994, 95:5.66

South Carolina, June 17, 1991, 92:4.70

Texas, July 5, 1990, 91:4.67

Fatal, Ohio, 1990, 91:3.31

Louisiana, May, 1991, 92:6.75

Louisiana, April 15, 1997, 98:6.84

Louisiana, July, 1992, 93:6.83

Minnesota, Feb. 6, 1997, 98:6.85

Minnesota, Nov. 17, 1993, 94:5.105

North Carolina, 1995, 96:3.39

South Carolina, June, 1991, 92:6.80

Texas, March, 1991, 92:6.75

Texas, Jan., 1992, 93:6.83

Texas, July, 1995, 96:6.64

Texas, Aug., 1995, 96:6.64

Utah, Feb. 1, 1997, 98:6.86

CHEMICAL TRANSPORTATION EMERGENCY CENTER. See CHEMTREC

CHEMICAL WAREHOUSE FIRES

Arkansas, May 8, 1997, 98:5.53

North Carolina, 1992, 93:2.21

Texas, June/July, 1995, 96:6.66

CHEMICALS

Federal haz-mat regulations cover intrastate shipments of agricultural chemicals, 98:5.25

CHEMTREC

Vital link for chemical emergencies, 93:3.86

CHESTER COUNTY, PA.

Emergency response system upgrade, 94:2.62

CHICAGO, ILLINOIS

Space program technology applied to tank truck fires by NASA, NFPA, Chicago Fire Dept. partnership, 98:2.52

CHIEF'S BRIEFING COLUMNS

Arson's terrible toll, 95:2.112

Burdens of command responsibilities, 95:4.23

Developing professional programs for leadership training, 93:4.14

Fire department and elderly agencies focus on seniors' fire safety, 94:3.13

International Association of Fire Chiefs includes retirees, 94:6.19

Juvenile firesetters need social services, 95:3.23

Labor relations eased by seeing both sides, 94:2.13

Leadership requires political savvy, 95:6.21

Listening and responding to fire service members, 94:1.13

Mission statement core of operating plan, 94:4.15

Networking with external groups, 94:5.17

New Orleans fire chief Bill McCrossen retires, 93:5.18

Officer training is key to fire service's success, 93:3.26

Public fire safety education is long-term answer to fire loss, 93:6.14

Truck company duties need emphasis in training, planning, 95:5.19

Urban Fire Forum discusses global trends, 95:1.104

Urban problems confront fire service, 93:2.14

CHILDREN

Playing with charcoal lighter, ignites fatal fire, 98:4.19

Playing with chemicals, ignite fatal fire, 98:3.36

Playing with fire, ignite fatal fire, 96:2.23, 98:1.23

Playing with fire, ignited fatal fire, 95:1.32

Playing with open-flame device, ignite catastrophic fire, 94:5.100, 96:5.92

Safe Place programs include fire stations, 94:6.128

Victims and cause of fires, statistics, 95:5.144

CHILDREN AND CIGARETTE LIGHTERS

Catastrophic fire cause, 91:4.65, 66, 92:4.70, 93:5.64, 94:5.97, 95:5.54, 97:5.50

Fatal fire cause, 91:6.24, 92:1.22, 93:4.25, 93:5.35, 93:6.28, 95:3.38, 95:4.38, 95:5.34, 95:6.36, 96:1.23, 97:5.21, 6.19, 98:3.38, 5.16

Fire cause, 91:5.26, 93:3.33, 94:1.30, 94:2.28, 95:4.37, 96:5.24, 97:6.21

CHILDREN AND FIREWORKS

Dwelling fire cause, 92:4.26

Manufacturing plant fire cause, 95:3.40

CHILDREN AND MATCHES

Catastrophic fire cause, 91:4.64, 66, 95:5.59, 96:5.92

Fatal fire, possible cause, 91:2.32

Fatal fire cause, 92:5.25, 93:1.27, 95:3.37, 97:2.22, 5.21, 98:2.18, 3.38, 5.16, 6.23

Fire cause, 91:6.24, 98:6.90

CHILDREN, UNATTENDED

Catastrophic fire victims, 91:4.65, 66, 92:4.70, 94:5.96, 95:5.54, 98:5.45

Fatal fire victims, 92:1.22, 93:2.21, 93:3.57, 93:5.36, 95:1.34, 95:4.38, 96:3.39, 98:1.23

Fire risks faced by, 93:3.54

Wildland fire ignited by, 93:6.89

CHIMNEYS

Fire fighter fatalities related to collapse of, 94:4.66

Fire spread through, 97:5.49, 6.57

Overheated, improperly maintained, fire ignites framing, 96:6.22

CHINA

Manufacturing plant fire, Nov. 19, 1993, 94:1.48

CHRISTMAS TREE FIRES

Arizona, 1993, 94:6.34

California, 1990, 91:6.24

Catastrophic

Artificial tree, Michigan, Dec. 3, 1992, 93:5.64

Michigan, Dec. 22, 1990, 91:4.64

Fatal

Artificial tree, Ohio, 1992, 93:6.28

Iowa, 1991, 92:1.22

Michigan, 1993, 94:6.33

Illinois, 1994, 95:6.36

Massachusetts, Dec. 24, 1994, 95:5.54

Michigan, 1991, 92:6.28

Michigan, 1992, 93:6.28

Utah, Dec., 1993, 94:6.90

CHURCH FIRES

Connecticut, Oct., 1992, 93:6.79

Illinois, 1989, 91:1.30

Indiana, 1993, 94:4.31

Indiana, Sept., 1993, 94:6.89

Massachusetts, 1992, 93:2.21

Missouri, 1997, 98:2.19

Ohio, 1994, 95:3.39

Pennsylvania, Feb., 1995, 96:6.73

Pennsylvania, 1996, 97:5.23

Pennsylvania, Sep. 11, 1997, 98:6.92

Tennessee, 1992, 93:6.30

Texas, 1992, 93:6.30

Texas, 1996, 97:1.27

Virginia, July, 1994, 95:6.98

CIGARETTE LIGHTERS. See also CHILDREN AND CIGARETTE LIGHTERS

Catastrophic fire ignition source, 1990 fires, 91:4.68, 69

Fire ignition source, 93:6.87, 94:5.104

Incendiary fire ignition source, 94:5.105, 94:6.34, 95:2.31, 95:4.37, 98:4.20

Lighter fluid used to ignite fireplace fire, 96:1.23

CIGARETTES. See also SMOKING MATERIALS

Careless disposal of

Apartment building fire cause, 93:3.35, 96:1.22, 96:5.24, 97:3.30

Board and care facility fire cause, 94:2.30, 94:6.33

Bridge fire cause, 97:3.34

Catastrophic dwelling fire cause, 92:4.68, 69, 94:5.102, 95:5.60, 97:5.49

Catastrophic rooming house fire cause, 92:4.67

Dumpster fire cause, possible, 96:5.26

Dwelling fire cause, 96:5.25

Fatal dwelling fire cause, 94:1.31

Hospital fire cause, 98:1.24

Manufacturing plant fire cause, 95:6.107

Nursing home fire cause, 91:4.25

Office building fire cause, 96:2.24

Store fire cause, 92:1.21, 94:6.35

Warehouse fire cause, 96:6.66

Wildland fire cause, 93:6.89

Careless use of

Apartment complex fire cause, 94:1.32

Apartment fire cause, 91:3.26, 92:3.34, 97:2.22

Catastrophic apartment building fire cause, 98:5.49

Catastrophic dwelling fire cause, 91:4.65, 91:4.66, 93:5.64

Catastrophic manufactured home fire, possible cause, 98:5.46

Dwelling fire cause, 97:1.25

Elderly housing fire cause, 96:5.24

Fatal apartment building fire cause, 91:2.29

Fatal board and care facility fire cause, 97:1.27

Fatal dwelling fire cause, 94:1.31, 98:1.23, 5.16

Fireworks plant fire cause, 93:3.35

Group home fire cause, 92:1.26, 95:6.35

Limited-care facility fire cause, 98:4.21

Nursing home fire cause, 92:2.26, 96:4.24, 98:1.24

Rooming house fire cause, 97:6.19

Shed fire, possible cause, 93:2.20

Incendiary fire started by, 97:6.54

Statistics on cigarette use, fires, 95:3.160

CINCINNATI, OHIO

Crown Coliseum arena updates fire protection system, 98:3.120

CIVIL DISTURBANCES

Rioters burn shopping mall, impede fire fighters, Nevada, 1992, 93:2.19

Rioters damage/destroy 862 structures by incendiary fires, California, April 29-May 1, 1992, 93:5.67, 93:6.81

CLOTHING FIRES

Catastrophic

Flash fire ignites clothes, 91:4.67

Laundry and holding bins ignited, 97:5.54

Stored clothing, 96:5.92, 97:5.50

Extension cords ignite clothing placed on cord, 97:5.51

Fatal

Cigarettes ignite clothing, 97:1.25, 1.27, 98:6.23

Clothes drying near gas furnace ignite, 98:3.38

Lamp ignites clothing, 91:4.25

Stored clothing, 97:2.22

Stove ignites clothing, 98:2.16, 5.16

Wood stove explosion ignites clothing, 97:6.20

Worker spills molten metal, 91:1.31

Fuel in aircraft crash fire, ignited by, 96:5.99

Gas-fired furnace, ignited by, 95:5.54

Lamp, ignited by, 94:6.33

Laundry basket of clothes ignited by kerosene heater, 97:5.49

Match, dropped, ignited by, 96:5.24

Smoking materials, ignited by, 95:5.64, 96:5.97

Space heater, ignited by, 95:5.53

Stored clothing

Catastrophic fire, factor in, 96:5.92, 97:5.50

Fatal fire, factor in, 97:2.22

Fire, factor in, 97:6.22

Stove burner, ignited by, 96:3.39

CLUB FIRES

California, 1997, 98:2.19

Catastrophic

Georgia, Dec. 12, 1990; vacant building, 91:4.68

New York, March 25, 1990, 91:4.67

Cocoanut Grove fire, five eyewitnesses remember, 91:3.74

Florida, 1993, 94:5.30

Illinois, 1994; country club, 95:3.39

Illinois, Oct. 18, 1996, 97:6.59

Indiana, 1992; athletic club, 92:6.31

Maryland, Aug., 1993, 94:6.89

Michigan, 1990, 91:6.23

Oklahoma, Jan., 1994, 95:6.98

Texas, 1991; nightclub, 92:6.25

Washington, May 11, 1990, 91:6.77

Wisconsin, 1993, 94:3.29

COAL MINE FIRES

Catastrophic

Kentucky, July 31, 1990, 91:4.69

Virginia, Dec. 7, 1992, 93:5.66

West Virginia, March 19, 1992, 93:5.67, 93:6.82

Illinois, Sept. 1991, 92:6.77

COCKLOFTS. See CONCEALED SPACES

COCOANUT GROVE FIRE

Five eyewitnesses remember, 91:3.74

CODES AND STANDARDS. See also CODES ON THE FIRELINE COLUMNS; IN COMPLIANCE COLUMNS; NFPA CODES AND STANDARDS

Basis-for-design reports help authority having jurisdiction, building owner, 95:4.24

Development process and future trends, 91:4.36

Elevator recall and shut down requirements increase safety, 97:5.64

Evaluating equivalencies and exceptions to standards, 95:1.16

Federal law requires agencies to use voluntary consensus standards, 96:6.40

Fire models to evaluate alternative designs, 95:2.68

High technology detectors require new standards, 95:5.42

International electrical standards, developing, 94:1.34

International standards, developing consensus for, 94:1.36

Making performance-based codes work, 97:1.73

NFPA and ICC collaborate to develop one national model fire code, 97:4.36

NFPA and International Code Council work on national fire code, 96:5.46

Nursing home fire verifies authority having jurisdiction/engineers sprinkler design, 95:2.85

Passive fire protection systems, 97:2.30

Performance-based codes

Benefits of, 97:1.72

Designing buildings for, 95:5.20

Development of, 94:6.16, 95:2.16, 96:1.46, 96:3.43

Existing buildings, performance objectives for, 95:6.22

Existing codes, based on, 95:3.24

North America, use in, 94:3.70

U. S. Department of Energy, adopted by, 97:3.94

Regulations affect use of new construction methods, 96:2.32

Residential sprinklers requirement, Scottsdale, Arizona, analysis, 97:4.40

Stratosphere Tower (Las Vegas) designed using performance and prescriptive codes, 97:3.72

U. S. cable/wire manufacturers promote NEC over IEC as European standard, 98:4.64

U. S. response to European economic unification and global standards, ANSI's role in, 91:6.54

CODES ON THE FIRELINE COLUMNS

Consensus requirement can slow adoption of innovations, 96:2.29

Evaluating department's initial attack capability, 96:5.29

Fire service role in code-making, 96:1.27

Marketing residential sprinklers, 96:4.27

New Zealand fire service operation and code development provide insights, 96:3.43

Regional fire code development committees provide input to NFPA, 96:6.27

COLLEGE BUILDING FIRES. See also DORMITORY FIRES

Classroom building, Indiana, 1994, 95:5.35

Classroom building, Kentucky, 1994, 95:5.35

Fraternity house, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, May 12, 1996, 96:5.61, 97:5.50

Fraternity house, Ohio, 1996, 97:6.21

Fraternity house, Pennsylvania, 1992, 93:1.27

Fraternity house, Rhode Island, 1994, 95:3.37

Laboratory, Texas, 1996, 97:5.23

Mixed-use building, Kansas, June, 1991, 92:6.78

Office/classroom building, Georgia, Aug., 1995, 96:6.73

Students need fire safety education, 97:5.34

University bell tower, West Virginia, 1993, 94:4.30

COLORADO

Apartment building fire, 1997, 98:4.20

Apartment building fire, July 18, 1997, 98:6.90

Catastrophic fires

Board and care facility, March 4, 1991, 92:4.70

Hotel, Jan. 27, 1997, 98:5.49

Wildland, July 3, 1994, 95:2.51, 95:5.67

Fatal fires

Automobile repair shop, 1996, 97:1.26

Manufactured home, 1997, 98:1.23

Office building, Sept. 28, 1992, 93:2.33

Fuel tank storage facility fire, Nov. 25, 1990, 91:6.73

Resort fire, 1992, 93:1.25

Warehouse fire, July 23, 1997, 98:6.87

Warehouse fire, Nov., 1992, 93:6.87

COLORADO SPRINGS, COLO.

Computer mapping used by fire service, 95:1.84

COMBUSTIBLE PRODUCTS

Effectiveness of current product labeling systems, 94:1.71

COMMERCIAL OCCUPANCIES. See also specific occupancies

Site testing smoke detectors, 98:3.110

COMMUNICATIONS. See FIRE SERVICE COMMUNICATIONS

COMMUNICATIONS INDUSTRY

Fire protection for, 92:2.32

COMMUNITY CENTER FIRES

Pennsylvania, 1996, 97:5.23

COMPARTMENTATION

Lack of

Kennel fire, factor in, 93:2.20

Library fire, factor in, 93:6.79

Sawmill fire, factor in, 92:6.79

Warehouse fire, 92:6.78

Through-penetration protection systems, 94:1.54

COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS

Vehicles fueled by, handling incidents involving, 94:4.84

COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS FIRES

Cylinder ruptures, causing explosion and fire, 94:4.30

High-pressure tanks being vented, fuel ignited by static discharge, 94:4.29

COMPUTER MODELS. See FIRE MODELS

COMPUTER SOFTWARE

Fire alarm software requires careful management, 95:1.54

Fire protection community, software useful to, 97:1.50

Fire service software, 91:3.90

Responders linked to hazardous materials databases by software, 97:3.66

COMPUTER-AIDED DISPATCH

Los Angeles implements new CAD system, 94:2.66

COMPUTERS AND RELATED EQUIPMENT

Electronic equipment room fires, loss data, 97:3.100

Fire in uninterrupted power supply spreads to cables, 95:2.30

Fire protection for, 92:2.32

Fire protection information available on Internet, 96:6.44

Fire service use of, 92:2.32, 95:1.76

Fuel high-rise office building fire, 92:5.56

Internet's fire protection applications, 95:6.41

CONCEALED SPACES

Above door, fire started in, 98:5.15

Attic

Fire spread into, 95:5.64, 96:3.35, 96:5.25, 96:6.64, 65, 97:2.22

Fire spread through, 98:6.22

Fire started in, 96:1.24, 97:2.23

Attic/roof

Fire spread into, 95:4.37, 40, 95:6.98

Fire started in, 94:4.29

Ceiling

Catastrophic hotel fire started in, 91:4.64

Fire spread into, 92:6.78, 95:5.64, 95:6.99, 104, 96:2.23, 96:3.35, 96:5.91, 97:6.22, 53

Fire spread through, 98:1.21, 98:6.85, 6.90

Fire started in, 94:6.93

Flashover, factor in, 92:6.31

Ceiling/floor

Fire spread into, 95:4.37

Fire started in, 95:5.56, 97:5.23, 6.58, 98:6.92

Ceiling/roof

Fire spread into, 93:5.35, 36, 93:6.30, 79, 94:5.97, 94:6.89, 95:5.59, 95:6.107

Fire spread through, 98:1.21, 2.19, 5.16

Fire started in, 95:6.106, 98:6.84

Cockloft

Catastrophic fire spread through, 91:4.65

Fire spread into, 95:4.39

Fire spread through, 94:5.98, 98:1.21

Fire started in, 94:6.90

Fire spread into, 91:6.77, 93:5.64, 93:6.81, 94:6.36, 95:6.108

Fire spread through, 91:4.67, 92:3.31, 92:6.78, 92:6.79, 94:5.95, 94:6.89, 98:5.45, 49, 6.24, 89

Fire started in, 98:2.19

Floor

Fire spread into, 93:3.36, 93:6.79

Fire spread through, 94:6.93

Fire started in, 95:5.54

Roof

Fire spread into, 95:6.107, 96:2.23

Fire spread through, 94:6.94, 95, 98:4.19, 22, 6.22, 90

Fire started in, 96:1.24

Walls

Fire spread into, 94:5.96, 96:2.24

Fire spread through, 93:4.33, 97:6.19

Fire started in, 91:4.67, 97:5.49

CONDOMINIUM FIRES

California, 1990, 91:6.24

Delaware, Feb. 17, 1996, 97:6.57

Illinois, 1990, 91:6.23

Illinois, Nov. 17, 1996, 97:6.58

North Carolina, Sept., 1993, 94:6.90

Texas, Dec. 14, 1996, 97:6.58

CONFERENCE CENTER FIRES

New Jersey, 1993, 94:2.30

CONFINED SPACES

OSHA regulation aims to reduce incidents in, 94:5.80

Stockroom fire, 94:6.91

CONGRESSIONAL FIRE SERVICES INSTITUTE

Fire services/safety publicized by, 98:1.31

CONNECTICUT

Apartment building fire, 1996, 97:2.21

Bridge fire, 1996, 97:3.34

Catastrophic fires

Aircraft, April 27, 1994, 95:5.67

Board and care facility, Feb. 10, 1996, 97:5.53

Dwelling, Feb. 16, 1991, 92:4.67

Church fire, Oct., 1992, 93:6.79

Detention facility fire, July 7, 1977, 94:5.51

Dwelling fire, 1991, 92:4.26

Fatal apartment building fire, 1996, 97:5.21

Library fire, 1996, 97:1.26

Manufacturing plant fire, 1996, 97:4.22

Manufacturing plant fire, 1997, 98:3.42

Marina fire, 1990, 91:6.26

Mill fire, 1995, 96:2.25

Restaurant fire, 1996, 97:4.22

Store fire, 1993, 94:6.35

CONSTRUCTION, FIRE-RESISTIVE

Limited fire spread, apartment building fire, 93:3.35

CONSTRUCTION METHODS

Balloon construction, factor in fire spread, 97:6.58

Openings in construction, factor in fire spread, 97:6.58

CONVEYORS

Friction between belt and roller ignites fire, 94:6.92

Heat produced by belt ignites combustibles, dust, 98:6.91

Hot slag drops onto freezer conveyor, ignites freezer, 98:6.84

Mechanical failure causes grain to ignite, 92:4.28

Mechanical failure causes sugar dust to ignite, 97:6.49

Overheated bearing ignites cardboard, 96:6.23

Welding sparks ignite belt, 96:6.68

COOKING-AND-HEATING EQUIPMENT FIRES. See HEATING-AND-COOKING EQUIPMENT FIRES

COOLING TOWER FIRES

Rooftop tower of high-rise office building, Massachusetts, 1991, 92:5.28

CORRECTIONAL FACILITY FIRES. See DETENTION FACILITY FIRES

COX, PHIL

Profile of, 96:4.36

CRAWFORD, JIM

Profile of, 93:5.23

CROWDED BUILDINGS

Catastrophic fire, factor in, 94:5.102

CUTTING AND WELDING OPERATIONS. See WELDING AND CUTTING OPERATIONS


D

DALY, WENDY L.

Profile of, 94:3.20

DANBURY, CONN.

Detention facility fire, July 7, 1977, 94:5.51

DELAWARE

Catastrophic fires

Dwelling, April 10, 1990, 91:4.66

Dwelling, Jan. 20, 1993, 94:5.97

Condominium fire, Feb. 17, 1996, 97:6.57

Detention facility fire, 1990, 91:3.25

DELUGE SYSTEMS

Satisfactory performance, refinery fire, 97:6.49

Unsatisfactory performance; activated after water outage, cause major damage, 94:3.29

DENVER, COLO.

Fatal office building fire, Sept. 28, 1992, 93:2.33

Fire department is progressive, innovative, 95:3.118

Tank farm fire, Nov. 25, 1991, 92:1.60

DETECTION SYSTEMS

Automatic, did not cover area of fire origin, 92:5.28

Intelligent systems eliminate false alarms without compromising protection, 97:6.78

Life safety system installed at Winterthur Museum, 92:5.63

Not a factor in fire

Not in service, 95:5.35

Not operational due to poor maintenance, 95:6.104

Optical flame system design, 95:3.105

Unsatisfactory performance, 98:6.92

DETECTORS

Carbon monoxide detector questions answered, 98:5.20

High technology requires new standards, integration with building controls, 95:5.42

Lack of detectors allowed school fire to spread, 98:1.21

Motion detector sets off alarm in library fire, 97:1.26

NFPA 72, The National Fire Alarm Code, consolidates detection standards, 93:5.70

Not a factor in fire

Absence of detectors; catastrophic dwelling fire, 94:5.97

Fire above detectors, 95:6.99, 97:6.52

Fire on building exterior, 98:5.16

Methane gas detectors, disabled, in mine explosion/fire, 93:5.66

Motion detectors covered with tape, fail to detect fire, 96:6.24

Rendered inoperable by explosion, 91:6.74

System not operational, catastrophic apartment building fire, 94:5.95

Sample training exercise for detector placement, 96:4.49

Satisfactory performance, 94:6.95, 96:6.62, 69, 72, 73

DETECTORS, FLAME

Designing optical detection systems, 95:3.105

DETECTORS, HEAT

Residential detectors, performance in fire tests, 93:1.48

DETECTORS, HEAT, NOT A FACTOR IN FIRE

Not in service, 93:6.88

DETECTORS, HEAT, SATISFACTORY PERFORMANCE, 92:5.30, 93:2.21, 93:5.37, 64, 66, 93:6.79, 94:6.90, 96:6.22, 98:1.24, 2.20, 5.53, 6.85, 88

DETECTORS, HEAT, UNSATISFACTORY PERFORMANCE, 91:6.77, 92:4.70, 93:6.87, 98:6.92

DETECTORS, SMOKE

Air sampling detectors, overview of, 92:3.80

Blocked by interior renovations, delayed detection, 92:6.26

Control system used for safe elevator recall, 93:3.28

Fire prevention week theme, 1992, 92:5.68

Free detector distribution program saves residential occupants, 98:3.38

Inspection, testing, and maintenance to ensure reliability, 96:5.68

Insufficient number, location, factors in catastrophic fire, 91:4.68

Location delayed notification, factor in catastrophic fire, 91:4.69

Many U. S. detectors not operable, most due to batteries missing or dead, 98:3.98

Nuisance alarms: field study in Native American community, 96:5.65

Preventing nuisance alarms, 93:5.16

Questions on location and type answered, 98:6.26

Residential detectors, performance in fire tests, 93:1.48

Site testing in commercial occupancies, 98:3.110

U. S. Consumer Product Safety Commission study of detector failure, 97:5.40

U. S. experience with, 94:5.36

DETECTORS, SMOKE, NOT A FACTOR IN FIRE

Aircraft crash, 92:6.79

Batteries missing or dead, 91:4.26, 91:5.26, 92:4.67, 92:4.68, 68, 92:5.25, 92:6.28, 93:1.27, 93:2.22, 93:4.25, 93:5.35, 36, 62, 64, 93:6.28, 94:1.30, 94:5.96, 97, 98, 100, 102, 95:1.34, 95:4.37, 38, 95:5.34, 54, 56, 60, 95:6.37, 96:2.24, 96:5.24, 93, 96, 96:6.22, 97:3.29, 30, 5.21, 51, 98:1.23, 5.15, 16, 17, 46, 49

Battery disconnected, 98:3.38

Battery incorrectly installed, 93:5.64

Defective, 97:4.19

Delayed operation, 94:5.28

Disconnected, 91:3.26, 96:5.91, 92, 97:2.22

Electrical system shorted, 97:5.49

Explosion, 92:6.28

Fire above detectors, 94:4.29, 94:6.95, 95:6.106, 96:6.24

Fire extinguished quickly, 98:5.17

Fire on exterior of building, 94:6.90

Frequent activation of alarms in absence of fire led residents to ignore alarm, 93:1.27

Hearing impaired person may not have heard detector, 93:2.22

Improperly installed, 92:3.34

Intoxicated occupants do not respond, 96:5.24

Not in service, 91:3.27, 93:6.88, 94:4.32, 95:4.38, 95:6.35, 37, 99, 98:5.45

Not installed, 98:5.17, 5.49

Not located in area of origin, 94:6.91, 96:5.97, 97:1.26, 6.22, 98:5.49, 6.89

Power supply shut off, 95:5.54, 96:6.22

Reason unknown, 95:5.53, 60, 97:5.52, 98:5.16

Removed, 91:5.26, 92:3.34, 93:1.26, 95:5.60, 97:2.22, 4.19, 98:5.50

Short circuit caused breaker to trip, 95:5.59

DETECTORS, SMOKE, SATISFACTORY PERFORMANCE, 92:1.22, 26, 92:2.27, 92:6.28, 29, 93:3.33, 93:5.66, 93:6.28, 81, 94:1.31, 94:2.29, 30, 94:5.27, 28, 97, 100, 102, 94:6.33, 94:6.89, 90, 94, 95:2.29, 95:3.38, 95:6.107, 96:1.22, 96:2.23, 96:4.21, 24, 96:5.24, 97, 96:6.22, 23, 24, 70, 97:2.22, 5.22, 49, 50, 52, 98:1.22, 24, 2.18, 3.38, 41, 4.21, 5.53, 6.90

DETECTORS, SMOKE, UNSATISFACTORY PERFORMANCE, 91:4.26, 68, 69, 92:6.26, 93:3.35, 94:1.31, 95:2.30, 37, 95:6.98, 107, 96:1.22, 96:5.96, 97:1.25, 98:1.21, 23, 2.16, 5.45, 49, 50

DETENTION FACILITY FIRES

California, 1992, 93:5.36

Catastrophic, Missouri, Sept. 14, 1991, 92:4.70

Danbury, Conn., July 7, 1977, 94:5.51

Delaware, 1990, 91:3.25

Fire protection in correctional facilities, 94:5.49

Florida, 1992, 93:3.33

Maury County, Tenn., June 26, 1977, 94:5.50

North Carolina, 1996, 97:1.27

Ohio State Penitentiary, April 21, 1930, 94:5.54, 95:5.84

Pennsylvania, 1994, 95:5.33

St. John, Brunswick, June 21, 1977, 94:5.50

DETROIT, MICH.

Catastrophic aircraft collision at airport, Dec. 3, 1990, 91:3.69, 91:4.70

Dwelling fire, Feb. 17, 1993, 93:3.57

Fatal board and care facility fire, June 2, 1992, 93:1.29

DIESEL FUEL

Locomotive fuel tanks rupture, vaporized fuel ignites, factor in catastrophic fire, 97:5.54, 6.59

Used as fire starter, ignites fireplace fire, 92:2.29

DINENNO, PHILIP J.

Profile of, 92:4.20

DISABLED PERSONS. See also AMERICANS WITH DISABILITIES ACT

Blind, nonambulatory woman dies when smoking materials ignite bedding, 95:2.30

Blind man dies when stove burner ignites bathrobe, 94:2.29

Child in wheelchair dies in catastrophic fire, 95:5.58

Disabled grandmother unable to rescue children, 95:1.34

Fire safety principles and education for, 96:4.112

Hearing-impaired fire victim may not have heard smoke alarm, 93:2.22

Legally blind man ignites fatal fire, 97:6.20

Mentally disabled person sets rooming house fire, 97:1.26

Mentally disabled resident dies in limited-care facility fire, 98:4.21

Mentally disabled residents die in catastrophic fire, 95:5.62, 98:5.53

Physically disabled person dies in apartment building fire, 97:6.20, 98:4.19

Physically disabled person dies in dwelling fire, 96:5.24, 98:3.38, 5.15, 16, 50

Physically disabled person dies in manufactured home fire, 98:2.16

Physically disabled person ignites clothing while smoking, ignites catastrophic fire, 97:5.50

Physically disabled persons die in board and care facility fire, 96:5.96

Physically disabled persons die in catastrophic board and care facility fires, 97:5.52

Physically disabled persons die in catastrophic fire, 95:5.64

DISASTER DRILLS

Logan International Airport, Boston, Mass, 91:2.54

Plane crash simulation at Hancock Tower high-rise, Boston, 93:6.35

DISASTER PLAN

Los Angeles County Fire Department's response program, 91:6.60

DISASTER RESPONSE

Congress considers natural disaster relief policy reform, 97:5.31

Oklahoma City bombing, 1995, NFPA documentation of response, 96:1.50

Oklahoma City bombing, 1995, USAR task force response to, 96:1.59

Terrorist attacks, preparation for, 96:1.54, 96:2.35

DISNEY WORLD, ORLANDO, FLA.

Fire protection systems, 96:3.119

DISPATCH. See COMPUTER-AIDED DISPATCH

DISPATCH CENTERS

Los Angeles designs state-of-the-art center, 94:2.66

DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA. See WASHINGTON, D. C.

DOMESTIC DISPUTES

Fatal fires, factor in, 1.23, 98:2.16

DOORS. See also EXITS

Blocked by refrigerator, factor in catastrophic fire, 98:5.50

Blocked by victims, factor in catastrophic fire, 97:5.51

Closed

Limited fire spread, 94:5.105

Limited heat, gas exposure, 94:6.34

Fire vented through, 98:2.18

In fire wall, fire spread through, 91:6.75

Inoperable, hamper escape in catastrophic food plant fire, 92:1.29

Jammed, factor in catastrophic motor vehicle fire, 98:5.55

Locked

Catastrophic dwelling fire, factor in, 91:4.64, 96:5.91, 98:5.45

Catastrophic dwelling fire, fire fighting operations hampered, 93:5.62

Catastrophic fire, factor in, 97:5.50, 51

Catastrophic vehicle fire, factor in, 98:5.55

Fatal apartment fire, factor in, 91:4.26, 95:3.37

Fatal fire, factor in, 97:6.19

Fire, factor in, 97:3.30

Fire fighting operations hampered by, 94:2.27, 94:6.93

Fire fighting operations hampered by; shopping mall fire, 91:1.29

Nailed shut

Catastrophic fires, factor in, 98:5.49, 5.50

Fatal fire, factor in, 95:3.37

Open

Catastrophic fire spread through, 91:4.66, 97:5.49, 52, 53

Fire spread by draft caused by, 92:5.25

Fire spread through, 91:6.24, 92:4.67, 69, 94:5.96, 100, 105, 94:6.95, 96, 95:5.64, 95:6.35, 95:6.99, 96:6.63, 96:6.64, 97:6.20, 98:5.45, 49, 6.90

Fire vented through, 91:4.67, 95:5.56, 59, 96:5.91, 93, 97:5.21, 51, 6.56, 98:5.49

Garage door, fire spread through, 92:1.21

Heat spread through, 98:5.17, 53

Lacking self-closing devices, fire spread through, 97:5.52, 53

Smoke spread through, 91:3.26, 95:5.64, 98:5.17, 53

Security bars, factor in catastrophic fire, 96:5.93, 97:5.51, 98:5.50

Steel screens hinder escape in catastrophic fire, 93:5.62

Vehicle passenger door inoperable from interior, factor in catastrophic fire, 96:5.100

Wood, fire spread through, 92:4.67

DOORS, FIRE

Absence of, allowed fire spread, 98:6.85

Automatic

Limited fire spread, 95:1.31, 97:5.49

Operated correctly, 97:5.52

Failed to close, 93:6.85, 98:6.84

Failed to operate due to poor maintenance, 96:6.63

Field modifications of, 92:6.12

Limited/prevented fire spread, 92:4.27, 93:1.28, 94:5.105, 95:1.31, 95:6.38, 97:6.52, 98:6.92

Open, fire spread through, 93:5.64, 94:5.95, 94:6.96, 95:6.35, 103, 97:4.19, 5.21, 49, 54, 98:6.92

Overhead doors, failed to operate, factor in fire spread, 95:6.103

Removed, factor in fire spread, 94:5.95

Roll-down, limited fire spread, 95:6.38

Self-closing, prevent fire spread, 92:4.27, 97:6.21

Self-closing device deactivated, factor in catastrophic fire, 98:5.53

Self-closing devices removed, factor in catastrophic fire, 97:5.52

DORMITORY FIRES

Catastrophic

North Carolina, May 12, 1996, 97:5.50

Texas, April 19, 1993, 94:5.95

College, under renovation, Massachusetts, 1997, 98:3.42

College/university

Arizona, 1990, 91:2.29

Catastrophic, North Carolina, May 12, 1996, 97:5.50

Ohio, 1996, 97:6.21

Washington, D. C., 1990, 91:4.25

Military barracks, Washington, May 11, 1990, 91:6.77

School, Pennsylvania, April, 1994, 95:6.99

Statistics, 97:3.152

DRAFT CURTAINS

Satisfactory performance, warehouse fire, 96:4.23

DRILLING PLATFORM FIRES

Catastrophic, Louisiana, Feb. 15, 1991, 92:4.71

DRILLING RIG FIRES

Track-mounted, Wisconsin, July 9, 1991, 92:4.72

DRILLS. See DISASTER DRILLS; FIRE DRILLS

DROUGHT

Wildland fire factor, 91:1.59, 91:4.70, 91:6.74, 75, 78, 92:4.72, 92:6.74, 76, 93:3.36, 93:4.28, 93:6.88, 89, 94:5.108, 94:6.99, 95:5.67, 95:6.111, 96:2.26, 96:6.74, 97:4.21

DROWNING

Fire fighter fatalities related to, 96:4.73

DRUGS, ILLEGAL

Careless disposal of marijuana cigarette ignites apartment building fire, 97:5.22

Catastrophic dwelling fire, factor in, 94:5.102, 95:5.60

Cooking chemicals ignite apartment building fire, 95:6.36

Fatal fire, factor in, 97:6.20

DRY CHEMICAL EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS

Delayed activation, but partly successful in restaurant fire, 95:2.31

Electrical substation plant fire extinguished with, 95:6.100

Not a factor in fire, fire above system, 97:6.52, 97:6.53

Unsatisfactory performance, failed to operate in restaurant fire, 97:6.22

DRYING OVENS

Dust and lacquer in vent system, ignited by heat source, 96:4.24

DUCTS. See also CHASES

Clothes dryer heat ignites lint in exhaust duct, 93:3.36

Combustible ducts in vapor removal system spread fire, 98:6.84

Deep fat fryer fire ignites grease in, 94:3.28

Electrical connection grounded through, 95:5.35

Fire spread through, 92:4.68, 93:6.82, 94:5.104, 97:6.57, 98:6.87, 90

Grill fire ignites grease in, 96:5.25

Short circuit ignites dust on top of duct, 98:6.84

Sparks sent through, ignite studs in dust collection bin, 98:1.24

DUMPSTER FIRES

Hawaii, 1989, 91:1.31

Michigan, 1996, 97:5.24

New York, 1995, 96:5.26

DUNGAN, KENNETH W.

Profile of, 92:5.20

DÜSSELDORF, GERMANY

Fatal airport terminal fire, Apr. 11, 1996, 96:4.43

DUST

Conveyor belt heat ignites dust, 98:6.91

Exhaust fan malfunction, ignited by, 96:5.23

Furniture manufacturing plant explosion/fire, factor in, 95:6.103

Grain, ignited by smoldering grain, 92:4.28

Hosiery manufacturing plant fire, factor in, 97:3.33

Overheated bearing box, ignited by, 93:6.83

Paper, factor in fire spread, 93:6.84

Paper, ignited by heat from gas heater, 91:6.75

Polyurethane dust ignites, fire spreads through dust collection system, 98:6.87

Sawdust, fire spreads to combustibles from, 94:4.30

Sawdust ignites, explodes, contributes to fire spread, manufacturing plant fire, 97:6.49

Sawdust in attic ignited by spreading fire, 98:6.86

Sugar dust ignited by spark or heat, refinery fire, 97:6.49

Synthetic fabric dust ignited by short circuit, knitting mill fire, 98:6.84

DUST COLLECTION SYSTEMS

Polyurethane dust ignites, fire spreads through dust collection system, 98:6.87

Sparks sent through ducts, ignite studs in dust collection bin, 98:1.24

DWELLING FIRES. See also MANUFACTURED HOME FIRES

Alabama, 1995, 96:3.39

Arizona, 1993, 94:6.34

Arkansas, 1997, 98:1.23, 4.19, 6.23

California, 1997, 98:5.16

California, 1991, 92:4.26, 92:6.28

California, 1992, 93:4.25

California, April, 1992, 93:6.79

California, Sept., 1992, 93:6.81

California, 1994, 95:2.30

California, 1995, 96:1.23, 96:2.23, 96:3.36, 96:6.22

Connecticut, 1991, 92:4.26

Florida, 1992, 93:2.21, 93:5.35

Florida, 1993, 94:4.32

Florida, May 4, 1997, 98:6.90

Florida, Oct. 22, 1997, 98:6.90

Georgia, 1991, 92:2.29

Georgia, 1996, 97:2.22

Idaho, 1995, 96:4.22

Illinois, 1994, 95:6.36

Illinois, 1997, 98:1.23, 3.38

Indiana, 1993, 94:1.30

Iowa, 1991, 92:1.22, 92:4.26

Iowa, 1992, 93:3.35

Kentucky, 1990, 91:5.26

Kentucky, 1997, 98:4.19

Maryland, 1993, 94:1.31

Maryland, 1994, 95:3.38

Maryland, 1997, 98:5.16

Massachusetts, 1989, 91:1.27

Massachusetts, 1991, 92:1.21

Massachusetts, 1992, 93:1.27, 93:5.36

Massachusetts, 1993, 94:6.34

Massachusetts, 1995, 96:4.21, 96:6.22

Massachusetts, 1996, 97:1.25, 4.19

Massachusetts, 1997, 98:5.15

Michigan, 1996, 97:1.25

Michigan, 1991, 92:6.28

Michigan, 1993, 94:6.33

Michigan, Feb. 17, 1993, 93:3.57

Michigan, 1995, 96:3.39

Michigan, Jan. 6, 1996, 97:6.58

Michigan, Nov. 14, 1996, 97:6.58

Minnesota, 1991, 92:2.28

Mississippi, 1994, 95:4.38

Missouri, 1991, 92:3.34

Missouri, 1992, 93:4.25

Missouri, 1994, 95:5.34

New Jersey, 1994, 95:6.37

New York, 1991, 92:5.25

New York, 1992, 93:2.22

New York, 1993, 94:1.31

New York, 1994, 95:4.37

North Carolina, 1994, 95:1.34

Ohio, 1992, 93:2.22, 93:5.36, 93:6.28

Ohio, 1993, 94:1.31, 94:5.28

Ohio, 1996, 97:5.21, 6.19

Oklahoma, 1991, 92:6.28

Oklahoma, 1996, 97:3.29

Oklahoma, 1997, 98:3.38

Pennsylvania, 1994, 95:1.34

Pennsylvania, 1997, 98:1.22, 23

Pennsylvania, 1998, 98:3.38

Pennsylvania, multiple dwellings, 1996, 97:4.19

Products first ignited in, 1983-1987, 91:5.72

Rhode Island, 1995, 96:6.22

Texas, 1994, 95:2.29

Texas, 1995, 96:5.25

Texas, 1997, 98:5.17

Texas, March 20, 1997, 98:6.90

Texas, multiple dwellings, 1995, 96:4.21

Utah, 1997, 98:6.23

Washington, 1994, 95:6.36

Wyoming, 1991, 92:5.26

DWELLING FIRES, CATASTROPHIC

Alabama, Aug. 27, 1990, 91:4.64

Alabama, Nov. 12, 1996, 97:5.51

Alabama, July 20, 1997, 98:5.50

Arizona, March 26, 1995, 96:5.92

Arizona, Nov. 5, 1993, 94:5.97

California, Aug. 3, 1992, 93:5.64

California, Nov. 29, 1994, 95:5.62

California, May 29, 1995, 96:5.91

California, Dec. 14, 1995, 96:5.92

California, Dec. 19, 1996, 97:5.51

California, April 26, 1997, 98:5.45

California, June 1, 1997, 98:5.49

Connecticut, Feb. 16, 1991, 92:4.67

Delaware, April 10, 1990, 91:4.66

Delaware, Jan. 20, 1993, 94:5.97

Florida, Jan. 13, 1990, 91:4.64

Florida, Feb. 25, 1990, 91:4.66

Florida, Oct. 15, 1990, 91:4.64

Florida, March 13, 1993, 94:5.98

Georgia, Jan. 26, 1993, 94:5.97

Georgia, Feb. 3, 1993, 94:5.96

Georgia, June 27, 1993, 94:5.98

Georgia, Feb. 4, 1995, 96:5.92

Georgia, Jan. 23, 1997, 97:5.50

Hawaii, Oct. 15, 1997, 98:5.45

Illinois, Jan. 11, 1990, 91:4.65

Illinois, Jan. 1, 1991, 92:4.68

Illinois, Aug. 14, 1994, 95:5.54

Illinois, Jan. 14, 1995, 96:5.91

Illinois, Aug. 12, 1995, 96:5.93

Indiana, June 30, 1994, 95:5.60

Indiana, Aug. 9, 1994, 95:5.56

Indiana, Dec. 4, 1995, 96:5.93

Iowa, March 24, 1994, 95:5.54

Iowa, Dec. 9, 1995, 96:5.93

Kentucky, Sept. 30, 1994, 95:5.60

Kentucky, Nov. 9, 1996, 97:5.51

Louisiana, Nov. 16, 1991, 92:4.68

Louisiana, Oct. 9, 1997, 98:5.50

Maryland, July 7, 1992, 93:5.62

Maryland, April 23, 1993, 94:5.98

Maryland, Jan. 9, 1994, 95:5.54

Maryland, Feb. 26, 1994, 95:5.53

Maryland, Jan. 30, 1996, 97:5.50

Maryland, March 3, 1997, 98:5.45

Massachusetts, May 27, 1990, 91:4.65

Massachusetts, Dec. 24, 1994, 95:5.54

Michigan, Feb. 28, 1990, 91:4.64

Michigan, Dec. 22, 1990, 91:4.64

Michigan, Oct. 3, 1992, 93:5.62

Michigan, Dec. 3, 1992, 93:5.64

Michigan, Feb. 17, 1993, 94:5.96

Michigan, Nov. 30, 1993, 94:5.102

Michigan, July 13, 1994, 95:5.56

Mississippi, April 3, 1994, 95:5.59

Mississippi, Feb. 3, 1996, 97:5.49

Mississippi, March 13, 1996, 97:5.50

Missouri, Aug. 19, 1992, 93:5.64

Missouri, Dec. 5, 1997, 98:5.45

Montana, Sept. 7, 1991, 92:4.68

Montana, Sept. 24, 1994, 95:5.60

New Jersey, June 11, 1991, 92:4.69

New Jersey, June 16, 1991, 92:4.69

New Jersey, Feb. 13, 1992, 93:5.62

New Jersey, Dec. 28, 1994, 95:5.53

New Jersey, Jan. 22, 1995, 96:5.92

New Jersey, July 22, 1995, 96:5.92

New York, Dec. 27, 1990, 91:4.65

New York, Feb. 8, 1991, 92:4.68

New York, April 10, 1991, 92:4.67

New York, April 21, 1991, 92:4.69

New York, Nov. 22, 1991, 92:4.68

New York, Dec. 22, 1991, 92:4.68

New York, June 7, 1993, 94:5.98

New York, Aug. 28, 1993, 94:5.100

New York, Dec. 21, 1993, 94:5.102

New York, Jan. 28, 1994, 95:5.58

New York, Feb. 10, 1994, 95:5.54

New York, June 28, 1994, 95:5.60

New York, Dec. 4, 1994, 95:5.62

New York, June 23, 1995, 96:5.92

New York, Dec. 18, 1995, 96:5.93

North Carolina, Nov. 13, 1992, 93:5.64

North Carolina, Feb. 28, 1994, 95:5.58

North Carolina, Feb. 23, 1996, 97:5.49

North Carolina, Feb. 17, 1997, 98:5.49

North Dakota, Oct. 7, 1994, 95:5.53

Ohio, Oct. 21, 1990, 91:4.66

Ohio, Dec. 25, 1990, 91:4.66

Ohio, Dec. 15, 1991, 92:4.69

Ohio, Jan. 26, 1992, 93:5.62

Ohio, Feb. 14, 1993, 94:5.98

Ohio, Dec. 22, 1993, 94:5.96

Ohio, Jan. 26, 1994, 95:5.56

Ohio, Dec. 28, 1995, 96:5.91

Oklahoma, Feb. 1, 1991, 92:4.68

Oklahoma, Aug. 31, 1991, 92:4.69

Oklahoma, Sept. 21, 1993, 94:5.100

Oklahoma, Nov. 20, 1994, 95:5.62

Pennsylvania, March 3, 1990, 91:4.64

Pennsylvania, July 30, 1990, 91:4.66

Pennsylvania, Feb. 14, 1991, 92:4.67

Pennsylvania, Dec. 14, 1991, 92:4.69

Pennsylvania, March 13, 1992, 93:5.62

Pennsylvania, July 24, 1992, 93:5.62

Pennsylvania, Oct. 2, 1992, 93:5.64

Pennsylvania, Dec. 5, 1992, 93:5.62

Pennsylvania, July 25, 1993, 94:5.97

Pennsylvania, April 6, 1994, 95:5.59

Pennsylvania, Oct. 21, 1994, 95:5.60

Pennsylvania, Dec. 23, 1994, 95:5.58

Pennsylvania, Feb. 12, 1995, 96:5.92

Pennsylvania, May 24, 1997, 98:5.49

Pennsylvania, Oct. 24, 1997, 98:5.50

South Carolina, Nov. 7, 1992, 93:5.64

South Carolina, May 23, 1993, 94:5.96

South Carolina, Nov. 13, 1993, 94:5.102

South Dakota, May 8, 1990, 91:4.66

Tennessee, March 9, 1991, 92:4.67

Tennessee, March 31, 1992, 93:5.62

Tennessee, Apr. 13, 1996, 97:5.49

Texas, Oct. 7, 1991, 92:4.68

Texas, Feb. 2, 1995, 96:5.92

Texas, July 22, 1995, 96:5.92

Texas, Oct. 21, 1995, 96:5.93

Utah, Nov. 18, 1992, 93:5.64

Virginia, Sept. 10, 1995, 96:5.99

Virginia, Jan. 20, 1996, 97:5.50

Virginia, May 15, 1996, 97:5.50

Virginia, July 8, 1996, 97:5.51

Virginia, Nov. 19, 1997, 98:5.46

Washington, Dec. 17, 1992, 93:5.66

Washington, Apr. 7, 1995, 96:5.91

Washington, May 31, 1996, 97:5.49

Washington, D. C., Jan. 7, 1993, 94:5.97

West Virginia, March 7, 1993, 94:5.96

West Virginia, Nov. 21, 1997, 98:5.50

Wisconsin, March 13, 1990, 91:4.66

Wisconsin, May 10, 1990, 91:4.65

Wisconsin, Oct. 4, 1990, 91:4.66

Wisconsin, April 22, 1991, 92:4.68

Wisconsin, Feb. 28, 1996, 97:5.49

Wisconsin, March 10, 1996, 97:5.50

DWELLING, VACANT, FIRES. See VACANT BUILDING FIRES

DWELLING-UNDER-CONSTRUCTION FIRES

California, 1993, 94:3.27

Catastrophic, New Hampshire, Feb. 26, 1990, 91:4.68

Illinois, 1990, 91:3.27

Massachusetts, 1994, 95:1.34

Pennsylvania, 1995, 96:6.23


E

EARTHQUAKES AND SUBSEQUENT FIRES

Earthquake kits for home and car, 95:3.55

How to react to quake, 95:3.64

Japan, July 12, 1993, 94:3.89

Methodology to deter and mitigate risk of earthquake-caused fires, 94:3.82

Northridge, Calif., Jan. 17, 1994, 95:3.52

San Francisco, Calif., Oct. 17, 1989, 94:3.88

EDITORIALS

Agreement for single model fire code is blueprint for progress, 97:3.10

Back to fire safety basics, 93:5.4

Call for consensus on NFPA standards, 93:2.4

Cast a vote for fire safety, 92:6.4

Children's sleepwear regulations threatened by proposed amendments, 95:5.6

Connections, 92:5.4

Constructive criticism from members keeps NFPA on toes, 98:2.6

CPSC amendment of children's sleepwear standard opposed, 96:4.6

Dedication to fire safety can save lives, 97:1.8

Defining NFPA's mission for year 2000, 94:5.4

Federal government as partner in code/standard development, 96:6.6

Fire fighter fatalities, prevention of, 91:4.4

Fire protection's future, 92:1.4

Fire safe design for high-rise buildings, 93:6.4

Fire safety: tough challenges, great rewards, 94:1.4

Fire safety implications of home security systems, 94:3.4

Fire safety knowledge is power, 95:1.6

High technology's value for fire protection, 92:2.4

Home Fire Sprinkler Coalition supports residential sprinklers, 97:2.8

Homeowner responsibility for wildfire protection efforts, 94:2.4

HUD turns to NFPA to update manufactured housing safety standards, 98:6.6

Imagining more fire safety achievements, 96:3.6

National Electrical Code celebrates 100th anniversary, 95:3.6

National Fire-Incident Reporting System provides important data, 95:2.6

National model building code, 96:1.6

New Latin American Section part of NFPA's international outreach, 97:5.8

NFPA, International Code Council (ICC) end agreement to develop one U. S. fire code, 98:3.8

NFPA, leading the way on codes and standards, 91:6.4

NFPA, the old and the new, 91:2.5

NFPA commitment to Learn Not to Burn programs, 93:4.4

NFPA develops long-range plan, 93:3.4

NFPA faces stiff competition on international acceptance of codes, standards, 97:4.8

NFPA joins fight against smoking, 94:4.4

NFPA must balance tradition, transition, 94:6.4

NFPA responds to demands of global community, 95:4.6

NFPA service to members, 91:1.5

NFPA's new president, George D. Miller, 92:3.4

NFPA's second century of service, 96:2.6

NFPA's sense of mission, 91:5.4

A plumber's nightmare, 92:4.4

Protecting NFPA copyrights and trademarks protects the NFPA's mission, 98:4.6

Renewing our commitment to fire safety, 93:1.4

Risk Watch, critical to child safety, deserves support, 98:5.6

Risk Watch program addresses child safety issues, 98:1.8

Sparky campaign and community fire safety, 96:5.6

Using new ideas for fire safety, 91:3.5

Values of publicity, perseverance in spreading NFPA message, 97:6.8

EDUCATIONAL OCCUPANCY FIRES. See also COLLEGE BUILDING FIRES; SCHOOL FIRES

Fraternity house, Pennsylvania, 1992, 93:1.27

University bell tower, West Virginia, 1993, 94:4.30

University building, Kansas, June, 1991, 92:6.78

EGRESS. See also DOORS; EXITS

Blocked by furniture, stored goods in catastrophic fire, 95:5.53

Building performance to foster correct occupant egress behavior, 93:3.62

Building site plan needs exit discharge from exit to public way, 98:5.22

Catastrophic fire victims took wrong turn in escape attempt, 98:5.49

Elevators as means of egress, 96:1.30

Evaluating occupant load for egress, 94:1.14

Exit access, exterior exits, and exit discharge must be clear of obstructions, 98:6.28

Inadequate, factor in fatal fire, 92:6.77, 93:1.29, 93:2.44

Limited from second floor, factor in large-loss-of-life club fire, 91:4.67

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and Life Safety Code egress standards compared, 93:5.45

ELDERLY

Fire deaths of elderly

Board and care facility fire, 97:1.27

Careless use of cigar as cause, 98:5.15

Careless use of cigarette as cause, 98:1.23

Causes and prevention, 91:2.36

Clothing fire, elderly death resulting from, 98:2.16, 3.38

Clothing fires, elderly deaths resulting from, 96:3.39, 97:1.25

Risk of fatalities higher for elderly, 97:1.44

Fire department and elderly agencies focus on seniors' fire safety, 94:3.13

Fire risk to elderly, statistics, 96:2.104

ELDERLY HOUSING FIRES. See HOUSING FOR ELDERLY FIRES

ELECTRIC GENERATING PLANT FIRES. See also NUCLEAR ENERGY PLANT FIRES

Alabama, Nov., 1991, 92:6.76

Alabama, June, 1993, 94:6.92

Arkansas, Aug., 1993, 94:6.92

California, Jan. 10, 1990, 91:6.76

California, Oct., 1993, 94:6.92

Catastrophic

Indiana, Oct. 5, 1992, 93:5.67

Kansas, Nov. 24, 1997, 98:5.54

New Jersey, Dec. 25, 1992, 93:5.67

Florida, July, 1992, 93:6.82

Florida, Aug., 1995, 96:6.72

Florida, June 30, 1997, 98:6.91

Georgia, June, 1993, 94:6.92

Illinois, April, 1994, 95:6.102

Illinois, Nov., 1994, 95:6.100

Illinois, Dec. 18, 1996, 97:6.58

Michigan, Apr. 26, 1996, 97:6.59

Missouri, June, 1993, 94:6.92

New Jersey, Dec. 25, 1992, 93:2.44, 93:6.82

New York, May, 1992, 93:6.82

New York, March, 1993, 94:6.91

South Carolina, Dec., 1994, 95:6.100

ELECTRIC MOTORS

Motor and motor-controller disconnect requirements, 95:4.42

ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT FIRES. See also HEATING-AND-COOKING EQUIPMENT FIRES

Air conditioner malfunction causes fatal fire, 98:4.20

Air-compressor ignites lubricating oil, 92:6.79

Arc welding sparks ignite stored carpet pads, 93:1.26

Audio equipment malfunctions, ignites housing, 96:5.93

Bearing box overheats on conveyor belt, ignites chaff and dust, 93:6.83

Boat electrical system ignites gasoline, 91:4.31

Book binding machine overheats, ignites glue, 93:4.27

Christmas tree lights

Bulb blows, ignites tree, 94:6.34

Improperly spliced, ignite tree, 94:6.90

Short, ignite tree, 95:6.36

Clothes dryer

Heat ignites lint in exhaust duct, 93:3.36

Ignites nursing home fire, 96:2.25

Clothes iron, unattended, ignites wooden table, other combustibles, 96:5.26

Coffeemaker

Cord shorts, ignites wall covering, 97:2.22

Defective, ignites stored materials, 97:4.21

Coffeepot ignites paper products, 92:2.25

Compressor malfunctions, overheats, ignites wood construction, 97:3.29

Cooler/freezer controls malfunction, ignite restaurant fire, 96:3.35

Cord

Damaged, ignites carpet, 94:5.28

Improperly modified, overheats, causes short circuit, 95:5.60

Improperly spliced to air conditioner overheats, ignites combustibles, 98:3.41

Overheats, ignites carpet, 92:3.32

Overloaded, shorts, ignites sofa, 97:3.29

Corn popper ignites wood paneling, 94:5.95

Curling iron, left on, ignites counter, carpet, 94:5.27

Dimmer switch, overloaded, ignites wall insulation, 94:2.30

Drop light

Incandescent bulb ignites leaked fuel, 97:6.23

Trash ignited by, 91:2.31

Drying machine overheats, ignites pet food, 94:3.29

Electrical component in sauna unit short-circuits, ignites wood partitions, 93:6.79

Elevator transformer overheats, ignites oil, 96:5.26

Emergency light ignites stored clothing, 92:2.27

Extension cord

Damaged by forklift traffic, ignites spilled glue, 98:4.20

Defective, ignites Christmas tree, 92:6.28

Electrical fault ignites stored combustibles, paneling, 97:5.50

Failed, ignites carpeting, 95:6.37

Failed, ignites combustibles, 96:5.92

Joined to heater cord, overheats, ignites living room contents, 94:5.96

Overheats, ignite plastic garland, 94:6.35

Overheats, ignites cardboard combustibles, 97:4.22

Used for space heater, creates high-resistance fault, ignites combustibles, 98:5.46

Extension cord, overloaded

Carpeting ignited by, 92:4.67

Christmas tree ignited by, 93:5.64, 94:6.33

Clothing, toys ignited by, 97:5.51

Combustibles ignited by, 96:5.93, 98:4.19

Curtains ignited by, 96:5.92

Door frame ignited by, 91:4.65

Fabric ignited by, 91:4.26

Fire ignited by, 92:4.69

Possible fire cause, 98:5.18

Shorts or arcs, ignites combustibles, 97:5.51

Exterior lights

Combustible exterior sidewall ignited by, 93:1.25

Fixture used inside ignites carpet, flooring, 97:6.22

Fan

Improperly wired, causes grounding through ducts, ignites wood, 95:5.35

Malfunctions, ignites dry wood, 95:6.99

Malfunctions, ignites dust, 96:5.23

Motor overheats, ignites plastic trim, 95:5.33

Short circuit ignites grease, 95:6.106

Short circuit ignites wood framing, 91:6.25

Floodlights

Cold air balloon ignited by, 94:6.35

Paint tarpaulins ignited by, 94:4.30

Fluorescent light ballast

Foam insulation ignited by, 92:1.26

Overheats, ignites ceiling tiles, 96:5.25

Overheats, ignites fabric lint, 97:3.33

Overheats, ignites structural members, 93:2.22

Wood framing ignited by, 95:2.32

Generator ignites cardboard, 91:2.30

Glue gun ignites fireworks factory fire, 91:4.30

Gondola motor overheats, ignites carbon brushes, 94:3.28

Heat tape

Malfunctions, ignites PVC piping, 93:1.28

Structural members ignited by, 91:5.28

Wood eaves ignited by, 92:1.23

Heating blanket short-circuits, ignites, 94:3.30

Heating element ignites dip tank, 94:6.36

Hot tub malfunctions, ignites spa, wall, curtains, 96:3.36

Lamp

Cloth ignited by, 91:4.25, 26

Clothing draped on lamp ignited, 94:6.33

Halide, explodes, ignites cardboard, 98:6.87

Halogen, ignites curtains, 98:1.23

Heat, ignites wood lining of boat engine room, 91:6.26

Knocked over, ignites carpet in fatal fire, 98:2.16

Light bulb

Explodes, ignites combustibles, 91:5.25

Mop ignited by, 93:2.20

Light fixtures

Arc ignites fire, 95:5.54

Mercury vapor fixture ignites stored mattresses, 95:4.39

Stored combustibles ignited by, 96:6.68

Stored foam products ignited by, 98:1.25

Stored paper ignited by, 94:6.94

Lights, decorative, ignite Christmas tree, 91:6.24

Mixer cord pulled from receptacle, arcs, ignites lint, 97:3.33

Motor malfunctions, overheats, ignites leaked oil, 97:3.33

Outlet

Arcs, ignites bed, 98:5.45

Overheated, ignites manufacturing plant fire, 97:6.52

Packaging machine malfunctions, ignites combustible materials, 93:6.29

Portable light ignites flammable liquid, 91:2.30

Power transfer equipment fire, electric generating plant, 97:6.59

Production equipment malfunctions, ignites combustibles, 95:6.107

Pump arcs, ignites fuel, 94:5.106, 94:6.98

Quartz lighting ignites oil, 94:6.94

Radio cord

Cabinet ignited by, 92:6.29

Short-circuits, ignites rugs, curtains, newspapers, 94:1.31

Refrigerator ignites wood paneling, counter top, 92:6.31

Soldering gun ignites oil on cord, 93:5.37

Spotlight ignites wood shingles, 97:1.27

Surge protector malfunctions, ignites combustibles, wood paneling, 98:5.45

Surgical cauterizing pen ignites sterile drapes, 98:5.17

Toaster, fire started in, 98:6.90

Unspecified equipment failure produced heat, ignites combustibles in basement, 98:5.49

UPS systems, fighting fires in, 94:5.33

Vacuum cleaner ignites gasoline vapors, 92:5.28

Waffle iron ignites workbench, 91:3.25

Wall receptacle malfunctions, ignites bed and bedding, 94:2.28

Waste-handling machine overheats, ignites fiber residue, 92:5.30

ELECTRICAL FIRES

Bus bar malfunctions, ignites hotel fire, 94:2.29

Capacitator discharges, spark ignites varnish in dip tank, 97:6.52

Circuit overload ignites school fire, 98:1.21

Conduit

Penetrated by screw, ignites fire, 95:6.99

In wall void ignites wood siding, 94:5.28

Distribution line arcs, ignites grass fire, 97:6.59

Electric panel

Arcs, ignites wood cage, combustibles, 97:6.22

Damaged by roof collapse, arcs, ignites combustibles, 97:1.28

Electrical arc

Caused by water in electrical system, ignites ceiling tiles, 97:6.49

Conduit/busway contact ignites stored combustibles, 98:6.24

Flammable gas ignited by, 92:6.28

Ground fault created by switch, 98:5.54

Hydrogen ignited by, 95:6.102

Electrical failure causes fire, 93:1.26

Electrical service circuit protection fails, arcing ignites cable insulation, 92:6.78

Electrical system failure ignites ceiling, 94:6.95

Fault in control cable causes generating plant fire, 95:6.100

Fault in transformer vault ignites generating station, 94:6.91

Forklift control arcs, ignites pentane, 91:6.26

Friction sparks ignite nylon fluff and oil, 93:6.82

Ground, absence of, key element in fire, 95:5.35

Ground fault arc and explosion ignites fire, 92:6.78

Heat trace cable ignites wood framing, 96:6.24

High-voltage box malfunctions, burns plastic insulation, 96:3.40

High-voltage power line arc ignites bus, 92:4.26

Junction box fault ignites wood paneling, 97:5.50

On/off switch malfunctions, probable fire cause, 91:1.30

Power line, downed, arcs, electrocutes fire fighter, 97:4.57

Power supply to machinery malfunctions, ignites rolled paper, 96:6.62

Receptacle arcs, ignites bedding, 97:5.52

Receptacle wiring overheats, wire insulation fails, 98:3.38

Service cable, damaged, ignites structural members, 96:5.93

Short circuit

In appliance ignites fabric, 98:6.92

Arc ignites mine fire, 92:6.77

Arcing from power lines, ignites dry vegetation, 91:6.74

Automobile fire possibly ignited by, 95:2.31

Barn fire ignited by, 96:2.25

In battery ignites subway car, 91:4.31

In battery ignites truck, shed, 92:6.26

Burns hole in conduit, ignites rafters, 94:4.31

created by switch, 98:5.54

In dryer motor ignites sawdust, 93:6.83

In electric raceway ignites counter, 93:1.26

In electrical cord ignites sofa, 97:3.29

In extension cord ignites Christmas tree, 92:6.28

In extension cord ignites van fire, 93:1.28

In fan ignites grease, 95:6.106

In fan ignites wood framing, 91:6.25

In fixed wiring ignites structural members, ceiling, floor, 93:1.27

In freezer cord ignites stored paper products, 98:6.21

In junction box ignites stored goods, 93:4.26

In lamp cord ignites sofa, 93:6.28

Light ballast material ignited by, 91:3.29

In lighting, sound equipment ignites fire, 92:6.25

In lights ignites Christmas tree, 93:6.28

In line ignites underground electrical vault, 91:4.69

In low-voltage wiring ignites beams, 96:1.24

In neon sign ignites mixed-use building, 93:6.81

Plywood wall ignited by, 95:6.107

School fire ignited by, 98:1.21

In sign wiring ignites hotel facade, 98:5.16

Structural framing ignited by, 97:5.49

In typewriter ignites plastic housing, 91:5.25

Wall covering ignited by, 98:6.92

In wall receptacle ignites wall paneling, 93:5.62

In wiring ignites artificial Christmas tree, 93:6.28

In wiring ignites synthetic fabric dust, 98:6.84

Wood framing ignited by, 93:6.30

Sparks, caused by (See SPARKS)

Static electricity ignites paint, 93:5.38

Temporary electrical system malfunctions, ignites fire, 98:6.24

Transformer arcs, ignites oil, 94:6.92

Underground feed lines penetrated by augur, cause short circuit, 95:6.100

Uninterrupted power supply unit ignites fire, 95:2.30

Wiring

Arcs as power is restored after fire, ignites second fire, 97:6.54

Cloth-covered, malfunctions, ignites wood framing, 95:5.62

Connections corrode, arc, ignite framing, 97:3.30

Defective, ignites fire, 93:2.22

Fault in, ignites framing, 97:5.23

Fault in, ignites wall paneling, 96:5.93

Fire ignited by, 95:4.40

Grounds out on conduit, ignites soffit, 98:6.86

Inadequately sized, ignites wall, 91:4.67

Installed incorrectly, heat nails, ignite joist, 98:5.15

Installed incorrectly, ignites insulation, 94:4.32

Insulation ignited by, 94:4.29

Joist ignited by, 92:3.34

Malfunction in concealed space ignites fire, 95:5.56

Malfunctioning, ignites fire, 92:4.67

Overheats, ignites structural wood, 96:2.24

Overheats in concealed space, ignites structural framing, 98:2.19

Overloaded, factor in catastrophic fire, 97:5.51

Overloaded, ignites wood framing, 95:5.56

Overloaded or damaged, ignites wood framing, 93:5.64

Short-circuits, ignites insulation, 94:3.27

Short-circuits, ignites wood framing, 92:4.68

Transformer connection, incorrect, heats housing, ignites cardboard, 98:4.22

From utility pole ignites vehicle after accident, 96:5.100

Wrapped on nail ignites joist, 91:3.27

ELECTRICAL INSPECTIONS

Budget cutback threaten inspections, 96:6.80

ELECTRICAL SAFETY

Experts answer questions on National Electrical Code, 96:1.28

ELECTRICAL SAFETY COLUMNS

Alarm systems ensure safe elevator recall, 93:3.28

Boat repair safety requirements for wiring, equipment, 95:5.40

Electrical standards go global, 94:1.34

Ensuring electrical safety in workplaces, 94:4.35

Excessive fault current prevention, 92:2.80

Fighting fires in UPS systems, 94:5.33

Fire investigation safety precautions, 92:3.38

Grounding equipment to protect people and equipment, 94:3.36

Grounding of electrical systems, historical arguments for/against, 94:2.32

Harmonics and power quality, 93:4.30

Holiday lighting hazards, 95:6.42

Main service disconnect, National Electrical Code terms and requirements, 91:6.88

Motor and motor-controller disconnect requirements, 95:4.42

National Electrical Code, and the global marketplace, 91:3.120

National Electrical Code prevents hot tub, spa accidents, 92:4.22

National Electrical Code work space requirements for energized electrical equipment, 95:1.37

NFPA 72, Protective Signaling Systems, combines previous standards, 91:5.86

NFPA 72, UL alarm standards work together, 93:5.24

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), 91:1.116

Portable tool safety, 94:6.38

Residential electrical system reinspection, 91:2.112

Resistance-type heat tape installation to prevent frozen water pipes, 95:3.45

Service-entrance conductors protect against overloads, 92:1.72

Sprinklers installed over energized electrical and electronic equipment, 93:6.31

Staying safe around high-voltage equipment, 95:2.34

Who interprets the NEC?, 92:5.12

Workplace safety procedures are important, 93:2.28

ELECTROCUTION

Fire fighter fatalities related to, 94:4.65, 96:4.72, 97:4.57, 58, 98:4.61

ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT. See COMPUTERS AND RELATED EQUIPMENT

ELECTRONICS INDUSTRY

Fire protection for, 92:2.32

ELEVATOR MECHANICAL ROOMS

Motor malfunctions, ignites leaked oil, 97:3.33

ELEVATORS

Alarm systems ensure safe recall, 93:3.28

Bulk storage (grain), catastrophic fire, Indiana, Oct. 1, 1996, 97:5.52

Bulk storage (grain), fire, Alberta, Canada, 1996, 97:4.20

Elevator recall and shut down requirements increase safety, 97:5.64

Fire spread through shafts, 94:5.104

Means of egress, use as, 96:1.30

Safe use as vertical exits, overview, 93:3.49

Transformer overheats, ignites hospital fire, 96:5.26

Workers trapped in stalled elevator in catastrophic fire, 97:5.52

EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS. See also FIRE SERVICE COMMUNICATIONS

Ham radio operators' role, 96:2.46

EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT

Basics of mitigation, preparation, response, and recovery, 95:4.44

Oklahoma City bombing, April 19, 1995, 95:4.51

EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICE

Fairfax County, Va., Fire and Rescue Department response to CIA shooting incident, 94:1.77

Fire fighter injuries related to, 96:6.108

Fire service public service programs, 95:1.70

User fees implemented to recover cost of services, 97:2.66

EMERGENCY PLANNING

Drill, Logan International Airport, Boston, Mass, 91:2.54

Drill, plane crash simulation at Hancock Tower high-rise, Boston, 93:6.35

Federal program trains first responders for terrorist attacks, 98:6.31

Hospital's plan effective in actual emergency, 97:3.88

Prefire planning, inspections aids in actual fire attack, 98:1.21

Six-part process for emergency planning, 93:1.22

Terrorist attacks, preparation for, 96:1.54, 96:2.35

Terrorist response training funded by Domestic Preparedness Act, 98:1.38

EMERGENCY RESPONSE

Fire service response to Florida tornadoes, Feb. 22, 1998, 98:3.60

EMERGENCY RESPONSE SYSTEMS

Analysis and enhancement of system, Vancouver, Wash., 91:1.78

E911 fails in telephone exchange fire, 95:5.109

How to upgrade existing systems, 94:2.62

Northridge, Calif. earthquake, Jan. 17, 1994, 95:3.52

ENVIRONMENT

Fire and the environment, 91:1.34

Hazardous materials incident response to mitigate environmental damage, 91:1.112

NFPA report on foam and environment, 95:3.67

Run-off controlled in automobile repair shop fire, 97:5.23

Tire fire pollutes environment, 91:1.50

ESCAPE. See EGRESS; EXITS

EUROPEAN COMMUNITY

Product testing standards, 92:5.45

EVACUATION

Adult congregate living facility, successful, 95:6.35

Aircraft, successful, 92:6.77, 93:6.88

Apartment building, successful, 96:1.22, 97:5.22

Auto dealership, area surrounding, due to propane fire, successful, 93:3.36

Board and care facility, successful, 94:6.33, 96:3.36

Board and care facility, unsuccessful, 93:5.66, 94:5.104, 95:5.64, 97:5.52

Bus, electrically charged, successful, 92:4.26

Chemical manufacturing plant, area surrounding, successful, 95:5.66

Community center, successful, 97:5.23

Department store elevator, successful, 97:3.33

Dormitory, successful, 91:4.25

Food plant fire, unsuccessful, 92:1.29

Food store, successful, 93:6.29

Fraternity house, unsuccessful, 97:6.21

Hazardous waste incinerator, successful, 95:6.38

High-rise office building complex (World Trade Center, N. Y.), 94:5.104, 94:6.90, 95:2.59

Hospital, successful, 93:2.20, 94:5.105, 96:5.26, 97:3.88

Hotel, successful, 93:6.81

Housing for elderly, successful, 91:3.25

Iron foundry, area surrounding, successful, 97:6.50

Limited-care facility fire, unsuccessful, 98:4.21

LP-Gas distribution facility, area surrounding, successful, 97:4.20

Manufacturing plant, area surrounding, successful, 91:4.30, 93:6.27

Manufacturing plant, successful, 91:2.33

Medical research laboratory, successful, 91:5.30

Meeting hall fire, firefighter evacuation, successful, 98:1.21

Nursing home, successful, 91:5.30, 92:4.27, 92:6.29, 96:2.25, 98:5.17

Office building, successful, 92:5.28

Plastics manufacturing plant, area surrounding, due to toxic smoke, successful, 94:6.93

Railroad collision and fire, area surrounding, 98:6.91

Restaurant, successful, 96:3.35, 96:5.25

School, successful, 92:2.25, 92:4.27, 92:6.29, 93:3.33, 94:5.28, 97:2.23

Store(s), successful, 91:1.29, 97:4.22

Theater, successful, 96:2.26

Wildland fires, California, 94:2.85

Wildland/urban interface fire, 94:5.108

EWELL, P. LAMONT

Profile of, 95:3.30

EXITS. See also DOORS; EGRESS; WINDOWS

Blocked

By burning chair, factor in fatal fire, 98:2.18

By burning mattress, factor in fatal fire, 92:5.25

Catastrophic dwelling fire, factor in, 91:4.66

Catastrophic food processing plant, factor in, 92:4.70

By chair, factor in catastrophic fire, 94:5.102

By fire, factor in catastrophic fire, 94:5.100, 97:5.50, 98:5.45, 5.50

By fire, factor in fatal fire, 97:1.27, 4.20, 98:3.36

By furniture, factor in catastrophic fire, 69, 92:4.67, 93:5.62, 95:5.59

By refrigerator, factor in fatal fire, 98:3.38

By security bars (See SECURITY PROVISIONS)

By water, crash damage, factor in catastrophic aircraft fire, 93:5.68

Building site plan needs exit discharge from exit to public way, 98:5.22

Elevators as safe vertical exits, overview, 93:3.49

Exit access, exterior exits, and exit discharge must be clear of obstructions, 98:6.28

Inadequate egress routes, factor in fatal fire, 98:5.16

Inadequate exit arrangements, factor in catastrophic fire, 94:1.42, 97:5.54

Lack of second exit, factor in catastrophic fire, 93:5.66

Locked

Catastrophic manufacturing plant fire, factor in, 92:4.70

Catastrophic vacant dwelling fire, factor in, 91:4.68

Conflict between security and fire safety, 94:3.110

Hamper escape in catastrophic dwelling fire, 91:4.64

Hamper escape in fatal apartment fire, 91:4.26

Hamper fire fighting operations in shopping mall fire, 91:1.29

Large loss of life club fire, factor in, 91:4.67

Large loss of life manufacturing plant fire, factor in, 94:1.48, 94:3.110

NFPA "Great Escape" promotes home fire drills and escape plans, 98:3.74, 4.32

Propped open, 97:4.19

School exits require balancing fire safety and security needs, 98:3.46

Secured, factor in catastrophic vacant club fire, 91:4.68

Single exit from apartment, factor in catastrophic fire, 98:5.49

EXPLOSION SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS

Disabled, not a factor in explosion, 95:6.103

EXPLOSIONS. See also BLEVE

Fire fighter injuries related to, 96:6.107

Paper mill, Florida, April 13, 1994, 95:5.66, 95:6.106

Propane, 91:3.27, 97:3.33

Steel plant, Ohio, April 20, 1994, 95:5.64

EXPLOSIONS AND FIRES. See also GAS FIRES AND EXPLOSIONS; LP-GAS FIRES AND EXPLOSIONS

Aerosol container explodes, ignites dwelling fire, 92:6.28

Aircraft in flight, Texas, Sept. 11, 1991, 92:4.72

Ammonium nitrate mixing plant, Minnesota, Nov. 17, 1993, 94:5.105

Barge fire, Illinois, July 3, 1997, 98:5.55

Barge fire, Louisiana, 1990, 91:4.70

Black powder manufacturing plant, Pennsylvania, May 15, 1991, 92:4.71

Boat

California, Nov. 16, 1991, 92:4.73

Massachusetts, 1994, 95:4.39

Nebraska, 1990, 91:4.31

Ohio, May 9, 1993, 94:5.106

Camping trailer, Alabama, Dec. 6, 1997, 98:5.56

Chemical fertilizer plant, Iowa, Dec. 13, 1994, 95:5.66

Chemical packaging and storage facility, Arkansas, May 8, 1997, 98:5.53

Chemical plant

Louisiana, May 1, 1991, 92:4.70, 92:6.75

Ohio, 1990, 91:3.31

Ohio, May 27, 1994, 95:5.66

South Carolina, June 17, 1991, 92:4.70, 92:6.80

Texas, 1990, 91:4.67

Texas, March, 1991, 92:6.75

Chemical refinery, Texas, Aug., 1995, 96:6.64

Compressed natural gas cylinder ruptures, 94:4.30

Crude oil vapors, tank storage facility

Louisiana, 1990, 91:4.68

Oklahoma, 1990, 91:4.69

Dwelling, Massachusetts, 1996, 97:6.20

Electric generating plant

Arkansas, Aug., 1993, 94:6.92

Illinois, Dec. 18, 1996, 97:6.58

Illinois, Nov., 1994, 95:6.100

Kansas, Nov. 24, 1997, 98:5.54

Missouri, June, 1993, 94:6.92

New Jersey, Dec. 25, 1992, 93:2.44, 93:5.67, 93:6.82

S. Carolina, Dec., 1994, 95:6.100

Explosives, coal mine, Kentucky, 1990, 91:4.69

Fireworks display, New Hampshire, 1995, 96:4.24

Fireworks in garage, Ohio, 1989, 91:1.31

Fireworks plant

Mississippi, 1990, 91:4.30

New Hampshire, 1992, 93:3.35

Wisconsin, May 16, 1991, 92:4.71

Gasoline vapor ignited by gas furnace, dwelling, Michigan, 1991, 92:6.28

Grain dust at mill and storage facility, Washington, 1991, 92:4.28

Halide lamp explodes, ignites cardboard, warehouse fire, Iowa, Apr. 22, 1997, 98:6.87

Hazardous waste incinerator, Arkansas, 1994, 95:6.38

Hydrogen storage tower at soap plant, 1989, 91:5.30

Iron foundry, Illinois, May 1, 1996, 97:6.50

LP-Gas bulk storage facility, Texas, April 7, 1992, 93:5.67

Magnesium smelting operation, New Jersey, 1992, 93:3.34

Manufacturing plant, N. Carolina, Oct. 20, 1994, 95:6.103

Metal building components manufacturing plant, Texas, Jan. 31, 1997, 98:6.86

Metal foundry, Indiana, June 22, 1995, 96:5.97

Methanol production plant, Texas, Oct., 1994, 95:6.102

Munitions ship explosion, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Dec. 6, 1917, 92:3.96

Office building, Oklahoma City, April 19, 1995, 95:4.51, 96:1.50, 96:5.94, 96:6.69

Oil and natural gas drilling well, Louisiana, June 16, 1997, 98:5.53, 6.91

Oil refinery

Ohio, Oct. 12, 1996, 97:6.49

Pennsylvania, Oct. 16, 1996, 96:5.96

Oil storage tank, Kentucky, July 2, 1993, 94:5.104

Oil well, Ohio, Oct. 10, 1991, 92:4.71

Paint plant, California, 1991, 92:4.28

Paper and pulp products plant, Iowa, Feb., 1995, 96:6.63

Pharmaceutical manufacturing plant, New Jersey, Apr. 21, 1995, 96:5.94

Plywood manufacturing plant, Washington, Sept. 1, 1996, 97:6.49

Propane cylinder BLEVE, 91:6.23

Propane gas, ignited by pilot light, 91:1.28

Propane storage tank, North Dakota, 1993, 94:1.30

Pyrotechnic storage and manufacturing facility, Tennessee, June 5, 1997, 98:5.53

Refinery

California, Jan. 21, 1997, 98:6.84

Louisiana, March, 1991, 92:6.77

Louisiana, Aug., 1993, 94:6.93

Texas, April, 1991, 92:6.75

Restaurant in high-rise office building fire, New York, 1996, 97:6.22

Rocket propellant test facility, California, 1994, 95:4.40

School, New London, Texas, March 18, 1937, 93:5.94

Ships, Florida, Aug., 1993, 94:6.98

Short circuit in underground electrical vault, 91:4.69

Soybean processing plant, Indiana, June, 1994, 95:6.103

Sports equipment manufacturing plant, Texas, Aug. 28, 1997, 98:6.87

Steam explosion, petroleum refinery, Louisiana, March 3, 1991, 92:4.70

Sugar refinery, Nebraska, July 20, 1996, 97:6.49

Tank farm/storage facility

Georgia, April, 1995, 96:6.66

Oklahoma, Apr. 23, 1995, 96:5.97

Pennsylvania, Oct., 1995, 96:6.62

Thermal generating plant, New Jersey, Dec. 25, 1992, 93:2.44, 93:5.67, 93:6.82

Toy manufacturing plant, California, Nov. 15, 1997, 98:5.53

Warehouse

Washington, Sept., 1993, 94:6.97

Washington, 1995, 96:4.23

World Trade Center, New York, Feb. 26, 1993, 93:6.91, 94:5.104, 94:6.90, 95:2.59

EXPLOSIVES. See also FIREWORKS; PYROTECHNICS

Accidental detonation, catastrophic fire cause, 91:4.69

Bomb site, fire fighter injuries related to, 98:6.54

Detonation by terrorists, catastrophic fire cause, 96:5.94

Improperly stored, catastrophic fire cause, 92:4.72

Juveniles injured making napalm, 97:4.19

EXPOSURE, FIRE

Fire fighter fatalities related to, 94:4.67, 68, 69

Fire fighter injuries related to, 94:6.64

EXPOSURE TO FIRE PRODUCTS. See FIRE PRODUCTS

EXTINGUISHERS, P 29, 1997, 98:6.85

EXTINGUISHERS, PORTABLE

Carbon dioxide, explosion of, 91:4.30

Carbon dioxide, successful in hospital fire, 96:5.26

Halon, successful in medical research laboratory fire, 91:5.30

NFPA 10, Portable Fire Extinguishers, common questions answered, 96:4.28

Portable multiclass, successful in solvent fire, 93:5.37

Spread fire from engine room in boat fire, 91:6.26

Successful use of

Department store fire, 98:6.22

Electric power generating plant fire, 98:5.54

Hospital fire, 93:2.20, 96:5.26

Nursing home fire, 95:5.33

Store fire, 95:3.39

Textile plant fire, 93:5.37

Warehouse fire, 91:5.25, 95:3.39

Training and use of, 97:2.29

Unsuccessful use of

Adult congregate living facility fire, 95:6.35

Building supply store fire, 97:6.54

Dairy plant fire, 92:3.32

Department store fire, 96:6.72

Dormitory fire, 95:6.99

Fireworks fire, 93:3.35

Food processing plant fire, 95:6.104

Fraternity house fire, 97:6.21

Funeral home fire, 97:2.21

Gasoline fire, 91:4.30

Hosiery manufacturing plant, 97:3.33

Hotel fire, 97:6.19

Meat processing plant fire, 95:6.106

Metal products plant fire, 98:6.84

Museum fire, 95:6.35

Observatory fire, 97:6.59

Paper plant fire, 97:5.24

Plastics plant fire, 97:1.28

Restaurant fire, 96:3.35, 97:6.22, 98:3.36

Store fire, 96:6.69, 98:6.89

Theater fire, 97:3.29

Warehouse fire, 93:6.85, 93:6.86, 96:6.68, 98:6.87

Wood product manufacturing plant fire, 97:6.50

EXTINGUISHERS, PORTABLE, DRY CHEMICAL

Empty, missing extinguishers in warehouse fire, 91:2.33

Limited success, warehouse fire, 98:5.18

Successful use of

Deep fat fryer fire, 92:5.25

Electric vault fire, 95:5.35

Foundry fire, 91:1.31

Hospital fire, 98:5.17

Laboratory fire, 97:5.23

Magnesium smelting operation fire, 93:3.34

Power plant fire, 96:6.72

Restaurant fire, 94:3.28

School fire, 93:4.28, 95:3.39

Store fire, 92:6.25

Unsuccessful use of

Automotive parts manufacturing plant, 98:6.85

Christmas tree fire, 91:6.24, 95:6.36

Detention center fire, 95:5.33

Food processing plant fire, 96:6.64

Hotel fire, 95:2.29

Insulation fire, 91:6.23

Knitting mill fire, 98:6.84

Office building fire, reignites after use, 97:6.53

Store fire, 94:6.35

Tar fire, 91:6.23

EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS. See SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS


F

FAIRFAX COUNTY, VIRGINIA

Fire and Rescue Department response to CIA shooting incident, 94:1.77

FALSE ALARMS. See ALARMS, FALSE

FANS

Factor in fire spread, 93:6.27, 84, 94:5.97

Fires caused by (See ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT FIRES)

FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY (FEMA)

Disaster management role, 95:4.46

FILMS, NFPA

Senior fire safety with Jonathan Winters, 91:2.44

FIRES

Earthquakes as cause of (See EARTHQUAKES AND SUBSEQUENT FIRES)

FIRE AND THE ENVIRONMENT. See ENVIRONMENT

FIRE BARRIERS. See also WALLS, FIRE

Inadequate, factor in fatal fire, 95:5.36

Lack of, factor in fatal fire, 93:2.44

In structural joints, 91:2.98

FIRE BRIGADES, INDUSTRIAL

Alarm delayed while brigade fought fire, 93:6.83

Chemical plant fire controlled by, 96:3.39

Limit fire spread in chemical plant fires, 96:6.64

Members die in catastrophic fire, 96:5.94

NFPA 600 requirements, 92:2.46

FIRE COMMAND COLUMNS

Deploying resources effectively, 92:6.104

Fire critiques, effective, characteristics of, 91:3.152, 91:4.106

Fire critiques, standard review items, 91:6.104

Fire critiques, steps in assembling, 91:5.109

Fire critiques as evidence for lawsuits, 92:1.18

Fire service management modeled on fireground management, 91:2.144

Matching response capabilities to fire conditions, 92:4.30

Shrinking budgets, staffing realities, 92:3.28

Standard operating procedures reduce legal risk, 92:2.30

Urban violence complicates fire service operations, 92:5.14

FIRE CRITIQUES

Characteristics of effective critiques, 91:3.152, 91:4.106

Lawsuits, use in, 92:1.18

Standard review items, 91:6.104

Steps in assembling, 91:5.109

FIRE DEATHS, U. S.. See also CATASTROPHIC FIRES; FIRE FIGHTER FATALITIES

Building security measures contribute to fire deaths, 94:3.110

Civilian deaths, 1994, 95:5.93

Civilian deaths, 1995, 96:5.52

Civilian deaths, 1996, 97:5.76

Civilian deaths, 1997, 98:5.72

Of elderly, causes and prevention, 91:2.36

Factors contributing to deaths, 94:3.99

Risk of fire fatalities higher for elderly, 97:1.44

Smoke and burns compared as fire death causes, 95:1.38

Smoking materials as leading cause, 1980-88 overview, 91:1.86

FIRE DOORS. See DOORS, FIRE

FIRE DRILLS

NFPA "Great Escape" promotes home fire drills and escape plans, 98:3.74, 4.32

School, planned programs, 91:2.24

FIRE FIGHTER FATALITIES

Apartment building fire, N. Y., N. Y., March 28, 1994, 95:6.85

BLEVE, LP-Gas tank, Iowa, April 9, 1998, fire investigation report, 98:6.42

Chemical packaging and storage facility, Arkansas, May 8, 1997, 98:5.53

False alarm-related, U. S., 1984-1993, 95:1.48

Furniture refinishing plant fire, Dec. 20, 1991, 92:3.73

Heart attacks, resulting from, 93:2.73

High-rise building fires, 92:5.56

High-rise club/hotel fire, Indianapolis, Ind., Feb. 5, 1992, 92:6.31

High-rise office building fire, Philadelphia, Pa, Feb. 23, 1991, 91:5.64

Identifying and mitigating fireground risks to avert firefighter fatalities, 98:4.70

Office building fire, Denver, Colo., Sept. 28, 1992, 93:2.33

Ten year analysis, 1984-1994, 94:4.62

U. S., 1990 report, 91:4.46

U. S., 1991 report, 92:4.40

U. S., 1992 report, 93:4.44

U. S., 1993 report, 94:4.55

U. S., 1994 report, 95:4.83

U. S., 1995 report, 96:4.63

U. S., 1996 report, 97:4.46

U. S., 1997 report, 98:4.50

Wildland fire fighting rules to prevent fire fighter fatalities, 94:3.33

FIRE FIGHTER INJURIES

1990 report, 91:6.42

1991 report, 92:6.56

1992 report, 93:6.56

1993 report, 94:6.57

1994 report, 95:6.63

1995 report, 96:6.103

1996 report, 97:6.66

1997 report, 98:6.48

FIRE FIGHTER SAFETY

Analyze risk before risking lives, 95:1.21

Command safety guidelines, 91:1.74

Fire fighting demands aerobic fitness, 93:2.68

Hantavirus poses health threat to wilderness fire fighters, 94:2.31

NFPA 1500, Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program, keeps personnel safe, 97:4.74

NFPA 1971, Protective Ensemble for Structural Fire Fighting, 1997 edition, consolidates testing, performance requirements for structural fire fighting ensemble, 97:6.62

Reconciling safety and customer service needs, 92:4.86

Urban problems confront fire service, 93:2.14

Wildland fire fighting personnel qualifications, NFPA standard, 94:1.33

Wildland fire fighting rules to prevent fire fighter fatalities, 94:3.33

Working in pairs as a fundamental safety concept, 93:2.33

FIRE FIGHTER TRAINING

Fire fighter injuries related to, 98:6.55

Hazardous materials incidents use new training regimens, 95:2.90

Hazardous materials training programs' effectiveness questioned, 95:4.27

NFPA introduces training seminars at 1997 Fall Meeting, 98:2.64

State fire training methods, 95:1.61

Stress, fear, of wildland fires counteracted by training, 95:4.41

System operation training for fire fighters; review of literature, 94:3.59

Truck company duties need emphasis, 95:5.19

FIRE FIGHTING, INTERNATIONAL

Japan, 91:5.51

Soviet Union, 91:6.66

FIRE INJURIES. See also FIRE FIGHTER INJURIES

Civilian, 1996, 97:5.76

FIRE INSPECTIONS

Inspectors now must be highly skilled professionals, 97:1.84

NFPA Fire Inspector Certification program, 91:3.57

NFPA introduces Fire Inspector I Certification Program, 98:3.116

Required inspections determined by life safety evaluation, 95:1.57

FIRE INVESTIGATIONS

Apply mutual aid to fire investigations, 93:1.14

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms National Response Teams aid in catastrophic fire investigations, 98:3.92

Electronic information sources, new technologies aid investigators, 97:3.80

Fatal board and care facilities fires, 1994-1998, 98:5.34

LP-Gas tank explosion, Albert City, Iowa, April 9, 1998, 98:6.42

National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS) and other national reporting systems, 98:3.80

NFPA 921, Guide to Fire and Explosion Investigations, as authoritative treatise for litigation, 96:2.40

Thailand, Royal Jomtien Hotel, July 11, 1997, 98:2.34

FIRE LOSS, U. S.. See also LARGE-LOSS FIRES, U. S.

1990 report, 91:5.36

1991 report, 92:5.32

1992 report, 93:5.78

1993 report, 94:5.57

1994 report, 95:5.93

1995 report, 96:5.52

1996 report, 97:5.76

1997 report, 98:5.72

FIRE MODELS

Alternative designs evaluated using, 95:2.68

Backdraft incident, apartment building fire, March 28, 1994, N. Y., N. Y., 95:6.85

Computer fire model, overview, 91:2.60

FIRE PREVENTION WEEK

1991 theme: fire escape planning, 91:5.34

1992 theme: smoke detectors are lifesavers, 92:5.68

1993 week is culmination of year's fire safety education efforts, 93:5.89

1995 theme: watch what you heat (home fire causes), 95:5.77

1998 theme: "Great Escape" promotes home fire drills and escape plans, 98:3.74, 4.32

History of, 95:4.71

"Sparky" speaks out; interview with fire prevention mascot, 94:5.66

FIRE PRODUCTS

Fire fighter fatalities related to, 52, 91:4.53, 90, 92:4.46, 48, 50, 51, 54, 93:4.50, 94:4.57, 67, 68, 69, 96:4.71, 72, 75, 76, 97:4.59, 98:4.59, 60, 62

Fire fighter injuries related to, 91:6.49, 51, 52, 53, 92:6.62, 63, 64, 65

FIRE PROTECTION

Future of, 1991 overview, 91:3.38

Future of, NFPA Board of Directors view, 92:1.47

Stadium fires demonstrate unique protection problems, 94:4.49

FIRE PROTECTION ENGINEERS

International higher education programs developed, 93:1.43

Recruiting and retaining fire department FPEs, 93:1.58

FIRE PROTECTION HANDBOOK

17th edition, overview, 91:3.106

18th edition, overview, 97:1.66

FIRE PROTECTION PROGRAMS

Soviet Union, 91:6.66

FIRE PROTECTION SYSTEMS

Chrysler Corp. Technology Center, 95:3.129

Explosion destroyed, factor in fire spread, 94:5.104

High-rise buildings, design of systems for, 94:2.36

Passive systems, value of, 97:2.30

Underground SubTropolis storage/manufacturing facility, Kansas City, Missouri, requires unique systems, 98:6.68

Users' manuals needed to document building systems, 98:4.26

Washington, D.C. airports equipped with state-of-art systems, 98:4.80

Water mist systems, 94:3.46

FIRE PUMPS

Failure to operate automatically, 92:2.25

FIRE SAFETY. See also FIRE SAFETY EDUCATION

Americans underestimate fire risk, 96:3.77

Checklists for home, workplace, child fire safety, 97:1.104

"Contract with America"'s effect on fire safety, 95:3.46

Detectors distributed free by fire department saves residential occupants, 98:3.38

Fire service public service programs, 95:1.70

Health care facilities' fire safety prognosis for '90s, 92:3.89

High-rise buildings, fire safe design for, 93:6.4

Implications of home security systems; editorial, 94:3.4

Industrial fire safety programs, establishment of, 93:2.12

Navajo Nation and NFPA Center for High-Risk Outreach cooperate for fire safety, 97:2.74

NFPA general manager Percy Bugbee's fire safety efforts, 95:6.77

Outside U. S., citizens held responsible for fires, 96:3.83

Partnership of owners, designers, and public officials necessary for fire safety, 93:1.12

Performance-based fire safety design code development, 94:6.16

Performance-based fire safety design codes coming to North America, 94:3.70

Politics of fire safety regulations at local to federal levels, 98:4.29

Safety principles for disabled persons, 96:4.112

Sprinkler systems' importance for fire safety, 93:1.53

Summer fire hazards, 97:4.96

U. S. Consumer Products Safety Commission addresses fire safety issues, 98:3.49

United States should hold citizens responsible, 95:4.38

FIRE SAFETY EDUCATION. See also FIRE PREVENTION WEEK; OUTREACH COLUMNS

Board and care facility staff, residents untrained, factor in catastrophic fire, 93:5.66

College students need safety training, 97:5.34

Dick Van Dyke's contribution to Learn Not to Burn, 96:1.70

Fire fighters work with youth through Big Brothers/Big Sisters program, 98:2.28

Fire service public service programs, 95:1.70

Fireworks education program result of illegal fireworks fire, 96:4.22

First NFPA public service announcement campaign, 1950, 95:6.74

In-service programs for teachers, 91:4.35

KFN-TV teaches fire safety to kids, 93:5.90

Learn Not to Burn champions, 1994, 94:3.67

Learn Not to Burn champions, 1995, 95:5.103

Learn Not to Burn programs, NFPA commitment to, 93:4.4

Navajo Nation fire safety awareness campaign, 96:5.71

NFPA Champion Award Program provides age-appropriate fire safety education, 97:3.45

NFPA "Great Escape" promotes home fire drills and escape plans, 98:3.74, 4.32

Other countries' programs compared to U. S., 96:3.81

Preschool program saves lives in dwelling fire, 92:2.28

Preschooler fire safety education, 97:2.112, 3.45

Preschoolers learn fire safety in Portland, Oregon, Head Start program, 94:1.67

Proactive safety leadership role for fire departments, 91:6.93

Public education for wildfires, 91:4.32

Public education is long-term answer to fire loss, 93:6.14

Risk Watch addresses eight preventable injuries most threatening to children, 97:4.33

Risk Watch curriculum goals, implementation, and evaluation, 98:5.84

Risk Watch demonstrates value of team work for fire safety, 98:2.30

Risk Watch is useful tool as fire service's mission expands, 98:6.32

Risk Watch's injury prevention curriculum teaches safe fun, 97:5.58

Safe Cities, Learn Not to Burn program for 10 cities, 95:3.75

Spanish-language versions of Learn Not to Burn Curriculum for Hispanic/Latino populations, 98:4.30

Sparky's new public service announcements, 96:5.40

Teaching safety to disabled persons, 96:4.112

FIRE SAFETY UPDATE COLUMNS

Fire Prevention Week, 1991 theme: fire escape planning, 91:5.34

In-service programs for teachers, 91:4.35

Juvenile Firesetter Program, Phoenix, Ariz., 91:1.22

School fire drills, planned programs for, 91:2.24

FIRE SERVICE ADMINISTRATION. See also FIRE CRITIQUES; LEADERSHIP COLUMNS; MANAGEMENT MATTERS COLUMNS

Administrators' role in fire code development, 96:1.27

Budget negatively impacted by internal departmental conflict, 94:4.112

Burdens of command responsibilities, 95:4.23

Chiefs' responsibility to network with external groups, 94:5.17

Combination career/volunteer departments, 91:3.36

Comprehensive fire protection systems, 91:4.16

Computer software for, 91:3.90

Defining the problems of fire services, 93:2.30

Denver, Colo. Fire Department is progressive, innovative, 95:3.118

Deploying resources effectively, 92:6.104

Discipline promotes effective performance, 93:2.85

Educating municipal officials about resource needs, 93:1.80

Encouraging participation in fire service organizations, 93:3.136

Fire inspection requirements determined by life safety evaluation, 95:1.57

Fireground management as model for, 91:2.144

Funding alternatives for volunteer departments, 93:5.120

Harvard program provides leadership skills, 96:3.93

Labor relations eased by seeing both sides, 94:2.13

Laughter as workplace morale booster, 91:2.116

Leaders should encourage cooperation, 94:3.164

Leaders should lead by example, 93:4.83

Leadership: what is it?, 94:1.96

Leadership requires political savvy, 95:6.21

Leadership takes many forms, 94:2.112

Leadership training, developing professional programs for, 93:4.14

Liability for negligent fire fighting activities, 97:2.38

Listening and responding to fire service members, 94:1.13

Management concerns, overview of, 91:3.17

Management reviews, 92:3.124

Marketing fire service to gain public support, 92:1.90

Marketing fire service via improved public relations, 92:1.67

Member evaluation of fire department, 95:4.28

Membership input to volunteer fire department decisions, 94:1.20

Mission statement core of operating plan, 94:4.15

New service areas can generate revenue, develop partnerships, serve customers, 96:4.38

NFPA survey, wildfire managers top concerns, 92:5.96

NFPA survey of U. S. fire departments, 93:4.59

Officer training is key to fire service success, 93:3.26

Orange County, Fla., Fire and Rescue Service operates as a consolidated force, 93:2.63

Orlando Fire Department, Fla., offers innovative service to tourist center, 93:2.59

Participatory management enhances volunteer morale, 92:1.96

Peer mediation, San Francisco Fire Department, 91:3.62

Politics of fire safety regulations at local to federal levels, 98:4.29

Pride as factor in volunteer department morale, 94:3.18

Public information officer can improve media coverage, 94:6.25

Regionalization and other answers to department downsizing, 93:3.30

Shrinking budgets, staffing realities, 92:3.28

Specialization of support services, Fort Worth, Tex., 91:2.78

Splinter groups, effect of, 91:2.19

Truck company duties need emphasis in training, planning, 95:5.19

User fees implemented to recover cost of services, 97:2.66

Volunteer fire departments, contracting with, Austin, Tex., 91:2.104

Volunteer fire officers, 91:2.114

Volunteer training accomplished with flexibility, technology, 94:5.18

FIRE SERVICE APPARATUS AND EQUIPMENT. See also PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

Development of NFPA standards for, 92:2.41

Fire fighter fatalities related to, 91:4.53, 55, 92:4.43, 48, 51, 54, 93:4.46, 53, 68, 69, 94:4.57, 61, 63, 66, 69, 95:4.90, 96:4.71, 72, 74, 75, 97:4.51, 55, 57, 58, 98:4.62

Fire fighter injuries related to, 91:6.49, 50, 51, 52, 92:6.58, 63, 64, 93:6.58, 63, 64, 94:6.65, 95:6.65, 68, 69, 96:6.108, 110, 97:6.73, 98:6.54, 55

Robot use pioneered in Tokyo, 92:2.67

St. Louis, Mo., purchases all new apparatus, 91:1.98

FIRE SERVICE COMMUNICATIONS

Engine companies lacked radio communications, 91:6.74

Hampered by power shut-off, 91:1.27

Lack of 911 service factor in building-under-renovation fire, 91:4.31

Overwhelmed by incoming calls, 91:6.74

Radio communications hampered by static, garbled transmission, 91:6.73

FIRE SERVICE FACILITIES

Renovation of, St. Louis, Mo., 91:1.94

FIRE SERVICE OPERATIONS. See also FIRE SERVICE OPERATIONS HAMPERED; MUTUAL AID RESPONSE

At asbestos abatement site fires, 92:3.55

Command safety: a wake-up call, 91:1.74

Electrical inspections threatened by budget cutbacks, 96:6.80

Fire fighter injuries related to, 98:6.56

Fire fighting challenges of San Francisco, Calif., fire department, 94:3.119

Fire station response and support specialization, Fort Worth, Tex, 91:2.78

Fireground behavior after fire is out, 95:6.26

Good fire service requires team effort, 93:4.96

Hazardous materials incidents require new training, management skills, 95:2.90

Identifying and mitigating fireground risks to avert firefighter fatalities, 98:4.70

Initial attack capability, evaluation of, 96:5.29

Initial response (See FIRST RESPONSE COLUMNS)

Liability for fire ground decisions, 93:4.40

Liability for negligent fire fighting activities, 97:2.38

Matching response capabilities to fire conditions, 92:4.30

NFPA 1500, Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program, valuable tool in fire fighter safety, 97:4.74

Public service programs offered by fire services, 95:1.70

Speed bumps' effect on response times, 97:1.78

Urban problems confront fire service, 93:2.14

Urban violence complicates, 92:5.14

FIRE SERVICE OPERATIONS HAMPERED. See also DROUGHT; WIND

Access limited

Blocked doors, 93:5.62

Burned stairs, 102

Burning, charged electrical wire, 93:5.36

Cargo shift in aircraft fire, 92:6.79

Ceilings, barred/covered windows, 92:3.31

Chicken-wire partitions in attic, 91:3.26

To concealed spaces, 96:1.24

Confined space, 93:2.33, 94:6.91, 95:6.98

Difficult-to-open doors, 92:6.26

Fence, 93:2.21

Fire lane chains, 95:4.37

Flooding, 92:4.72, 98:6.88

Location/size of other buildings, collapsed wall, 91:6.37

Locked doors, 91:1.29, 91:4.68, 92:4.70, 93:4.28, 93:5.62, 94:2.27, 94:6.93

Locked gate, 98:6.90

Nailed-shut door, 95:3.37

Offshore fire, 94:6.98

Onlookers blocked roads, 97:4.20

Overhead obstructions, 98:6.90

Parked vehicles, 93:3.33, 93:6.84

Relocated driveway, 97:5.24

Road of poor quality, 91:3.27

To roof, ceiling voids, 92:5.30

Security devices, 91:4.25, 91:4.26, 97:5.51

Security gates, chains, 93:6.79, 97:6.56

To site, 91:6.73, 92:1.26

Stairway fire, 97:5.21

Stored furniture, 92:4.67

Stored goods, 92:6.79, 93:2.19, 94:6.96

Street layout, 91:6.74

To two sides of building, 95:6.107

Waterfront location, 93:6.81

To wildland fire site, 94:6.99, 95:6.111

Aerial ladder lacking, 95:6.106

Apparatus, fire fighters at earlier fire, 93:3.34

Bystanders interfered, 92:4.70, 93:2.19

Ceiling collapse, 94:6.89, 96:3.35, 98:1.21

Chemicals prevented use of water, 94:6.95

Civil disturbance threatened fire fighter safety, 93:5.67, 93:6.81

Communications hampered

Lack of 911 service, 91:4.31

Overwhelmed by incoming calls, 91:6.74

Power shut-off, 91:1.27

Radio communications limited, 91:6.74

Radio static, garbled transmissions, 91:6.73

Size of fire area, 97:6.58

System disabled, 94:6.90

Deteriorating conditions force defensive attack, 98:2.19, 20

Electrical power loss, 91:5.64, 92:4.71, 92:5.56, 92:6.74, 78, 94:5.104, 94:6.90

Electrical transformers, high-voltage lines nearby, 96:6.72

Emergency lighting failed, 92:6.78

Emergency shutdown procedure caused delay, 94:6.92

Energized electrical equipment concern, 94:6.91

Explosions of equipment, fuel, 97:6.50

Explosions of gas cylinders, 94:6.36

Explosions of materials, 95:6.104

Fire operations control center damaged, 94:5.104

Fire protection systems damaged, 94:5.104

Fire spread, rapid, 97:6.58

Fire spreading behind fire fighters, 94:6.36

Flashback fires on cargo containers, 92:6.79

Flashover forces exterior attack, 98:4.22

Floor collapse, 93:2.33, 96:5.96, 97:3.30

Foam suppression supplies exhausted, 92:1.60

Fog, fuel leak on runway, 91:3.69

Hazardous materials, by presence of, 91:6.75, 92:3.33, 95:5.35, 95:6.38

Heat and smoke conditions hampered entry, 94:2.27

Heat forced exterior attack only, 93:2.20

Heat hampered entry, 97:6.49, 50, 57

Hose lines too short, 97:1.27, 5.23

Hydrant failed, 95:4.37

Hydrants at distance, 91:3.27, 93:6.88, 95:6.99, 107

Hydrants frozen or inoperative, 95:6.100, 96:6.72

Information on exposure not available, 94:3.30

Large number of fires, 96:3.36

Large number of occupants hamper rescue, 94:5.95

Large size of building, 94:6.97

Large size of fire, 95:6.104, 107

Local response capability limited, 94:3.30, 96:3.36

LP-Gas tanks had to be protected, 93:6.84

Machinery, hazards posed by operating, 92:5.30

Multiple exposures affected control efforts, 94:3.27

Noise limited communications, 96:6.72

Nursing home patients in restraints slow rescue, 91:4.67

Oil and water on floor, 96:6.72

Outdated fire plans, 92:6.26

Propane tank vented, 96:6.73

Propane trucks at fire site, 94:6.96

Remote location, 92:1.23, 93:3.36, 93:4.26, 93:5.67, 94:6.90, 99, 95:6.111, 96:4.21, 96:6.64

Rescue operation took precedence, 94:6.91

Response delayed, 94:4.31, 95:3.37, 38

Roof, fire broke through, 97:5.21

Roof collapse, 93:6.29, 83, 94:6.95, 96, 95:6.37, 100, 103, 106, 107, 108, 96:6.70, 97:6.19, 1.21, 98:5.18, 6.89

Roof layers, fire between, difficult to reach, 97:6.21

Roof thickness delayed venting, 95:6.106

Rugged terrain, 92:6.76, 97:5.54, 6.59, 98:6.92

Rural location, 91:4.65, 67, 92:4.67

Safety of area had to be determined, 95:4.40

Smoke density, 92:6.76, 94:6.94, 96, 95:6.107, 96:6.63, 65, 97:6.49, 50

Staffing limited, 92:4.25, 92:6.78

Standpipe connections lacking, 94:6.92

Steep terrain, 93:6.88, 94:6.99

Storage configuration, 98:6.85, 91

Structural collapse, 92:4.71, 92:6.75, 94:5.95, 94:6.94, 95:3.40, 95:6.103, 104, 107, 97:5.23, 6.56, 5.18, 98:6.84

Structural collapse threatened, 94:5.30, 95:3.37, 95:4.39, 95:5.35, 36

Structural fire fighting equipment lacking, 94:4.31

Suppression resources in use at other fires, 94:6.99

Swampy, combustible terrain, 93:3.36

Transformer circuits checked for power shutoff, 98:1.22

Ventilation openings lacking, 98:6.91

Wall collapse, 92:6.78, 96:6.70

Water pressure inadequate, 91:5.64, 91:6.74, 92:4.71, 92:5.56, 92:6.74

Water storage problems, 91:6.73

Water supply

Connection covered by shed, 96:5.94

Connections damaged, 96:5.94

Disrupted by explosion, 92:6.75

Hydrant malfunction, limited by, 98:6.92

Inadequate, 91:1.27, 54, 91:3.27, 91:4.26, 91:6.74, 75, 92:2.26, 92:4.25, 26, 92:5.30, 92:6.79, 93:6.29, 94:4.30, 94:4.31, 94:5.29, 94:6.36, 94:6.90, 92, 97, 95:3.37, 95:4.37, 95:6.106, 107, 96:6.64, 65, 70, 97:5.24, 6.50, 56, 57, 58, 98:6.86

Out of service, 96:6.73

Piping damaged, 94:5.104, 96:5.24

Remote, 92:6.26, 97:1.28, 6.59

Water-repellant burning material, 98:6.85

Weather

Fog, 91:3.69

High temperature, 91:6.78, 92:4.25, 93:6.89, 95:5.67, 95:6.111, 96:4.21, 96:6.73, 97:3.30, 4.21

Low temperature, 91:1.27, 92:1.26, 60, 92:6.26, 95:6.68, 96:6.62, 96:6.72

Rain, 92:4.72

Winter, 91:6.73, 93:6.81, 95:6.100, 106, 97:5.54, 6.50, 57, 59

Window lexan layer hard to penetrate, 94:6.89

FIRE SERVICE RESCUE AND EXTRICATION

Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, April 19, 1995, 96:1.50, 59, 96:5.94, 96:6.69

Electric generating station fire, 94:6.91

Fire fighter fatalities related to, 1990, 91:4.51, 53, 58

Fire fighter injuries related to, 91:6.50, 96:6.107, 108, 98:6.56

Large number of occupants hampers rescue, 94:5.95

Los Angeles County Fire Department search and rescue program meets diverse demands, 95:6.55

Nursing home patients in restraints slow rescue, 91:4.67

Office building complex fire, 94:6.90

FIRE TESTS

Adequacy and validity of existing tests, 94:2.14

European Community product testing standards will affect U. S. building materials, 92:5.45

FIRE WALLS. See WALLS, FIRE

FIRE WATCHES

Meeting hall fire, 98:1.21

Transformer fire, 98:1.22

FIREPLACES

Construction fault results in ignition of floor joists, 93:6.81

Diesel fuel ignites fire, 92:2.29

Embers ignite couch, 96:5.91

Lighter fluid used to rekindle fire, 96:1.23

FIRES

Explosions and (See EXPLOSIONS AND FIRES)

Myths of fire, 94:6.67

FIRESTOPPING. See also THROUGH-PENETRATION PROTECTION SYSTEMS

Clarification of industry's terminology, 96:2.79

Lack of, factor in fire spread, 92:4.25, 95:4.37, 96:6.65, 98:1.21

FIREWATCH COLUMNS, 91:1.27, 91:2.29, 91:3.25, 91:4.25, 91:5.25, 91:6.23, 92:1.21, 92:2.25, 92:3.31, 92:4.25, 92:5.25, 92:6.25, 93:1.25, 93:2.19, 93:3.33, 93:4.25, 93:5.35, 93:6.27, 94:1.29, 94:2.27, 94:3.27, 94:4.29, 94:5.27, 94:6.33, 95:1.31, 95:2.29, 95:3.37, 95:4.37, 95:5.33, 95:6.35, 96:1.21, 96:2.23, 96:3.35, 96:4.21, 96:5.23, 96:6.21, 97:1.25, 2.21, 3.29, 4.19, 5.21, 6.19, 98:1.21, 2.16, 3.36, 4.19, 5.15, 6.21

FIREWORKS. See also PYROTECHNICS

Apartment building fire cause, 97:4.20

Customer lit item in retail fireworks store, catastrophic fire cause, 97:5.52

Fire fighters injured by, 94:6.64

Illegal

Apartment building fire cause, 97:3.30

Dwelling fire cause, 92:4.26, 96:4.21, 22

Fire leads to fire safety program, 96:4.22

Garage explosion-fire cause, 91:1.31

Manufacturing plant fire cause, 95:3.40

School fire cause, 92:4.27

Manufacturing plant explosion/fire, 91:4.30, 92:4.71, 93:3.35

Overview of fire losses, casualties caused by fireworks, 92:4.56, 93:4.55, 94:4.78, 95:4.61, 96:4.79, 97:4.78

Public display

Aerial shell fails to explode, kills child, 96:4.24

Fatal explosion, fire, 96:4.24

Mortars and stored fireworks ignite fire/explosion, 98:5.55

Rocket explodes prematurely, ignites display barge, 98:4.22

Pyrotechnic device used in theater ignites net, 96:2.26

Sparkler, apartment building fire cause, 97:2.21

Statistics on incidents and safety information, 98:4.96

Text of NFPA's July 4, 1914, pamphlet against fireworks use, 95:4.81

Wildland/urban interface fire cause, 97:6.59

FIRST RESPONSE COLUMNS

Budgeting for initial response crews, 91:1.17

Community fire protection systems, 91:4.16

Dedication is bond in fire service, 93:5.128

Defining problems of fire services, 93:2.30

Educating municipal officials about resource needs, 93:1.80

Effective leaders encourage cooperation, 94:3.164

Fable offers lessons for fire service, 91:5.32

Fire service management concerns, 91:3.17

Fire service management reviews, 92:3.124

Fire service organizations need to present a united front, 93:6.128

Fire service splinter groups, 91:2.19

Good fire service requires team effort, 93:4.96

Improving fire protection despite budget limits, 92:6.14

Internal departmental conflict negatively impacts budgets, 94:4.112

Leadership: what is it?, 94:1.96

Leadership takes many forms, 94:2.112

Marketing fire service to gain public support, 92:1.90

NFPA members vote on minimum staffing issue, NFPA 1500, 92:4.96

Positive image wins budget support, 92:2.96

Preplanning can help withstand budget cut pressures, 94:5.128

Proactive safety leadership role required of fire departments, 91:6.93

Regionalization and other answers to department downsizing, 93:3.30

Safe Place program for young people, 94:6.128

FIRST RESPONSE (EDITORIAL) COLUMNS. See EDITORIALS

FISH HATCHERY COMPLEX FIRE, LEAVENWORTH, WASH.

Wildland fire, 1994, 95:2.48

FLAME DETECTORS. See DETECTORS, FLAME

FLAMMABLE, COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS

Storage lockers for hazardous materials with characteristics of, 94:5.71

FLAMMABLE, COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS FIRES. See also ACCELERANTS; GASOLINE; HEATING-AND-COOKING EQUIPMENT FIRES; LP-GAS FIRES; OIL; PROPANE; VAPORS, FLAMMABLE

Aircraft fuel ignited by electric arc, 94:5.106

Aircraft fuel ignited by engine, 98:4.22

Aircraft fuel ignites after crash, 95:6.110

Airport fuel ignited by unknown source, 91:6.73

Alcohol, possible misused in kerosene heater, fatal fire cause, 98:2.16

Alcohol ignited in truck/train collision, 91:4.70

Charcoal lighter ignites catastrophic fire, 96:5.97

Charcoal lighter used to ignite chair, 91:5.28

Class II liquid fuel ignited in locomotive fire, 98:6.91

Diesel fuel fuels railroad car fire, 96:5.101

Diesel fuel ignited by hot manifold, 91:2.30

Duplicating fluid spills, ignited by match, 94:2.30

Floor stripper vapors ignited, 94:5.105

Furniture refinishing liquids ignite combustibles in catastrophic fire, 92:4.71

Furniture refinishing liquids ignite trash, 95:6.38

Glue, spilled, ignited by arc from extension cord, 98:4.20

Glue overheats, ignites, 93:4.27

Heat transfer fluid (HTF) ignited by gas heater, 91:6.76

Ink, in drums, ignited, 95:6.107

Kerosene, stored, contributes to spread of catastrophic fire, 94:5.96

Kerosene fuels catastrophic fire, 92:4.69, 96:5.92

Kerosene spill ignited by lamp in fatal fire, 97:6.20

Lacquer overheats, ignites catastrophic fire, 91:2.31

Lacquer thinner vapors ignited by pilot light, 94:5.104

Lantern fuel ignited by space heater, 94:3.28

Molotov cocktails used to ignite incendiary fire, 30

Naptha feed overheats, releases, ignited by furnace, 96:6.64

Oils, glue, dye saturated floor, increased fire spread, 94:6.98

Paint thinner used to ignite school fire, 91:3.27

Pentane ignited by electrical arc from forklift controls, 91:6.26

Resin and catalyst leaked onto fiberglass matting to create heat reaction, 93:5.37

Rubbing alcohol used to ignite catastrophic fire, 92:4.67

Solvent in epoxy resin heated beyond flashpoint, 93:5.37

Stored liquids ignited by burning fragments from explosion, 95:5.66

Stored liquids ignited by flash fire, 93:6.27

Unknown liquid

Catastrophic fire ignited by, 91:4.64, 65, 92:4.69, 95:5.53, 58

Fatal fire ignited by, 93:2.33

Fire ignited by, 95:5.34

Large-loss fire ignited by, 95:6.99

Plastic ignited by, 94:6.93

Unknown liquid vapors released through foam system, ignite tank fire, 96:6.66

Wood stain soaked paper towels ignite spontaneously, 98:4.21

FLAMMABLE PRODUCTS

Effectiveness of current product labeling systems, 94:1.71

FLASHOVERS

Apartment building fire, Illinois, March 20, 1995, 95:5.53

Apartment building fire, Ohio, 1996, 97:4.20

Church fire, 1989, 91:1.30

Club/hotel fire, Indiana, 1992, 92:6.31

College laboratory fire, Texas, 1996, 97:5.23

Dwelling fire, Illinois, 1997, 98:1.23

Dwelling fire, Massachusetts, 1993, 94:6.34

Dwelling fire, Pennsylvania, 1997, 98:3.38

Dwelling fire, South Carolina, Nov. 7, 1992, 93:5.64

Dwelling fire, Virginia, Jan. 20, 1996, 97:5.50

Group home fire, Illinois, 1994, 95:6.37

Hotel fire, Colorado, Jan. 27, 1997, 98:5.49

Manufactured home fire, Idaho, Sept. 27, 1997, 98:5.46

Manufacturing plant fire, Massachusetts, June 6, 1997, 98:6.86

Restaurant fire, California, 98:4.22

Rooming house fire, Ohio, Feb. 18, 1991, 92:4.67

School fire, Maryland, Oct. 24, 1993, 94:5.105

Shopping mall fire, Arkansas, 1996, 21

FLEMING, JOSEPH M.

Profile of, 98:1.37

FLEMING, RUSSELL P.

Profile of, 91:2.14

FLOORS

Collapse hinders fire fighting operations, 97:3.30

Collapse hinders rescue of trapped fire fighter, 93:2.33

Collapse traps fire fighters, 92:3.73

Fire involving, 91:1.27

Fire spread through, 94:5.96, 94:6.90

Fire started under, 97:6.50

Saturated with flammable liquids, increased fire spread, 94:6.98

FLORIDA

Adult congregate living facility fire, 1994, 95:6.35

Aircraft crash fire, Aug. 7, 1997, 98:6.91

Apartment building fire, 1990, 91:3.25

Apartment building fire, 1992, 93:1.27

Apartment building fire, 1993, 94:5.27, 94:6.33

Apartment building fire, 1996, 97:3.29

Boat fire, Apr. 19, 1996, 97:6.60

Catastrophic fires

Aircraft, Jan. 17, 1991, 92:4.72

Aircraft, May 11, 1996, 97:5.54

Automobile, Nov. 9, 1996, 97:5.55

Board and care facility, Dec. 1, 1994, 95:5.64

Dwelling, Jan. 13, 1990, 91:4.64

Dwelling, Feb. 25, 1990, 91:4.66

Dwelling, Oct. 15, 1990, 91:4.64

Dwelling, March 13, 1993, 94:5.98

Hotel, April 6, 1990, 91:4.64

Manufacturing plant explosion, April 13, 1994, 95:5.66, 95:6.106

Train/truck/automobile, March 17, 1993, 94:5.106

Club fire, 1993, 94:5.30

Detention facility fire, 1992, 93:3.33

Disney World fire protection systems, 96:3.119

Dwelling fire, 1992, 93:2.21, 93:5.35

Dwelling fire, May 4, 1997, 98:6.90

Dwelling fire, Oct. 22, 1997, 98:6.90

Electric generating plant fire, Aug., 1995, 96:6.72

Electric generating plant fire, July, 1992, 93:6.82

Electric generating plant fire, June 30, 1997, 98:6.91

Fatal fires

Apartment building, 1990, 91:6.24

Apartment building, 1995, 96:1.23

Board and care facility fire, December 1, 1994, fire investigation report, 98:5.37

Dwelling, 1993, 94:4.32

Hotel fire, 1997, 98:6.23

Manufactured home, 1990, 91:4.26, 91:5.28

Manufactured home fire, 1997, 98:4.20

Storage facility, 1990, 91:3.29

Hotel fire, 1993, 94:2.29

Hotel fire, 1994, 95:2.29

Manufacturing plant fire, 1992, 93:5.37

Manufacturing plant fire, Nov., 1993, 94:6.94

Manufacturing plant fire, Sept. 5, 1996, 97:1.28, 6.50

Restaurant fire, 1994, 95:2.31

Restaurant fire, 1996, 97:3.29

School fire, 1993, 94:1.29

Ship fire, Aug., 1993, 94:6.98

Shopping mall fire, Sept. 6, 1996, 97:6.53

Store fire, 1993, 94:4.30, 94:5.30

Store fire, Jan., 1993, 94:6.91

Store fire, Oct. 25, 1997, 98:6.89

Store fire, Oct. 26, 1996, 97:6.54

Theater fire, 1995, 96:2.26

Tornadoes strike five counties, Feb. 22, 1998, emergency response, 98:3.60

Warehouse fire, Jan., 1995, 96:6.68

Wildland fire, 1992, 93:3.36

FOAM EXTINGUISHING AGENTS AND SYSTEMS

Aircraft fires extinguished with, 95:6.110

Aqueous film-forming, on fuel tank fire, 91:6.73

Electrical substation plant extinguished with, 95:6.100

Electronic equipment repair plant fire extinguished with, 95:6.108

Locomotive fire, use on, 98:6.91

NFPA report on foam and environment, 95:3.67

Oil fire extinguished with, 94:6.94

Polyurethane foam manufacturing plant fire, use on, 98:6.21

Ship fire extinguished with, 94:6.98

FOAM INSULATION. See INSULATION

FOAM RUBBER OR POLYURETHANE

Catastrophic rooming house fire, ignited in, 92:4.67

Manufacturing plant fire, 98:3.41

Manufacturing plant fire, ignited in, 95:6.107

Manufacturing plant fire, self-ignited in, 98:6.21

Seat cushions, back ignited by accelerant, 95:6.104

Stored foam products ignited by light fixtures, 98:1.25

Stored polyurethane "buns" ignited by hot exhaust manifold, 91:5.30

FOREST FIRES. See WILDLAND FIRES

FORKLIFT FIRES

Brake overheats, ignites combustibles, LP-Gas tank, 96:6.63

Electric malfunction ignites warehouse fire, 92:6.75

Electrical arc from controls ignited pentane, 91:6.26

Exhaust manifold of unmanned forklift ignited stored polyurethane, 91:5.30

Forklift hits aerosol containers which explode, 96:4.23

Hot engine block ignited propane leaking from engine, 91:2.33

Jammed paper leads to overheating, 94:6.95

Spark ignites solvent vapors, 92:4.28

Vehicle collides with LPG-powered cleaner, 97:6.57

Vehicle hits overhead lights, sparks ignite stock, 93:6.85

Vehicle ruptures natural gas piping, 94:1.30, 96:6.65

FORSMAN, DOUGLAS P.

Profile of, 95:4.30

FORT WORTH, TEX.

Support services provided by fire stations, 91:2.78

FOY, EDDIE

First person account of Iroquois Theatre fire, 95:4.75

FRANCE

Eurotunnel (Channel tunnel) fire, November 18, 1996, analysis, 97:2.58

Fire protection for Eurotunnel (Channel tunnel), 96:1.85

FUNERAL HOME FIRES

Michigan, 1995, 96:6.24

New Jersey, 1996, 97:2.21

FURNISHINGS

1991 Life Safety Code regulations, 91:4.20

Block door in catastrophic fire, 93:5.62, 94:5.96, 95:5.59

Blocks windows in catastrophic fire, 92:4.69

Chair ignited by smoking materials in catastrophic fire, 94:5.102

Factors affecting fire hazards of, 92:4.33

Fuel club/hotel fire, 92:6.31

Hot object ignites wood table in catastrophic fire, 94:5.97

Ignited in catastrophic fire, 94:5.100

Railroad passenger cars, factor in catastrophic fire, 97:6.59

Stored furnishings block access/egress in catastrophic fire, 92:4.67

FURNITURE, UPHOLSTERED

Chair

Child playing with charcoal lighter, ignited by, 98:4.19

Child playing with lighter, ignited by, 95:3.38, 97:5.50

Cigarette, ignited by, 68, 69, 92:4.67, 96:5.91, 98:1.23

Furnace heat, ignited by, 95:5.62

Incendiary fire, ignited by, 91:5.28, 95:6.98

Unknown source, ignited by, 97:5.21

European Commission furniture fire study, results, 96:4.84

Recliner, ignited by undetermined source, 94:5.100

Sofa

Accidentally ignited, 92:4.69

Ashes, ignited by, 93:5.64

Candle, ignited by, 96:6.22, 97:5.49, 98:5.17

Child playing with lighter, ignited by, 91:4.65, 66, 91:6.24, 93:5.64, 94:5.102, 95:4.38, 95:6.36, 98:5:16

Child playing with matches, ignited by, 91:4.64, 66, 95:3.37, 98:5.16

Cigarette, ignited by, 91:3.26, 91:4.65, 66, 94:1.31, 94:5.102, 95:5.60, 96:4.24, 96:5.24, 91, 97, 97:5.50, 98:4.21, 5.46, 49

Cord short circuit, ignited by, 97:3.29

Fireplace embers, ignited by, 96:5.91

Fireworks, ignited by, 97:4.20, 98:4.19

Lamp cord short circuit, ignited by, 93:6.28

Near point of origin in catastrophic fire, 98:5.50

Open flame, ignited by, 96:3.39

Smoking materials, ignited by, 91:4.68, 95:5.56, 97:5.52, 53, 6.21

Space heater, ignited by, 95:5.58, 97:2.22

Spreading fire, ignited by, 94:5.98

Suspicious fire, ignited by, 93:5.66

Unknown cause, ignited by, 94:5.96, 95:5.54, 56, 96:5.93, 98:5.50


G

GABRIELE, ROCCO J.

Profile of, 95:2.22

GARAGE, AUTOMOBILE REPAIR, FIRES. See AUTOMOBILE REPAIR SHOP FIRES

GARAGE, PARKING, FIRES

High-rise office building complex, New York, Feb. 26, 1993, 94:5.104, 94:6.90

Highway department heavy equipment garage, New York, July, 1995, 96:6.68

GARAGE, RESIDENTIAL, FIRES

California, 1992, 93:6.29

Catastrophic

California, July 22, 1991, 91:4.67

Wisconsin, April 22, 1991, 92:4.68

Massachusetts, 1996, 97:6.20

Ohio, 1989, 91:1.31

GAS. See also COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS

Ammonia line bursts, poses toxic threat to fire fighters, 93:6.85

Carbon monoxide is top hazard, 95:5.23

Hazardous incident responders need multigas detectors, 95:6.25

Natural gas, handling incidents involving vehicles fueled by, 94:4.84

Natural gas odorant filtered out by soil, 95:5.62

GAS EQUIPMENT FIRES

Clothes dryer, mop heads ignite in, 98:5.17

Clothes dryer overheats, ignites napkins inside, 98:5.18

GAS EXPLOSIONS

Coke gas with hydrogen, 95:5.64

GAS FIRES. See also HEATING-AND-COOKING EQUIPMENT FIRES; HYDROGEN FIRES; LP-GAS FIRES; NATURAL GAS FIRES; PROPANE

Butane, leaking from stove fuel cylinder, ignites fire, 94:5.30

Compressed natural gas, ignited by static discharge, 94:4.29

Compressed natural gas cylinder ruptures, causing explosion and fire, 94:4.30

Fire-generated combustible gases cause flashover, fire spread, 92:6.31

Flame from LP-Gas fire causes natural gas regulator to fail, leaking gas ignites, 98:3.36

Gas compressor fire, 98:6.85

Hydrocarbon/hydrogen mixture, ignited by unknown source, 93:6.82

Isobutyl propane, ignited by electrical arc, 92:6.28

Oxygen fuels hospital fire, 94:5.104

Pentane, ignited by hot plate, 92:3.33

GAS FIRES AND EXPLOSIONS. See also HYDROGEN FIRES AND EXPLOSIONS; LP-GAS FIRES AND EXPLOSIONS; NATURAL GAS FIRES AND EXPLOSIONS; PROPANE

Acetylene, ignited by spreading fire, 94:6.36

Ethyl alcohol vapors, ignited by torch, 93:5.67

Hexane, vapors from leak ignited by automobile, 95:6.103

Methane buildup ignites mine fire, 93:5.66

Methane vapors, ignited by torch, 93:5.67, 93:6.82

Methyl t-butyl ether ignites laboratory fire, 93:6.27

GAS LINES

Hydrogen

Contributed fuel to fire, 94:6.91

Pipe connection failed, 91:5.30

Ruptured, ignited by friction, 94:6.36

Natural gas

Contributed fuel to fire, 94:6.91

Distribution main over-pressured causes flare-ups, explosions, 93:5.68

Failed due to heat from fire, 91:4.25

High pressure line leaks, causes explosion, fire, 94:5.108

Ruptured, fuels fire, 93:6.86

Ruptured, gasoline ignited by spark, 93:6.29

Ruptured by collapsing structural members, 95:6.103

Service line leaks, causes explosion, fire, 95:5.62

Propane

Failed, fuel catastrophic fire, 92:4.70

Fractured, ignited by greater, 91:3.27

GAS STATION FIRES. See SERVICE STATION FIRES

GASOLINE. See also AUTOMOBILE FIRES; TRUCK FIRES

Candle, ignited by, 91:4.26

Fuel leaking from vehicle tank ignited by heat from drop light, 97:6.23

Gasoline residue on clothing ignites, 94:5.97

Gasoline-soaked clothing used to ignite incendiary fire, 93:5.36

Generator spark ignites fumes, 94:5.106

Incendiary fire, used to ignite, .92, 94:5.100, 95:5.60, 66, 96:1.21, 96:5.91, 97, 98:5.50

Kerosene heater fuel, used as; ignited bedding, 92:2.28

Leaking fuel from punctured tanks ignites in vehicle fires, 98:5.55

Light fixture, ignited by, 91:2.30

Molotov cocktails used to ignite incendiary fire, 30

Ruptured fuel tank ignites in vehicle fire, 98:5.55

Spark, ignited by, 91:4.30

Spark, ignited by; improper handling as factor, 91:2.31

Spilled gasoline ignited by catalytic converter or spark in vehicle fire, 98:5.55

Spilled gasoline vapors ignited by space heater, 97:1.26

Storage tank pipes, ignited in truck accident, 91:2.32

Stored gasoline and gasoline-powered yard equipment, factors in catastrophic fire, 97:5.50

Vapors

Automobile fuel tank vapors ignited by pilot light, 91:4.67

In bilge ignite boat explosion, fire, 95:4.39

Boat explosion, fire ignited by, 98:3.42

In carburetor ignite, 98:6.89

Cutting torch, ignited by, 95:6.38

Fuel line leak vapors cause boat fire, 91:4.31

Gas furnace, ignited by, 92:6.28

Of gasoline used for cleaning contributed to fire spread, 97:5.23

From heated gasoline ignited by stove burner, 97:4.19

In motor home ignited catastrophic fire, 93:5.68

Natural gas heater, ignited by, 97:2.23

Spilled gasoline vapors ignited by pilot light, 92:5.26, 93:2.21

Tank storage facility ignited by, 91:3.29

Vacuum cleaner spark, ignited by, 92:5.28

Victims in incendiary fire ignited by, 91:4.68

Well head ignited by spark, 93:6.29

Wood stove, used to kindle; ignited fire, 91:4.68

GENERAL SLOCUM EXCURSION STEAMER FIRE, N. Y., N. Y.

Large-loss-of-life fire, 1904, 95:4.80

GEORGIA

Aircraft/truck fire, May, 1991, 92:6.77

Apartment complex fire, 1995, 96:1.22

Catastrophic

Dwelling, Jan. 23, 1996, 97:5.50

Catastrophic fires

Aircraft, Jan. 12, 1995, 96:5.100

Aircraft, Aug. 21, 1995, 96:5.99

Board and care facility, March 11, 1990, 91:4.67

Dwelling, Jan. 26, 1993, 94:5.97

Dwelling, Feb. 3, 1993, 94:5.96

Dwelling, June 27, 1993, 94:5.98

Dwelling, Feb. 4, 1995, 96:5.92

Manufactured home, April 11, 1994, 95:5.56

Office building, Jan. 12, 1995, 96:5.100

Railroad rolling stock, Aug. 9, 1990, 91:4.72

Truck/automobile fire, Apr. 3, 1996, 97:5.54

Vacant club, Dec. 12,1 990, 91:4.68

College building fire, Aug. 15, 1995, 96:6.73

Electric generating plant fire, June, 1993, 94:6.92

Fatal fires

Dwelling, 1991, 92:2.29

Dwelling, 1993, 94:1.32

Dwelling, 1996, 97:2.22

Manufactured home, Dec. 14, 1996, 97:5.49

Manufacturing plant fire, 1994, 95:2.32

Manufacturing plant fire, March, 1994, 95:6.106

Manufacturing plant fire, Jan., 1995, 96:6.62

Manufacturing plant fire, 1996, 97:3.33

Manufacturing plant fire, Aug. 23, 1996, 97:6.50

Manufacturing plant fire, Aug. 24, 1996, 97:6.52

Manufacturing plant fire, Dec. 24, 1996, 97:6.52

Office building fire, Jan. 12, 1997, 97:3.52

Storage and recycling facility fire, March, 1993, 94:6.97

Storage facility fire, March, 1993, 94:6.97

Storage facility fire, April, 1993, 94:6.97

Storage facility fire, Sept., 1995, 96:6.68

Store fire, Jan, 1994, 95:6.100

Store fire, Apr. 16, 1996, 97:6.54, 98:1.50

Store fire, Oct. 26, 1997, 98:6.89

Tank farm fire, April, 1995, 96:6.66

Warehouse fire, Jan. 26, 1990, 91:6.76

Warehouse fire, May, 1992, 93:6.86

GERMANY

Düsseldorf, fatal airport terminal fire, Apr. 11, 1996, 96:4.43

GLASS, MOLTEN

Combustible deposits ignited by, 91:6.25

Oil deposits ignited by, 93:6.27

GLATFELTER, ARTHUR J.

Profile of, 97:6.35

GLAZING

New developments offer alternatives to wired glass, also raise code questions, 98:6.76

GLENDALE, CALIF.

Wildland fire, June 27, 1990, 91:1.59

GLOBAL ISSUES COLUMNS

High-rise buildings require active fire protection, 96:6.34

NFPA alliances bring codes/standards to Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking world, 96:5.36

NFPA codes and standards can protect high-rises, 96:2.36

NFPA role in international aviation fire safety, 96:3.50

NFPA works with Asian countries to encourage recognition of codes, standards, 97:1.38

Spanish language codes and standards, 96:4.34

Spanish-speaking countries using National Electrical Code, 96:1.34

GONDOLA CAR FIRES

California, 1993, 94:3.28

GONZALES, RICHARD L.

Profile of, 93:6.21

GOSS, KAY

Profile of, 96:3.53

GOVERNMENT. See INSIDE THE BELTWAY COLUMNS; UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT

GRAIN DUST

Mill and storage facility explosion, Washington, 1991, caused by, 92:4.28

GRANT, ERNEST

Profile of, 96:5.39

GRASS FIRES

Idaho, 1996, 97:4.21

Kansas, Feb. 21, 1996, 97:6.59

Texas, 1991, 92:2.28

Warehouse fire, Oklahoma, 1990, caused by, 91:4.26

GREASE FIRES

Cook room fire spreads through ventilation system, 98:6.85

Grease-covered structural components ignited, 95:6.102

Grease-covered toaster oven power terminals cause short circuit, 98:3.38

Grease-laden combustibles ignited by fan short-circuit, 95:6.106

Grease-laden rafters fuel food processing plant fire, 96:6.64

Ignites in pan, fire spreads to wood cabinets, 97:5.22

Ignites on grill in restaurant fire, 95:2.31

Ignites on portable broiler in restaurant fire, 97:4.22

Ignites on stove in apartment fire, 97:1.25

Ignites on stove in school fire, 92:6.29

Stove heat ignites grease in exhaust system, 97:6.22

GREAT BRITAIN

Eurotunnel (Channel tunnel) fire, November 18, 1996, analysis, 97:2.58

Fire protection for Eurotunnel (Channel tunnel), 96:1.85

GREENE, OLIN L.

Profile of, 92:3.26

GREENHOUSE FIRES

Massachusetts, 1991, 92:4.25

GRINDING OPERATIONS

Sparks cause fire, 91:6.75

GROSS, CAROL

Profile of, 95:3.31

GROUP HOME FIRES. See also ADULT CONGREGATE LIVING FACILITY FIRES; BOARD AND CARE FACILITY FIRES

Catastrophic, Texas, March 24, 1991, 92:4.70

Halfway house, Washington, 1991, 93:1.25

Illinois, 1994, 95:6.37

New Hampshire, 1990, 92:1.26

GUNSHOTS

Fire fighter fatalities related to, 94:4.63

Fire fighter injuries related to, 94:6.64

GYMNASIUM FIRES

University, Arizona, 1993, 94:5.30


H

HAGERSVILLE, ONT.

Tire fire, 1990, 91:1.50

HALIFAX, NOVA SCOTIA

Munitions ship explosion, Dec. 6, 1917, 92:3.96

HALONS

Alternative protection methods to replace halons, 94:6.40, 97:4.62

Extinguish aircraft fire, 92:6.76, 95:6.110

Extinguishing system fails in subway token booth fire, 96:6.24

Halon phaseout speeded up to Jan. 1, 1994, 93:2.38

Manually activated system not a factor in fire, 92:6.79

Museums and other applications, 92:5.66

Second International Conference, 1990, 91:1.65

Time line on control of, 1974-91, 91:1.67

Use continues despite available alternatives, 95:6.46

HANDICAPPED PERSONS. See DISABLED PERSONS

HAPPY LAND SOCIAL CLUB FIRE

Catastrophic, New York, March 25, 1990, 91:4.61

HARVEYS LAKE, PENNSYLVANIA

Board and care facility fire, May 14, 1997, analysis, 97:5.68

HATHAWAY, LEONARD R.

Profile of, 96:6.38

HAWAII

Apartment building fire, 1993, 94:2.28

Catastrophic fires

Dwelling, Oct. 15, 1997, 98:5.45

Observatory, Jan. 16, 1996, 97:5.52, 6.59

Department store/office building fire, July, 1993, 94:6.91

Fatal store fire, 1993, 94:3.30

Warehouse fire, 1989, 91:1.31

HAWKINS, JASPER STILLWELL

Profile of, 95:2.23

HAZARDOUS MATERIALS. See also HAZ-MAT ISSUES COLUMNS

Ammonia line bursts, poses toxic threat to fire fighters, 93:6.85

Asbestos (See ASBESTOS)

Asbestos from ducts collected by haz-mat team after fire, 97:6.22

Chemical plant fire, factor in, 92:6.75, 80

Classification and containment of hazardous materials, 96:2.30

Copper sulfate runoff diked, pumped, 94:6.36

Cost-effectiveness of regional hazardous materials response teams, 94:1.63

Federal regulations cover intrastate shipments of agricultural chemicals, 98:5.25

Fire service applies new training and management skills to incidents, 95:2.90

Food plant fire, factor in, 92:6.80

General warehouse fire, factor in, 98:6.88

Hampered fire fighting, 91:6.75

Hampered fire fighting, chemical laboratory fire, 92:3.33

Hazardous waste incinerator fire, Arkansas, 1994, 95:6.38

Heat transfer fluid (HTF) (thermal VP-1) in fire required precautions, 91:6.76

Iron foundry fire, factor in, 97:6.50

Isocyanate smoke requires area evacuation, 94:6.93

Munition ship explosion, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Dec. 6, 1917, 92:3.96

Placards can mislead responders, 93:2.74

Plastics plant fire, factor in, 97:1.28

Polychlorinated biphenols at generating plant fire, 94:6.92

Pool and spa chemicals present hazard in warehouse stores, 98:1.50, 98:4.44

Railroad collisions and fires, factor in, 98:6.91

Regulatory reform poses dangers, 97:3.41

Response capabilities, assessment of, 92:1.36

Sodium exposure at metals processing plant fire, 94:6.63

Software links first responders to databases, 97:3.66

Sprinklers caused paint vats to overflow, 92:4.28

Storage lockers for materials with flammable, combustible liquid characteristics, 94:5.71

HAZ-MAT ISSUES COLUMNS

Balancing safety and international economic development, 94:4.19

Carbon monoxide is top hazard, 95:5.23

Chemical properties of hazardous substances critical to decision-making, 91:6.94

Community hazards analysis to precede response team formation, 91:5.18

Competency is key to responders' performance, 93:3.40

Decontamination not taken seriously by fire fighters, 93:5.32

Decontamination programs, development of, 93:6.16

Differentiating emergencies from incidental releases, 94:2.18

Emergency planning is six-part process, 93:1.22

Environmental damage mitigation in incident response, 91:1.112

EPA/National Response Teams report critiques federal agencies, 95:1.19

Federal haz-mat response needs simplification, standardization, 95:3.27

Federal legislation may affect responders, 94:6.20

Hazardous Materials Transportation Uniform Safety Act of 1990 (USA 90), discussion, 91:3.117

Isman, Warren, legacy to hazardous materials instruction, 92:2.22

Lifesaving principles, 92:3.136

Limitations of haz-mat equipment, 93:2.104

Multigas detectors are required equipment, 95:6.25

Networking most effective at local conferences, 94:1.16

NFPA 472, 473, comments sought on, 91:2.110

Technology, public opinion, and prevention must be considered by response teams, 94:3.17

Train responders to have a safe attitude, 92:6.89

Training programs' effectiveness questioned, 95:4.27

HEALTH CARE

Home health care increase fire, electrical, explosion risks, 98:1.64

HEALTH CARE FACILITIES

NFPA 99, Health Care Facilities, common questions answered, 96:6.28

HEALTH CARE FACILITIES FIRES. See also GROUP HOME FIRES; HOSPITAL FIRES; NURSING HOME FIRES

Clinic fires, California, 1995, 96:1.24

Fire safety prognosis for '90s, 92:3.89

New York, July 21, 1990, 91:6.78

Sprinklers prevent tragedy in two fires, 93:5.49

HEARING-IMPAIRED PERSONS

Fatal fire victim may not have heard smoke alarm, 93:2.22

HEART ATTACKS

Fire fighter fatalities related to, 98:4.57, 60

HEAT, CONDUCTIVE

Warehouse fire spread by, 91:1.31

HEAT DETECTORS. See DETECTORS, HEAT

HEATING-AND-COOKING EQUIPMENT. See also HVAC systems

Heating equipment, risks of, 96:6.128

HEATING-AND-COOKING EQUIPMENT FIRES

Broiler burners ignite grease, 97:4.22

Butane leaks from portable stove cylinder, ignites, 94:5.30

Catastrophic

Hydraulic oil ignited by natural gas burners, 92:1.29

Space heater ignites combustibles, 91:4.64

Wood stove as cause, 91:4.64, 68

Ceiling furnace malfunctions ignites wood ceiling, 93:6.83

Charcoal from grill ignites bag, 93:6.29

Charcoal grill, inside dwelling, ignites draperies, 94:4.32

Charcoal grill trash ignited by, 93:3.35

Charcoal grill unattended, ignites combustibles, 96:2.23

Commercial cooking operations, safety requirements, 97:1.33

Cooking food overheats, ignites, 93:1.27

Deep fat fryer fire ignites grease in hood and duct work, 94:3.28

Deep fat fryer overheats, ignites contents, 92:5.25

Electric heater cord, joined to extension cord, overheats, ignites living room contents, 94:5.96

Electric heater ignites bedding, 91:1.30

Electric heater ignites blanket, 94:5.98

Electric heater ignites clothing, 95:4.38

Electric heater ignites combustibles in catastrophic fire, 92:4.69

Electric heater ignites mattress, furniture, newspapers in catastrophic fire, 92:4.67

Electric heater overheats, ignites combustibles, 97:4.22

Electric heater possible cause of fatal fire, 92:6.28

Electric hot plate ignites pentane vapors in lab fire, 92:3.33

Electric hot plate ignites table in catastrophic fire, 92:4.68

Electric skillet, unattended, ignites trash, combustibles, 95:2.29

Electric space heater, and extension cord, create high-resistance arc, ignite combustibles, 98:5.46

Electric space heater ignites bedding/clothing in catastrophic fire, 95:5.53

Electric space heater ignites furniture, 97:5.51

Electric space heater ignites hydraulic oil, 95:6.102

Electric space heater ignites love seat in catastrophic fire, 95:5.58

Electric space heater ignites upholstered materials, 97:2.22

Electric stove, unattended, ignites secondary fire, 93:5.64

Electric wall heater ignites cardboard box, 94:1.32

Electrical wall heater ignites wallboard, 91:1.28

Food placed in oven overheats, ignites, 96:6.22

Frying pan ignites in catastrophic fire, 91:4.66

Furnace overheats due to improperly installed limit switch, 95:6.99

Gas burner, used as heat source, ignites cabinets, 97:1.25

Gas burner ignites grease, food deposits, 92:3.34

Gas ceiling heater ignites cardboard, 95:6.100

Gas fryer pilot light ignites leaking natural gas, 92:6.25

Gas furnace ignites floor, 91:1.27

Gas furnace ignites rubbish in fatal apartment fire, 91:4.25

Gas heater, installed incorrectly, ignites roof, 93:6.84

Gas heater ignites gasoline vapors, 97:2.23

Gas heater ignites heat transfer fluid (HTF), 91:6.76

Gas heater ignites natural gas from ruptured piping, 94:1.30

Gas heater ignites paper, 93:5.36

Gas heater ignites paper dust, 91:6.75

Gas heater radiant heat ignites boxes, 97:6.57

Gas oven heat ignites wood structural members, 97:6.50

Gas oven vent pipe leaks heat, ignites combustibles, 97:6.53

Gas oven/broiler malfunctions, ignites kitchen wall, 97:5.52

Gas space heater ignites gasoline vapors, 97:1.26

Gas stove, operating unattended, ignites cabinets, 95:5.56

Gas stove heat ignites grease in exhaust system, 97:6.22

Gas stove pilot ignites leaking leaking natural gas, 95:3.39

Gas stove pulled from wall fuels apartment fire, 91:3.26

Gas stove used for heating, catastrophic fire factor, 91:4.65

Gas wall heater malfunctions, ignites wood framing, 94:5.96

Gas water hater pilot light ignites gasoline vapors, 91:4.67

Gas water heater conductive heat ignites foam insulation, 98:2.18

Gas water heater ignites accumulated gas, 96:2.23

Gas water heater ignites gasoline vapors in fatal dwelling fire, 93:2.21

Gas water heater pilot ignites gasoline, catastrophic fire factor, 96:5.91

Gas water heater pilot light blown out, catastrophic fire factor, 93:5.68

Gas-fired boiler ruptures, severs gas line and ignites fire, 93:6.83

Gas-fired furnace heat ignites upholstered chair, 95:5.62

Gas-fired furnace ignites clothing, 95:5.54

Gas-fired heating unit ignites stored combustibles, 95:1.34

Grease in pan ignites, fire spreads to wood cabinets, 97:5.22

Grill ignites grease, food, 95:2.31

Grill ignites oil, grease in hood and duct, 96:5.25

Heat lamps ignite plastic trays, 96:3.36

Heat pump failed, 94:6.90

Heat trace cable ignites wood framing, 96:6.24

Heating season fire safety tips, 98:6.120

Hot plate probable cause of recreational facility fire, 93:6.88

Infrared heater ignites natural gas leak, 96:6.65

Kerosene heater, factor in catastrophic fire, 97:5.50

Kerosene heater fuel spills, ignites carpet, 98:6.23

Kerosene heater ignites combustibles, 95:1.34

Kerosene heater ignites wood paneling, 98:5.45

Kerosene heater possibly refueled with alcohol, fails, ignites fatal fire, 98:2.16

Kerosene heater tips over, ignites combustibles, catastrophic fire factor, 97:5.49

Kitchen fire statistics, fire safety information, 98:1.88

LP-Gas grill tank, improperly installed, leaks, ignites restaurant fire, 98:3.36

LP-Gas regulator malfunctions, causes heater explosion/fire, 97:5.49

LP-Gas stove flame ignites clothing of disabled, elderly person, 98:2.16

Microwave oven malfunctions, ignites fire, 96:3.36

Natural gas appliance pilot lights surge, ignite manufactured homes fire, 96:3.36

Natural gas heater, 94:6.64

Natural gas heater, under repair, leaks gas, 95:1.33

Natural gas water heater ignites stored combustibles, 95:5.60

Natural gas water heater pilot ignites lacquer thinner vapors, 94:5.104

Natural gas water heater possible catastrophic fire cause, 95:5.62

Oil furnace malfunctions, fire spreads through chimney, 97:6.57

Oil-fired furnace vent ignites structural members, 95:5.54

Oil-fired hot air heating unit, installed incorrectly, ignites wood structure, 94:1.29

Pot, unattended, melts, ignites wood cabinets, 95:5.53

Pot, unattended, melts, radiant heat ignites hood filter, wooden cabinets, 97:5.51

Pot, unattended, overheats, causes grease to ignite, 95:5.62

Pot, unattended, overheats, ignites catastrophic fire, 93:5.62

Pot, unattended, overheats, ignites catastrophic fires, 94:5.96, 98

Pot, unattended, overheats, ignites cooking oil, 96:6.22

Pot, unattended, overheats, ignites fatal fire, 95:5.34

Pot, unattended, overheats, ignites grease, 97:1.25

Pot, unattended, overheats, ignites oil, 98:5.15, 6.23

Pot, unattended, overheats, ignites oil, catastrophic fire, 98:5.49

Pot, unattended, overheats oil, 96:1.22

Pot, unattended, overheats oil which ignites in catastrophic fire, 95:5.58

Propane from grill tank released, contributes to fire spread, 96:4.22

Propane from grill tank released, ignited by spark, 94:3.28

Propane fuel in barbecue grill ignited by open flame, 91:5.26

Propane heater, portable, ignites paper, 95:6.35

Propane heater ignites explosion and fire, 91:3.27

Propane heaters ignite wood sprinkler enclosures, 95:1.32

Propane stove fuel contributes to fire spread, 94:5.96

Space heater ignites chair, possible fatal fire cause, 91:5.26

Space heater ignites combustible liquids in catastrophic fire, 92:4.71

Space heater ignites combustibles, 96:2.24, 96:6.21

Space heater ignites combustibles in catastrophic fire, 92:4.68

Space heater ignites furniture, 97:5.51

Space heater ignites gas in catastrophic fire, 91:4.66

Space heater ignites gasoline vapors, 97:1.26

Space heater ignites lantern fuel, 94:3.28

Space heater ignites structural components, 95:6.108

Space heater ignites upholstered materials, 97:2.22

Space heater used to ignite wood by child in fatal fire, 98:1.23

Stove burner ignites clothing, 94:2.29

Stove burners ignite book placed on stove, 94:5.27

Toaster oven cord ignites wood framing in catastrophic fire, 92:4.67

Toaster oven short circuits, ignites bread wrappings, paneling, 98:3.38

Wood stove, improperly installed, ignites wood paneling, 98:5.50

Wood stove, radiant heat from flue ignites stored wood, 92:5.25

Wood stove chimney, improperly installed, ignites paneling and supports, 94:5.27

Wood stove ignites structural framing, catastrophic fire factor, 97:5.49

Wood stove near fire origin point, 95:5.58

Wood stove near source of fire origin, 98:5.46

Wood stoves, catastrophic fires caused by, 91:4.64,

HEWITT, TERRY-DAWN

Profile of, 98:2.32

HIGH-RISE BUILDINGS

Active fire protection required for high-rises, 96:6.34

Fire protection systems for high-rises, 94:2.36

Fire safety design, 93:6.4

Life safety codes and standards for, 92:1.12

NFPA codes and standards address fire risk concerns, 97:6.84

NFPA codes and standards useful worldwide, 96:2.36

Simulated plane crash into high-rise tests emergency preparedness, 93:6.35

HIGH-RISE BUILDING FIRES

Apartment buildings

Florida, 1990, 91:3.25

Florida, 1993, 94:5.27

New York, 1993, 94:5.27

Virginia, 1992, 93:3.35

Catastrophic

Office building, Pennsylvania, Feb. 23, 1991, 92:4.71

Office building complex, New York, Feb. 26, 1993, 94:5.104, 94:6.90

Club/hotel, Indianapolis, Ind., Feb. 3, 1992, 92:6.31

Condominium, Illinois, 1990, 91:6.23

Department store/offices, Hawaii, July, 1993, 94:6.91

Dormitory, Arizona, 1990, 91:2.29

Fire protection needs revealed by recent fires, 92:5.56

Louisville, Ky., Fire Department training program, 94:2.55

Office buildings

California, March, 1991, 92:6.78

Iowa, 1992, 93:1.26

Los Angeles, Calif., Feb. 15, 1992, 92:5.56

Los Angeles, Calif., May 4, 1988, 92:5.56

Massachusetts, 1991, 92:5.28

New York, 1996, 97:6.22

Pennsylvania, Feb., 1991, 92:6.74

Philadelphia, Pa., Feb. 23, 1991, 91:5.64, 92:5.56

Utah, 1990, 91:2.30

U. S. high rise fires; systematic tracking system, 94:2.47

World Trade Center, N. Y., evacuation behavior, 95:2.59

HIGH-TECH INDUSTRIES

Fire protection for, 92:2.32

HISTORIC BUILDING FIRES. See also MANSION FIRES

California, 1996, 97:3.29

Massachusetts, 1994, 95:4.39

U. S. Treasury Building fire indicated life safety deficiencies, 96:6.52

West Virginia, 1996, 97:6.22

HOEBEL, JAMES F.

Profile of, 97:2.37

HOME FIRES. See DWELLING FIRES; RESIDENTIAL FIRES

HOMELESS. See also VAGRANTS

Catastrophic fires involving, 91:4.67

Catastrophic wharf fire victims, 98:5.53

Fatal truck fire, Massachusetts, 1996, 97:5.24

HOODS, KITCHEN VENTILATION

Blocks sprinklers from deep fat fryer fire, 92:5.25

Dry chemical extinguishing system operates, but fire above system, 97:6.53

Grill fire ignites grease prior to suppression system activation, 96:5.25

Sprinkler in hood extinguishes fire, 92:6.25

HOSPITAL FIRES

Catastrophic

New York, Sept. 1, 1993, 94:5.105

Virginia, Dec. 31, 1995, 95:5.64

Illinois, 1994, 95:1.31

Illinois, 1997, 98:1.24

Massachusetts, Jan. 24, 1993, 93:5.49

Massachusetts, 1995, 96:5.26

Massachusetts, Oct. 16, 1996, analysis, 97:3.88

Missouri, 1997, 98:5.17

Ohio, 1994, 95:2.31

Ontario, Canada, 1992, 93:2.20

Pennsylvania, 1991, 92:2.27

Tennessee, 1991, 92:5.25

HOT SEAT COLUMNS. See PROFILE COLUMNS

HOT TUBS

National Electrical Code prevents accidents, 92:4.22

HOTEL FIRES. See also RESORT FIRES

Alaska, March 20, 1996, 97:6.57

California, 1990, 91:6.24

California, 1993, 94:2.28

Catastrophic

Florida, April 6, 1990, 91:4.64

Illinois, March 16, 1993, 94:5.95

Minnesota, July 12, 1991, 92:4.67

Favorable hotel fire safety trends lead to change in reporting protocol, 96:4.55

Florida, 1993, 94:2.29

Florida, 1994, 95:2.29

Florida, 1997, 98:6.23

Illinois, March, 1992, 93:6.81

Indiana, 1992, 92:6.31

Maine, March, 1994, 95:6.108

MGM Grand Hotel fire, Nov. 21, 1980, 96:2.70

Michigan, 1991, 92:1.22

Michigan, 1994, 95:1.33

Michigan, 1997, 98:3.41

Mississippi, 1995, 96:5.24

Nevada, 1997, 98:5.16

New Jersey, 1993, 94:2.30

Ohio, 1996, 97:6.19

Texas, 1996, 97:4.19

Thailand, Royal Jomtien Hotel, July 11, 1997, fire investigation report, 98:2.34

HOUSEKEEPING, POOR

Kennel fire, factor in, 93:2.20

Printing plant fire, factor in, 93:4.27

HOUSING FOR ELDERLY FIRES

California, 1995, 96:5.24

Illinois, 1993, 94:1.31

Kansas, 1990, 91:3.25

Massachusetts, 1992, 93:6.28

Missouri, 1989, 91:1.30

HVAC SYSTEMS

Electric fault in wiring ignites framing, 97:5.23

Fire spread through, 94:5.104

High-rise club/hotel fire, factor in, 92:6.31

Interlocks, automatically triggered by smoke in catastrophic fire, 97:5.52

Roof-mounted, fire spread to, 94:6.35

Smoke, combustion products in high-rise office building fire distributed by, 92:5.56

Sprinklers blocked by, 94:2.30

Supermarket fire, factor in, 91:2.30

HYDROGEN FIRES

Electrical arc ignites hydrogen, 91:3.31, 95:6.102

Friction when line ruptures ignites hydrogen, 94:6.36

Hydrogen from chemical reaction ignites, 94:6.95

Hydrogen generated by release of sulfuric acid, ignites, 93:4.27

LP-Gas burner ignites hydrogen, 92:5.28

HYDROGEN FIRES AND EXPLOSIONS

Pipe connection failed, 91:5.30

Power plant fire ignites hydrogen, 94:6.92, 95:6.100


I

IDAHO

Catastrophic fires

Manufactured home, Sept. 27, 1997, 98:5.46

Motor vehicle, July 4, 1997, 98:5.55

Dwelling fire, 1995, 96:4.22

Wildland fire, 93:4.26

Wildland/urban interface fire, 1996, 97:4.21

ILLINOIS

Apartment building fire, 1994, 95:4.37

Bus fire, 1991, 92:4.26

Catastrophic fires

Aircraft, Oct. 30, 1996, 97:5.54

Aircraft, Nov. 19, 1996, 97:5.54

Apartment building, May 30, 1990, 91:4.65

Apartment building, March 14, 1991, 92:4.69

Apartment building, March 20, 1994, 95:5.53

Apartment building, Oct. 26, 1997, 98:5.46

Apartment building fire, Dec. 9, 1991, 92:4.67

Barge, July 3, 1997, 98:5.55

Dwelling, Jan. 11, 1990, 91:4.65

Dwelling, Jan. 1, 1991, 92:4.68

Dwelling, Dec. 6, 1992, 93:5.64

Dwelling, Aug. 14, 1994, 95:5.54

Dwelling, Jan. 14, 1995, 96:5.91

Dwelling, Aug. 12, 1995, 96:5.93

Gas distribution main fire/explosion, Jan. 17, 1992, 93:5.68

Hotel, March 16, 1993, 94:5.95

Train, Dec. 22, 1995, 96:5.101

Church fire, 1989, 91:1.30

Club fire, 1994, 95:3.39

Coal mine fire, Sept., 1991, 92:6.77

Coal preparation plant fire, Dec., 1993, 94:6.93

Condominium fire, 1990, 91:6.23

Condominium fire, Nov. 17, 1996, 97:6.58

Dwelling fire, 1994, 95:6.36

Dwelling under construction, 1990, 91:3.27

Electric generating plant fire, Nov., 1994, 95:6.100

Electric generating plant fire, Dec. 18, 1996, 97:6.58

Fatal fires

Apartment building, 1990, 91:4.25

Apartment building, 1993, 94:1.31

Dwelling, 1997, 98:3.38

Group home, 1994, 95:6.37

Hospital, 1994, 95:1.31

Hospital fire, 1997, 98:1.24

Hotel fire, Jan., 1992, 93:6.81

Manufacturing plant fire, 1997, 98:4.20

Manufacturing plant fire, Sept., 1992, 93:6.83

Manufacturing plant fire, May, 1993, 94:6.94

Manufacturing plant fires, 1994, 95:2.32, 95:3.38

Manufacturing plant fire, March, 1994, 95:6.108

Manufacturing plant fire, Sept., 1994, 95:6.107

Manufacturing plant fire, Oct., 1995, 96:6.65

Manufacturing plant fire, Feb. 7, 1996, 97:6.52

Manufacturing plant fire, May 1, 1996, 97:6.50

Mill fire, Aug., 1993, 94:6.94

Mixed-occupancy fire, 1992, 93:3.34

Nuclear energy plant fire, April, 1994, 95:6.102

Nursing home fire, 1997, 98:1.24

Recreational facility fire, March, 1992, 93:6.88

Restaurant fire, 1991, 92:5.30

Restaurant/country club fire, Oct. 18, 1996, 97:6.59

Store fires, 1989, 91:1.29

Store fires, 1992, 93:3.34

Store fire, 1993, 94:1.32

Store fire, Apr. 24, 1996, 97:6.54

Store fire, Oct. 29, 1996, 97:6.53

Warehouse fire, Jan., 1993, 94:6.96

Warehouse fire, Aug., 1993, 94:6.96

Warehouse fire, 1994, 95:3.38

Warehouse fire, Oct. 29, 1996, 97:6.56

IMPERIAL FOODS PROCESSING PLANT

Catastrophic, Sept. 3, 1991, 92:1.29

IN COMPLIANCE COLUMNS

Building site plan needs exit discharge from exit to public way, 98:5.22

Development of performance-based provisions for Life Safety Code, 98:2.24

Exit access, exterior exits, and exit discharge must be clear of obstructions, 98:6.28

Fire protection, water supply industries discuss sprinkler backflow prevention, 97:6.26

NFPA 101B, Means of Egress, new document scheduled for 1998 NFPA Fall Meeting, 98:1.28

Office, store renovations can lead to code-compliance problems, 97:4.26

Protecting mixed occupancies, 97:3.38

School exits require balancing fire safety and security needs, 98:3.46

Users' manuals needed to document building fire protection systems, 98:4.26

Uses of, and alternatives to, occupancy classifications, 97:5.28

INCENDIARY (SUSPICIOUS) FIRES. See also JUVENILE FIRESETTING

Apartment building, California, Nov., 1993, 94:6.89

Apartment building, Colorado, 1997, 98:4.20

Apartment building, New York, 1993, 94:5.27

Apartment building, Ohio, 1996, 97:4.20

Apartment building, Texas, Jan. 16, 1997, 98:6.90

Apartment complex fire, New Mexico, July, 1995, 96:6.74

Arsonists use pyrotechnic accelerants in Washington fires, 92:6.67

Automotive parts warehouse, North Carolina, Aug. 12, 1997, 98:6.88

Building under renovation, California, 1991, 92:5.26

Catastrophic

Apartment building, California, Sept. 7, 1991, 92:4.69

Apartment building, California, May 3, 1993, 94:5.95

Apartment building, Illinois, Dec. 6, 1992, 93:5.64

Apartment building, Illinois, March 20, 1994, 95:5.53

Apartment building, Illinois, Sept. 15, 1997, 98:5.46

Apartment building, Minnesota, Feb. 28, 1994, 95:5.58

Apartment building, New York, Aug. 4, 1990, 91:4.66

Apartment building, New York, March 13, 1991, 92:4.67

Apartment building, North Carolina, Sept. 5, 1993, 94:5.100

Apartment building, Oregon, June 28, 1996, 97:5.49

Apartment building, Rhode Island, Feb. 27, 1993, 94:5.96

Automobile, Kentucky, Sept. 27, 1996, 97:5.55

Board and care facility, California, Oct. 3, 1995, 96:5.97

Board and care facility, Texas, Aug. 13, 1990, 91:4.68

Board and care facility, Texas, April 11, 1993, 94:5.105

Club fire, New York, March 25, 1990, 91:4.67

Dwelling, Alabama, Aug. 27, 1990, 91:4.64

Dwelling, Alabama, July 20, 1997, 98:5.50

Dwelling, California, 1992, 93:5.64

Dwelling, California, May 29, 1995, 96:5.91

Dwelling, California, April 26, 1997, 98:5.45

Dwelling, Illinois, May 30, 1990, 91:4.65

Dwelling, Illinois, Jan. 14, 1995, 96:5.91

Dwelling, Indiana, June 30, 1994, 95:5.60

Dwelling, Maryland, July 7, 1992, 93:5.62

Dwelling, Michigan, Feb. 28, 1990, 91:4.64

Dwelling, Michigan, Oct. 3, 1992, 93:5.62

Dwelling, Michigan, Nov. 30, 1993, 94:5.102

Dwelling, New Jersey, Feb. 13, 1992, 93:5.62

Dwelling, New York, June 28, 1994, 95:5.60

Dwelling, Ohio, Jan. 26, 1992, 93:5.62

Dwelling, Oklahoma, Sept. 21, 1993, 94:5.100

Dwelling, Pennsylvania, March 3, 1990, 91:4.64

Dwelling, Pennsylvania, July 30, 1990, 91:4.66

Dwelling, Pennsylvania, Dec. 23, 1994, 95:5.58

Dwelling, Pennsylvania, Oct. 24, 1997, 98:5.50

Dwelling, Tennessee, March 31, 1992, 93:5.62

Dwelling, Texas, Feb. 2, 1995, 96:5.92

Dwelling, Washington, Dec. 17, 1992, 93:5.66

Dwelling, West Virginia, Nov. 21, 1997, 98:5.50

High-rise building complex, New York, Feb. 26, 1993, 94:5.104, 94:6.90

Hospital, Virginia, Dec. 31, 1994, 95:5.64

Hotel, Colorado, Jan. 27, 1997, 98:5.49

Manufacturing plant/warehouse, Washington, Jan. 5, 1995, 96:5.96

Multiple occupancy, New York, Jan. 16, 1990, 91:4.65

Office building, Oklahoma, Apr. 19, 1995, 96:1.50, 96:1.59, 96:5.94, 96:6.69

Store, New York, Dec. 8, 1995, 96:5.94

Store/apartment building, New York, Aug. 22, 1994, 95:5.66

Vacant store, California, Oct. 22, 1991, 92:4.71

Wildland/urban interface, California, Nov. 2, 1993, 94:5.108

Church, Massachusetts, 1992, 93:2.21

Church, Ohio, 1994, 95:3.39

Church, Pennsylvania, Feb., 1995, 96:6.73

Club, Florida, Jan., 1993, 94:6.91

Club/restaurant/office building, Oklahoma, Jan., 1994, 95:6.98

College building, Rhode Island, 1994, 95:3.37

Cotton warehouse, Missouri, Feb. 24, 1997, 98:6.88

Department store, North Carolina, 1997, 98:6.22

Department store, Texas, Sept., 1995, 96:6.72

Detention facility, California, 1992, 93:5.36

Detention facility, Delaware, 1990, 91:3.25

Detention facility, Florida, 1992, 93:3.33

Detention facility, North Carolina, 1996, 97:1.27

Detention facility, Pennsylvania, 1994, 95:5.33

Dormitory fire statistics, 97:3.152

Dumpster outside warehouse, Hawaii, 1989, 91:1.31

Dwelling, California, April, 1992, 93:6.79

Dwelling, Massachusetts, 1993, 94:6.34

Dwelling, New York, 1994, 95:4.37

Fire fighter fatalities related to, 95:4.87, 96:4.66, 70, 97:4.51

Fire fighter injuries related to, 97:6.74

Government building, Massachusetts, 1991, 92:6.26

Health clinics, California, 1995, 96:1.24

Hospital, Illinois, 1994, 95:1.31

Hospital, Ohio, 1994, 95:2.31

Hotel, Florida, 1994, 95:2.29

Hotel, Michigan, 1991, 92:1.22

Hotels, Michigan, 1997, 98:3.41

Hotel, Texas, 1996, 97:4.19

Industrial complex, Michigan, April, 1994, 95:6.108

Kennel, Massachusetts, 1992, 93:2.20

Library, California, Jan., 1992, 93:6.79

Library, Connecticut, 1996, 97:1.26

Manufactured home, Colorado, 1997, 98:1.23

Manufactured home, Florida, 1990, 91:5.28

Manufacturing plant, Arkansas, July, 1994, 95:6.104

Manufacturing plant, Arkansas, Dec., 1994, 95:6.106

Manufacturing plant, California, 1997, 98:2.20

Manufacturing plant, California, April, 1994, 95:6.107

Manufacturing plant, Georgia, March, 1994, 95:6.106

Manufacturing plant, Indiana, Oct., 1994, 95:6.104

Manufacturing plant, Indiana, Dec. 24, 1997, 98:6.84

Manufacturing plant, Iowa, March 23,1996, 97:6.52

Manufacturing plant, Maine, 1994, 95:5.34

Manufacturing plant, Massachusetts, Jan., 1992, 93:6.84

Manufacturing plant, Michigan, Aug., 1991, 92:6.78

Manufacturing plant, Michigan, Jan., 1993, 94:6.95

Manufacturing plant, Michigan, June, 1993, 94:6.93

Manufacturing plant, New Mexico, March, 1992, 93:6.85

Manufacturing plant, New York, Aug., 1995, 96:6.65

Manufacturing plant, North Carolina, May, 1992, 93:6.84

Manufacturing plant, North Carolina, 1994, 95:2.32

Manufacturing plant, North Carolina, Oct., 1994, 95:6.103

Manufacturing plant, Ohio, Oct., 1994, 95:6.104

Manufacturing plant, Pennsylvania, June, 1991, 92:6.80

Manufacturing plant, Utah, Feb. 1, 1997, 98:6.86

Medical center complex, New York, 1990, 91:6.7

Mill fire, Connecticut, 1995, 96:2.25

Motion picture studio/manufacturing complex, California, Nov. t, 1990, 91:6.74

Multiple-use occupancy, Massachusetts, 1991, 92:1.23

Multiple-use occupancies, Illinois, 1992, 93:3.34

Nursing home, Utah, 1991, 92:4.27

Office building, California, 1993, 94:5.30

Office building, California, 1995, 96:1.21

Office building, Denver, Colo., Sept. 28, 1992, 93:2.33

Office building, Washington, 1993, 94:2.29

Office building/warehouse, Texas, Oct., 1994, 95:6.99

Office/apartment building, New York, Aug., 1994, 95:6.100

Our Lady of the Angels school, Chicago, IL, 1958, 96:1.72

Restaurant, Illinois, 1991, 92:5.30

Restaurant, Massachusetts, 1996, 97:5.22

Restaurant, Virginia, 1996, 97:2.21

Retail warehouse store, Arizona, March 21, 1998, 98:4.49

Rooming house, Massachusetts, 1996, 97:1.26

School, Florida, 1993, 94:1.29

School, Indiana, Dec., 1994, 95:6.98

School, Minnesota, April, 1994, 95:6.98

School, Mississippi, 1990, 91:3.27

School, Nova Scotia, Canada, 1991, 92:5.30

School, Oregon, 1991, 92:2.25

School, Rhode Island, March, 1992, 93:6.79

Shopping mall, Nevada, 1992, 93:2.19

Shopping mall, New York, May, 1991, 92:6.77

Storage building, Massachusetts, 1996, 97:2.23

Storage facility, Massachusetts, 1993, 94:2.27

Storage facility, New Hampshire, Jan. 8, 1996, 97:6.56

Storage facility, Texas, June/July, 1995, 96:6.66

Store, California, 1992, 93:5.38

Store, California, 1996, 97:1.27

Store, Florida, 1993, 94:5.30

Store, Illinois, 1989, 91:1.29

Store, Massachusetts, 1989, 91:1.28

Store, Massachusetts, 1994, 95:4.39, 95:5.36

Store, Michigan, 1991, 92:6.25

Store, Mississippi, 1993, 94:1.32

Store, Ohio, Nov. 13, 1996, 97:6.54

Subway token booth, New York, 1995, 96:6.24

Tire fire, Ontario, Canada, 1990, 91:1.50

U. S. arson statistics: fire damage and firesetters, 95:2.112

U. S. arson statistics: types of fires and firesetters, 98:6.39

U. S. national reporting systems for fire investigations, 98:3.80

Warehouse, Colorado, Nov., 1992, 93:6.87

Warehouse, Georgia, May, 1992, 93:6.86

Warehouse, Illinois, 1994, 95:3.38

Warehouse, Indiana, July, 1993, 94:6.96

Warehouse, Louisiana, March 21, 1996, 97:6.54

Warehouse, Massachusetts, Nov., 1993, 94:6.97

Warehouse, Michigan, 1995, 96:3.39

Warehouse, Missouri, 1991, 92:6.26

Warehouse, Pennsylvania, Aug. 27, 1996, 97:6.56

Warehouse, Rhode Island, May, 1992, 93:6.86

Warehouse, Washington, Sept., 1992, 93:6.86

Warehouse/office building, California, 1991, 92:1.23

Wildland, California, Aug., 1992, 93:6.88

Wildland, California, Oct., 1993, 94:6.99

Wildland, California, Nov., 1993, 94:6.99

Wildland/urban interface, Calif., Aug., 1994, 95:6.111

Wildland/urban interface, California, June 27, 1990, 91:1.60, 61, 91:6.73, 75

Wildland/urban interface, California, Oct., 1991, 92:6.74

Wildland/urban interface, New York, Aug., 1995, 96:6.74

INCENSE

Fatal dwelling fire caused by, 98:4.19

INCINERATOR FIRES

Arkansas, 1994, 95:6.38

INDIANA

Catastrophic fires

Bulk storage elevator fire, Oct. 1, 1996, 97:5.52

Dwelling, June 30, 1994, 95:5.60

Dwelling, Aug. 9, 1994, 95:5.56

Dwelling, Dec. 4, 1995, 96:5.93

Electric generating plant, Oct. 5, 1992, 93:5.67

Manufacturing plant, June 22, 1995, 96:5.97

Restaurant/hotel, Feb. 6, 1992, 93:5.66

Truck, March 20, 1993, 94:5.106

Church fire, 1993, 94:4.31

Church fire, Sept., 1993, 94:6.89

College building fire, 1994, 95:5.35

Dwelling fire, 1993, 94:1.30

Fatal high-rise club/hotel fire, Feb. 5, 1992, 92:6.31

Manufacturing plant fires, June, 1994, 95:6.103

Manufacturing plant fire, July, 1994, 95:6.102

Manufacturing plant fire, Oct., 1994, 95:6.104

Manufacturing plant fire, Dec. 24, 1997, 98:6.84

Manufacturing plant fire, May, 1995, 96:6.65

Manufacturing plant fire, Aug., 1995, 96:6.65

Manufacturing plant fire, March 19, 1996, 97:6.50

Office building fire, July 16, 1996, 97:6.53

Restaurant fire, 1995, 96:5.25

School fire, Dec., 1994, 95:6.98

Warehouse fire, April, 1992, 93:6.87

Warehouse fire, July, 1993, 94:6.96

Warehouse fire, March 18, 1997, 98:6.88

Warehouse fire, Oct. 8, 1996, 97:6.57

INDIANAPOLIS, IND.

Fatal high-rise club/hotel fire, Feb. 5, 1992, 92:6.31

INDUSTRIAL MACHINERY FIRES

Air dryer motor malfunctions, ignites wiring, insulation, 97:1.28

Air-compressor ignites lubricating oil, 92:6.79

Bearing box overheats on conveyor belt, ignites chaff and dust, 93:6.83

Book binding machine overheats, ignites glue, 93:4.27

Conveyor failure causes sugar dust to ignite, 97:6.49

Drying machine overheats, ignites pet food, 94:3.29

Electroforming tank heater overheats, ignites tank contents, 97:4.22

Forging equipment heat ignites cardboard, 97:6.52

Form machine malfunctions, ignites acrylic sheet, 97:4.22

Gas compressor, 98:6.85

Grinding wheel sparks ignite wooden studs, 98:1.24

Hydrocracker unit pipe ruptures, causes explosion/fire, 98:6.84

Leaking oil ignited by furnace, 97:6.49

Packaging machine malfunctions, ignites combustible materials, 93:6.29

Paper ignited by jammed molding machine, sucked into waste disposal system, 97:5.24

Poloyol pump malfunctions, causes exothermic reaction, 98:3.41

Production equipment malfunctions, ignites combustibles, 95:6.107

Pulverizing unit explosion, followed by fire, 97:6.58

Sawdust in motor above veneer dryer ignites, 97:6.49

Waste-handling machine overheats, ignites fiber residue, 92:5.30

Waxing machine, fire started in combustibles near, 98:6.86

INDUSTRIAL OCCUPANCIES. See also MANUFACTURING PLANT FIRES

Causes of fires in, 94:4.40

NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, applied to, 94:4.16

NFPA 101, Life Safety Code, is key to fire safety, 94:4.36

INJURIES. See FIRE INJURIES

INSIDE THE BELTWAY COLUMNS

Congress considers natural disaster relief policy reform, 97:5.31

Congressional Fire Services Institute (CFSI) makes fire services/safety visible to Congress, 98:1.31

Dangers of regulatory reform, 97:3.41

Federal Communications Commission provides emergency radio frequencies, establishes 311 number, 97:4.29

Federal haz-mat regulations cover intrastate shipments of agricultural chemicals, 98:5.25

Federal program trains first responders for terrorist attacks, 98:6.31

Politics of fire safety regulations, 98:4.29

Technology Transfer Act helps, but not all federal regulatory references to standards updated, 97:6.29

U. S. Consumer Products Safety Commission addresses fire safety issues, 98:3.49

Volunteer Protection Act of 1997 protects volunteers from liability, 98:2.27

INSPECTIONS

Electrical inspections threatened by budget cutbacks, 96:6.80

INSTITUTIONAL OCCUPANCIES. See separately listed occupancies

INSULATION

Cellulose

Fire, ignited by, 98:6.86

Welding, ignited by, 95:2.32

Wiring, ignited by, 94:4.29

Excelsior, ignited by cutting torch filings, 97:2.23

Exposed, contributed to fire spread, 97:6.56, 57, 59

Fiber board, ignited by welding, 94:6.94

Fiberglass, factor in fire spread, 93:6.86

Foam

Conductive heat from water heater, ignited by, 98:2.18

Cutting torch, ignited by, 98:6.84

Factor in fire spread, 93:6.85, 86, 95:6.107, 97:5.52, 6.56, 59

Polyurethane, factor in fire spread, 95:6.107

Polyurethane, fueled fire, 91:6.75

Polyurethane, ignited by welding, 96:6.68

Polyurethane, in freezer, ignited by welding fire, 98:6.84

Styrofoam, ignited by welding, 94:6.93

Urethane, ignited by short-circuit, 94:3.27

Welding, ignited by, 94:6.93, 95:6.106, 96:6.68, 98:4.21

Foil-faced, carries ground to roof, ignites framing, 95:5.35

Oil-soaked, ignites, 94:6.92

Paper-backed, ignited by heat of fire, 97:6.19

Pipe, ignited by open-flame torch, 91:6.23

Plastic, ignited by electric box malfunction, 96:3.40

Rigid plastic, ignited in incendiary fire, 95:6.104

Vinyl-backed, factor in fire spread, 97:3.33

INSURANCE

Citizens should be liable for fire-causing actions, 95:4.38

INTERAGENCY RESPONSE

Tire fire, Canada, 91:1.60

INTERIOR FINISHES

Factors affecting fire hazards of, 92:4.33

Fuel catastrophic fires, 92:4.67, 69, 93:5.62, 64, 94:5.95, 96, 98, 102, 105

Fuels board and care facility fire, 93:1.29

Wall paneling fuels catastrophic fires, 95:5.60, 96:5.93

Wood paneling fuels club/hotel fire, 92:6.31

INTERNET

Fire protection information, access to, 96:6.44

INTOXICATION. See ALCOHOL (BEVERAGE)

IOWA

Catastrophic fires

Automobile, Nov. 23, 1994, 95:5.68

Dwelling, March 24, 1994, 95:5.54

Dwelling, Dec. 9, 1995, 96:5.93

Manufacturing plant, Dec. 13, 1994, 95:5.66

Restaurant, Oct. 17, 1994, 95:5.62

Dwelling fire, 1991, 92:4.26

Dwelling fire, 1992, 93:3.35

Fatal fires

Dwelling, 1991, 92:1.22

Foundry, 1989, 91:1.31

Tank explosion, April 9, 1998, fire investigation report, 98:6.42

High-rise office building fire, 1992, 93:1.26

Manufacturing plant fire, Feb., 1995, 96:6.63

Manufacturing plant fire, 1996, 97:1.28

Manufacturing plant fire, March 23, 1996, 97:6.52

Manufacturing plant fire, March 30, 1996, 97:6.49

Warehouse fire, 1997, 98:1.25

Warehouse fire, Feb., 1995, 96:6.68

Warehouse fire, April 22, 1997, 98:6.87

Warehouse fire, April, 1995, 96:6.66

IROQUOIS THEATRE FIRE, CHICAGO, ILL.

E. Foy's first person account, 95:4.75

IRVING, TEXAS

Stadium fire, October 13, 1993, 94:4.49

ISMAN, WARREN

Legacy to hazardous materials instruction, 92:2.22


J

JAPAN

Earthquake and subsequent fire, July 12, 1993, 94:3.89

Fire service technology used by, 91:5.51

Tokyo fire service pioneers robot use, 92:2.67

JAVERI, SULTAN M.

Profile of, 97:3.48

JUST ASK COLUMNS

Airport gate area requirements, questions answered, 98:4.24

Alarm system installation questions answered, 97:4.25

Carbon monoxide questions answered, 98:5.20

Extinguisher questions answered, 97:2.29

Fireworks questions answered, 98:3.44

National Electrical Code questions answered, 97:6.25

NFPA 1, Fire Prevention Code, questions answered, 98:2.22

Private fire service main installation, 97:3.37

Safe commercial cooking operations, 97:1.33

Smoke detector questions answered, 98:6.26

Sprinkler system installation, 97:5.27

Sprinkler system requirements to be consolidated in NFPA 13, 98:1.26

JUVENILE FIRESETTING

Catastrophic apartment building fire cause, 92:4.67

Church fire cause, 1994, 95:3.39

Club/restaurant/office building fire cause, 95:6.98

Condominium fire cause, 91:6.24

Detention facility fire cause, 91:3.25, 95:5.33

Dwelling fire cause, 95:4.37

Fatal manufactured home fire cause, 91:3.25

Major cause of U. S. arson fires, 95:2.112

Manufacturing plant fire cause, 97:6.52

Mill complex fire cause, 94:6.98

NFPA Champion Award Program discourages firesetting, 97:2.34

Phoenix, Ariz., program, 91:1.22

School fire cause, 92:5.30

School fire caused by fireworks prank, 92:4.27

Social services needed by troubled children, 95:3.23

Storage building fire cause, 97:2.23

Store fire cause, 93:2.19, 94:1.32, 96:6.72, 97:1.27

Store/apartment building fire cause, 95:5.66


K

KADER INDUSTRIAL CO. (THAILAND) FIRE

Investigative report, 94:1.42

KANSAS

Aircraft hangar fire, July, 1993, 94:6.96

Catastrophic fires

Aircraft, Apr. 19, 1995, 96:5.100

Electric power generating plant, Nov. 24, 1997, 98:5.54

Truck, Dec. 22, 1997, 98:5.56

College building fire, June, 1991, 92:6.78

Fatal fires

Housing for elderly, 1990, 91:3.25

Limited-care facility, 1997, 98:4.21

Manufacturing plant, 1989, 91:5.30

Vehicle, 1994, 95:2.31

Manufactured homes fire, 1995, 96:3.36

Railroad rolling stock fire, July 2, 1997, 98:6.91

Warehouse fire, 1994, 95:4.39

Wildland fire, Feb. 21, 1996, 97:6.59

KANSAS CITY, MISSOURI

SubTropolis underground storage/manufacturing facility, requires unique fire protection measures, 98:6.68

KEIGHER, DONALD J.

Profile of, 95:5.27

KENNEL FIRES

Massachusetts, 1992, 93:2.20

KENTUCKY

Beverly Hills Supper Club fire, May 28, 1977, 96:2.63

Boat fire, 1997, 98:3.42

Catastrophic fires

Automobile, Aug. 6, 1996, 97:5.54

Automobile, Sept. 27, 1996, 97:5.55

Coal mine, July 31, 1990, 91:4.69

Dwelling, Nov. 9, 1996, 97:5.51

Manufactured home, Sept. 30, 1994, 95:5.60

Storage tank, July 2, 1993, 94:5.104

College building fire, 1994, 95:5.35

Fatal fires

Dwelling, 1990, 91:5.26

Dwelling, 1997, 98:4.19

Manufactured home, 1993, 94:4.32, 94:5.27

Manufacturing plant fire, Feb., 1994, 95:6.106

Storage facilities fire, Nov. 7, 1996, 97:6.57

KILN FIRES

Natural gas pipeline to kiln fails, gas ignited by pilot flame, 97:6.52

Paper ignited by kiln in school fire, 97:3.34

KUNG, HSIANG-CHENG

Profile of, 95:4.31


L

LABAUVE, LAMAR

Profile of, 96:1.37

LABORATORY FIRES

California, 1990, 91:5.30

Michigan, 1991, 92:3.33

New York, 1995, 96:3.40

Ontario, Canada, 1992, 93:6.27

Pennsylvania, 1991, 92:4.25

Texas, 1991, 92:5.28

Texas, 1996, 97:5.23

LANTERNS

Propane lantern, without glass, ignites combustibles, 95:5.36

LARGE VOLUME SPACES

Fire spread factor, 95:6.98

LARGE-LOSS FIRES, U. S.

1990, study of, 91:6.28

1991, study of, 92:6.40

1992, study of, 93:6.73

1993, study of, 94:6.84

1994, study of, 95:6.94

1995, study of, 96:6.58

1996, study of, 97:6.44

1997, study of, 98:6.80

History of study, 95:5.87

LARGE-LOSS-OF-LIFE FIRES

China (toy manufacturing plant), Nov. 19, 1993, 94:1.48

General Slocum excursion steamer, N. Y., N. Y., 1904, 95:4.80

Iroquois Theatre fire, Chicago, Ill., 1903, 95:4.75

New York (club), March 25, 1990, 91:4.67

North Carolina (food plant), Sept. 3, 1991, 92:1.29

Ohio State Penitentiary, April 21, 1930, 95:5.84

S. S. Noronic cruise ship, Toronto, Canada, Sept. 17, 1949, 97:1.58

Texas (manufacturing plant), July 5, 1990, 91:4.67

Thailand (toy manufacturing plant), May 10, 1993, 94:1.42

LAS VEGAS, NEVADA

MGM Grand Hotel fire, Nov. 21, 1980, 96:2.70

Stratosphere Tower design uses performance and prescriptive codes, 97:3.72

LEADERSHIP COLUMNS

Advice to aid transition of new fire chief, 97:5.32

Customer service as fire service priority, 98:1.32

Empowerment of fire service employees requires clear communications, 98:3.50

Fire fighters work with youth through Big Brothers/Big Sisters program, 98:2.28

Fire service participation in technical research can aid fire safety, 97:4.30

Future leaders should take responsibility for reaching their goals, 97:6.30

Leadership means taking a stand even on controversial issues, 98:5.26

Risk Watch as safety education tool in effort to mitigate nonfire incidents, 98:6.32

Spanish-language versions of Learn Not to Burn Curriculum for Hispanic/Latino populations, 98:4.30

Without regulatory authority, alternative methods can influence fire safety, 97:2.33

Working relationships between fire chiefs and city managers, 97:1.37

Worldwide, fire service leaders can learn from each other, 97:3.42

LEAVENWORTH, WASH.

Wildland fire, 1994, 95:2.48

LIBRARY FIRES

California, Jan., 1992, 93:6.79

Connecticut, 1996, 97:1.26

LIFE SAFETY CODE

1991 edition, changes in, 91:3.33

1991 edition, contents and furnishing regulations, 91:4.20

1991 edition, overview, 91:5.61

Airport security measures jeopardize life safety, 96:6.85

Americans with Disabilities Act spurs code changes, 42, 93:3.18, 94:2.34

Application to industrial occupancies, 94:4.16

Board and care facility protection requirements questioned, 97:5.68

Building security provisions, 92:5.22

Building site plan needs exit discharge from exit to public way, 98:5.22

Development of performance-based provisions by NFPA, 98:2.24

Evaluating equivalencies and exceptions, 95:1.16

Existing regulations, use of code with, 96:3.97

High-rise buildings, standards for, 92:1.12

History of, 92:3.42, 95:5.82

Industrial fire safety depends on code compliance, 94:4.36

New code has user-friendly language, conforms with Americans with Disabilities Act, 94:2.34

NFPA 101B, Means of Egress, new document scheduled for 1998 NFPA Fall Meeting, 98:1.28

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) egress standards compared, 93:5.45

Overview of, 92:3.42

U. S. Treasury Building fire indicated life safety deficiencies, 96:6.52

LIFE SAFETY SYSTEMS

Microprocessor-controlled system installed at Winterthur Museum, 92:5.63

LIGHTNING

Church fire cause, 94:6.89, 95:6.98

Dwelling fire cause, 96:4.21

Educational facility fire cause, 92:6.78

Historic mansion fire cause, 94:4.31

Warehouse fire cause, 98:6.88

Wildland fire cause, 91:1.60, 61, 62, 91:4.70, 91:6.78, 93:3.36, 95:5.67

Wildland/urban interface fire cause, 95:6.111

LIMITED CARE FACILITY FIRES

Catastrophic, Ohio, Dec. 5, 1990, 91:4.69

Kansas, 1997, 98:4.21

LINGENFELTER, GERALD

Profile of, 96:2.39

LINT

Carpet manufacturing plant fire, factor in, 97:3.33

Hosiery manufacturing plant fire, factor in, 97:3.33

Textile manufacturing plant fire, factor in, 95:6.107

LION, DOUGLAS R.

Profile of, 93:2.16

LIQUEFIED NATURAL GAS

Vehicles fueled by, handling incidents involving, 94:4.84

LOCK BOXES

Value in commercial building fires, 91:1.29

LODGING HOUSE FIRES. See ROOMING HOUSE FIRES

LONG, MARIAN H.

Profile of, 96:6.39

LOPES, ROCKY

Profile of, 95:1.22

LOS ANGELES, CALIF.

Disaster response plan of fire department, 91:6.60

Fatal high-rise office building fire, May 4, 1988, 92:5.56

High-rise office building fire, Feb. 15, 1992, 92:5.56

New state-of-the art fire department dispatch center, 94:2.66

Urban search and rescue program meets diverse demands, 95:6.55

LOUISIANA

Catastrophic fires

Apartment building, Aug. 10, 1994, 95:5.60

Boat, Oct. 30, 1990, 91:4.70

Drilling platform, Feb. 15, 1991, 92:4.71

Dwelling, Nov. 16, 1991, 92:4.68

Dwelling, Oct. 9, 1997, 98:5.50

Manufactured home, April 10, 199, 91:4.65

Manufacturing plant, May 1, 1991, 92:4.70

Oil and natural gas drilling well, June 16, 1997, 98:5.53, 6.91

Refinery, March 3, 1991, 92:4.70, 92:6.77

Refinery, Aug. 2, 1993, 94:5.105, 94:6.93

Storage tank, March 11, 1990, 91:4.68

Storage tank, Aug. 17, 1990, 91:4.68

Fatal apartment fire, 1997, 98:2.16

Manufacturing plant fire, April 15, 1997, 98:6.84

Manufacturing plant fire, July, 1992, 93:6.83

Manufacturing plant fire, May, 1991, 92:6.75

Race track fire, Dec., 1993, 94:6.89

Sawmill fire, 1993, 94:5.29

Warehouse fire, March 21, 1996, 97:6.54

Wharf/warehouse fire, Aug. 24, 1990, 91:6.73

LOUISVILLE, KY.

Fire department and elderly agencies focus on seniors' fire safety, 94:3.13

Fire department training program for high-rise fires, 94:2.55

LP-GAS FIRES. See also PROPANE

Bulk storage facility, Texas, 95:1.31

Burner ignites leaking hydrogen, 92:5.28

Gas directed into house, ignited in incendiary fire, 93:6.79

Grill tank, improperly installed, leaks, ignites restaurant fire, 98:3.36

Parts failure ignites gas at exterior wall at food processing plant, 98:6.86

Pilot light ignites gas from broken valve on LPG-powered cleaner, 97:6.57

Roofing torch, possible fire cause, 96:6.73

Stove flame ignites clothing of disable, elderly person, 98:2.16

Stove ignites gasoline residue on clothing, 94:5.97

Stove pilot light ignites aerosol insecticide, 93:4.25

Tank car derailment, Weyauwega, Wisc., March 4, 1996, 96:3.89

LP-GAS FIRES AND EXPLOSIONS

BLEVE, Farm, Iowa, April 9, 1998, fire investigation report, 98:6.42

Bulk storage facility, Texas, April 7, 1992, 93:5.67, 93:6.87

Camping trailer, Alabama, Dec. 6, 1997, 98:5.56

Distribution facility, Ohio, 1996, 97:4.20

Forklift gas cylinder BLEVEs, 96:6.63

Manufactured home, Oklahoma, Apr. 20, 1996, 97:5.49

Store, Georgia, Oct. 26, 1997, 98:6.89

Tank truck, Mississippi, Jan. 20, 1992, 93:5.68

LUCHT, DAVID A.

Profile of, 93:5.22


M

MADISON, WIS.

Cold storage warehouse fire, May 3, 1991, 91:6.37

MAINE

Apartment building fire, 1995, 96:5.24

Fatal fires

Manufactured home, 1993, 94:1.31

Manufactured home, 1995, 96:6.22

Manufacturing plant fire, 1994, 95:5.34

Manufacturing plant fire, 1997, 98:1.24

Motel fire, March, 1994, 95:6.108

Recreational facility fire, 1992, 93:1.26

MANAGEMENT MATTERS COLUMNS

Ethnic diversity and cooperation valued in fire service, 96:6.33

Evaluating fire service from community perspective, 96:3.49

Fire service must be prepared for terrorist attacks, 96:2.35

Leadership requires future goals based on principles, 96:1.33

Metropolitan fire chiefs and the NFPA, 96:4.33

Urban fire service need greater community service role, 96:5.35

MANN GULCH FIRE, MONT.

Wildland fire, 1949, 95:2.42

MANSION FIRES

Pennsylvania, 1993, 94:4.31

Utah, Dec., 1993, 94:6.90

MANUFACTURED HOME FIRES

Alabama, 1992, 93:4.25

Catastrophic

Arizona, March 26, 1995, 96:5.92

Arkansas, Dec. 28, 1997, 98:5.50

California, Dec. 30, 1997, 98:5.50

Georgia, April 11, 1994, 95:5.56

Georgia, Feb. 4, 1995, 96:5.92

Georgia, Dec. 14, 1996, 97:5.49

Idaho, Sept. 27, 1997, 98:5.46

Indiana, Oct. 1, 1996, 97:5.52

Iowa, Dec. 9, 1995, 96:5.93

Louisiana, April 10, 1990, 91:4.65

Michigan Feb. 6, 1990, 91:4.64

Ohio, Nov. 17, 1996, 97:5.51

Oklahoma, 1996, 97:5.49

South Carolina, Jan. 19, 1997, 98:5.45

Tennessee, March 4, 1994, 95:5.56

Washington, Aug. 8, 1990, 91:4.65

Colorado, 1997, 98:1.23

Florida, 1990, 91:4.26, 91:5.28

Florida, 1997, 98:4.20

Kansas, 1995, 96:3.36

Kentucky, 1993, 94:4.32, 94:5.27

Maine, 1993, 94:1.31

Maine, 1995, 96:6.22

Massachusetts, 1990, 91:2.29

Michigan, 1992, 93:6.28

New Jersey, 1997, 98:2.16

North Carolina, 1997, 98:2.16

North Dakota, 1995, 96:2.23

Ohio, 1997, 98:3.38

Overview of fire experience, 92:3.62, 96:2.55

South Carolina, Sept. 6, 1996, 97:5.51

Washington, 1996, 97:3.30

MANUFACTURING PLANTS

Underground SubTropolis facility, Kansas City, Missouri, requires unique fire protection measures, 98:6.68

MANUFACTURING PLANT EXPLOSIONS

Paper, Florida, April 13, 1994, 95:5.66, 95:6.106

Steel, Ohio, April 20, 1994, 95:5.64

MANUFACTURING PLANT FIRES. See also REFINERIES, OIL, FIRES

Adhesive, Ohio, 1993, 94:5.29

Agricultural products, Minnesota, August, 1992, 93:6.83

Aircraft, California, 1993, 94:4.31

Aircraft landing gear, California, Jan., 1992, 93:6.84

Alcohol distillery, Kentucky, Nov. 7, 1996, 97:6.57

Aluminum, Illinois, Aug., 1993, 94:6.94

Aluminum, Indiana, July, 1994, 95:6.102

Aluminum, Massachusetts, 1994, 95:1.33

Ammonium nitrate mixing, Minnesota, Nov. 17, 1993, 94:5.105

Apparel, Michigan, Aug., 1991, 92:6.78

Automobile parts, Michigan, 1992, 93:5.38

Automotive parts, Michigan, Aug. 6, 1997, 98:6.85

Bathtubs, Virginia, 1996, 97:4.22

Batteries, California, 1990, 91:3.31

Black powder, Pennsylvania, May 15, 1991, 92:4.71

Boats, Florida, 1992, 93:5.37

Boats, Florida, Sept. 5, 1996, 97:1.28, 6.50

Boats, Massachusetts, 1993, 94:1.29

Bottles, New Jersey, 1990, 91:6.25

Bottles, New York, 1992, 93:6.27

Bowling balls, Utah, 1990, 91:5.28

Brass rolling, Illinois, March, 1994, 95:6.108

Buses, Arkansas, July, 1994, 95:6.104

Cardboard, North Carolina, 1994, 95:3.40

Cardboard boxes, Massachusetts, June 6, 1997, 98:6.86

Cardboard boxes, Oregon, Feb. 19, 1990, 91:6.75

Carpets, Georgia, Jan., 1995, 96:6.62

Carpets, Georgia, 1996, 97:3.33

Causes, 94:4.40

Chemical fertilizer, Iowa, Dec. 13, 1994, 95:5.66

Chemicals, California, 1992, 93:4.27

Chemicals, Louisiana, May, 1991, 92:6.75

Chemicals, Louisiana, April 15, 1997, 98:6.84

Chemicals, Louisiana, May 1, 1991, 92:4.70

Chemicals, Louisiana, July, 1992, 93:6.83

Chemicals, North Carolina, 1995, 96:3.39

Chemicals, Ohio, 1990, 91:3.31

Chemicals, Ohio, May 27, 1994, 95:5.66

Chemicals, South Carolina, June, 1991, 92:6.80

Chemicals, South Carolina, June 17, 1991, 92:4.70

Chemicals, Texas, July 5, 1990, 91:4.67, 91:6.78

Chemicals, Texas, March, 1991, 92:6.75

Chemicals, Texas, Jan., 1992, 93:6.83

Chemicals, Texas, July, 1995, 96:6.64

Chemicals, Texas, Aug., 1995, 96:6.64

Chemicals and plastics, Minnesota, Feb. 6, 1997, 98:6.85

Chemicals and plastics, Utah, Feb. 1, 1997, 98:6.86

Christmas ornaments, North Carolina, Oct., 1994, 95:6.103

Circuit boards, California, 1993, 94:6.36

Clothing, North Carolina, May, 1992, 93:6.84

Coal preparation, Illinois, Dec., 1993, 94:6.93

Composting, Georgia, Aug. 23, 1996, 97:6.50

Composting, Georgia, Dec. 24, 1996, 97:6.52

Connecticut, 1996, 97:4.22

Connecticut, 1997, 98:3.42

Dairy, South Carolina, 1991, 92:3.32

Dry cleaning/mixed, Michigan, April, 1994, 95:6.108

Electrical appliance, electronic equipment, Maryland, March 28, 1990, 91:6.77

Electronic appliances, New Hampshire, Aug. 22, 1996, 97:6.52

Electronics, Massachusetts, 1994, 95:3.40

Electronics repair, Texas, Oct., 1994, 95:6.108

Fiberboard, New York, 1995, 96:5.23

Fiberboard/hardboard, Oregon, Nov. 18, 1996, 97:6.50

Firearms, New Hampshire, March 27, 1997, 98:6.86

Fireworks, Mississippi, 1990, 91:4.30

Fireworks, Wisconsin, May 16, 1991, 92:4.71

Foam, California, 1997, 98:3.41, 6.21

Foam carpet padding, New Jersey, 1990, 91:5.30

Foam rubber, California, 1995, 96:6.23

Food processing, Alaska, April 25, 1997, 98:6.92

Food processing, Alaska, April 3, 1997, 98:6.84

Food processing, Arizona, Nov. 12, 1992, 93:4.33

Food processing, Arkansas, May, 1995, 96:6.64

Food processing, California, April, 1994, 95:6.107

Food processing, California, 1997, 98:6.22

Food processing, Illinois, Sept., 1992, 93:6.83

Food processing, Illinois, Oct., 1995, 96:6.65

Food processing, Indiana, June, 1994, 95:6.103

Food processing, Indiana, Dec. 24, 1997, 98:6.84

Food processing, Michigan, March 1, 1996, 97:6.50

Food processing, Minnesota, May 4, 1997, 98:6.86

Food processing, Missouri, Oct., 1994, 95:6.104

Food processing, New Jersey, 1992, 93:2.20

Food processing, North Carolina, Sept. 3, 1991, 92:1.29, 92:4.70

Food processing, Ohio, Nov. 1, 1996, 97:6.49

Food processing, Oregon, July, 1995, 96:6.64

Food processing, Pennsylvania, June, 1991, 92:6.80

Food processing, Tennessee, Sep. 18, 1997, 98:6.85

Food processing, Virginia, Sept. 1, 1996, 97:6.50

Food processing, Washington, Jan. 5, 1995, 96:5.96

Foundry, Iowa, 1989, 91:1.31

Furniture, California, 1990, 91:6.25

Furniture, Georgia, March, 1994, 95:6.106

Furniture, Illinois, Feb. 7, 1996, 97:6.52

Furniture, Indiana, Oct., 1994, 95:6.104

Furniture, New York, 1995, 96:5.26

Furniture, New York, Aug., 1995, 96:6.65

Furniture, North Carolina, Oct., 1994, 95:6.103

Furniture, North Carolina, 1995, 96:4.24

Furniture, Pennsylvania, 1992, 93:1.28

Furniture, Texas, Apr. 23, 1996, 97:6.49

Furniture, Utah, 1990, 91:2.31

Furniture, Virginia, Feb., 1993, 94:6.93

Furniture refinishing, Pennsylvania, Dec. 20, 1991, 92:3.73, 92:4.71

High-energy fuel, Wyoming, 1993, 94:3.30

Hosiery, North Carolina, 1996, 97:3.33

Ice cream, Arkansas, 1990, 91:5.28

Incinerators, Pennsylvania, 1990, 91:5.28

Ink, Texas, 1992, 93:1.28

Ink and dyes, Ohio, July 10, 1990, 91:6.74

Iron foundry, Illinois, May 1, 1996, 97:6.50

Jewelry, California, Jan. 12, 1990, 91:6.75

Knitting mill, Pennsylvania, Sept. 5, 1997, 98:6.84

Laundry and dry-cleaning, New Mexico, March, 1992, 93:6.85

Machine shop, California, 1990, 91:6.25

Machines, Minnesota, Dec., 1992, 93:6.83

Magnesium smelting operation, New Jersey, 1992, 93:3.34

Magnets, Pennsylvania, Dec., 1993, 94:6.95

Maintenance shop, California, 1993, 94:4.31

Meat packing, Texas, June, 1991, 92:6.79

Meat processing, California, March, 1994, 95:6.106

Meat processing, Iowa, March 30, 1996, 97:6.49

Meat processing, Kentucky, Feb., 1994, 95:6.106

Medical supplies, Oklahoma, 1992, 93:5.37

Metal, Maryland, Dec., 1992, 93:6.85

Metal building components, Texas, Jan. 31, 1997, 98:6.86

Metal extrusion, South Carolina, Jan., 1993, 94:6.95

Metal fabrication, California, 1997, 98:2.20

Metal foundry, Indiana, June 22, 1995, 96:5.97

Metal preparation, South Dakota, Dec. 15, 1990, 91:6.75

Metal processing, Newton, Massachusetts, Oct. 25, 1993, 94:6.63

Metal products, Indiana, May, 1995, 96:6.65

Metal products, Iowa, March 23, 1996, 97:6.52

Metal products, Ohio, Sept. 13, 1996, 97:6.52

Metal products machining, California, Aug. 26, 1997, 98:6.84

Metal storage lockers, Michigan, Jan., 1993, 94:6.95

Methanol production, Texas, Oct., 1994, 95:6.102

Mixed industry, Virginia, April, 1995, 96:6.63

Mixed light industry, Massachusetts, Jan., 1992, 93:6.84

Motion picture studio/manufacturing plant, California, Nov. 6, 1990, 91:6.74

Natural gas and gasoline, California, 1992, 93:6.29

Nylon, Virginia, Nov., 1992, 93:6.82

Paint, California, 1991, 92:4.28

Paper, New York, Nov., 1995, 96:6.62

Paper, Ohio, 1996, 97:5.24

Paper and liner board, Florida, Nov., 1993, 94:6.94

Paper and pulp products, Iowa, Feb., 1995, 96:6.63

Paper containers, corrugated, Texas, 1995, 96:6.23

Pennsylvania, July 4, 1997, 98:6.86

Pens, Illinois, Sept., 1994, 95:6.107

Pet food, Utah, 1993, 94:3.29

Petroleum products, Texas, 1996, 97:2.24

Pharmaceutical, New Jersey, Apr. 21, 1995, 96:5.94

Pharmaceutical packaging, Illinois, 1997, 98:4.20

Plastic auto bumpers, Michigan, June, 1993, 94:6.93

Plastic auto parts, Ohio, Oct., 1994, 95:6.103

Plastic shower doors, Washington, Jan., 1993, 94:6.95

Plastics, Iowa, 1996, 97:1.28

Plastics, Massachusetts, Feb., 1994, 95:6.107

Plastics, North Carolina, 1994, 95:2.32

Plastics recycling, New York, July 29, 1997, 98:6.87

Plastics recycling and shredding, 1995, 96:5.23

Plywood, South Carolina, Jan. 1992, 93:6.83

Plywood, Washington, Sept. 1, 1996, 97:6.49

Polyurethane foam, Arkansas, Aug., 1994, 95:6.107

Polyurethane foam, North Carolina, 1989, 91:3.29

Pottery, china, earthenware, Ohio, Oct., 1994, 95:6.104

Pottery, Ohio, June 16, 1996, 97:6.52

Poultry processing, Arkansas, Dec., 1993, 94:6.94

Poultry processing, Arkansas, 1994, 95:6.106

Poultry processing, Missouri, June, 1993, 94:6.93

Poultry processing, Pennsylvania, Feb., 1993, 94:6.95

Poultry processing, Texas, July, 1993, 94:6.94

Printing, Arkansas, 1992, 93:4.27

Printing, May, 1993, 94:6.94

Printing, Ohio, June, 1992, 93:6.84

Printing, Ohio, March, 1995, 96:6.63

Printing, Oregon, July, 1992, 93:6.84

Printing, Wisconsin, 1994, 95:2.30

Protective materials, Maine, 1994, 95:5.34

Pyrotechnics, Tennessee, June 5, 1997, 98:5.53

Railroad cars, Illinois, 1994, 95:3.38

Rock processing, Wisconsin, 1993, 94:6.36

Rubber, California, 1994, 95:4.40

Rubber products, Georgia, Aug. 24, 1996, 97:6.52

Sawmill, Wyoming, 1991, 92:1.26

Shingles, British Columbia, 92:2.26

Shoe manufacturing, New York, Dec., 1993, 94:6.98

Soap, Kansas, 1989, 91:5.30

Solvent distillation, Ontario, Canada, 1992, 93:6.27

South Carolina, Nov. 4, 1997, 98:6.87

Sports equipment, Texas, Aug. 28, 1997, 98:6.87

Steel, Ohio, 1994, 95:6.37

Steel, Ohio, Jan., 1995, 96:6.65

Steel, Oregon, 1993, 94:3.29

Steel, West Virginia, April, 1994, 95:6.102

Steel processing, Ohio, Aug. 14, 1997, 98:6.84

Sugar refinery, Nebraska, July 20, 1996, 97:6.49

Tannery, Maine, 1997, 98:1.24

Texas, June 29, 1997, 98:6.85

Textiles, Alabama, Feb., 1994, 95:6.107

Textiles, Massachusetts, Dec., 1995, 96:6.62

Textiles, North Carolina, 1992, 93:5.37

Toys, California, Nov. 15, 1997, 98:5.53

Toys, China, Nov. 19, 1993, 94:1.48

Toys, Thailand, May 10, 1993, 94:1.42

Triangle Shirtwaist Co. fire stirred outrage, reform, 93:3.72

Vehicle conversion, Indiana, Aug., 1995, 96:6.65

Vessel filters, Texas, 1990, 91:6.24

Winery, California, 1997, 98:4.21

Wire, Illinois, 1994, 95:2.32

Wood products, Indiana, March 19, 1996, 97:6.50

Wood products, Minnesota, Dec. 2, 1997, 98:6.87

Yarn dyeing, Georgia, 1994, 95:2.32

MARINAS

Electrical safety requirements, 95:5.40

MARINA FIRES

Connecticut, 1990, 91:6.26

Washington, 1990, 92:1.26

MARYLAND

Catastrophic fires

Dwelling, March 1, 1990, 91:4.67

Dwelling, July 7, 1992, 93:5.62

Dwelling, Apr. 23, 1993, 94:5.98

Dwelling, Jan. 9, 1994, 95:5.54

Dwelling, Feb. 26, 1994, 95:5.53

Dwelling, Jan. 30, 1996, 97:5.50

Dwelling, March 3, 1997, 98:5.45

Railroad train, Feb. 16, 1996, 97:5.54, 6.59

School, Oct. 24, 1993, 94:5.105

Truck, Jan. 16, 1993, 94:5.108

Club fire, Aug., 1993, 94:6.89

Fatal fires

Apartment, 1989, 91:2.29

Apartment building, 1991, 92:3.34

Dwelling, 1993, 94:1.31

Dwelling, 1994, 95:3.38

Dwelling, 1997, 98:5.16

Manufacturing plant fire, March 28, 1990, 91:6.77

Manufacturing plant fire, Dec., 1992, 93:6.85

Storage facility fire, 1992, 93:1.26

Store fire, 1991, 92:3.31

MASSACHUSETTS

Aircraft fire, 1997, 98:4.22

Apartment building fire, 1990, 91:3.26

Apartment building fire, 1995, 96:1.22

Apartment complex fire, 1989, 91:3.26

Automobile repair shop fire, 1996, 97:2.23

Barge fire, 1997, 98:4.22

Barn fire, 1995, 96:2.25

Board and care facility fire, 1995, 96:2.24

Boat fire, 1994, 95:4.39

Building-under-renovation fire, 1997, 98:3.42

Catastrophic fire

Apartment building, March 21, 1994, 95:5.59

Apartment building, Dec. 28, 1997, 98:5.49

Dwelling, May 27, 1990, 91:4.65

Dwelling, Dec. 24, 1994, 95:5.54

Church fire, 1992, 93:2.21

Dwelling fire, 1991, 92:1.21

Dwelling fire, 1995, 96:4.21, 96:6.22

Dwelling fire, 1996, 97:4.19

Dwelling-under-construction fire, 1994, 95:1.34

Fatal fires

Apartment building, 1992, 93:6.28

Apartment building, 1994, 95:5.34

Apartment building, 1997, 98:4.19

Dwelling, 1989, 91:1.27

Dwelling, 1992, 93:1.27, 93:5.36

Dwelling, 1993, 94:6.34

Dwelling, 1995, 96:2.24, 96:5.24

Dwelling, 1996, 97:1.25

Dwelling, 1997, 98:5.15

Garage, residential, fire, 1996, 97:6.20

Housing for elderly, 1992, 93:6.28

Manufactured home, 1990, 91:2.29

Truck/repair shop fire, 1997, 97:5.24

Government building, 1991, 92:6.26

Greenhouse fire, 1991, 92:4.25

High-rise office building fire, 1991, 92:5.28

Hospital fire, Jan. 24, 1993, 93:5.49

Hospital fire, 1995, 96:5.26

Hospital fire, Oct. 16, 1996, analysis, 97:3.88

Kennel fire, 1992, 93:2.20

Manufacturing plant fire, Jan., 1992, 93:6.84

Manufacturing plant fire, 1993, 94:1.29

Manufacturing plant fire, Oct. 25, 1993, 94:6.63

Manufacturing plant fire, 1994, 95:1.33, 95:3.40

Manufacturing plant fire, Feb., 1994, 95:6.107

Manufacturing plant fire, Dec., 1995, 96:6.62

Manufacturing plant fire, June 6, 1997, 98:6.86

Meeting hall fire, 1997, 98:1.21

Motor vehicle repair shop fire, 1990, 91:2.31

Multiple-occupancy building fire, 1991, 92:1.23

Nursing home fire, 1997, 98:5.17

Nursing home fire, Oct. 30, 1992, 93:5.49

Nursing home fire, 1994, 95:5.33

Office building fires, 1995, 96:2.24

Postal facility under construction fire, 1990, 91:3.27

Restaurant fires, Wayside Inn, 1955, 1965, 94:6.75

Restaurant fire, 1996, 97:4.22, 5.22

Rooming house fire, 1996, 97:1.26, 6.19

School fire, 1991, 92:4.27

School fire, 1992, 93:3.33

Service station fire, 1995, 96:6.21

Storage facility fire, 1991, 92:5.28

Storage facility fire, 1993, 94:2.27

Storage facility fire, 1996, 97:2.23

Store fire, 1992, 93:3.36

Store fire, 1994, 95:4.39, 95:5.36

Store fire, May, 1995, 96:6.70

Store fire, May 23, 1995, 98:1.50

Supermarket fire, 1989, 91:1.28

Warehouse fire, Nov., 1993, 94:6.97

Warehouse fire, 1994, 95:1.32

MATCHES. See also CHILDREN AND MATCHES

Bedding ignited by, 94:5.97

Draperies ignited by, 94:5.104

MATTERN, JEFFREY

Profile of, 97:4.34

MATTRESSES. See also BEDDING

Arcing of electric heater, ignited by, 92:4.67

Child, ignited by, 92:4.70

Child(ren) with lighter, ignited by, 93:6.28, 95:5.34

Child(ren) with matches, ignited by, 92:5.25

Cigarette, ignited by, 95:6.35

Detention center inmate, ignited by, 97:1.27

Juvenile with cigarette lighter, ignited by, 91:5.26

Juvenile with rubbing alcohol, ignited by, 92:4.67

Kerosene heater, ignited by, 95:1.34

Mercury vapor light fixture, ignited by, 95:4.39

MAURY COUNTY, TENN.

Detention facility fire, June 26, 1977, 94:5.50

MCCROSSEN, BILL

New Orleans fire chief retires, 93:5.18

MCDANIELS, WARREN

Profile of, 98:2.33

MGM GRAND HOTEL FIRE

Overview of fire, 96:2.70

MICHIGAN

Apartment building fire, Feb., 1994, 95:6.99

Catastrophic fires

Aircraft collision, Dec. 3, 1990, 91:3.69, 91:4.70

Apartment building, July 31, 1991, 92:4.68

Apartment building, Feb. 28, 1993, 94:5.95

Board and care facility, June 2, 1992, 93:5.66

Board and care facility, Nov. 11, 1995, 96:5.97

Dwelling, Feb. 28, 1990, 91:4.64

Dwelling, Dec. 22, 1990, 91:4.64

Dwelling, Oct. 3, 1992, 93:5.62

Dwelling, Dec. 3, 1992, 93:5.64

Dwelling, Feb. 17, 1993, 94:5.96

Dwelling, Nov. 30, 1993, 94:5.102

Dwelling, July 13, 1994, 95:5.56

Manufactured home, Feb. 6, 1990, 91:4.64

Chemical laboratory fire, 1991, 92:3.33

Country club fire, 1990, 91:6.23

Dwelling fire, 1991, 92:6.28

Dwelling fire, Jan. 6, 1996, 97:6.58

Dwelling fire, Nov. 14, 1996, 97:6.58

Electric generating plant fire, Apr. 26, 1996, 97:6.59

Fatal fires

Automobile repair shop, 1995, 96:3.40

Board and care facility, June 2, 1992, 93:1.29

Dwelling, 1991, 92:6.28

Dwelling, 1993, 94:6.33

Dwelling, Feb. 17, 1993, 93:3.57

Dwelling, 1995, 96:3.39

Dwelling, 1996, 97:1.25

Motel, 1994, 95:1.33

Funeral home fire, 1995, 96:6.24

Hotel fire, 1991, 92:1.22

Hotel fires, 1997, 98:3.41

Manufactured home fire, 1992, 93:6.28

Manufacturing plant fire, Aug., 1991, 92:6.78

Manufacturing plant fire, Aug. 6, 1997, 98:6.85

Manufacturing plant fire, 1992, 93:5.38

Manufacturing plant fire, Jan. 1993, 94:6.95

Manufacturing plant fire, June, 1993, 94:6.93

Manufacturing plant fire, April, 1994, 95:6.108

Manufacturing plant fire, 1995, 96:5.23

Manufacturing plant fire, March 1, 1996, 97:6.50

Motor vehicle repair shop fire, 1990, 91:2.30

Nursing home fire, 1990, 91:4.25

Office building fire, Aug. 4, 1996, 97:6.53

Restaurant fire, 1990, 91:2.32, 91:6.23

Restaurant fire, 1994, 95:1.34

Restaurant fire, 1995, 96:3.35

Storage facilities fire, 1996, 97:5.24

Store fire, 1991, 92:6.25

Store fire, 1993, 94:4.30

Store fire, Dec., 1995, 96:6.69

Store fire, Jan. 25, 1996, 97:6.53

Truck fire, 1991, 92:6.29

Vacant building fire, 1991, 92:2.29

Warehouse fire, 1997, 98:6.24

Warehouse fire, Dec., 1992, 93:6.87

Warehouse fire, 1993, 94:6.34

Warehouse fire, 1995, 96:3.39

Warehouse fire, Oct. 16, 1996, 97:6.56

MICKALIDE, ANGELA D.

Profile of, 98:5.30

MILL FIRES

Fiber mill, North Carolina, 1991, 92:5.30

Furniture, Virginia, Feb., 1993, 94:6.93

Grain mill, Illinois, Oct., 1995, 96:6.65

Grain mill and storage facility, Washington, 1991, 92:4.28

Knitting, Pennsylvania, Sept. 5, 1997, 98:6.84

Paper, Florida, April 13, 1994, 95:5.66, 95:6.106

Paper mill warehouse, Michigan, 1993, 94:6.34

Pennsylvania, July 4, 1997, 98:6.86

Sawmill, Louisiana, 1993, 94:5.29

Sawmill and manufacturing plant, California, March, 1991, 92:6.79

Shoe manufacturing, New York, Dec., 1993, 94:6.98

Steel, West Virginia, April, 1994, 95:6.102

Textiles, Massachusetts, Dec., 1995, 96:6.62

Vacant, Connecticut, 1995, 96:2.25

MILLER, GEORGE D.

Interview with, 92:3.40, 95:3.84

Selection as new president of NFPA, 92:3.4

MINE FIRES. See COAL MINE FIRES

MINNESOTA

Catastrophic fires

Apartment building, Nov. 10, 1993, 94:5.97

Apartment building, Feb. 28, 1994, 95:5.58

Apartment building, Jan. 14, 1996, 96:5.91

Gas pipeline, July 22, 1993, 94:5.108

Hotel, July 12, 1991, 92:4.67

Manufacturing plant/storage facility, Nov. 17, 1993, 94:5.105

Dwelling fire, 1991, 92:2.28

Manufacturing plant fire, August, 1992, 93:6.83

Manufacturing plant fire, Dec., 1992, 93:6.83

Manufacturing plant fire, Feb. 6, 1997, 98:6.85

Manufacturing plant fire, May 4, 1997, 98:6.86

Manufacturing plant fire, Dec. 2, 1997, 98:6.87

Restaurant fire, 1991, 92:6.25

School fire, April, 1994, 95:6.98

School-under-construction fire, 1994, 95:3.39

Warehouse fire, July, 1995, 96:6.66

MISSISSIPPI

Catastrophic fires

Apartment building, Jan. 26, 1993, 94:5.95

Dwelling, April 3, 1994, 95:5.59

Dwelling, Feb. 3, 1996, 97:5.49

Dwelling, March 13, 1996, 97:5.50

Nursing home, Apr. 9, 1995, 96:5.96

Truck, Jan. 20, 1992, 93:5.68

Fatal fires

Dwelling, 1994, 95:4.38

Fireworks plant explosion and fire, 1990, 91:4.30

Hotel fire, 1995, 96:5.24

School building fire, 1990, 91:3.27

Store fire, 1993, 94:1.32

MISSOURI

Catastrophic fires

Automobile, Feb. 4, 1990, 91:4.70

Dwelling, Aug. 19, 1992, 93:5.64

Dwelling, Dec. 5, 1997, 98:5.45

Prison, Sept. 14, 1991, 92:4.70

Tank storage facility, Sept. 8, 1992, 93:5.67

Truck, April 16, 1990, 91:4.70

Church fire, 1997, 98:2.19

Electric generating plant fire, June, 1993, 94:6.92

Fatal fires

Apartment building, 1994, 95:3.37

Dwelling, 1991, 92:3.34

Dwelling, 1992, 93:4.25

Dwelling, 1994, 95:5.34

Storage shed fire, 1997, 98:3.36

Hospital fire, 1997, 98:5.17

Housing-for-elderly complex fire, 1989, 91:1.30

Manufacturing plant fire, June, 1993, 94:6.93

Manufacturing plant fire, Oct., 1994, 95:6.104

Meeting hall fire, 1997, 98:2.19

Shopping mall fire, 1997, 98:2.20

Storage building fire, 1997, 98:5.18

Store fire, 1996, 97:6.22

Underground SubTropolis storage/manufacturing facility, Kansas City, requires unique fire protection measures, 98:6.68

Warehouse fire, 1991, 92:6.26

Warehouse fire, March, 1992, 93:6.85

Warehouse fire, Feb. 24, 1997, 98:6.88

Warehouse fire, March 16, 1997, 98:6.87

MIXED OCCUPANCIES. See MULTIPLE-OCCUPANCY FIRES

MOBILE HOME FIRES. See MOTOR HOME FIRES

MODELS, FIRE. See FIRE MODELS

MONTANA

Catastrophic fires

Dwelling, Sept. 7, 1991, 92:4.68

Dwelling, Sept. 24, 1994, 95:5.60

Wildland fire, Mann Gulch, 1949, 95:2.42

MOORE, WAYNE D.

Profile of, 94:4.23

MORGAN, CHARLES S.

General manager and past president of NFPA, 96:1.66

MOSES, THOMAS M.

Profile of, 91:1.14

MOTEL FIRES. See HOTEL FIRES

MOTION PICTURE STUDIO FIRES

Arizona, April, 1995, 96:6.73

California, Nov. 6, 1990, 91:6.74

MOTOR HOME FIRES. See also MANUFACTURED HOME FIRES

California, 1994, 95:5.36

Catastrophic

California, July 30, 1990, 91:4.72

Tennessee, Aug. 14, 1992, 93:5.68

MOTOR VEHICLE FIRES. See VEHICLE FIRES

MOTOR VEHICLE REPAIR SHOPS. See AUTOMOBILE REPAIR SHOP FIRES

MULTI-AGENCY RESPONSE

Ship fire, 94:6.98

MULTIPLE-OCCUPANCY FIRES

California, 1990, 91:6.25

Catastrophic, New York, Jan. 16, 1990, 91:4.65

Florida, 1996, 97:3.29

Illinois, 1992, 93:3.34

Indiana, 1992, 92:6.31

Kansas, June, 1991, 92:6.78

Massachusetts, 1991, 92:1.23

Protecting mixed occupancies, 97:3.38

Tennessee, July, 1992, 93:6.81

Vermont, 1989, 91:1.27

MUSEUMS

Life safety system for Winterthur, 92:5.63

MUSEUM FIRES

Oregon, 1994, 95:6.35

Tennessee, July, 1992, 93:6.81

Wisconsin, June, 1994, 95:6.98

MUTUAL AID RESPONSE

Apply mutual aid to fire investigations, 93:1.14

Cardboard box manufacturing plant fire, 98:6.86

Chemical plant fire, 93:4.27

Cotton warehouse, Missouri, Feb. 24, 1997, 98:6.88

Making mutual aid agreements work, 91:2.49

Manufacturing plant fires, 95:6.104, 107

Open-air flea market fire, 98:6.89

Records storage facility fire, 98:6.91

Rural fire, 91:4.26

Simultaneous incendiary fires, 93:3.34

Wood products plant fire, 98:6.87


N

NACHBAR, MARY

Profile of, 94:5.21

NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION (NASA)

Apollo I spacecraft fire, 96:1.68

Space program technology applied to tank truck fires by NFPA, Chicago Fire Dept., NASA partnership, 98:2.52

NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE

1993 edition, changes in, 92:5.50

1996 edition, development of, 95:5.73

1999 edition incorporates technological changes supported by consensus process, 98:5.66

Boat repair safety requirements for wiring, equipment, 95:5.40

Experts answer questions on code, 96:1.28

Global marketplace and, 91:3.120

High voltage equipment safety, 95:2.34

Hot tub and spa accident prevention, 92:4.22

Interpreting the code, 92:5.12

Main service disconnect terms and requirements, 91:6.88

Questions answered, 97:6.25

Spanish speaking countries using code, 96:1.28

U. S. cable/wire manufacturers promote NEC over IEC as European standard, 98:4.64

Work space requirements for energized electrical equipment, 95:1.37

NATIONAL FIRE INCIDENT REPORTING SYSTEM (NFIRS)

History and use of data, 98:3.80

NATIONAL INTERAGENCY INCIDENT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (NIMS)

Discussion, 91:3.123

NATIVE AMERICANS

Navajo Nation and NFPA Center for High-Risk Outreach cooperate for fire safety, 97:2.74

Navajo Nation fire safety awareness campaign, 96:5.71

Smoke detector nuisance alarms: field study in Native American community, 96:5.65

NATURAL GAS FIRES

Aircraft parts made of resin ignited by gas, 94:4.31

Boiler ruptured, ignited when, 93:6.83

Burners ignite hydraulic oil, 92:4.70

Burning rubbish, ignited by, 91:4.25

Cigarette, ignited by, 93:1.25

Flame from LP-Gas fire causes natural gas regulator to fail, leaking gas ignites, 98:3.36

Flash fire, ignited by, 91:3.26

Heater, ignited by, when piping accidentally ruptured, 94:1.30

Heater ignites gasoline vapors, 97:2.23

Hydraulic oil from split line, ignited by, 94:3.29

Ignition source unknown, 92:4.71

Infrared heater, ignited by, 96:6.65

Leak in furnace enclosure fuels catastrophic fire, 97:5.52

Lines ruptured, ignited when, 95:6.103

Oil fire, ignited by, 92:1.29

Oven/broiler malfunctions, ignites kitchen wall, 97:5.52

Pilot light, ignited by, 91:4.64, 92:4.68, 92:6.25, 95:3.39

Pilot light ignites gasoline, 96:5.91

Pilot light ignites gasoline vapors, 92:5.26

Pipeline supplying kiln fails, gas ignited by pilot flame, 97:6.52

Pressure surge caused by vehicle accident causes manufactured homes fire, 96:3.36

Production and storage facility fire, 93:6.29

Roof fire, ignited by, 94:6.35

Space heater, ignited by, 91:4.66

Spark, ignited by, 91:6.74

Stove burners, ignited by, 91:4.65

NATURAL GAS FIRES AND EXPLOSIONS

Electrical equipment ignites gas built up in drilling platform structure, 5.53, 98:6.91

Gas distribution main over-pressured causes flare-ups, explosions, 93:5.68

Lacquer thinner vapors ignited by, 94:5.104

Leak from service line, ignited by refrigeration compressor, 95:5.62

Leak ignited, 94:5.108, 95:1.33, 95:6.103

Spark, ignited by, 93:5.94

Windows opened to vent fire leads to gas ignition, 94:6.64

NEBRASKA

Apartment building fire, 1996, 97:5.22

Fatal boat fire, 1994.310

Manufacturing plant fire, July 20, 1996, 97:6.49

Storage facility fire, March, 1995, 96:6.69

Warehouse fire, Apr. 12, 1996, 97:6.57

NELSON, HAROLD E.

Profile of, 93:1.21

NELSON, JENNIFER L.

Profile of, 93:2.17

NEVADA

Fatal shopping mall fire, 1992, 93:2.19

Hotel fires, 1997, 98:5.16

MGM Grand Hotel fire, Nov. 21, 1980, 96:2.70

NEW BRUNSWICK, CANADA

Detention facility fire, June 21, 1977, 94:5.50

NEW HAMPSHIRE

Catastrophic dwelling-under-construction fire, Dec. 12, 1990, 91:4.68

Fatal fireworks display fire, 1995, 96:4.24

Fireworks plant explosion and fire, 1992, 93:3.35

Group home fire, 1990, 92:1.26

Manufacturing plant fire, Aug. 22, 1996, 97:6.52

Manufacturing plant fire, March 27, 1997, 98:6.86

Nursing home fire, 1991, 92:6.29

Storage facilities fire, Jan. 8, 1996, 97:6.56

NEW JERSEY

Amusement center fire, Dec., 1992, 93:6.79

Apartment building fire, 1996, 97:5.22

Apartment complex fire, 1993, 94:1.32

Catastrophic fires

Apartment building, Feb. 13, 1991, 92:4.69

Apartment building, May 6, 1997, 98:5.45

Automobile, New Jersey, Feb. 17, 1997, 98:5.55

Dwelling, June 11, 1991, 92:4.69

Dwelling, June 16, 1991, 92:4.69

Dwelling, Feb. 13, 1992, 93:5.62

Dwelling, Dec. 28, 1994, 95:5.53

Dwelling, Jan. 22, 1995, 96:5.92

Dwelling, July 22, 1996, 96:5.92

Electric/thermal energy generating plant, Dec. 25, 1992, 93:2.44, 93:5.67, 93:6.82

Manufacturing plant, Apr. 21, 1995, 96:5.94

Fatal fires

Apartment building, 1997, 98:3.41

Dwelling, 1994, 95:6.37

Manufactured home, 1997, 98:2.16

Funeral home fire, 1996, 97:2.21

Hotel/conference center fire, 1993, 94:2.30

Manufacturing plant fire, 1990, 91:5.30, 91:6.25

Manufacturing plant fire, 1992, 93:2.20, 93:3.34

Shopping mall fire, 1997, 98:6.21

Store fire, 1990, 92:1.21

Store fire, Jan., 1991, 92:6.78

Store fire, April 17, 1997, 98:6.89

Warehouse fire, 1989, 91:2.33

Warehouse fire, Jan. 10, 1996, 97:6.56

Warehouse fire, Iron Mountain records storage facility, South Brunswick, March, 1997, 98:2.68

Wildland fire, 1995, 96:2.26

NEW LONDON, TEXAS

School explosion, March 18, 1937, 93:5.94

NEW MEXICO

Aircraft fire and crash, Sept., 1993, 94:6.98

Apartment complex fire, July, 1995, 96:6.74

Manufacturing plant fire, March, 1992, 93:6.85

Store fire, May, 1995, 96:6.70

NEW ORLEANS, LA.

Fire department profile, 92:2.61

NEW YORK

Aircraft fire, March, 1991, 92:6.79

Aircraft fire, Sept., 1992, 93:6.88

Aircraft fire, Sept. 5, 1996, 97:6.60

Apartment building fire, 1993, 94:5.27

Apartment building fire, May, 1993, 94:6.90

Apartment building fire, March 28, 1994, 95:6.85

Catastrophic fires

Aircraft, March 22, 1992, 93:5.68

Apartment building, Aug. 4, 1990, 91:4.66

Apartment building, March 13, 1991, 92:4.67

Board and care facility, Oct. 17, 1990, 91:4.68

Club, March 25, 1990, 91:4.61, 67

Dwelling, Dec. 27, 1990, 91:4.65

Dwelling, Feb. 8, 1991, 92:4.68

Dwelling, April 10, 1991, 92:4.67

Dwelling, April 21, 1991, 92:4.69

Dwelling, Nov. 22, 1991, 92:4.68

Dwelling, Dec. 22, 1991, 92:4.68

Dwelling, June 7, 1993, 94:5.98

Dwelling, Aug. 28, 1993, 94:5.100

Dwelling, Dec. 21, 1993, 94:5.102

Dwelling, Jan. 28, 1994, 95:5.58

Dwelling, Feb. 10, 1994, 95:5.54

Dwelling, June 28, 1994, 95:5.60

Dwelling, Dec. 4, 1994, 95:5.62

Dwelling, June 23, 1995, 96:5.92

Dwelling, Dec. 18, 1995, 96:5.93

High-rise complex, Feb. 26, 1993, 93:6.91, 94:5.104, 94:6.90, 95:2.59

Hospital, Sept. 1, 1993, 94:5.105

Motor vehicle, May 20, 1991, 92:4.72

Multiple-occupancy/dwelling, Jan. 16, 1990, 91:4.65

Store, Dec. 8, 1995, 96:5.94

Store/apartment building fire, Aug. 22, 1994, 95:5.66

Wharf/boardwalk, Feb. 12, 1997, 98:5.53

Dumpster fire, 1995, 96:5.26

Electric generating plant fire, May, 1992, 93:6.82

Electric generating plant fire, March, 1993, 94:6.91

Fatal fires

Aircraft, March, 1992, 93:6.88

Apartment building, 1996, 97:6.20

Apartment building, 1997, 98:2.18

Dwelling, 1991, 92:5.25

Dwelling, 1992, 93:2.22

Dwelling, 1993, 94:1.31

Dwelling, 1994, 95:4.37

Subway token booth, 1995, 96:6.24

Laboratory fire, 1995, 96:3.40

Manufacturing plant fire, 1992, 93:6.27

Manufacturing plant fire, 1995, 96:5.23, 96:5.26

Manufacturing plant fire, Aug., 1995, 96:6.65

Manufacturing plant fire, Nov., 1995, 96:6.62

Manufacturing plant fire, July 29, 1997, 98:6.87

Medical center complex fire, July 21, 1990, 91:6.78

Mill complex fire, Dec., 1993, 94:6.98

Office building/apartment building fire, Aug., 1994, 95:6.100

Office building fire, New York, 1996, 97:6.22

Passenger terminal fire, Sept., 1991, 92:6.76

Shopping mall fire, May, 1991, 92:6.77

Storage complex fire, June 12, 1990, 91:6.74

Storage facility fire, March, 1995, 96:6.69

Storage facility fire, July, 1995, 96:6.68

Store fire, April, 1993, 94:6.91

Warehouse fire, 1993, 94:1.30

Wildland/urban interface fire, Aug., 1995, 96:6.74

NEW YORK, N. Y.

Asbestos exposure response policy, 92:1.42

Backdraft incident model, apartment building fire, March 28, 1994, 95:6.85

Manufacturing plant fire, March 25, 1911, 93:3.72

World Trade Center explosion and fire, Feb. 26, 1993, 93:6.91, 94:5.104, 94:6.90, 95:2.59

NEW ZEALAND

Fire service operation and code development, 96:3.43

NEWARK, N. J.

Fatal electrical generating plant fire, Dec. 25, 1992, 93:2.44

NEWTON, MASSACHUSETTS

Metals processing plant fire, Oct. 25, 1993, 94:6.63

NFPA. See also FIRE SAFETY EDUCATION

Association plans for its second century, 96:3.57

Board of Directors new member profiles, 95:3.122, 96:3.108

Board of Directors view of future of fire protection, 92:1.47

Center for High-Risk Outreach and Navajo Nation cooperate for fire safety, 97:2.74

Commitment to Learn Not to Burn programs, 93:4.4

Defining NFPA's mission for year 2000, 94:5.4

Fall meeting preview

1991, 91:5.79

1992, 92:5.73

1993, 93:5.75

1994, 94:5.77

1995, 95:5.122

1997, 97:5.85

1998, 98:5.92

Financial report

1992, 93:5.42

1993, 94:4.47

1994, 95:3.115

1995, 96:3.120

Fire Inspector Certification program, 91:3.57

Fire Inspector I Certification Program introduced, 98:3.116

Fire Protection Handbook, 17th edition, overview, 91:3.106

Fire Protection Handbook, 18th edition, overview, 97:1.66

Fire Safety Exhibit, 1993, 93:3.98

Fire service training seminars introduced at 1997 Fall Meeting, 98:2.64

Fire Technology and Fire Journal publications, 96:1.67

First NFPA public service announcement campaign, 1950, 95:6.74

Foam Technical Committee report on foam and environment, 95:3.67

Founders of NFPA, 95:3.97

General manager Percy Bugbee's fire safety efforts, 95:6.77

"Great Escape" promotes home fire drills and escape plans, 98:3.74, 4.32

International outreach by the organization, 96:2.69

Long-range plan developed by Board of Directors, 93:3.4

Member Advisory Council, 93:2.78

Membership campaign, 1990-91, 91:1.33

Metropolitan Fire Chiefs section proposed, 96:4.33

Miller, George D., selected as new president, 92:3.4

National Fire Protection Research Foundation and Center for High-Risk Outreach support NFPA mission, 96:2.65

NFPA joins fight against smoking, 94:4.4

100th anniversary supplements, 96:1.65, 96:2.63

Organization must balance tradition, transition, 94:6.4

Rail Transportation Systems, rail fires survey, 91:1.101

Risk Watch addresses eight preventable injuries most threatening to children, 97:4.33

Risk Watch curriculum goals, implementation, and evaluation, 98:5.84

Risk Watch demonstrates value of team work for fire safety, 98:2.30

Risk Watch is useful tool as fire service's mission expands, 98:6.32

Risk Watch's injury prevention curriculum teaches safe fun, 97:5.58

Service to members, editorial, 91:1.5

100th anniversary supplements, 95:3.83, 95:4.68, 95:5.81

U. S. fire departments, survey, 93:4.59

Wildland Fire Management Section survey, 92:1.74, 92:2.66, 92:5.96

NFPA ANNUAL MEETING, NINETY-FIFTH

Highlights of 1991 meeting, 91:4.73

Preview, 91:2.83

NFPA ANNUAL MEETING, NINETY-SIXTH

Highlights of 1992 meeting, 92:4.74

Preview, 92:2.49

NFPA ANNUAL MEETING, NINETY-SEVENTH

Highlights of 1993 meeting, 93:4.64

Preview, 93:2.51

NFPA ANNUAL MEETING, NINETY-EIGHTH

Highlights of 1994 meeting, 94:4.71

Preview, 94:2.71

NFPA ANNUAL MEETING, NINETY-NINTH

Highlights of 1995 meeting, 95:4.94

Preview, 95, 95:2.75

NFPA ANNUAL MEETING, ONE HUNDREDTH

Highlights of 1996 meeting, 96:4.90

Preview, 96:1.73, 96:2.73, 96:3.103

NFPA ANNUAL MEETING, ONE HUNDREDTH FIRST

Annual meeting documents, 97:2.96

NFPA ANNUAL MEETING, ONE HUNDRED SECOND

Annual meeting documents, 98:2.75

NFPA CODES AND STANDARDS. See also LIFE SAFETY CODE; NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE

Alliances bring codes/standards to Spanish- and Portuguese-speaking world, 96:5.36

Annual meeting documents, 1997, 97:2.96

Annual meeting documents, 1998, 98:2.75

Asian countries encouraged to recognize codes, standards, 97:1.38

Consensus process central to NFPA code development, 96:1.42

Consensus requirement can slow adoption of innovations, 96:2.29

Elevator recall and shut down requirements increase safety, 97:5.64

Fall meeting documents, 1997, 97:5.85

Federal agencies slow to update regulatory references to NFPA standards, despite Technology Transfer Act, 97:6.29

Federal law requires agencies to use voluntary consensus standards, 96:6.40

Fire apparatus standards, development of, 92:2.41

Fire service role in code-making, 96:1.27

General questions answered, 96:3.44

Hazardous materials classification and containment issues, 96:2.30

Hazardous materials response, 92:1.45

Hazardous materials response standards 472, 473, development of, 91:2.110

High-rise building requirements address fire risk concerns, 97:6.84

High-rise building standards useful worldwide, 96:2.36

High-rise buildings, standards for, 92:1.12

History of first standard, 95:4.68

ICC and NFPA collaborate to develop one national model fire code, 97:4.36

Importance of standards to fire service, 92:3.36

International Code Council/NFPA collaboration on national fire code, 96:5.46

International use of codes and standards, 96:3.66

Listing of codes and standards being updated, 96:5.120

Model building codes, 92:3.42

NFPA 101 (See LIFE SAFETY CODE)

NFPA 415, Airport Terminal Buildings, Fueling Ramp Drainage, and Loading Walkways, questions answered, 98:4.24

NFPA 306, Control of Gas Hazards on Vessels, 1997 edition, represents 75 years of marine fire protection, 97:2.90

NFPA 1600, Disaster Management, 95:4.49

NFPA 91, Exhaust Systems for Air Conveying of Vapors, Gases, Mists, and Noncombustible Particulate Solids, fall meeting review, 98:5.92

NFPA 921, Fire and Explosion Investigations, 1997 edition, 97:5.88

NFPA 267, Fire Characteristics of Mattresses and Bedding Assemblies Exposed to Flaming Ignition Source, 1997 edition, 97:5.86

NFPA 266, Fire Characteristics of Upholstered Furniture Exposed to Flaming Ignition, 1997 edition, 97:5.86

NFPA 1500, Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program, 1997 edition, 97:2.99, 4.74

NFPA 1500, Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program, minimum staffing issue, 92:4.96

NFPA 80, Fire Doors and Fire Windows, fall meeting review, 98:5.92

NFPA 80, Fire Doors and Windows, modifications to fire doors under, 92:6.12

NFPA 1001, Fire Fighter Professional Qualifications, 1997 edition, 97:2.99

NFPA 1021, Fire Officer Professional Qualifications, 1997 edition, 97:2.99

NFPA 1, Fire Prevention Code, development and use as national model code, 96:1.38

NFPA 1, Fire Prevention Code, questions answered, 98:2.22

NFPA 1, Fire Prevention Code, revision and adoption by communities, 96:5.46

NFPA 1, Fire Prevention Code, use with existing regulations, 96:3.97

NFPA 1, Fire Prevention Code, users like open consensus codes/standards process, 98:4.40

NFPA 801, Fire Protection for Facilities Handling Radioactive Materials, 1997 edition, 97:5.86

NFPA 803, Fire Protection for Light Water Nuclear Power Plants, 1997 edition, 97:5.88

NFPA 820, Fire Protection in Wastewater Treatment Plants, development of, 91:1.44

NFPA 130, Fixed Guideway Systems, 1997 edition, 97:2.96

NFPA 160, Flame Special Effects Before a Proximate Audience, 1997 edition, 97:5.86

NFPA 30, Flammable and Combustible Liquids requirements for service station design, 98:4.76

NFPA 921, Guide to Fire and Explosion Investigations, as authoritative treatise for litigation, 96:2.40

NFPA 99, Health Care Facilities, common questions answered, 96:6.28

NFPA 13, Installation of Sprinkler Systems, 1994, changes in, 94:3.14

NFPA 13, Installation of Sprinkler Systems, 1991 edition overview, 91:5.12

NFPA 13, Installation of Sprinkler Systems, all sprinkler requirements to be centralized in, 98:1.26

NFPA 13, Installation of Sprinkler Systems, changes in 1996 edition, 97:1.34

NFPA 13, Installation of Sprinkler Systems, questions answered, 97:5.27

NFPA 101, Life Safety Code (See LIFE SAFETY CODE)

NFPA 58, Liquefied Petroleum Gases, 1997 edition, 97:5.86

NFPA 402, Manual for Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting Operations, international use, 96:3.50

NFPA 1582, Medical Requirements for Fire Fighters, 1997 edition, 97:2.99

NFPA 70, National Electrical Code (See NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE)

NFPA 1200, Organization, Operation, Deployment, and Evaluation of Public Fire Protection and Emergency Medical Services, fall meeting discussion, 97:5.88

NFPA 10, Portable Fire Extinguishers, 1997 edition, 97:5.85

NFPA 10, Portable Fire Extinguishers, common questions answered, 96:4.28

NFPA 600, Private Fire Brigades, 92:2.41

NFPA 909, Protection of Cultural Resources, 1997 edition, 97:2.97

NFPA 299, Protection of Life and Property from Wildfire, 1997 edition, 97:2.96

NFPA 299, Protection of Life and Property from Wildfires considered for adoption by Ormond Beach, Florida, fire authorities, 98:6.99

NFPA 1999, Protective Clothing for Emergency Medical Operations, 1997 edition, 97:2.99

NFPA 1971, Protective Ensemble for Structural Fire Fighting, 1997 edition, consolidates testing, performance requirements for structural fire fighting ensemble, 97:6.62

NFPA 72, Protective Signaling Systems, combines previous standards, 91:5.86

NFPA 720, Recommended Practice for Installation of Household Carbon Monoxide Warning Equipment questions answered, 98:5.20

NFPA 720, Recommended Practice for the Installation of Household Carbon Monoxide Warning Equipment, 1997 edition, 97:5.86

NFPA 1911, Service Tests of Pumps on Fire Department Apparatus, 1997 edition, 97:2.99

NFPA 1914, Testing Fire Department Aerial Devices, 1997 edition, 97:2.99

NFPA 72, The National Fire Alarm Code, 1996 edition, questions answered, 97:4.25

NFPA 72, The National Fire Alarm Code, and UL standards work together, 93:5.25

NFPA 72, The National Fire Alarm Code, consolidates signaling standards, 93:5.70

NFPA 72, The National Fire Alarm Code, requirements for safe elevator recall, 93:3.28

NFPA 96, Ventilation Control and Fire Protection of Commercial Cooking Operations, common questions answered, 97:1.33

NFPA 1231, Water Supplies for Suburban and Rural Fire Fighting, current edition, 98:2.44

NFPA 25, Water-Based Fire Protection Systems, 1997 edition, 97:5.85

NFPA 295, Wildfire Control, current edition, 98:2.44

NFPA 1051, Wildland Fire Fighter Professional Qualifications, approved, 95:5.39

NFPA 1123 and 1124, fireworks codes, questions answered, 98:3.44

NFPA 101A, Alternative Approaches to Life Safety, Fire Safety Evaluation System, 95:6.22

NFPA 30A, Automotive and Marine Service Station requirements for station design, 98:4.76

NFPA 497A, Classification of Class I Hazardous Locations for Electrical Installations in Chemical Process Areas, 1997 edition, 97:2.97

NFPA 232A, Guide for Fire Protection for Archives and Records Centers may need updating for larger facilities, 98:2.68

NFPA 11A, Medium- and High-Expansion Foam Systems, fall meeting review, 98:5.92

NFPA 51B, Fire Prevention During Welding, Cutting, and Other Hot Work, fall meeting review, 98:5.92

NFPA 101B, Means of Egress for Buildings and Structures, fall meeting review, 98:5.92

NFPA 101B, Means of Egress for Buildings and Structures, new document scheduled for 1998 NFPA Fall Meeting, 98:1.28

NFPA 204M, Guide for Smoke and Heat Venting, 1997 edition, 97:2.96

Performance-based code development, 95:2.16, 96:1.46

Performance-based codes based on existing codes, 95:3.24

Re-engineering the codes-and standards-making process, 98:1.68

Regional fire code development committees provide input to NFPA, 96:6.27

Relationship to international standards, 94:1.36

Spanish language codes and standards, 96:1.34, 96:4.34

Sprinkler systems, codes addressing, 97:5.27

Standards Council's history, 95:5.89

Voting procedures for NFPA consensus standards, 92:6.4

Water mist suppression standard under development, 94:3.53

Wildfire personnel qualifications, 94:1.33

NFPA FILMS

Senior fire safety with Jonathan Winters, 91:2.44

NIGHT CLUB FIRES

Beverly Hills Supper Club, Southgate, Kentucky, May 28, 1977, 96:2.63

Cocoanut Grove, Boston, Mass., Nov. 28, 1942, 91:3.74

Texas, 1991, 92:6.25

9-1-1 SERVICE

Federal Communications Commission (FCC) establishes 311 non-emergency number, 97:4.29

9-1-1 SERVICE

E911 fails in telephone exchange fire, 95:5.109

NORSTROM, GAIL P.

Profile of, 97:5.38

NORTH CAROLINA

Aircraft fire, June, 1994, 95:6.110

Catastrophic fires

Aircraft, March 23, 1994, 95:5.67

Aircraft, July 2, 1994, 95:5.68

Apartment building, Sept. 5, 1993, 94:5.100

Board and care facility, March 17, 1996, 97:5.52

Dwelling, Nov. 13, 1992, 93:5.64

Dwelling, Feb. 28, 1994, 95:5.58

Dwelling, Feb. 23, 1996, 97:5.49

Dwelling, Feb. 17, 1997, 98:5.49

Fraternity house, May 12, 1996, 97:5.50

Manufacturing plant, Sept. 3, 1991, 92:1.29, 92:4.70

Condominium complex fire, Sept., 1993, 94:6.90

Detention facility fire, 1996, 97:1.27

Fatal fires

Aircraft, July, 1994, 95:6.110

Apartment building, 1994, 95:4.38, 95:5.34

Board and care facility, March 17, 1996, fire investigation report, 98:5.37

College building, May 12, 1996, 96:5.61

Dwelling, 1994, 95:1.34

Manufactured home, 1997, 98:2.16

Manufacturing plant fire, 1989, 91:3.29

Manufacturing plant fire, 1992, 93:5.37

Manufacturing plant fire, May, 1992, 93:6.84

Manufacturing plant fires, 1994, 95:2.32, 95:3.40

Manufacturing plant fires, Oct., 1994, 95:6.103

Manufacturing plant fire, 1995, 96:3.39, 96:4.24

Manufacturing plant fire, 1996, 97:3.33

Mill fire, 1991, 92:5.30

Store fire, 1997, 98:6.22

Warehouse fire, 1992, 93:2.21

Warehouse fire, April, 1992, 93:6.87

Warehouse fire, 1994, 95:6.38

Warehouse fire, Aug. 12, 1997, 98:6.88

Warehouse fire, Sep. 29, 1997, 98:6.87

NORTH DAKOTA

Catastrophic dwelling fire, Oct. 7, 1994, 95:5.53

Fatal manufactured home fire, 1995, 96:2.23

Office building fire, April 19, 1997, 98:6.88

Restaurant fire, 1993, 94:3.28

Storage facility fire, 1993, 94:1.30

NORTHRIDGE, CALIF. EARTHQUAKE

Relief agencies pick up pieces, 95:3.52

NOVA SCOTIA, CANADA

Munitions ship explosion, Dec. 6, 1917, 92:3.96

School fire, 1991, 92:5.30

NUCLEAR ENERGY PLANT FIRES

Alabama, May 23, 1996, 97:6.58

Illinois, April, 1994, 95:6.102

NURSING HOME FIRES

Arizona, 1993, 94:4.29

Catastrophic

Arkansas, March 13, 1990, 91:4.67

Mississippi, Apr. 9, 1995, 96:5.96

Illinois, 1997, 98:1.24

Knox County, Tenn., April 25, 1994, 95:2.85

Massachusetts, 1991, 92:2.26

Massachusetts, Oct. 30, 1992, 93:5.49

Massachusetts, 1994, 95:5.33

Massachusetts, 1995, 96:2.25

Massachusetts, 1997, 98:5.17

Michigan, 1990, 91:4.25

New Hampshire, 1991, 92:6.29

Overview, 1982-1987, 91:2.42

Utah, 1991, 92:4.27

Washington, 1995, 96:4.24


O

OBSERVATORY FIRES

Catastrophic, Hawaii, Jan. 16, 1996, 97:5.52, 6.59

OCCUPANCY CLASSIFICATIONS

Uses of, and alternatives to, 97:5.28

OCCUPANT LOAD

Evaluating occupant load for egress, 94:1.14

Myths of occupant load calculation, 96:6.30

OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION (OSHA)

Confined space incidents target of new regulation, 94:5.80

Fire safety review urged, 92:1.34

OFFICE BUILDINGS

Renovations can lead to code-compliance problems, 97:4.26

OFFICE BUILDING FIRES. See also HIGH-RISE BUILDING FIRES

California, 1991, 92:1.23

California, March, 1991, 92:6.78

California, 1993, 94:5.30

California, 1994, 95:5.35

California, 1995, 96:1.21

Catastrophic

Georgia, Jan. 12, 1995, 96:5.100

New York, Feb. 26, 1993 (World Trade Center), 93:6.91, 94:5.104, 94:6.90, 95:2.59

Oklahoma, Apr. 19, 1995, 95:4.51, 96:1.50, 96:1.59, 96:5.94, 96:6.69

Pennsylvania, Feb. 23, 1991, 92:4.71

Colorado, Sept. 28, 1992, 93:2.33

Georgia, Aug., 1995, 96:6.73

Georgia, Jan. 12, 1997, 97:3.52

Hawaii, July, 1993, 94:6.91

Indiana, July 16, 1996, 97:6.53

Iowa, 1992, 93:1.26

Los Angeles, Calif., May 4, 1988, 92:5.56

Los Angeles, Calif., Feb. 15, 1992, 92:5.56

Massachusetts, 1991, 92:5.28

Massachusetts, 1995, 96:2.24

Michigan, Aug. 4, 1996, 97:6.53

Modern office environments increase fire hazards, 92:5.56

New York, Aug., 1994, 95:6.100

New York, 1996, 97:6.22

North Dakota, April 19, 1997, 98:6.88

Oklahoma, Jan., 1994, 95:6.98

Pennsylvania, Feb., 1991, 92:6.74

Philadelphia, Pa., Feb. 23, 1991, 91:5.64, 92:5.56

Texas, Oct., 1994, 95:6.99

Utah, 1990, 91:2.30

Utah, 1994, 95:3.40

Virginia, 1991, 92:2.25

Virginia, April, 1995, 96:6.63

Washington, 1993, 94:2.29

Washington, D. C., U. S. Treasury Building fire, June 26, 1996, 96:6.52, 97:6.53

West Virginia, March, 1995, 96:6.70

Wisconsin, 1996, 97:2.23

World Trade Center, N. Y., evacuation behavior, 95:2.59

OHIO

Apartment building fire, 1993, 94:2.29

Apartment building fire, 1995, 96:5.24

Apartment complex and boat fire, March, 1992, 93:6.81

Building-under-construction fire, March, 1994, 95:6.110

Catastrophic fires

Apartment building, Dec. 11, 1993, 94:5.102

Apartment building, Jan. 12, 1994, 95:5.58

Automobile repair shop, Nov. 11, 1991, 92:4.70

Boat, May 9, 1993, 94:5.106

Camping trailer, Nov. 29, 1997, 98:5.56

Dwelling, Oct. 21, 1990, 91:4.66

Dwelling, Dec. 25, 1990, 91:4.66

Dwelling, Dec. 15, 1991, 92:4.69

Dwelling, Jan. 26, 1992, 93:5.62

Dwelling, Feb. 14, 1993, 94:5.98

Dwelling, Dec. 22, 1993, 94:5.96

Dwelling, Jan. 26, 1994, 95:5.56

Dwelling, Dec. 28, 1995, 96:5.91

Limited care facility, Dec. 5, 1990, 91:4.69

Manufactured home, Nov. 17, 1996, 97:5.51

Manufacturing plant explosion, April 20, 1994, 95:5.64

Manufacturing plant, May 27, 1994, 95:5.66

Oil well, Oct. 10, 1991, 92:4.71

Rooming house, Feb. 18, 1991, 92:4.67

Store, July 3, 1996, 97:5.52

Truck, Dec. 4, 1992, 93:5.68

Church fire, 1994, 95:3.39

Crown Coliseum, Cincinnati, updates fire protection system, 98:3.120

Detention facility fire, April 21, 1930, 94:5.54

Fatal fires

Aircraft, Jan., 1994, 95:6.110

Apartment building, 1996, 97:4.20

Camping trailer, 1996, 97:6.20

College building, 1996, 97:6.21

Dwelling, 1992, 93:2.22, 93:5.36, 93:6.28

Dwelling, 1993, 94:1.31, 94:5.28

Dwelling, 1996, 97:5.21, 6.19

Fireworks explosion, 1989, 91:1.31

Hospital, 1994, 95:2.31

Gas distribution facility fire, 1996, 97:4.20

Hotel fire, 1996, 97:6.19

Lumber store fire, 1989, 91:1.28

Manufactured home fire, 1997, 98:3.38

Manufacturing plant fire, 1990, 91:3.31

Manufacturing plant fire, July 19, 1990, 91:6.74

Manufacturing plant fire, June, 1992, 93:6.84

Manufacturing plant fire, 1993, 94:5.29

Manufacturing plant fire, 1994, 95:6.37

Manufacturing plant fires, Oct., 1994, 95:6.103, 104

Manufacturing plant fire, Jan., 1995, 96:6.65

Manufacturing plant fire, March, 1995, 96:6.63

Manufacturing plant fire, 1996, 97:5.24

Manufacturing plant fire, June 16, 1996, 97:6.52

Manufacturing plant fire, Sept. 13, 1996, 97:6.52

Manufacturing plant fire, Oct. 12, 1996, 97:6.49

Manufacturing plant fire, Nov. 1, 1996, 97:6.49

Manufacturing plant fire, Aug. 14, 1997, 98:6.84

Restaurant fire, 1995, 96:3.35

Restaurant fire, 1997, 98:6.21

Storage facility fire, 1993, 94:2.27

Store fire, Nov. 13, 1996, 97:6.54

OHIO STATE PENITENTIARY FIRE

Columbus, Ohio, April 21, 1930, 95:5.84

OIL

Contaminated waste oil ignited by smoking materials, 96:3.40

Cooking oil

Overheats, ignites, 92:4.26, 93:1.27, 93:4.25, 93:5.35, 36, 96:6.22, 98:5.15, 49

Coolant oil ignites, fuels fire, 94:6.94

Crude oil

Cigarette lighter, ignited by, 91:4.69

Open flame, ignited by, 91:4.68

Sprayed onto furnace, ignites, 96:6.63

Vapors ignited by cigarette lighter, 94:5.104

Vapors ignited in catastrophic fire, 96:5.97

Cutting oil, ignited by hot metal, 98:6.84

Finishing oil ignited by friction sparks, 93:6.82

Floor saturated with, increased fire spread, 94:6.98

Hot pressurized oil atomizes, ignites oil residue, 96:6.62

Hydraulic oil

Leak, ignited by electric motor, 97:3.33

Natural gas burners, ignited by, 92:1.29, 92:4.70

Overheated transformer, ignited by, 96:5.26

Residue factor in fire spread, 92:3.32

Sprayed onto furnace ignites gas, 94:3.29

Sprayed onto space heater, ignites, 95:6.102

Leaking oil atomized, ignites, possible fire cause, 95:6.103

Leaking oil ignited by furnace, 97:6.49

Lubricating oil

Deposits ignited by molten glass, 93:6.27

Fire spread, ignited by, 93:6.85

Leaks, fuels fire, 94:6.92

Power plant fire, ignited in, 95:6.100

Spray from failed pipe ignites and explodes, 93:2.44, 93:5.67, 93:6.82

No. 6 fuel oil

Fire fueled by, 93:6.86

Leaked, ignites, 93:6.82

From ruptured line ignited by burners, 96:6.72

No. 2 fuel oil, leaked, ignites, 95:1.33

Oil on compressor ignited by heat, 95:3.40

Oil on electrical cord ignited by spark, 93:5.37

Overheated oil in transformer explodes, ignites, 94:6.92

Petroleum products manufacturing and distribution facility fire, 97:2.24

Rags impregnated with linseed oil ignite, 93:6.79

Rags soaked with ignite, 98:6.21

Superheated oil and water cause steam explosion, catastrophic fire, 92:4.70

OIL REFINERY FIRES. See REFINERIES, OIL, FIRES

OIL WELL FIRES

Catastrophic, Louisiana, June 16, 1997, 98:5.53

Catastrophic, Ohio, Oct. 10, 1991, 92:4.71

OKLAHOMA

Catastrophic fires

Aircraft, Aug. 21, 1990, 91:4.70

Aircraft, Dec. 21, 1995, 96:5.99

Apartment building, Feb. 5, 1997, 98:5.49

Dwelling, Feb. 1, 1991, 92:4.68

Dwelling, Aug. 31, 1991, 92:4.69

Dwelling, Sept. 21, 1993, 94:5.100

Dwelling, Nov. 20, 1994, 95:5.62

Manufactured home, Apr. 20, 1996, 97:5.49

Office building, Apr. 19, 1995, 95:4.51, 96:1.50, 96:1.59, 96:5.94, 96:6.69

Storage tank facility, May 16, 1990, 91:4.69

Tank storage facilities, Apr. 23, 1995, 96:5.97

Fatal fires

Dwelling, 1991, 92:6.28

Dwelling, 1996, 97:3.29

Dwelling, 1997, 98:3.38

Grass/warehouse fire, 1990, 91:4.26

Manufacturing plant fire, 1992, 93:5.37

Office building fire, June, 1994, 95:6.98

Vehicle fire, 1996, 97:3.33

OKLAHOMA CITY, OKLA.

Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building bombing and fire, April 19, 1995, 95:4.51, 96:5.94, 96:6.69

Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building fire, Apr. 19, 1995, NFPA documentation of response, 96:1.50

USAR task force response to Murrah Federal Building bombing, 96:1.59

OLIVER, DAVID

Profile of, 97:4.35

ONG, Y. S.

Profile of, 97:6.36

ONTARIO, CANADA

Fatal board and care facility fire, March 21, 1995, fire investigation report, 98:5.38

Hospital fire, 1992, 93:2.20

Manufacturing plant/laboratory fire, 1992, 93:6.27

Motor vehicle repair shop fire, 1989, 91:1.28

Tire fire, 1990, 91:1.50

OPEN FLAME DEVICES

Catastrophic incendiary fire ignited by, 98:5.45, 46

Child playing with charcoal lighter, ignites fatal fire, 98:4.19

Children use gas grill/pilot lighter to ignite cushions in store fire, 98:4.49

Incendiary fire ignited by, 98:6.22

OPENINGS. See also STAIRWAYS

Fire spread through, 94:6.93, 95:5.33, 95:6.104, 98:6.86, 92

In fire wall, fire spread through, 98:6.92

Through-penetration protection systems, 94:1.54

Unprotected

Store fire, factor in, 92:6.78

Warehouse fire, factor in, 93:6.86

ORANGE COUNTY, FLA.

Orange County Fire and Rescue Service operates as a consolidated force, 93:2.63

OREGON

Apartment building fire, 1996, 97:3.30

Catastrophic fires

Apartment building, June 28, 1996, 97:5.49

Board and care facility, Jan. 12, 1995, 96:5.96

Motor vehicle, March 25, 1997, 98:5.55

Fatal wildland/urban interface fire, Aug., 1994, 95:6.111

Manufacturing plant fire, Feb. 19, 1990, 91:6.75

Manufacturing plant fire, July, 1992, 93:6.84

Manufacturing plant fire, 1993, 94:3.29

Manufacturing plant fire, July, 1995, 96:6.64

Manufacturing plant fire, Nov. 18, 1996, 97:6.50

Museum fire, 1994, 95:6.35

School fire, 1991, 92:2.25

School fire, 1993, 94:5.28

Store fire, 1996, 97:3.33

Warehouse fire, 1993, 94:3.27

Wildland fire, Oct., 1991, 92:6.76

Wildland fire, Aug., 1992, 93:6.89

ORLANDO, FLA.

Disney World fire protection systems, 96:3.119

Orlando Fire Department offers innovative service to tourist center, 93:2.59

O'SULLIVAN, JOHN J.

Profile of, 97:1.42

OUR LADY OF THE ANGELS SCHOOL FIRE

Arson fire, Chicago, IL, 1958, 96:1.72

OUTREACH COLUMNS

College students need fire safety education, 97:5.34

Fire drills: The Great Escape, theme of Fire Prevention Week 1998, 98:4.32

Fire safety education benefits from teamwork, including Risk Watch, 98:2.30

NFPA Champion Award Program discourages juvenile firesetting, 97:2.34

NFPA Champion Award Program provides age-appropriate fire safety education, 97:3.45

NFPA members should use their expertise to be safety role models, 97:6.32

NFPA Risk Watch addresses eight preventable injuries most threatening to children, 97:4.33

Residential sprinklers discussed on television talk show, 98:3.52

Teachers as leaders in fire/life safety education, 98:1.34

Thanks to those who support fire safety education and need for more assistance, 98:6.34

U. S. society needs to shift focus from fire response to prevention, 98:5.28

OVENS, DRYING

Dust and lacquer in vent system, ignited by heat source, 96:4.24

OXYGEN

Fuels hospital fire, 94:5.104

Generators in cargo hold possibly activated, ignited catastrophic aircraft fire, 97:5.54

Oxygen-enriched atmosphere and oxygen container failure fuel fatal fire, 98:4.19

Oxygen-enriched atmosphere fueled aircraft fire, 92:6.76

Oxygen-enriched atmosphere in operating room intensifies fire, 98:5.17

Smoking, ignited by

Apartment fire, 91:2.29

Board and care facility fire; stored oxygen, 96:5.96

Nursing home fire, 92:2.26

OZONE

Second International Conference, 1990, 91:1.64


P

PAINT MANUFACTURING PLANT FIRES

California, 1991, 92:4.28

PAPER

Cardboard ignited by forging equipment, 97:6.52

Government building fire, used to ignite, 92:6.26

Incendiary fire started in shredded paper, 94:6.97

Incendiary fire started with paper products, 96:1.24

Rolled

Electrical malfunction, ignited by, 96:6.62

Paper mill fire fueled by, 94:6.34

Printing plant fire fueled by, 96:6.63

Warehouse fire fueled by, 97:6.56

Scrap paper jams forklift, ignites fire, 94:6.95

Stored

Fire fueled by, 94:6.95

Light, ignited by, 94:6.94

Warehouse destroyed by fire, 96:1.24

PARRY, GEORGE T.

Profile of, 97:2.36

PARSONS, DAVIS R.

Profile of, 97:1.41

PASSIVE FIRE PROTECTION

Value in fire control, 97:2.30

PENDERGRAS, DOUGLAS G.

Profile of, 98:6.36

PENNSYLVANIA

Board and care facility fire, 1993, 94:6.33

Board and care facility fire, May 4, 1997, analysis, 97:5.68

Building-under-renovation fire, 1997, 98:6.24

Catastrophic fires

Apartment building, April 5, 1997, 98:5.45

Automobile, Nov. 8, 1992, 93:5.68

Board and care facility, Aug. 20, 1996, 97:5.52

Board-and-care facility, May 14, 1997, 98:5.53

Dwelling, March 3, 1990, 91:4.64

Dwelling, July 30, 1990, 91:4.66

Dwelling, Feb. 14, 1991, 92:4.67

Dwelling, Dec. 14, 1991, 92:4.69

Dwelling, March 13, 1992, 93:5.62

Dwelling, July 24, 1992, 93:5.62

Dwelling, Oct. 2, 1992, 93:5.64

Dwelling, Dec. 5, 1992, 93:5.62

Dwelling, July 25, 1993, 94:5.97

Dwelling, April 6, 1994, 95:5.59

Dwelling, Oct. 21, 1994, 95:5.60

Dwelling, Dec. 23, 1994, 95:5.58

Dwelling, Feb. 12, 1995, 96:5.92

Dwelling, May 24, 1997, 98:5.49

Dwelling, Oct. 24, 1997, 98:5.50

Furniture refinishing plant, Dec. 20, 1991, 92:3.73

High-rise office building, Feb. 23, 1991, 92:4.71

Manufacturing plant, May 15, 1991, 92:4.71

Manufacturing plant, Dec. 20, 1991, 92:4.71

Oil refinery, Oct. 16, 1995, 96:5.96

Shanty, 91:4.69

Vacant dwelling fire, Aug. 1, 1992, 93:5.67

Church fire, Feb., 1995, 96:6.73

Church fire, Sep. 11, 1997, 98:6.92

Community center fire, 1996, 97:5.23

Detention facility fire, 1994, 95:5.33

Dormitory fire, April, 1994, 95:6.99

Dwelling fire, 1996, 97:4.19

Dwelling fire, 1997, 98:1.22, 98:3.38

Dwelling-under-construction fire, 1995, 96:6.23

Fatal fires

Apartment building, 1990, 91:4.26

Board and care facility, May 13, 1997, fire investigation report, 98:5.37

College building, 1992, 93:1.27

Dwelling, 1994, 95:1.34

Dwelling, 1997, 98:1.23

High-rise office building fire, Feb. 23, 1991, 91:5.64, 92:5.56, 92:6.74

Furniture manufacturing plant fire, 1992, 93:1.28

Historic mansion fire, 1993, 94:4.31

Hospital fire, 1991, 92:2.27

Manufacturing plant fire, 1990, 91:5.28

Manufacturing plant fire, Feb., 1993, 94:6.95

Manufacturing plant fire, Dec., 1993, 94:6.95

Manufacturing plant fire, July 4, 1997, 98:6.86

Manufacturing plant fire, Sept. 5, 1997, 98:6.84

Manufacturing plant/warehouse fire, June, 1991, 92:6.80

Public entertainment center fire, Jan. 28, 1997, 98:6.92

Research laboratory fire, 1991, 92:4.25

School fire, 1996, 97:3.34

Shopping mall fire, 1996, 97:6.21

Shopping mall fire, Dec., 1994, 95:6.99

Storage facility fire, May 5, 1997, 98:6.91

Store fires, 1992, 93:3.36, 93:6.29

Store fire, 1993, 94:6.35

Store fire, Dec., 1994, 95:6.99

Store fire, Dec. 21, 1997, 98:6.89

Subway car fire, 1990, 91:4.31

Tank farm fire, Oct., 1995, 96:6.62

Tire fire, March 13, 1996, 97:6.59

Warehouse fire, 1991, 92:2.27

Warehouse fire, August, 1992, 93:6.85

Warehouse fire, Aug. 27, 1996, 97:6.56

Zoo fire, 1995, 96:6.24

PERSONAL PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT

Firefighter fatalities wearing PASS devices, ten year analysis, 98:4.56

Improved thermal protection increases heat stress, 93:6.17

Performance in wildland fire, 95:5.67

PESHTIGO, WIS.

Wildland/urban interface fire, 1871, 94:2.86

PETERSON, WILLIAM E.

Profile of, 91:4.12

PHILADELPHIA, PA.

High-rise office building fire, Feb. 23, 1991, 92:5.56

PIER AND WHARF FIRES

Louisiana, Aug. 24, 1990, 91:6.73

New York, Feb. 12, 1997, 98:5.53

PILIERO, DANIEL J.

Memorial tribute, 91:2.35

PLASTICS FIRES

Acrylic sheet ignited by malfunctioning form machine, 97:4.22

Embers ignite polyurethane, 95:3.38

Fan motor overheats, ignites plastic trim, 95:5.33

Heat lamps ignite plastic trays in restaurant fire, 96:3.36

Insulation ignited by electric box malfunction, 96:3.40

Plastic pellets ignited, 95:6.103

Rigid plastic insulation, ignited in incendiary fire, 95:6.104

Torch ignites residual plastic in shredder, 96:5.23

Trash container, lined with plastic bag, ignited by cigarettes, 92:4.69

Warehouse destroyed by fire, 96:1.24

POLYCHLORINATED BIPHENYLS (PCBs)

Hazardous materials response at generating plant fire, 94:6.92

Transformers, safety of PCBs in, 91:1.116

POLYURETHANE FOAM. See FOAM RUBBER OR POLYURETHANE; INSULATION

PORTLAND, OREGON

Preschoolers learn fire safety in Head Start program, 94:1.67

POSTAL FACILITY FIRES

Massachusetts, 1990, 91:3.27

POVERTY. See also HOMELESS

Catastrophic fire, factor in, 97:5.51

Fire risk statistics affected by, 96:1.104

Utilities shut off for nonpayment, fires caused by (See UTILITIES)

POWER PLANT FIRES. See also ELECTRIC GENERATING PLANT FIRES

Steam, Virginia, Feb., 1995, 96:6.72

POWER SAWS

Gasoline-powered saw ignites roof fire, 92:3.31

PRESCRIBED BURNS

Fire spread beyond containment lines, Texas, 1994, 95:2.31

PRISON FIRES. See DETENTION FACILITY FIRES

PRODUCT LABELS

Effectiveness of labeling systems for flammable and combustible products, 94:1.71

PROFILE COLUMNS

Almand, Kathleen H., 98:3.54

Austin, Stephen P., 96:5.38

Bailey, Dan W., 92:1.16

Bathurst, Donald G., 93:6.20

Bell, A. D., 95:5.26

Benarick, Glenn P., 94:1.22

Bernd, Robert E., 98:1.36

Beyreis, James R., 94:5.20

Blair, John A., 91:6.18

Bliss, Donald P., 98:4.36

Boehlert, Sherwood, 96:1.36

Boyd, Howard F., 93:4.18

Boyd, Wayne H., 98:4.39

Brace, Tom, 96:4.37

Brannigan, Frank, 95:1.23

Breedlove, Diane, 94:2.22

Brice, Herman W., 94:3.21

Bruno, Hal, 96:2.38

Bukowski, Richard W., 94:1.23

Carson, Margaret D., 92:2.20

Castino, G. Thomas, 93:3.20

Cox, Phil, 96:4.36

Crawford, Jim, 93:5.23

Daly, Wendy L., 94:3.20

DiNenno, Philip J., 92:4.20

Dungan, Kenneth W., 92:5.20

Ewell, P. Lamont, 95:3.30

Fleming, Joseph M., 98:1.37

Fleming, Russell P., 91:2.14

Forsman, Douglas P., 95:4.30

Gabriele, Rocco J., 95:2.22

Glatfelter, Arthur J., 97:6.35

Gonzales, Richard L., 93:6.21

Goss, Kay, 96:3.53

Grant, Ernest, 96:5.39

Greene, Olin L., 92:3.26

Gross, Carol, 95:3.31

Hathaway, Leonard R., 96:6.38

Hawkins, Jasper Stillwell, 95:2.23

Hewitt, Terry-Dawn, 98:2.32

Hoebel, James F., 97:2.37

Javeri, Sultan M., 97:3.48

Keigher, Donald J., 95:5.27

Kung, Hsiang-Cheng, 95:4.31

Labauve, Lamar, 96:1.37

Lingenfelter, Gerald, 96:2.39

Lion, Douglas R., 93:2.16

Long, Marian H., 96:6.39

Lopes, Rocky, 95:1.22

Lucht, David A., 93:5.22

Mattern, Jeffrey, 97:4.34

McDaniels, Warren, 98:2.33

Mickalide, Angela D., 98:5.30

Moore, Wayne D., 94:4.23

Moses, Thomas M., 91:1.14

Nachbar, Mary, 94:5.21

Nelson, Harold E., 93:1.21

Nelson, Jennifer L., 93:2.17

Norstrom, Gail P., 97:5.38

Oliver, David, 97:4.35

Ong, Y. S., 97:6.36

O'Sullivan, John J., 97:1.42

Parry, George T., 97:2.36

Parsons, Davis R., 97:1.41

Pendergras, Douglas G., 98:6.36

Peterson, William E., 91:4.12

Proulx, GuylËne, 97:3.47

Pullan, Art, 98:3.57

Renfrew, Henry W., 94:4.22

Richardson, Kenneth J., 91:5.20

Sanders, Russell E., 93:1.20

Scannell, Jerry, 96:3.55

Sharry, John, 94:6.26

Simmons, Philip, 94:2.23

Smittle, Walter, III, 92:6.20

Stronach, Ian, 98:5.33

Testa, William L., 94:6.27

Thomas, H. Emerson, 98:6.39

Trench, Nancy J., 93:3.21

Vidal, David J., 93:4.19

Weldon, Curt, 91:3.14

Witzeman, Lou, 97:5.37

PROPANE. See also LP-GAS

Burner ignites hydrogen, 92:5.28

Cylinder ruptures when overfilled, 94:3.30

Cylinders, improperly stored, fail, release vapor cloud, 98:6.89

Cylinders BLEVE in fire, 91:6.23

Cylinders explode in auto repair shop fire, 95:6.100

Cylinders ignited by spreading fire, 94:6.36

Cylinders leak, BLEVE, 97:3.33

Fire and explosion involving, 91:1.28, 91:3.27

Forklift fuel ignited by engine block, 91:2.33

Gas lines fail, fuel catastrophic fire, 92:4.70

Gas released from cylinder explodes, ignites distribution facility fire, 97:4.20

Grill fuel ignited by open flame, 91:5.26

Grill fuel tank leaks, ignites dwelling fire, 97:4.19

Grill tank fuel, released, contributes to fire spread, 96:4.22

Grill tank fuel released, ignited by spark, 94:3.28

Heater, portable, ignites paper, 95:6.35

Heaters ignite wood sprinkler enclosures, 95:1.32

Isobutyl propane, ignited by electrical arc, 92:6.28

Juveniles inhaling propane inadvertently ignite residual gas, 97:6.19

Space heater ignites gasoline vapors, 97:1.26

Stove fuel contributes to spread of catastrophic fire, 94:5.96

Tank explodes, starts fire, 94:1.30

Tank truck fuel leak ignited by open flame, 93:3.36

Tank truck leak ignites fatal truck/clubhouse/storage tank fire, 98:2.19

Tank trucks at fire site hampered fire fighting, 94:6.96

Tank vents, forcing fire fighters to evacuate building fire, 96:6.73

Tanks protected in manufacturing plant fire, 94:6.95

Torch ignites combustible crates and plastic, 91:6.73

Torch ignites couch, 93:2.22

Torch ignites fire in roof drain, 97:6.53

Torch ignites restaurant fire, 91:2.32

Torch ignites roof, 97:6.19

Torch ignites roof framing, 98:2.19

Torch ignites school fire, 93:4.28

Torch ignites shingles, wood trim, 97:2.21

Vapor cloud ignites, causes explosion, 93:5.67, 93:6.30

Water heater pilot light ignites spilled gasoline vapors, 93:2.21

PROTECTIVE CLOTHING

Rescue worker without clothing killed, 96:5.94

PROULX, GUYLENE

Profile of, 97:3.47

PUBLIC ASSEMBLY OCCUPANCIES

Crown Coliseum arena, Cincinnati, Ohio, updates fire protection system, 98:3.120

PUBLIC ASSEMBLY OCCUPANCIES, FIRES IN. See also specific occupancies

Entertainment center, Pennsylvania, Jan. 28, 1997, 98:6.92

Meeting hall fire, Massachusetts, 1997, 98:1.21

Meeting hall fire, Missouri, 1997, 98:2.19

PULLAN, ART

Profile of, 98:3.57

PYROTECHNICS. See also EXPLOSIVES; FIREWORKS

Catastrophic storage and manufacturing facility explosion and fire, Tennessee, June 5, 1997, 98:5.53


Q

QUEBEC, CANADA

Fatal board and care facility fire, Aug. 31, 1996

Analysis of fire, 97:1.44

Fire investigation report, 98:5.38

Tire fire, 1990, 91:1.55


R

RACE TRACK FIRES

Louisiana, Dec., 1993, 94:6.89

RACK STORAGE

Fire in, 91:6.26

RADIO COMMUNICATIONS. See also FIRE SERVICE COMMUNICATIONS

Ham radio operators' role in emergency communication, 96:2.46

RADIO STATION FIRES

California, 1994, 95:4.40

RAILROAD ROLLING STOCK FIRES

Catastrophic

Freight train and tractor trailer-tanker collision, Tennessee, June 19, 1990, 91:4.70

Freight train collision, Georgia, Aug. 19, 1990, 91:4.72

Freight train collision, Illinois, Dec. 22, 1995, 96:5.101

Passenger train collision, Florida, March 17, 1993, 94:5.106

Passenger train collision, Maryland, Feb. 16, 1996, 97:5.54, 6.59

Freight train collision, Kansas, July 2, 1997, 98:6.91

Hazardous materials database software for responders, 97:3.66

Locomotive collision, Texas, Oct. 25, 1997, 98:6.91

Rail fires survey, NFPA Rail Transportation Systems Section, 91:1.101

Technological advances, training, key to safety efforts, 97:3.64

Weyauwega, Wisc., LP-Gas tank car derailment, March 4, 1996, 96:3.89, 97:6.60

RECORDS STORAGE FIRES

Iron Mountain, Inc. fire, South Brunswick, New Jersey, March, 1997, spotlights problems of large records-retention facilities, 98:2.68

Pennsylvania, May 5, 1997, 98:6.91

RECREATIONAL FACILITY FIRES. See also AMUSEMENT CENTER FIRES; AMUSEMENT PARK FIRES

Athletic complex, Arizona, 1993, 94:5.30

Bowling alley, Maine, 1992, 93:1.26

Bowling alley, vacant, Michigan, 1991, 92:2.29

Building-under-construction, Illinois, March, 1992, 93:6.88

Gymnasium, Rhode Island, Jan., 1992, 93:6.79

National Park Visitors Center, Utah, 1991, 92:1.23

RECREATIONAL VEHICLE FIRES

Camper van, catastrophic, Ohio, Nov. 11. 1991, 92:4.70

Carburetor floods, releases gasoline vapors which ignite, 98:6.89

Jet ski, vacuum cleaner ignites gasoline vapors, 92:5.28

REFINERIES, OIL, FIRES

California, Oct., 1992, 93:6.82

California, Jan., 1995, 96:6.63

California, Jan. 21, 1997, 98:6.84

Catastrophic

Louisiana, Aug. 2, 1993, 94:5.105, 94:6.93

Pennsylvania, Oct. 16, 1995, 96:5.96

Louisiana, March 3, 1991, 92:4.70, 92:6.77

Ohio, Oct. 12, 1996, 97:6.49

Texas, April, 1991, 92:6.75

Utah, 1993, 94:6.36

RELIEF AGENCIES

Efforts after Northridge, Calif. earthquake, 95:3.52

RENFREW, HENRY W.

Profile of, 94:4.22

RESCUE. See FIRE SERVICE RESCUE AND EXTRICATION

RESEARCH LABORATORY FIRES

Pennsylvania, 1991, 92:4.25

RESIDENTIAL FIRES. See also APARTMENT BUILDING FIRES; APARTMENT COMPLEX FIRES; CONDOMINIUM FIRES; DWELLING FIRES; MANUFACTURED HOME FIRES; MULTIPLE-OCCUPANCY FIRES

Candles as cause of, statistics and fire safety information, 98:3.160

Fire fighter fatalities related to, 95:4.87

Fire statistics and safety information, 98:5.112

Home health care safety risks, 98:1.64

Kitchen fire statistics, fire safety information, 98:1.88

NFPA "Great Escape" promotes home fire drills and escape plans, 98:3.74, 4.32

Products ignited in, 91:5.72

Reporting protocol for non-dwelling fires revised, 96:4.55

Residential sprinkler ordinances hurt by public's misconceptions, 98:2.58

Residential sprinklers discussed on television talk show, 98:3.52

RESORT FIRES

Colorado, 1992, 93:1.25

RESTAURANT FIRES

California, 1990, 92:3.34

California, 1992, 93:4.28, 93:5.35

California, 1997, 98:3.36, 4.22

Catastrophic

Indiana, Feb. 6, 1992, 93:5.66

Iowa, Oct. 17, 1994, 95:5.62

Connecticut, 1996, 97:4.22

Florida, 1994, 95:2.31

Florida, 1996, 97:3.29

Illinois, 1991, 92:5.30

Illinois, Oct. 18, 1996, 97:6.59

Indiana, 1995, 96:5.25

Massachusetts, 1996, 97:4.22, 5.22

Massachusetts, 1955, 1965; Wayside Inn fires, 94:6.75

Michigan, 1990, 91:2.32, 91:6.23

Michigan, 1994, 95:1.34

Michigan, 1995, 96:3.35

Minnesota, 1991, 92:6.25

New York, 1996, 97:6.22

North Dakota, 1993, 94:3.28

Ohio, 1995, 96:3.35

Ohio, 1997, 98:6.21

Oklahoma, Jan., 1994, 95:6.98

Safe commercial cooking operations, 97:1.33

Tennessee, 1997, 98:5.18

Virginia, 1995, 96:3.36

Virginia, 1996, 97:2.21

Wisconsin, 1993, 94:3.29

RHODE ISLAND

Apartment building fire, 1992, 93:2.22

Catastrophic fires

Aircraft, Aug. 26, 1995, 96:5.99

Apartment building, Feb. 27, 1993, 94:5.96

Apartment building, Dec. 23, 1995, 96:5.93

College building fire, 1004, 95:3.37

Dwelling fire, 1995, 96:6.22

Gymnasium fire, Jan., 1992, 93:6.79

School fire, March, 1992, 93:6.79

Store fire, 1994, 95:3.39

Warehouse fire, May, 1992, 93:6.86

Warehouse fire, 1994, 95:3.39

RICHARDSON, J. KENNETH

Profile of, 91:5.20

ROBOTS

Tokyo fire service pioneers use, 92:2.67

ROCKET FUELS

Mixture ignites, causes test facility explosion, fire, 95:4.40

ROOFS. See also CONCEALED SPACES; WOOD SHINGLES, SHAKES

Asphalt layers factor in fire spread, 95:6.107

Collapse

Apartment building fire, in, 97:3.30

Building supply store fire, in, 97:6.54

Building-under-construction fire, in, 91:3.27

Catastrophic dwelling fire, in, 97:5.50

Defensive attack required, 98:1.21, 6.89

Equipment damaged by, 94:6.94

Fire fighter fatalities related to, 98:4.59

Fire fighter injuries related to, 96:6.109, 98:6.54

Fire fighting hampered by, 93:6.29, 93:6.83, 94:6.95, 96, 97, 95:6.37, 100, 106, 107, 108, 96:6.70

Fire spread by, 94:6.95

Hotel fire, in, 97:6.19

Manufacturing plant fire, in, 92:6.80, 97:6.49, 52

Rescue prevented by, 93:5.64

Shopping mall fire, in, 97:4.21, 6.21

Snow, damages electrical panel, ignites manufacturing plant fire, 97:1.28

Sprinkler system damaged by, 96:6.62

Sprinkler system rendered inoperable by, 91:6.74, 75, 93:6.84, 85, 98:6.87

Storage facility fire, 98:5.18

Store fire, in, 92:6.78

Trusses, collapse of, cause of fire fighter fatalities, 97:4.57

Trusses, collapse of, in apartment building fire, 97:2.22

Trusses, collapse of, in automobile repair shop fire, 97:2.23

Water supply cut off by, 93:6.83

Concrete thickness delays venting, 95:6.106

Electrical grounding, ignited by, 95:5.35

Fire spread across/through, 92:4.70, 92:5.30, 94:4.31, 94:5.98, 94:6.93, 96:2.23, 96:3.35, 97:1.27, 5.21, 49, 6.21, 53, 57, 98:2.18, 3.38

Fire spread to, 70, 91:4.57, 91:5.28, 91:6.73, 92:4.69

Fire started in, 94:4.29, 97:6.59

Fire vented through, 91:4.67, 98:2.20

Fireworks, ignited by, 92:4.27

Gas-fueled fire, ignited by, 94:6.35

Gasoline-powered saw, ignited by, 92:3.31

Grass fire, ignited by, 91:4.26

Insulation ignited by welding, 94:6.94

Layer ignited, 94:6.95

Lightning, ignited by; framing fails and collapses, 92:6.78

Lightning travels along metal roof, ignites rafters, 95:6.98

Metal roof installed over existing roof created concealed spaces, 95:4.40

Multiple layers, hamper fire service operations, 97:6.21

Noncombustible, limited fire spread, 94:6.97

Plywood subroof spreads fire, 94:6.94

Roofers run screw through electrical conduit, ignite fire, 95:6.99

Roofer's torch, tar ignite roof framing, 98:2.19

Roofer's torch ignites insulation, 95:3.40

Roofer's torch ignites roof, 94:3.29, 95:6.98, 97:2.21, 6.19

Roofer's torch possibly ignites roof, 96:6.73

Sawtooth roof design channeled fire to assembly area, 95:6.104

Second roof installed over existing roof conceals fire, 98:6.84

Sloped, delayed sprinkler activation, 98:6.89

Tar, ignited by, 91:6.23

Tar kettle ignites propane leak, 97:3.33

Tar on roof contributes to fire spread, 94:6.93, 94, 95

Tar paper ignited by torch, 94:6.96

"Tudor" soffit allowed fire spread, 94:6.90

Wood, factor in wildland fire spread, 94:6.99

Wood shake shingles factor in wildland fire spread, 93:6.89

Wood shingles ignited by cigarette, 96:5.25

Wood shingles ignited by fireworks, 96:4.21, 97:3.30

Wood-and-tar roof ignited by torch, 94:6.95

ROOMING HOUSE FIRES

Catastrophic, Ohio, Feb. 18, 1991, 92:4.67

Massachusetts, 1996, 97:1.26, 6.19

RUBBER FIRES. See also FOAM RUBBER OR POLYURETHANE

Hot rubber waste ignited in waste hopper, 95:4.40

RUBBISH AND TRASH. See also DUMPSTER FIRES

Aerosol can used to ignite trash, 97:1.27

Apartment fire spread, factor in, 91:4.25

Basement debris, fire ignited in, 94:5.98

Burning paper in waste disposal system ignites stored waste, 97:5.24

Cigarette lighter used to ignite dumpster trash, 98:4.20

Cigarette(s) ignite construction debris, 97:3.30

Cigarette(s) ignite fire in trash barrel, 94:6.35

Cigarette(s) ignited trash in catastrophic fire, 92:4.69

Cigarette(s) ignites fire in trash bag, 96:5.24

Debris used as shelter by homeless burned in catastrophic fire, 98:5.53

Dumpster, fire ignited in; involves warehouse, 91:1.31

Electric skillet ignites trash container, 95:2.29

Lighter ignites trash in catastrophic fire, 91:4.68

Manufacturing plant fire, ignited in, 98:6.87

Rags soiled with stain ignite other trash, 95:6.38

Shredded trash, fire ignited in, 93:6.82

Smoking materials ignite fire in trash container, 96:3.35

Smoking materials ignite trash in catastrophic fire, 97:5.52

Trash, fire ignited in, 96:2.25

Trash container, fire ignited in, 94:5.27

Trash on loading dock, fire ignited in, 93:6.84

Unknown source ignites trash in catastrophic fire, 92:4.69

Waste chemicals in dumpster react, ignite waste products, 97:5.24

RUGS. See CARPETS AND RUGS

RURAL FIRES

Prevention is shared responsibility of citizens, fire service, government, 94:5.35


S

SAN FRANCISCO, CALIF.

Earthquake and subsequent fires, October 17, 1989, 94:3.88

Fire department peer mediation program, 91:3.62

Fire fighting challenges of city fire department, 94:3.119

SANDERS, RUSSELL E.

Profile of, 93:1.20

SAWMILL FIRES

California, March, 1991, 92:6.79

Wyoming, 1991, 92:1.26

SCANNELL, JERRY

Profile of, 96:3.55

SCHOOLS

Exits require balancing fire safety and security needs, 98:3.46

Fire drills, planned programs for, 91:2.24

Natural gas explosion, New London, Texas, March 18, 1937, 93:5.94

School fire safety holds lessons for other occupancies, 97:5.104

SCHOOL FIRES

California, 1991, 92:6.29

Catastrophic, elementary, Maryland, Oct. 24, 1993, 94:5.105

Under construction, Minnesota, 1994, 95:3.39

Elementary, California, 1992, 93:4.28

Elementary, California, 1997, 98:1.21

Elementary, Massachusetts, 1992, 93:3.33

Elementary, Oregon, 1991, 92:2.25

Elementary, Utah, March, 1995, 96:6.73

Middle, Oregon, 1993, 94:5.28

Our Lady of the Angels school, Chicago, IL, 1958, 96:1.72

Secondary, Florida, 1993, 94:1.29

Secondary, Indiana, April, 1994, 95:6.98

Secondary, Indiana, Dec., 1994, 95:6.98

Secondary, Massachusetts, 1991, 92:4.27

Secondary, Pennsylvania, 1996, 97:3.34

Secondary, Rhode Island, March, 1992, 93:6.79

Secondary, Tennessee, 1993, 94:2.30

Secondary, Virginia, 1995, 96:5.25

Vacant, Nova Scotia, Canada, 1991, 92:5.30

Vacant school complex, Mississippi, 1990, 91:3.27

SCOTTSDALE, ARIZONA

Required residential sprinklers increase fire safety, 97:4.40

SEATTLE, WASHINGTON

Fire alarm system installer certification required by, 93:1.55

Ship fire, Sept. 16, 1991, 92:6.48

SECURITY PROVISIONS

Airport security measures jeopardize life safety, 96:6.85

Building security measures contribute to fire deaths, 94:3.110

Chain and lock on fenced area, factor in storage facility fire, 97:6.56

Electronic locking devices hindered rescue in catastrophic prison fire, 92:4.70

Fire safety implications of home security systems, 94:3.4

Gates, chains, factor in school fire, 93:6.79

Gates, factor in fatal fire, 95:3.37

Locked exits (See EXITS)

School exits require balancing fire safety and security needs, 98:3.46

Security bars

Catastrophic fires, factor in, 91:4.64, 93:5.62, 94:5.95, 96, 96:5.93, 97:5.51, 98:5.45, 50

Fatal fires, factor in, 91:4.26, 92:6.28, 94:3.110, 95:2.29, 96:1.23

Washington, D.C airports equipped with state-of-art security systems, 98:4.80

SELF-CONTAINED BREATHING APPARATUS

Air supply used up, cause of fire fighter fatalities, 96:5.96

SEMICONDUCTOR MANUFACTURING

Fire protection for, 92:2.32

SERVICE STATIONS

Station design must consider technology, market demand, code and federal requirements, 98:4.76

SERVICE STATION FIRES

Massachusetts, 1995, 96:6.21

SEWAGE TREATMENT PLANTS. See WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS

SHANTY FIRES

Catastrophic, Pennsylvania, March 24, 1990, 91:4.69

SHARRY, JOHN

Profile of, 94:6.26

SHED FIRES

California, 1991, 92:6.26

Catastrophic, Missouri, Sept. 14, 1991, 92:4.70

Texas, 1992, 93:2.20

SHIP EXPLOSIONS

Munitions ship, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Dec. 6, 1917, 92:3.96

SHIP FIRES. See also BARGE FIRES; BOAT FIRES

Catastrophic

Barges, Louisiana, Oct. 30, 1990, 91:4.70

Passenger cruise ship, Alaska, July 27, 1996, 97:5.54

Tanker, Texas, Oct. 9, 1993, 94:5.108

Cruise vessel fires raise questions about regulations, 98:3.66

Fish-processing vessel, Seattle, Wash., Sept. 16, 1991, 92:6.48

Florida, Aug., 1993, 94:6.98

Large-loss-of-life

General Slocum excursion steamer, N. Y., N. Y., 1904, 95:4.80

S. S. Noronic, Toronto, Canada, Sept. 17, 1949, 97:1.58

NFPA's 75 years of marine fire protection, 97:2.90

Tanker fire safety, 98:3.70

Texas, Nov. 11, 1997, 98:6.91

SHOPPING MALL FIRES

Arkansas, 1996, 97:4.21

California, 1993, 94:6.35

Florida, Sept. 6, 1996, 97:6.53

Missouri, 1997, 98:2.20

Nevada, 1992, 93:2.19

New Jersey, 1990, 92:1.21

New Jersey, 1997, 98:6.21

New York, May, 1991, 92:6.77

Pennsylvania, Dec., 1994, 95:6.99

Pennsylvania, 1996, 97:6.21

West Virginia, March, 1995, 96:6.70

Wisconsin, 1989, 91:1.29

SIGNALING SYSTEMS. See ALARM SYSTEMS

SIMMONS, PHILIP

Profile of, 94:2.23

SINCE YOU ASKED COLUMNS

Electrical experts answer questions on /iNational Electrical Code/I, 96:1.28

Fire extinguisher questions, 96:4.28

Hazardous materials classification and containment, 96:2.30

NFPA 99, Health Care Facilities, questions, 96:6.28

Public fire protection's most asked questions, 96:5.30

Questions on various codes answered, 96:3.44

SMITTLE, WALTER, III

Profile of, 92:6.20

SMOKE DETECTORS. See DETECTORS, SMOKE

SMOKE INHALATION

Fire fighter injuries related to, 91:6.52, 94:6.64, 97:6.75

Smoke and burns compared as fire death causes, 95:1.38

SMOKE REMOVAL SYSTEM

Polyurethane foam manufacturing plant fire, use on, 98:6.21

SMOKE VENTS

Satisfactory performance, warehouse fire, 96:4.23

SMOKING MATERIALS. See also CIGARETTES

Careless disposal of

Apartment building fire cause, marijuana cigarette, 97:5.22

Barracks fire cause, 91:6.77

Board and care facility fire cause, 93:1.29, 98:5.53

Catastrophic apartment building fire cause, 94:5.102

Catastrophic board and care facility fire cause, 93:5.66, 95:5.64, 97:5.52

Catastrophic dwelling fire cause, 95:5.56

Catastrophic fire cause, 93:5.66, 94:5.102, 95:5.56, 64

Catastrophic fraternity house fire cause, 97:5.50

Dwelling fire cause, 95:1.34

Fatal dwelling fire cause, possible, 91:5.26

Fraternity house fire cause, 97:6.21

Funeral home fire cause, 96:6.24

Hospital fire cause, possible, 92:2.27

Hotel fire cause, 96:5.24

Motor vehicle repair shop, 91:2.30

Passenger terminal fire cause, 92:6.76

Restaurant fire cause, 93:5.35, 96:3.35

Warehouse fire cause, 95:2.30

Wildland/urban interface fire cause, possible, 95:6.111

Careless use of

Catastrophic apartment building fire cause, 96:5.91, 98:5.46

Catastrophic board and care facility fire cause, 91:4.68, 96:5.96, 96:5.97, 97:5.53

Catastrophic dwelling fire cause, 91:4.67, 93:5.62, 96:5.91, 96:5.92, 97:5.50, 98:5.46

Catastrophic limited care facility fire cause, 91:4.69, 93:5.62

Dwelling fire cause, 95:2.30

Fatal dwelling fire cause, 98:5.15

Fatal hotel fire cause, 98:6.23

Fatal oil-change facility fire cause, 96:3.40

Manufacturing plant fire cause, 97:6.50

Incendiary fire started by, catastrophic fire cause, 95:5.64

NFPA joins fight against smoking, 94:4.4

U. S. fire deaths caused by, 1995 statistics, 98:1.56

U. S. fire deaths caused by, overview of, 1980-88, 91:1.86

SOFTWARE. See COMPUTER SOFTWARE

SOLVENTS

Aerosol solvent containers damaged by forklift, explode, 96:4.23

Drums of solvent ignited, 95:6.103

Gasoline , used as solvent, ignited by gas furnace, 92:6.28

Hot engine, ignited by, 95:3.39

Printing plant fire fueled by, 96:6.63

PVC, ignited by torch, 96:6.23

Spark from forklift, ignited by, 92:4.28

SOUTH CANYON FIRE, COLO.

Wildland fire, 1994, 95:2.51

SOUTH CAROLINA

Automobile repair shop fire, 1996, 97:5.23

Catastrophic fires

Board and care facility, Nov. 22, 1990, 91:4.69

Dwelling, Nov. 7, 1992, 93:5.64

Dwelling, May 23, 1993, 94:5.96

Dwelling, Nov. 13, 1993, 94:5.102

Manufactured home, Sept. 6, 1996, 97:5.51

Manufactured home, Jan. 19, 1997, 98:5.45

Manufacturing plant, June 17, 1991, 92:4.70

Electric generating plant fire, Dec., 1994, 95:6.100

Fatal truck/storage tank fire, 1990, 91:2.32

Manufacturing plant fire, 1991, 92:3.32

Manufacturing plant fire, June, 1991, 92:6.80

Manufacturing plant fire, Nov. 4, 1997, 98:6.87

Manufacturing plant fire, Jan., 1992, 93:6.83

Manufacturing plant fire, Jan., 1993, 94:6.95

Store fire, Jan. 7, 1997, 98:6.89

Warehouse fire, Feb. 10, 1997, 98:6.88

SOUTH DAKOTA

Catastrophic dwelling fire, May 8, 1990, 91:4.66

Fatal fireworks display accident, 1995, 96:4.24

Manufacturing plant fire, 91:6.75

SOVIET UNION

Fire prevention and suppression programs in, 91:6.67

SPARKS

Electrical conduit ignited natural gas, 91:6.74

Gasoline ignited by, 91:2.31

From grinding operation ignited building materials, 91:6.75

From steel wool ignited varnish remover, 91:6.24

From tool ignited gasoline, 91:4.30

Wood fibers ignited by, 97:6.50

SPAS

National Electrical Code prevents accidents, 92:4.22

SPONTANEOUS IGNITION

Boxed adhesive materials, 91:6.26

Chemicals (CMDP) in laboratory, 91:5.30

Hydrogen peroxide, 93:2.21

Oil-soaked rags, 28, 91:5.64, 91:6.25, 92:4.71, 92:5.56, 92:6.74, 93:4.26, 93:6.79, 94:3.27, 94:4.31, 98:6.21

Polyurethane foam bungs, 98:6.21

Solvent soaked rags, 94:3.27

Stain-soaked paper towels, 98:4.21

Stain-soaked rags, 95:6.38

Varnish-saturated paper towels, 91:1.29

SPORTS UTILITY VEHICLE FIRES. See TRUCK FIRES

SPRINKLER SYSTEMS. See also DELUGE SYSTEMS

Advances in systems and codes over thirty years, 96:5.75

Backflow prevention assemblies protect public water supply, 97:4.68

Backflow prevention discussed by fire protection, water supply industries, 97:6.26

Board and care facilities use, 98:5.34

Community marketing strategy for residential sprinklers, 96:4.27

Design-related problems, 93:6.12

Energized electrical/electronic equipment, use above, 93:6.31

Fire department pumpers supply system, high-rise building fire, 91:5.65

Fire safety importance of sprinkler systems, 93:1.53

Health care facility fires, systems prevent tragedy in, 93:5.49

Heat/flames cause sprinkler pipe elbow to fail, limits fire, 98:5.15

New technology of sprinkler systems, 94:3.38

NFPA 13, Installation of Sprinkler Systems, changes in 1996 edition, 97:1.34

NFPA 13, Installation of Sprinkler Systems, 1991 edition overview, 91:5.12

NFPA 13, Installation of Sprinkler Systems, 1994 edition, changes in, 94:3.14

NFPA sprinkler system requirements to be consolidated in NFPA 13, 98:1.26

Nursing home fire verifies authority having jurisdiction/engineers joint design, 95:2.85

Questions on installation answered, 97:5.27

Residential sprinkler ordinances hurt by public's misconceptions, 98:2.58

Residential sprinklers discussed on television talk show, 98:3.52

Sample training exercise for sprinkler placement, 96:4.49

Scottsdale, Arizona, experience with required residential sprinklers, 97:4.40

Specialized sprinklers provide more protection at less cost, but create new challenges, 98:1.72

Training for fire fighters on system operation; review of literature, 94:3.59

U. S. experience with sprinklers, 93:6.44

Warehouse sprinkler system design, 93:4.16

SPRINKLER SYSTEMS NOT A FACTOR IN FIRE

Branch line disconnected, 91:4.67

Closed valve, 93:5.67, 93:6.82, 97:6.58

Did not cover area of fire, 92:4.70, 92:5.30

Disconnected, 91:3.31, 91:4.68, 95:6.108, 96:5.23, 97:6.56, 57

Disconnected for ongoing construction, 93:6.86, 95:6.35, 108

Fire above reach of system, 93:6.83, 95:6.107, 96:6.65, 97:6.59

Fire burns through PVC sprinkler supply pipe, 96:5.24

Fire extinguished prior to activation, 96:5.26, 97:6.22

Fire extinguished quickly, 98:5.17

Fire on exterior of building, 94:6.35, 97:5.22

Heat not sufficient to activate, 93:5.37, 95:5.33

Inoperable at time of fire, 91:6.73, 92:2.29, 93:2.44, 93:6.85, 86, 88

Inoperable while undergoing repair, 98:6.88

Installation incomplete, 92:4.71, 92:5.28, 56

Local systems only, 94:6.94

Manual system not activated, 93:6.27, 82

Not located in area of origin, 94:6.93, 96:5.97, 97:5.49, 52, 6.52, 54, 57, 98:5.54, 6.22, 89, 91

Not operational, 94:6.92, 97, 98, 95:6.108

Not operational due to closed valve, 96:5.94

Not operational due to earlier roof collapse, 97:6.50, 56

Not operational due to poor maintenance, 95:6.104

Not operational due to previous fire, 97:6.54

Partial system only, 95:1.31

Rendered inoperable by collapse of support, 91:6.74

Rendered inoperable by explosion, 91:6.74, 98:6.87

Rendered inoperable by explosion, building collapse, 96:5.94, 96:6.69

Rendered inoperable by roof collapse, 93:6.84, 85, 96:6.62, 98:6.87

Rendered inoperable by tank BLEVE, 96:6.63

Shut off for winter, 97:6.57

Shut off prior to fire, 91:6.26, 97:5.52

Water pipes frozen, 95:1.32

Water supply ruptured by metal fragments, 96:6.72

Water supply shut off, 94:6.91, 95, 96:2.25, 96:5.26, 98:6.89

SPRINKLER SYSTEMS, SATISFACTORY PERFORMANCE, 91:1.28, 29, 30, 2.29, 30, 31, 3.25, 29, 31, 4.25, 5.25, 26, 28, 30, 6.24, 92:1.21, 22, 23, 26, 2.27, 3.34, 4.26, 27, 28, 5.28, 30, 6.25, 26, 29, 93:1.26, 27, 28, 4.25, 5.35, 37, 38, 49, 67, 6.29, 81, 86, 94:1.29, 30, 32, 2.27, 29, 30, 3.27, 28, 29, 4.29, 30, 31, 5.29, 30, 105, 6.33, 34, 35, 93, 95, 95:1.34, 2.29, 30, 32, 85, 3.39, 40, 4.40, 5.33, 6.37, 38, 98, 104, 96:1.22, 24, 2.23, 24, 25, 26, 3.36, 39, 40, 4.23, 24, 5.23, 24, 25, 6.21, 22, 23, 24, 64, 97:1.25, 26, 27, 3.33, 34, 4.22, 5.22, 24, 6.22, 49, 54, 98:1.24, 2.18, 20, 3.41, 42, 4.20, 5.15, 17, 18, 5.53, 6.21, 22, 84, 85, 87, 88, 89

SPRINKLER SYSTEMS, UNSATISFACTORY PERFORMANCE

Corroded valve prevents operation, 92:3.32

Did not function properly, reason unknown, 93:6.84

Did not operate, 94:6.90

Did not operate promptly, 98:6.88

Dry-pipe system failed to operate, 94:6.96

Failed to control fire, 94:6.96, 98:6.88, 91

Fire shielded from sprinkler system, which did not operate, 98:1.24

Fire spread to concealed spaces, 97:6.22

HVAC equipment blocked sprinklers, 94:2.30

Inadequate for hazard, 95:6.107, 96:6.62

Inadequate for storage configuration, 91:2.33, 93:1.26, 93:6.87, 96:6.62, 96:6.70, 97:6.54, 56, 98:6.89

Interior partitions obstructed spray pattern, 93:5.35

No fire department connection, 96:6.62

No in-rack sprinklers, 98:6.88, 89

Overpowered by dust explosions, 97:6.49

Overpowered by fire, 91:6.75, 76, 92:6.78, 79, 93:6.84, 94:6.91, 93, 94, 97, 96:6.62, 97:6.54, 98:6.21, 86

Overpowered by fire, inadequate design, 91:6.37, 92:6.75, 93:4.33, 93:6.85

Plywood shelving interfered with system operation, 97:6.54

Shut down prematurely, 95:6.103

Sloped roof delayed sprinkler activation, 98:6.89

Solid shelving interfered wi 29, 1997, 98:6.85

Storage arrangement caused unnecessary sprinklers to activate, 98:1.25

System damaged by explosion, 94:6.90, 92

Ventilation hood blocks water from fire, 92:5.25, 96:6.62

Water supply inadequate, 91:4.68

Water supply inadequate, due to faulty booster pump, 98:6.91

ST. JOHN, NEW BRUNSWICK

Detention facility fire, June 21, 1977, 94:5.50

ST. LOUIS, MISSOURI

Fire service facilities renovation, 91:1.94

STADIUM FIRES

Atlanta and Texas fires demonstrate unique protection problems, 94:4.49

STAIRWAYS

Catastrophic fire spread up, 91:4.64, 65, 66, 92:4.67, 69, 93:5.62, 64, 66, 67, 94:5.95, 96, 97, 98, 100, 102, 104, 95:5.53, 54, 58, 59, 60, 96:5.92, 97:5.49, 50, 54

Exterior wooden, fire spread up, 98:5.49

Fire spread up, 93:1.29, 93:5.36, 93:6.28, 86, 95:6.106, 97:6.20, 98:5.45, 5.50

Heat and smoke spread up, 98:5.17, 5.53

Limited egress from second floor in large loss of life club fire, 91:4.67

STANDARDS. See CODES AND STANDARDS

STANDPIPE SYSTEMS

Handline used to extinguish equipment fire, 96:4.24

Lack of connections hampers fire fighting, 94:6.92

Pressure-regulating devices in, 91:5.70

Water supply damaged by explosion, 94:4.104

STORAGE FACILITIES

Underground Hunt Midwest SubTropolis facility, Kansas City, Missouri, requires unique fire protection measures, 98:6.68

STORAGE FACILITIES FIRES. See also TANK STORAGE FACILITIES FIRES; WAREHOUSE FIRES

Agricultural products, Washington, March, 1995, 96:6.68

Agricultural products (grain elevator), Alberta, Canada, 1996, 97:4.20

Agricultural products (grain elevator), Indiana, Oct. 1, 1996, 97:5.52

Alcohol, Kentucky, Nov. 7, 1996, 97:6.57

Barn, Massachusetts, 1995, 96:2.25

Catastrophic

Ammonium nitrate storage silos, Minnesota, Nov. 17, 1993, 94:5.105

Chemical storage, Arkansas, May 8, 1997, 98:5.53

Chemical storage, Ohio, May 27, 1994, 95:5.66

LP-Gas underground bulk storage, Texas, April 7, 1992, 93:5.67

Chemical storage, Texas, June/July, 1995, 96:6.66

Commercial warehouse, Maryland, 1992, 93:1.26

Food products, California, April, 1994, 95:6.107

Food products, Missouri, Oct., 1994, 95:6.104

Food products, Nebraska, March, 1995, 96:6.69

Furniture storage, Georgia, March, 1994, 95:6.106

Garage, Colorado, 1996, 97:1.26

Grain mill and storage facility, Washington, 1991, 92:4.28

Heavy equipment, New York, July, 1995, 96:6.68

LP-Gas bulk storage, Texas, 1994, 95:1.31

LP-Gas underground bulk storage, Texas, April, 1992, 93:6.87

Lumber, New Hampshire, Jan. 8, 1996, 97:6.56

Lumber storage shed, California, 1991, 92:6.26

Mini-storage facility, Ohio, 1993, 94:2.27

Miscellaneous, New York, March, 1995, 96:6.69

Motor home, California, 1994, 95:5.36

Natural gas and gasoline storage, California, 1992, 93:6.29

Plastic storage and recycling, Georgia, March, 1993, 94:6.97

Polyurethane storage, New Jersey, 1990, 91:5.30

Propane storage tank, North Dakota, 1993, 94:1.30

Public works building, Michigan, 1996, 97:5.24

Pyrotechnics, Tennessee, June 5, 1997, 98:5.53

Records storage, New Jersey, March, 1997, 98:2.68

Records storage, Pennsylvania, May 5, 1997, 98:6.91

Residential storage shed, Missouri, 1997, 98:3.36

Rolled paper storage, Georgia, Sept., 1995, 96:6.68

Roofing supplies storage, Massachusetts, 1996, 97:2.23

Self-storage facility, Massachusetts, 1991, 92:5.28

Self-storage facility, Missouri, 1997, 98:5.18

Shoe distribution and storage facility, 1993, 94:2.27

Tires, Pennsylvania, March 13, 1996, 97:6.59

Vehicle storage and workshop building, Texas, 1994, 95:6.38

Zoo, Pennsylvania, 1995, 96:6.24

STORE FIRES. See also SHOPPING MALL FIRES

Appliances, California, 1992, 93:2.19

Automobile repair (See AUTOMOBILE REPAIR SHOP FIRES)

Automobiles

Illinois, 1993, 94:1.32

New York, April, 1993, 94:6.91

Pennsylvania, 1992, 93:3.36

Pennsylvania, Dec. 21, 1997, 98:6.89

Block of stores

Illinois, 1992, 93:3.34

Illinois, Apr. 24, 1996, 97:6.54

Building materials

Alaska, April, 1994, 95:6.100

Florida, 1993, 94:4.30

Georgia, Apr. 16, 1996, 97:6.54, 98:1.50

Massachusetts, May, 1995, 96:6.70

Massachusetts, May 23, 1995, 98:1.50

Clothing

California, 1995, 96:5.26

Maryland, 1991, 92:3.31

New Jersey, 1990, 92:1.21

New Jersey, Jan., 1991, 92:6.78

New York, Dec. 8, 1995, 96:5.94

Department

California, 1992, 93:5.38

California, 1996, 97:1.27

Georgia, Oct. 26, 1997, 98:6.89

Hawaii, July, 1993, 94:6.91

Minnesota, 1991, 92:6.25

Mississippi, 1993, 94:1.32

North Carolina, 1997, 98:6.22

Oregon, 1996, 97:3.33

Pennsylvania, Dec., 1994, 95:6.99

Tennessee, Oct., 1993, 94:6.91

Texas, Sept., 1995, 96:6.72

Drug, Pennsylvania, 1993, 94:6.35

Electronics

Florida, Oct. 25, 1997, 98:6.89

Florida, Oct. 26, 1996, 97:6.54

Fireworks, Ohio, July 3, 1996, 97:5.52

Fishing supplies, Washington, 1991, 92:3.32

Flea market, Florida, Jan., 1993, 94:6.91

Furniture repair, Massachusetts, 1996, 97:5.24

Gifts, Tennessee, July, 1992, 93:6.81

Grocery

Florida, 1993, 94:5.30

New York, Aug. 22, 1994, 95:5.66

Hardware

California, 1997, 98:4.21

Florida, 1993, 94:4.30

Hawaii, 1993, 94:3.30

Michigan, Jan. 25, 1996, 97:6.53

Laundromat, Massachusetts, 1992, 93:3.36

Laundry/linen supplies, Tennessee, May 23, 1996, 97:6.54

Liquor, Wisconsin, 1993, 94:3.29

Lumber

Alaska, April, 1994, 95:6.100

Ohio, 1989, 91:1.28

Manufactured home parts, Illinois, Oct. 29, 1996, 97:6.53

Mixed use, Massachusetts, 1994, 95:4.39

Mixed use, Vermont, 1989, 91:1.27

Mixed use, Virginia, April, 1995, 96:6.63

Natural gas refueling station, Michigan, 1993, 94:4.30

New Jersey, April 17, 1997, 98:6.89

Open air flea market, South Carolina, Jan. 7, 1997, 98:6.89

Renovations can lead to code-compliance problems, 97:4.26

Rental, Rhode Island, 1994, 95:3.39

Secondhand goods, Michigan, Dec., 1995, 96:6.69

Sporting goods, Connecticut, 1993, 94:6.35

Supermarket

California, 1990, 91:2.30

Massachusetts, 1989, 91:1.28

Massachusetts, 1994, 95:5.36

Pennsylvania, 1992, 93:6.29

Toys

Illinois, 91:1.29

Ohio, Nov. 13, 1996, 97:6.54

Trucks, Texas, 1993, 94:4.29

Variety

Missouri, 1996, 97:6.22

Texas, July, 1995, 96:6.70

Warehouse store, Arizona, March 21, 1998, 98:4.49

Warehouse stores present special hazards, need special attention, 98:1.50, 4.44

STRONACH, IAN

Profile of, 98:5.33

STRUCTURAL COLLAPSE

Allows fire spread, 92:4.71

Fire fighter fatalities related to, 70, 93:4.69, 94:4.57, 64, 67, 97:4.54, 58, 98:4.59

Fire fighter injuries related to, 91:6.49, 52, 92:6.61, 62, 64, 93:6.66, 94:6.63, 65, 97:6.73, 74, 98:5.45, 6.56

Hampers fire fighting, 98:5.18, 6.84

Athletic complex fire, 94:5.30

Automobile repair shop fire, 97:5.23

Manufacturing plant fire, 94:6.36, 94:6.94

Warehouse fire, 92:6.75, 97:6.56

STRUCTURAL FIRE SAFETY

Fire barriers in structural joints, 91:2.98

Fire hazards of contents, furnishings and interior finishes, 92:4.33

STRUCTURES

Fire fighter fatalities while operating inside, 95:4.84

SUBWAY CAR FIRES

Pennsylvania, 1990, 91:4.31

SUBWAY FIRES

Token booth, New York, 1995, 96:6.24

SUPERMARKET FIRES. See STORE FIRES

SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS. See also SPRINKLER SYSTEMS

Advances in systems and codes over thirty years, 96:5.75

Carbon dioxide, overpowered by fire, 94:6.94

Carbon dioxide shipboard system discharges, kills two, 96:2.83

Catastrophic fires, 94:1.05, 94:4.104

Dry chemical hood, activated after fire spread to duct, 96:5.25

Electrical generating plant large-loss fire spread limited by, 95:6.100

Manual water spray system limits fire spread in chemical plant fire, 96:6.64

Water cannons control refinery fire, 96:5.96

Water mist systems, 94:3.46


T

TANK CARS, RAILROAD

Weyauwega, Wisc., LP-Gas tank car derailment, March 4, 1996, 96:3.89

TANK STORAGE FACILITIES FIRES

Catastrophic

Iowa, Dec. 13, 1994, 95:5.66

Kentucky, July 2, 1993, 94:5.104

Louisiana, March 11, 1990, 91:4.68

Missouri, Sept. 8, 1992, 93:5.67

Ohio, May 27, 1994, 95:5.66

Oklahoma, May 16, 1990, 91:4.69

Oklahoma, Apr. 23, 1995, 96:5.97

Colorado, Nov. 25, 1990, 91:6.73, 92:1.60

Fatal, Florida, 1990, 91:3.29

Georgia, April, 1995, 96:6.66

Pennsylvania, Oct., 1995, 96:6.62

TANK TRUCK FIRES

Catastrophic

Florida, March 17, 1993, 94:5.106

Mississippi, Jan. 20, 1992, 93:5.68

Missouri, April 16, 1990, 91:4.70

New York, May 20, 1991, 92:4.72

Tennessee, June 19, 1990, 91:4.70

West Virginia, May 11, 1993, 94:5.108

Fatal

California, 1995, 96:1.21

California, 1997, 98:2.19

Michigan, 1991, 92:6.29

Oregon, July, 1992, 93:6.84

Pennsylvania, 1992, 93:3.36

Space program technology applied to tank truck fires by NASA, NFPA, Chicago Fire Dept. partnership, 98:2.52

Tennessee, 1992, 93:6.30

TANKER VESSELS

Fire safety, 98:3.70

TANKS, DIPPING

Bonderizing tank liquid overheats, ignites, 98:3.42

TAR

Hot tar ignites roof, 91:6.23

Hot tar ignites roof framing, 98:2.19

Residue in floor boards spreads fire, 93:6.83

Roofing tar spreads fire, 94:6.93, 94, 95

TAR KETTLE FIRES

Illinois, 1990, 91:6.23

Oklahoma, 1996, 97:3.33

TAVERN FIRES. See RESTAURANT FIRES

TENNESSEE

Board and care facility fire, Feb. 8, 1996, 97:5.52

Catastrophic fires

Dwelling, March 9, 1991, 92:4.67

Dwelling, March 31, 1992, 93:5.62

Dwelling, Apr. 13, 1996, 97:5.49

Manufactured home fire, March 4, 1994, 95:5.56

Motor home fire, Aug. 14, 1992, 93:5.68

Motor vehicle/railroad rolling stock fire, June 19, 1990, 91:4.70

Motor vehicle fire, Dec. 11, 1990, 91:4.70

Motor vehicle fire, Nov. 11, 1994, 95:5.68

Motor vehicle, Apr. 3, 1997, 98:5.55

Storage and manufacturing facility, June 5, 1997, 98:5.53

Church fire, 1992, 93:6.30

Detention facility fire, June 26, 1977, 94:5.50

Fatal board and care facility fire, February 8, 1996, fire investigation report, 98:5.38

Hospital fire, 1991, 92:5.25

Manufacturing plant fire, Sep. 18, 1997, 98:6.85

Nursing home fire, April 25, 1994, 95:2.85

Restaurant fire, 1997, 98:5.18

Secondary school fire, 1993, 94:2.30

Stores, museum, amusement center fire, July, 1992, 93:6.81

Store fire, Oct., 1993, 94:6.91

Store fire, May 23, 1996, 97:6.54

Warehouse fire, 1990, 91:5.25

TERMINAL FIRES

New York, Sept., 1991, 92:6.76

TERRORISM

Airport security measures jeopardize life safety, 96:6.85

Bomb site, fire fighter injuries related to, 98:6.54

Emergency response preparedness for, 96:1.54

Emergency response training funded by Domestic Preparedness Act, 98:1.38

Explosion and fire caused by, Murrah Federal Building, Oklahoma City, Okla., Apr. 19, 1995, 96:1.50, 59, 96:5.94, 96:6.69

Explosion and fire caused by, Sandy Springs, Georgia, Jan. 12, 1997, 97:3.52

Explosion and fire caused by, World Trade Center, New York, N. Y., Feb. 26, 1993, 93:6.91, 94:5.104, 94:6.90, 95:2.59

Federal program trains first responders for terrorist attacks, 98:6.31

Fire service preparation for attacks, 97:3.52

Fire services must be prepared for terrorist attacks, 96:2.35

USAR task force response to Murrah Federal Building bombing, 96:1.59

TEST FACILITIES FIRES

Rocket fuel propellants, California, 1994, 95:4.40

TESTA, WILLIAM L.

Profile of, 94:6.27

TEXAS

Aircraft crash fire, April, 1993, 94:6.98

Apartment building fire, 1996, 97:2.22

Apartment building fire, Jan. 16, 1997, 98:6.90

Catastrophic fires

Aircraft explosion, Sept. 11, 1991, 92:4.72

Apartment building, Aug. 21, 1993, 94:5.100

Automobile, July 12, 1993, 94:5.108

Board and care facility, Apr. 11, 1993, 94:5.105

Dormitory, Apr. 19, 1993, 94:5.95

Dwelling, Oct. 7, 1991, 92:4.68

Dwelling, Feb. 2, 1995, 96:5.92

Dwelling, July 22, 1995, 96:5.92

Dwelling, Oct. 21, 1995, 96:5.93

Group home, March 24, 1991, 92:4.70

Manufacturing plant, July 5, 1990, 91:4.67

Motor vehicle, Jan. 18, 1994, 95:5.68

Ship, Oct. 9, 1993, 94:5.108

Storage facility, April 7, 1992, 93:5.67

Vacant dwelling, Nov. 12, 1990, 91:4.68

Chemical warehouse fire, 1990, 91:6.26

Church fire, 1992, 93:6.30

Church fire, 1996, 97:1.27

College laboratory fire, 1996, 97:5.23

Condominium fire, Dec. 14, 1996, 97:6.58

Dwelling fire, 1995, 96:5.25

Dwellings, multiple, fire, 1995, 96:4.21

Dwelling fire, March 20, 1997, 98:6.90

Fatal fires

Board and care facility, Aug. 13, 1990, 91:4.68

Dwelling, 1994, 95:2.29

Dwelling, 1997, 98:5.17

Hotel, 1996, 97:4.19

Laboratory, 1991, 92:5.28

Manufacturing plant, 1996, 97:2.24

School explosion, March 18, 1937, 93:5.94

Shed, 1992, 93:2.20

Storage facility, April, 1992, 93:6.87

Grass fire, 1991, 92:2.28

Ink manufacturing plant fire, 1992, 93:1.28

Manufacturing plant fire, 1990, 91:6.24

Manufacturing plant fire, July 5, 1990, 91:6.78

Manufacturing plant fire, March, 1991, 92:6.75

Manufacturing plant fire, June, 1991, 92:6.79

Manufacturing plant fire, Jan., 1992, 93:6.83

Manufacturing plant fire, July, 1993, 94:6.94

Manufacturing plant fire, Oct., 1994, 95:6.102, 108

Manufacturing plant fire, 1995, 96:6.23

Manufacturing plant fire, July, 1995, 96:6.64

Manufacturing plant fire, Aug., 1995, 96:6.64

Manufacturing plant fire, Apr. 23, 1996, 97:6.49

Manufacturing plant fire, Jan. 31, 1997, 98:6.86

Manufacturing plant fire, Aug. 28, 1997, 98:6.87

Motor vehicle repair shop fire, 1990, 91:2.31

Nightclub fire, 1991, 92:6.25

Office building/warehouse fire, Oct., 1994, 95:6.99

Prescribed burn spreads beyond containment, 1994, 95:2.31

Railroad rolling stock fire, Oct. 25, 1997, 98:6.91

Refinery fire, April, 1991, 92:6.75

Ship fire, Nov. 11, 1997, 98:6.91

Special property fire, 1993, 94:4.29

Storage facility fire, 1994, 95:1.31, 95:6.38

Storage facility fire, June/July, 1995, 96:6.66

Store fire, July, 1995, 96:6.70

Store fire, Sept., 1995, 96:6.72

Utility company transformer fire, 1997, 98:1.22

Warehouse fire, 1993, 94:4.32

Warehouse fire, June, 1993, 94:6.96

Warehouse fire, Nov., 1993, 94:6.95

Warehouse fire, July, 1994, 95:6.108

Warehouse fire, 1997, 98:5.18

Wildland fire, 1994, 95:2.31

THAILAND

Catastrophic manufacturing plant fire, May 10, 1993, 94:1.42

Royal Jomtien hotel fire, July 11, 1997, fire investigation report, 98:2.34

THEATER FIRES

California, 1995, 96:1.24

California, 1996, 97:3.29

Florida, 1995, 96:2.26

Iroquois Theatre fire, Chicago, Ill., Dec. 30, 1903, 95:4.75

THERMAL ENERGY GENERATING PLANT FIRES

Catastrophic, New Jersey, Dec. 25, 1992, 93:5.67

THOMAS, H. EMERSON

Interview with, 95:5.86

Profile of, 98:6.39

THROUGH-PENETRATION PROTECTION SYSTEMS

Update on systems, 94:1.54

TIRE FIRES

Hagersville, Ont., 1990, 91:1.50

Pennsylvania, March 13, 1996, 97:6.59

Saint Amable, Que., 1990, 91:1.55

TORCHES

ABS piping ignited by, 91:6.73

Acetylene

Concealed space fire ignited by, 94:6.93

Ethyl alcohol vapors ignited by, 93:5.67

Plastic greenhouse cover ignited by, 92:4.25

Butane, ignites insulation materials, 96:1.22

Cutting

Ammonium nitrate powder ignited by, 94:5.105

Cardboard, plywood ignited by, 95:6.104

Cardboard ignited by, 94:6.97

Carpets ignited by, 94:6.97

Ceiling material ignited by, 95:6.108

Foam insulation ignited by, 98:6.84

Gasoline vapors ignited by, 95:6.38

Hot metal filings ignite insulation, 97:2.23

Methane gas vapors ignited by, 93:5.67, 93:6.82

Slag and hot metal ignite combustibles, 97:3.29

Slag ignites paper and insulation, 97:5.52, 6.59

Wood ignited by, 95:5.35

Hot slag from torches ignites plastic modules, 93:5.67

Hydraulic oil residue ignited by, 92:3.32

Newspaper, ignites wood joists, 94:5.96

Oil well explosion and fire, possible cause of, 92:4.71

Open-flame, ignites pipe insulation materials, 91:6.23

Plumber's, ignites structural wood framing, 98:3.42

Propane

Combustible crates and plastic ignited by, 91:6.73

Restaurant fire ignited by, 91:2.32

Roof drain fire ignited by, 97:6.53

Roof framing ignited by, 98:2.19

Roof ignited by, 97:6.19

Shingles, trim ignited by, 97:2.21

Roofing

Insulation ignited by, 95:3.40

Roof ignited by, 94:3.29, 94:6.95, 95:6.98, 96:6.73, 97:2.21, 6.19, 53

Wooden roof members ignited by, 94:6.96

Spark ignites rubber seal, 93:6.85

Welding

Electric, ignites residual plastic in shredder, 96:5.23

Polyurethane mats ignited by, 94:5.30

PVC solvent vapors ignited by, 96:6.23

TORONTO, CANADA

Hazardous materials response teams, 92:1.38

Large-loss-of-life fire, S. S. Noronic, Toronto, Canada, Sept. 17, 1949, 97:1.58

TOWNHOUSE FIRES. See APARTMENT BUILDING FIRES

TOXICITY, COMBUSTION

Review of major issues concerning toxicity, 96:6.90

TRAILERS, CAMPING. See CAMPING TRAILER FIRES

TRAINS. See RAILROAD ROLLING STOCK FIRES

TRANSFORMER FIRES

Texas, 1997, 98:1.22

TRANSFORMERS

Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in, 91:1.116

TRASH. See RUBBISH AND TRASH

TRENCH, NANCY J.

Profile of, 93:3.21

TRIANGLE SHIRTWAIST CO. FIRE

Outrage, reform as results, 93:3.72

TRUCK FIRES. See also TANK TRUCK FIRES

California, 1991, 92:6.26

Catastrophic

Arkansas, Jan. 9, 1995, 96:5.99

California, Jan. 23, 1990, 91:4.70

California, Dec. 25, 1991, 92:4.73

California, March 3, 1994, 95:5.68

California, June 23, 1995, 96:5.100

California, June 27, 1995, 96:5.100

California, Sept. 9, 1995, 96:5.100

Georgia, Apr. 3, 1996, 97:5.54

Indiana, March 20, 1993, 94:5.106

Maryland, Jan. 16, 1993, 94:5.108

Missouri, April 16, 1990, 91:4.70

New York, May 20, 1991, 92:4.72

Ohio, Dec. 4, 1992, 93:5.68

Tennessee, June 19, 1990, 91:4.70

Tennessee, Nov. 11, 1994, 95:5.68

Texas, Jan. 18, 1994, 95:5.68

West Virginia, July 26, 1990, 91:4.69

Wisconsin, Nov. 11, 1994, 95:5.67

Catastrophic fires

California, May 4, 1997, 98:5.55

Idaho, July 4, 1997, 98:5.55

Kansas, Dec. 22, 1997, 98:5.56

Oregon, March 25, 1997, 98:5.55

Tennessee, April 3, 1997, 98:5.55

Fatal

California, 1995, 96:1.21

Massachusetts, 1996, 97:5.24

Illinois, Aug., 1993; tractor trailer, 94:6.96

Michigan, 1991, 92:6.29

Michigan, 1993, 94:6.34

Oklahoma, 1996, 97:3.33

Pennsylvania, 1992, 93:1.28

South Carolina, 1990; pickup truck crash triggers fuel storage fire, 91:2.32

Texas, 1993; alternative fuel pick-up, 94:4.29

TUNNELS

In entertainment facility, fire spread through, 98:6.92

Eurotunnel (Channel tunnel) fire, November 18, 1996, analysis, 97:2.58

Fire protection for Eurotunnel (Channel tunnel), 96:1.85


U

UNDERGROUND STRUCTURES. See also TUNNELS

Electrical vault, catastrophic fire in, 91:4.69

SubTropolis storage/manufacturing facility, Kansas City, Missouri, requires unique fire protection measures, 98:6.68

UNDERWRITERS LABORATORIES, INC.

NFPA 72, The National Fire Alarm Code, and UL standards work together, 93:5.25

UNITED STATES

Arson fires: types of fires and firesetters, 98:6.58

Catastrophic fires

1990, 91:4.60

1991, 92:4.62

1992, 93:5.56

1993, 94:5.88

1994, 95:5.48

1995, 96:5.86

1996, 97:5.46

1997, 98:5.42

Fire deaths (See FIRE DEATHS, U. S.)

Fire departments, NFPA survey, 93:4.59

Fire fighter fatalities

1990, 91:4.46

1991, 92:4.40

1992, 93:4.44

1993, 94:4.55

1994, 95:4.83

1995, 96:4.63

1996, 97:4.46

1997, 98:4.50

Fire fighter injuries

1990, 91:6.42

1991, 92:6.56

1992, 93:6.56

1993, 94:6.57

1994, 95:6.63

1995, 96:6.103

1996, 97:6.66

1997, 98:6.48

Fire losses (See also subentry: Fireworks, losses and casualties caused by)

1990, 91:5.36

1991, 92:5.32

1992, 93:5.78

1993, 94:5.57

1994, 95:5.93

1995, 96:5.52

1996, 97:5.76

1997, 98:5.72

Fireworks, losses and casualties caused by, 92:4.56, 93:4.55, 94:4.78, 95:4.61, 96:4.79, 97:4.78

Large-loss fires

1990, 91:6.28

1991, 92:6.40

1992, 93:6.73

1993, 94:6.84

1994, 95:6.94

1995, 96:6.58

1996, 97:6.44

1997, 98:6.80

History of study, 95:5.87

Smoke detector experience of, 94:5.36

Sprinkler use, 93:6.44

UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. See also INSIDE THE BELTWAY COLUMNS

Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms National Response Teams aid in catastrophic fire investigations, 98:3.92

Congress considers natural disaster relief policy reform, 97:5.31

Contract with America's effect on fire service and fire safety, 95:3.46

Department of Energy adopts performance-based codes, 97:3.94

Federal Communications Commission provides emergency radio frequencies, establishes 311 number, 97:4.29

Federal haz-mat response critiqued, 95:1.19

Federal haz-mat response needs simplification, standardization, 95:3.27

FEMA's disaster management role, 95:4.46

National reporting systems, including NFIRS, for fire investigations, 98:3.80

Regulatory reform poses dangers, 97:3.41

Technology Transfer Act helps, but not all federal agencies update regulatory references to NFPA standards, 97:6.29

U. S. agencies required to use voluntary consensus standards, 96:6.40

U. S. Treasury Building fire indicated life safety deficiencies, 96:6.52

UNIVERSITY BUILDING FIRES. See COLLEGE BUILDING FIRES

UP TO CODE COLUMNS

Passive fire protection systems, 97:2.30

Revised sprinkler standard has more information in an accessible format, 97:1.34

UPS (uninterruptible power supply)

Fighting fires in system, 94:5.33

URBAN FIRE FORUM

Global trends discussed at fifth forum, 95:1.104

UTAH

Apartment building fire, 1994, 95:6.36

Apartment building fire, 1995, 96:2.23

Catastrophic fires

Aircraft, July 9, 1992, 93:5.68

Dwellings, Nov. 18, 1992, 93:5.64

Dwelling fire, Dec., 1993, 94:6.90

Fatal fires

Apartment building, 1996, 97:5.21

Dwelling, 1997, 98:6.23

Furniture manufacturing plant fire, 1990, 91:2.31

Manufacturing plant fire, 1990, 91:5.28

Manufacturing plant fire, 1993, 94:3.29

Manufacturing plant fire, Feb. 1, 1997, 98:6.86

Nursing home fire, 1991, 92:4.27

Office building fire, 1990, 91:2.30

Office building fire, 1994, 95:3.40

Public assembly building fire, 1991, 92:1.23

Refinery fire, 1993, 94:6.36

School fire, March, 1995, 96:6.73

UTILITIES. See also ELECTRIC GENERATING PLANT FIRES; POWER PLANT FIRES

Electricity shut off, factor in fatal fire, 98:5.17

Electricity shut off for nonpayment, catastrophic fire factor, 94:5.97, 95:5.53

Electricity shut off for nonpayment, fatal fire factor, 96:6.22

Electricity shut off for repair, catastrophic fire factor, 95:5.59

Gas shut off for nonpayment, catastrophic fire factor, 94:5.96

Illegally supplied power to dwelling, factor in catastrophic fire, 97:5.51

Transformer fire, Texas, 1997, 98:1.22

Water shut off for nonpayment, catastrophic fire factor, 94:5.96


V

VACANT BUILDING FIRES

Bowling alley, Michigan, 1991, 92:2.29

Catastrophic

Club, Georgia, Dec. 12, 1990, 91:4.68

Department store, California, Oct. 22, 1991, 92:4.71

Dwelling, California, July 22, 1990, 91:4.67

Dwelling, Maryland, March 1, 1990, 91:4.67

Dwelling, Pennsylvania, Aug. 1, 1992, 93:5.67

Dwelling, Texas, Nov. 12, 1990, 91:4.68

Manufacturing mill complex, New York, Dec., 1993, 94:6.98

Manufacturing plant, Alaska, April 25, 1997, 98:6.92

Manufacturing plant, New York, 1995, 96:5.26

School, Virginia, 1995, 96:5.25

VAGRANTS

Victim of catastrophic fire, 92:4.69

VAN FIRES. See TRUCK FIRES

VANCOUVER, WASH.

Emergency response system analysis and enhancement program, 91:1.78

VAPOR CLOUD

Ignited, cause of explosion, fire, 93:5.68

Ignited by heat source, cause of explosion, fire, 91:6.74

Ignited by unknown source, cause of explosion, fire, 93:5.67, 93:6.87

Ignited by unknown source, cause of fire, 93:6.82

Ignited by utility pole transformer, cause of explosion, fire, 93:6.30

VAPORS, FLAMMABLE. See also GAS FIRES

Aircraft fuel vapors ignited by molten copper, 94:5.106

Crude oil vapors ignited by cigarette lighter, catastrophic fire cause, 91:4.69

Crude oil vapors ignited by open flame, catastrophic fire cause, 91:4.68

Cutting operation ignited, 91:4.68

Ethyl alcohol vapors, ignited by torch in tank storage fire, 93:5.67

Flammable liquid vapors ignite flash fire, 94:5.29

Floor stripper vapors ignited, 94:5.105

Gasoline vapors, cause of fire/explosion at tank/storage facility, 91:3.29

Lacquer thinner vapors ignited by pilot light, 94:5.104

Methane vapors, ignited by torch in mine fire, 93:5.67, 93:6.82

Methyl t-butyl ether vapors ignite, causes flash fire, 93:6.27

Oil vapors ignited by cigarette lighter, 94:5.104

Pentane vapors, ignited by electrical arc from forklift controls, 91:6.26

Pentane vapors ignited by hot plate, 92:3.33

Solvent vapors ignited by spark from forklift, 92:4.28

Varnish remover vapors ignited by spark, 91:6.24

VAULTS

Electrical arc fire, in belowgrade room, 95:5.35

VEHICLES

Natural gas fueled, handling incidents involving, 94:4.84

VEHICLE ACCIDENTS. See also AUTOMOBILE FIRES; RAILROAD ROLLING STOCK FIRES; TRUCK FIRES

Fire fighter fatalities related to, 96:4.72, 74, 97:4.51, 98:4.61, 62

Fire fighter injuries related to, 96:6.107, 97:6.69, 73, 76, 98:6.55

VEHICLE FIRES. See also AIRCRAFT CRASH FIRES; AUTOMOBILE FIRES; FORKLIFT FIRES; RAILROAD ROLLING STOCK FIRES; SHIP FIRES; TRUCK FIRES

Alternative-fuel vehicle, 94:4.29

Bomb explosion ignites multiple vehicles, 94:5.104, 94:6.90

Bus, 92:4.26

Catastrophic, California, June 23, 1995, 96:5.100

Fire losses show significance of vehicle fires, 96:5.79

Fire statistics and fire safety information, 98:2.88

Forklift hits aerosol containers which explode, 96:4.23

Gondola car, 94:3.28

Statistics compared to aircraft fire statistics, 95:4.120

Subway car, 91:4.31

Vehicle ignited at vehicle conversion facility, 96:6.65

Vehicles ignite wildland fires, 93:6.89

VENTILATION

Closed windows allow vapors to accumulate, 94:5.104, 105

Fire spread by, 94:5.97, 98:5.49

Inadequate

Boat fire factor, 91:4.31

Warehouse fire factor, 93:6.87

Lack of sidewall openings, roof vents hampered ventilation, 98:6.91

Smoldering fire intensified by, 98:4.21

Window fan, in operation, helps spread fire, 98:4.19

Window lexan layer hard to penetrate, 94:6.89

VENTILATION SYSTEMS. See also DUCTS; HVAC SYSTEMS

Air handler units factor in fire spread, 97:3.33

Fire spread through, 96:6.72, 98:6.85

VENTS

Fire spread through, 96:6.64

VERMONT

Board and care facilities fire, 1995, 96:3.36

Fatal apartment building fire, 1996, 97:2.22

Multiple-occupancy/dwelling fire, 1989, 91:1.27

VERTICAL FIRE SPREAD

High-rise office building fire, 91:5.64

VERTICAL OPENINGS. See also STAIRWAYS

Catastrophic fires spread up stairway, 96:5.92

Fire spread through, 93:1.29, 93:5.66, 95:5.33

VIDAL, DAVID J.

Profile of, 93:4.19

VIRGINIA

Apartment building fire, 1992, 93:3.35

Apartment building fire, 1993, 94:3.28

Apartment building fire, 1997, 98:5.15, 6.22

Catastrophic fires

Aircraft, Sept. 10, 1995, 96:5.99

Automobile, Aug. 1, 1994, 95:5.68

Coal mine, Dec. 7, 1992, 93:5.66

Dwelling, Jan. 20, 1996, 97:5.50

Dwelling, May 15, 1996, 97:5.50

Dwelling, July 8, 1996, 97:5.51

Dwelling, Sept. 10, 1996, 96:5.99

Dwelling, Nov. 19, 1997, 98:5.46

Hospital, Dec. 31, 1994, 95:5.64

Church fire, July, 1994, 95:6.98

Manufacturing plant fire, Nov., 1992, 93:6.82

Manufacturing plant fire, Feb., 1993, 94:6.93

Manufacturing plant fire, April, 1995, 96:6.63

Manufacturing plant fire, 1996, 97:4.22

Manufacturing plant fire, Sept. 1, 1996, 97:6.50

Office building fire, 1991, 92:2.25

Power plant fire, Feb., 1995, 96:6.72

Restaurant fire, 1995, 96:3.36

Restaurant fire, 1996, 97:2.21

School fire, 1995, 96:5.25

Warehouse fire, 1990, 91:5.25

Warehouse fire, April, 1992, 93:6.86

Warehouse fire, 1994, 95:2.30

VOIDS. See CONCEALED SPACES

VOLUNTEER FIRE SERVICE. See also VOLUNTEER VIEWS COLUMNS

Contracting with municipal fire department, Austin, Tex., 91:2.104

NFPA's Volunteer Firemen magazine, 95:5.90

Recruiting and retaining volunteers, Elsmere Volunteer Fire Department, N. Y., 91:4.82

Volunteer Protection Act of 1997 protects volunteers from liability, 98:2.27

VOLUNTEER VIEWS COLUMNS

Administrative officer's role, 91:2.114

Analyze risk before risking lives, 95:1.21

Apply mutual aid to fire investigations, 93:1.12

Are professionalism and fun compatible?, 92:6.22

Change required for survival, 91:1.114

Changes in fire services difficult, but necessary, 94:4.20

Combination career/volunteer departments, 91:3.36

Discipline promotes effective performance, 93:2.85

Encouraging participation in fire service organizations, 93:3.136

Financial incentives to improve recruitment, retention, 95:2.21

Fire service leaders should lead by example, 93:4.83

Fireground behavior after fire is out, 95:6.26

Flexibility, technology meet increased need for training, 94:5.18

Future of fire service funding, 93:5.120

Importance of NFPA standards to fire service, 92:3.36

Insurance Services Office rates alternate water supplies, 91:5.83

Membership evaluation of fire department, 95:4.28

Membership input to department decisions, 94:1.20

NFPA Volunteers in Transition Conference, July, 1990, report on, 91:6.20

Participatory management enhances morale, 92:1.96

Personal protective gear's improved thermal protection increases heat stress, 93:6.17

Pride keeps morale high, 94:3.18

Public information officer can improve media coverage, 94:6.20

Reconciling fire fighter safety and customer service needs, 92:4.86

Records and department historian preserve the past, 95:3.28

Recruiting a new generation of volunteers, 95:5.24

Recruiting and retaining volunteers, 94:2.20


W

WACO, TEXAS

Branch Davidian complex fire investigation, Congressional testimony, 95:6.91

WALLS

Collapse, in catastrophic dwelling fire, 97:5.50

Collapsed, hamper fire fighting, 91:6.37, 92:6.78, 95:6.103, 95:6.107, 96:6.70

Combustible, fire spread through, 91:6.75

Cripple wall burns, causes floor collapse, 96:5.96

Fiberglass, fueled fire, 91:6.75

Fire spread within, 92:6.79, 96:2.24

WALLS, FIRE

Catastrophic fire contained by, 91:4.64, 67

Concrete, fire spread through doors in, 91:6.75

Contained fire spread, 93:1.28, 93:6.82, 93:6.87, 94:5.30, 98, 102, 105, 94:6.93, 97, 95:5.34, 95:6.38, 104, 98:2.18, 5.16, 98:6.92

Damaged, factor in fire spread, 97:5.24, 6.56

Explosion rips open, 94:6.90

Failed, allowed fire spread, 98:6.88

Fire spread over, 94:6.93

Inadequate, fire spread to roof, 91:5.26

Lack of, allowed fire spread in manufacturing plant fire, 93:6.83

Lack of, allowed fire spread in sawmill fire, 92:6.79

Lack of, factor in fire spread, 97:6.56

Penetrations in wall, fire spread through, 98:2.20

Unprotected openings allowed fire spread, 93:6.86, 95:6.103

WAREHOUSES

Sprinkler system design, 93:4.16

Underground SubTropolis facility, Kansas City, Missouri, requires unique fire protection measures, 98:6.68

WAREHOUSE FIRES. See also STORAGE FACILITIES FIRES

Adhesive materials, California, 1990, 91:6.26

Agricultural products, Jan., 1995, 96:6.68

Aircraft parts, Missouri, 1991, 92:6.26

Automotive parts

Michigan, 1997, 98:6.24

Michigan, Dec., 1992, 93:6.87

North Carolina, Aug. 12, 1997, 98:6.88

Bottles, Colorado, Nov., 1992, 93:6.87

California, 1991, 92:1.23

Carpet

Georgia, April, 1993, 94:6.97

Georgia, March, 1993, 94:6.97

Texas, 1993, 94:4.32

Chemicals

North Carolina, 1992, 93:2.21

Texas, 1990, 91:6.26

Clothing, Pennsylvania, 92:2.27

Cold storage

California, Sept. 25, 1996, 97:6.57

Illinois, Aug., 1993, 94:6.96

Missouri, March, 1992, 93:6.85

Oregon, 1993, 94:3.27

Texas, 1994, 95:6.108

Washington, Oct., 1992, 93:6.85

Wisconsin, May, 1991, 92:6.75

Wisconsin, May 3, 1991, 91:6.37

Cosmetics

New York, 1993, 94:1.30

Virginia, 1990, 91:5.25

Cotton

Missouri, Feb. 24, 1997, 98:6.88

Missouri, March 16, 1997, 98:6.87

Coupon clearing house products, Iowa, April, 1995, 96:6.66

Fertilizer, Virginia, April, 1992, 93:6.86

Fiberglass products

Alabama, 1992, 93:4.26

New Jersey, 1989, 91:2.33

Flammable and combustible liquids tanks, Iowa, Feb., 1995, 96:6.68

Flooring, Texas, 1993, 94:4.32

Foam products, Iowa, 1997, 98:1.25

Food

Arizona, Nov., 1992, 93:6.86

California, 1991, 93:1.28

California, 1996, 97:3.34

Louisiana, Aug. 24, 1990, 91:6.73

Washington, Jan. 5, 1995, 96:5.96

Furniture

Georgia, March, 1993, 94:6.97

Illinois, 1994, 95:3.38

North Carolina, 1994, 95:6.38

General

Alabama, Oct. 2, 1997, 98:6.88

Indiana, April, 1992, 93:6.87

Indiana, Oct. 8, 1996, 97:6.57

Louisiana, March 21, 1996, 97:6.54

Massachusetts, Jan., 1992, 93:6.84

Massachusetts, 1994, 95:1.32

Michigan, Oct. 16, 1996, 97:6.56

New Jersey, Jan. 10, 1996, 97:6.56

Pennsylvania, Aug., 1992, 93:6.85

Rhode Island, May, 1992, 93:6.86

Rhode Island, 1994, 95:3.39

Virginia, 1994, 95:2.30

Hawaii, 1989, 91:1.31

Heating and air conditioning supply, Nebraska, Apr. 12, 1996, 97:6.57

Hops, Washington, Sept., 1993, 94:6.97

Household goods, South Carolina, Feb. 10, 1997, 98:6.88

Indiana, March 18, 1997, 98:6.88

Leather, Oklahoma, 1990, 91:4.26

Magazines, Illinois, Jan., 1993, 94:6.96

Metal products, Tennessee, 1990, 91:5.25

Michigan, 1995, 96:3.39

Minnesota, July, 1995, 96:6.66

Ohio, Jan., 1994, 95:6.110

Paint, California, 1992, 93:4.26

Paper

Florida, 1995, 96:1.24

Illinois, Oct. 29, 1996; paper records, 97:6.56

Massachusetts, Nov., 1993, 94:6.97

Michigan, 1993, 94:6.34

Texas, Nov., 1993, 94:6.95

Peanuts, Texas, June, 1993, 94:6.96

Pharmaceuticals, New York, 1993, 94:1.30

Picture tubes, Indiana, July, 1993, 94:6.96

Plastics

Florida, 1995, 96:1.24

Pennsylvania, Aug. 27, 1996, 97:6.56

Plumbing and electrical supplies, Georgia, May, 1992, 93:6.86

Promotional items, Iowa, April 22, 1997, 98:6.87

Refrigerated, Colorado, July 23, 1997, 98:6.87

Retail goods

Kansas, 1994, 95:4.39

Washington, 1995, 96:4.23

Rubber, Louisiana, Aug. 24, 1990, 91:6.73

Secondhand goods, Michigan, Dec., 1995, 96:6.69

Siding, Texas, 1993, 94:4.32

Texas, 1997, 98:5.18

Texas, Oct., 1994, 95:6.99

Tobacco

North Carolina, April, 1992, 93:6.87

North Carolina, Sep. 29, 1997, 98:6.87

Vehicles, California, 1996, 97:6.23

Warehouse stores present special hazards, need special attention, 98:1.50, 4.44

Wood products, Washington, Sept., 1992, 93:6.86

WARMING FIRES

Catastrophic fire cause, 91:4.68, 69

WASHINGTON

Apartment building fire, 1995, 96:1.22

Apartment building fire, 1996, 97:1.25

Apartment building fire, 1997, 98:6.23

Arsonists use pyrotechnic accelerants to ignite series of fires, 92:6.67

Barracks/club fire, May 11, 1990, 91:6.77

Catastrophic fires

Dwelling, Dec. 17, 1992, 93:5.66

Dwelling, Apr. 7, 1995, 96:5.91

Dwelling, May 31, 1996, 97:5.49

Manufactured home, Aug. 8, 1990, 91:4.65

Manufacturing plant/warehouse, Jan. 5, 1995, 96:5.96

Fatal fires

Apartment building, Nov. 13, 1997, 98:6.90

Automobile repair shop, 1995, 96:6.21

Board and care facility, April 27, 1998, fire investigation report, 98:5.34

Dwelling, 1994, 95:6.36

Grain mill and storage facility, 1991, 92:4.28

Wildland/urban interface, July, 1994, 95:6.111

Group home fire, 1992, 93:1.25

Manufactured home fire, 1996, 97:3.30

Manufacturing plant fire, Jan., 1993, 94:6.95

Manufacturing plant fire, Sept. 1, 1996, 97:6.49

Marina fire, 1990, 92:1.26

Nursing home fire, 1995, 96:4.24

Office building fire, 1993, 94:2.29

Ship fire, Sept. 16, 1991, 92:6.48

Storage facility fire, March, 1995, 96:6.68

Store fire, 1990, 92:3.32

Warehouse fire, Sept., 1992, 93:6.86

Warehouse fire, Oct., 1992, 93:6.85

Warehouse fire, Sept., 1993, 94:6.97

Warehouse fire, 1995, 96:4.23

Warehouse under renovation fire, 1990, 91:4.31

Wildland/urban interface fire, Sept., 1992, 93:6.89

Wildland/urban interface fire, July, 1994, 95:2.48, 95:6.111

WASHINGTON, D. C.

Airports equipped with state-of-art fire protection and security systems, 98:4.80

Catastrophic dwelling fire, Jan. 7, 1993, 94:5.97

Dormitory fire, 1990, 91:4.25

United States Treasury Building fire, June 26, 1996, 96:6.52, 97:6.53

WASTEWATER TREATMENT PLANTS

Fire protection, 91:1.44

WATER MIST SUPPRESSION SYSTEMS

Design principles of system, 94:3.46

WATER SPRAY SYSTEMS

Manual system limits fire spread in chemical plant fire, 96:6.64

WATER SUPPLY

Alternative supplies rated by Insurance Services Office, 91:5.83

Inadequate supply hampered fire service operations, 91:1.27, 54, 91:3.27, 91:4.26, 91:6.74, 75, 92:2.26, 92:4.25, 26, 97:5.24, 6.50, 56, 57, 58

Private fire service main installation, 97:3.37

Public, backflow prevention discussed by fire protection, water supply industries, 97:6.26

Public, preventing contamination by sprinkler system backflow, 97:4.68

Remote supply hampered fire service operations, 97:1.28, 6.59

Water storage problems hampered fire service operations, 91:6.73

Water supply disrupted by explosions hampered fire service operations, 91:6.74

WAYSIDE INN FIRES

After two fires, suppression devices were installed, 94:6.75

WEATHER

Drought (See DROUGHT)

Fire fighter fatalities related to, 98:4.61

Fire service operations hampered by (See FIRE SERVICE OPERATIONS HAMPERED)

Fire service response to Florida tornadoes, Feb. 22, 1998, 98:3.60

WELDING AND CUTTING OPERATIONS. See also TORCHES

Apartment complex fire cause, 94:2.28

Cellulose insulation ignited by, 95:2.32

Conveyor belt ignited by sparks, 96:6.68

Cutting oil ignited by hot metal, 98:6.84

Fiber board insulation ignited by, 94:6.94

Flammable vapor ignited by, 91:4.68

Flammable vapors in refinery fire ignited by, 96:5.96

Foam insulation ignited by, 95:6.106

Food processing plant fire ignited by, 96:6.64

Grain elevator fire cause, 97:4.20

Grease residue ignited by, 93:6.85

Heat transferred to decaying plywood deck, 97:6.50

Hot slag from torch ignites paper, insulation, 97:6.59

Hot slag ignites foam insulation shavings, 98:4.21

Hot slag ignites food processing plant fire, 96:6.64

Hot slag ignites nut hulls in warehouse fire, 97:3.34

Hot slag on conveyor belt ignites food processing plant fire, 98:6.84

Leaking gas from welding equipment ignites explosion, 98:6.86

Paper wrapping ignited by, 95:3.39

Rubber curtain, dock seal ignited by, 97:6.56

Sawdust ignited by sparks, 91:4.31

Sparks ignite scenery, 98:6.92

Styrofoam insulation ignited by, 94:6.93

Tank farm fire ignited by, 96:6.62

Torch ignites ammonium nitrate powder, 94:5.105

Torch ignites cardboard, 94:6.97

Torch ignites cardboard, plywood, 95:6.104

Torch ignites carpets, 94:6.97

Torch ignites ceiling material, 95:6.108

Torch ignites foam insulation, 98:6.84

Torch ignites gasoline vapors, 95:6.38

Torch ignites polyurethane mats, 94:5.30

Torch ignites PVC solvent vapors, 96:6.23

Torch ignites wood, 95:5.35

Warehouse fire, possible cause of, 93:6.86

WELDON, CURT

Profile of, 91:3.14

WELLS, JACK

Interview with, 95:3.85, 95:4.97

WEST VIRGINIA

Catastrophic fires

Aircraft, Oct. 7, 1992, 93:5.68

Coal mine, March 19, 1992, 93:5.67

Dwelling, March 7, 1993, 94:5.96

Dwelling, Nov. 21, 1997, 98:5.50

Motor vehicle, July 26, 1990, 91:4.69

Truck, May 11, 1993, 94:5.108

Historic building fire, 1996, 97:6.22

Manufacturing plant fire, April, 1994, 95:6.102

Office building fire, March, 1995, 96:6.70

University building fire, 1993, 94:4.30

WET CHEMICAL EXTINGUISHING SYSTEMS

Nozzles blocked, failed to extinguish fire, 92:3.34

WEYAUWEGA, WISC.

LP-Gas railroad tank car derailment, March 4, 1996, 96:3.89

WEYMOUTH, MASS.

Hospital fire, Jan. 24, 1993, 93:5.49

WHARVES. See PIER AND WHARF FIRES

WILDFIRE MANAGEMENT COLUMNS

Brazilian delegation learns from Montana hotshot team, 93:6.32

Fire, ecological friend or foe of forests, 94:4.33

Hantavirus poses health threat to fire fighters, 94:2.31

Internet's fire protection applications, 95:6.41

Laughter as workplace morale booster, 91:2.116

National Interagency Incident Management System (NIMS), discussion, 91:3.123

NFPA 1051, Wildland Fire Fighter Professional Qualifications, approved, 95:5.39

NFPA standard for wildfire personnel qualifications, 94:1.33

NFPA survey, managers top concerns, 92:5.96, 93:2.83

NFPA survey, national issues, 92:2.66

NFPA survey identifies wildfire concerns, 92:1.74

Politics, media, and public relations addressed at meeting, 93:3.103

Rural fire protection: a shared responsibility, 94:5.35

Training needed to counteract stress, fear, and panic, 95:4.41

Wildland fire fighting rules to prevent fire fighter fatalities, 94:3.33

Wildland/urban interface, fire fighting problems at, 91:1.118

Wildland/urban interface, public safety education, 91:4.32

Working with the public to change policy, 93:5.20

WILDLAND FIRES. See also WILDFIRE MANAGEMENT COLUMNS

Fire season overview

1990, 91:1.59

1991, 92:1.54

1992, 93:1.36

1993, 94:2.79

1994, 95:2.36

1995, 96:2.45

1996, 97:2.46

1997, 98:2.42

Alaska, June 2, 1996, wildland/urban interface, 97:6.59

California, June 27, 1990, College Hills Fire, Glendale, 91:1.60

California, June 27, 1990, Los Padres National Forest, 91:1.61

California, Aug. 6, 1990, 91:6.74

California, Oct., 1991, 92:6.74

California, 1992, 93:4.28

California, Aug., 1992, 93:6.88

California, Aug., 1992, wildland/urban interface, 93:6.89

California, Sept., 1992, 93:6.88, 89

California, Oct., 1993, wildland/urban interface, 94:6.99

California, Nov., 1993, wildland/urban interface, 94:6.99

California, June, 1994, wildland/urban interface, 95:6.111

California, Aug., 1994, wildland/urban interface, 95:6.111

California, Aug. 13, 1997, 98:6.92

California, Sept. 27, 1997, wildland/urban interface, 98:6.92

Catastrophic

Arizona, 1990, Tonto National Forest, 91:1.60, 91:4.70, 91:6.78

California, Oct. 20, 1991, 92:4.72

California, Nov. 2, 1993, wildland/urban interface, 94:5.108

Colorado, July 3, 1994, 95:5.67

Colorado, South Canyon, July, 1994, 95:2.51

Evacuations for California fires, 94:2.85

Fire fighter fatalities related to, 1994, 95:4.86, 87, 93

Fire fighter injuries related to, 97:6.76

Firefighter's first person account of Australian wildfire, 1996, 97:2.49

Firewise landscaping, 94:2.84

Florida, 1992, 93:3.36

Historical overview, 96:2.66

Homeowner responsibility for wildfire protection efforts, 94:2.4

Idaho, 1992, 93:4.26

Idaho, 1996, wildland/urban interface, 97:4.21

Kansas, Feb. 21, 1996, 97:6.59

Montana, Mann Gulch, 1949, 95:2.42

New Jersey, 1995, 96:2.26

New York, Aug., 1995, 96:6.74

NFPA codes and standards, 98:2.44

Oregon, Aug., 1992, 93:6.89

Oregon, Aug., 1994, wildland/urban interface, 95:6.111

Oregon, Oct., 1991, 92:6.76

Peshtigo, Wis., wildland/urban interface, 1871, 94:2.86

Surviving a wildland burnover, 98:2.47

Texas, 1994, 95:2.31

Washington, July, 1994, Fish Hatchery Complex, 95:2.48

Washington, July, 1994, wildland/urban interface, 95:6.111

Washington, Sept., 1992, wildland/urban interface, 93:6.89

Wildland/urban interface, fire fighting problems at, 91:1.118

Wildland/urban interface fire threat requires vigilance from homeowners and agencies, 98:6.94

WIND

Fire generated, contributes to wildland fire spread, 95:6.111

High, caused wall collapse in building-under-construction fire, 91:3.27

High, hampered fire fighting operations, 96:3.40, 97:6.57

High, intensified fire spread, 91:6.73, 74, 75, 92:4.25, 92:4.72, 92:5.25, 92:6.74, 76, 93:6.30, 81, 86, 88, 89, 94:2.28, 94:3.29, 94:5.108, 94:6.36, 90, 98, 99, 95:5.54, 67, 95:6.99, 96:2.24, 96:2.26, 96:5.93, 96:6.62, 69, 70, 74, 97:4.21, 6.50, 54, 56, 57, 59, 98:6.85, 90

WINDOWS, Blocked by air conditioner, factor in catastrophic f6

Blocked by air conditioner, factor in catastrophic fNIA

Catastrophic fires

Apartment building, April 5, 1997, 98:5.45

Blocked by furniture, hinders escape in fatal fire, 94:6.33

Blocked by storage, door, catastrophic fire factor, 94:5.96

Broken by heat, catastrophic fire factor, 91:4.66

Closed windows allow vapors to accumulate, 94:5.104, 105

Conflict between security and fire safety, 94:3.110

Failed, factor in catastrophic fire, 68, 92:4.67

Failed, fire spread to interior through, 98:5.53

Fire vented through, 91:4.67, 93:5.62, 64, 94:5.28, 100, 102, 105, 94:6.34, 64, 95:5.53, 54, 56, 58, 59, 96:5.91, 96:6.70, 97:5.21, 49, 51, 52, 53, 6.20, 98:2.18

Furniture blocks access in catastrophic fire, 92:4.69

Glazing developments offer alternatives to wired glass, also raises code questions, 98:6.76

Inoperable, unbreakable, factor in catastrophic fire, 97:5.54

Lexan layer hampered ventilation, suppression, 94:6.89

Nailed shut, factor in catastrophic fire, 98:5.50

Security bars, factor in catastrophic fire, 91:4.64, 96:5.93, 97:5.51, 98:5.45, 50

Security bars, factor in fatal fire, 91:4.26, 94:3.110, 94:5.95, 96, 95:2.29

Steel screens hinder escape in catastrophic fire, 93:5.62

Transom windows failed, factor in fire spread, 93:6.28

WINTERTHUR MUSEUM, DELAWARE

Life safety protection system, 92:5.63

WIRING, ELECTRICAL. See also ELECTRICAL FIRES

Faulty wiring short-circuits, ignites wood framing, 92:4.68

Inadequately sized, ignites wall, 91:4.67

Joist ignited by, 92:3.34

Malfunctioning or frayed wire ignites fire, 92:4.67

U. S. cable/wire manufacturers promote NEC over IEC as European standard, 98:4.64

WISCONSIN

Catastrophic fires

Aircraft, Dec. 10, 1993, 94:5.106, 94:6.98

Board and care facility, Dec. 31, 1990, 91:4.69

Drilling rig, July 9, 1991, 92:4.72

Dwelling, March 13, 1990, 91:4.66

Dwelling, May 10, 1990, 91:4.65

Dwelling, Oct. 4, 1990, 91:4.66

Dwelling, April 22, 1991, 92:4.68

Dwelling, Feb. 28, 1996, 97:5.49

Dwelling, March 10, 1996, 97:5.50

Manufacturing plant, May 16, 1991, 92:4.71

Truck , Nov. 11, 1994, 95:5.67

LP-Gas railroad tank car derailment, March 4, 1996, 96:3.89

Manufacturing plant fire, 1994, 95:2.30

Museum fire, June, 1994, 95:6.98

Office building fire, 1996, 97:2.23

Processing plant fire, 1993, 94:6.36

Public assembly mixed use building fire, 1993, 94:3.29

Railroad rolling stock fires, March 4, 1996, 96:3.89, 97:6.60

Shopping mall fire, 1989, 91:1.29

Warehouse fire, May, 1991, 92:6.75

Warehouse fire, May 3, 1991, 91:6.37

WITZEMAN, LOU

Profile of, 97:5.37

WOBURN, MASS.

Nursing home fire, Oct. 30, 1992, 93:5.49

WOOD AND WOOD PRODUCTS

Aged plywood interior contributes to fire spread, 95:6.107

Fire starts in sawdust, spreads to combustibles, 94:4.30

WOOD FRAMING

Ignited by electric cord, catastrophic fire factor, 92:4.67

Ignited by electrical wiring, catastrophic fire factor, 92:4.68

WOOD SHINGLES, SHAKES

Cigarette, ignited by, in dwelling fire, 96:5.25

Fire spread to shingles under metal siding, 97:6.52

Fire-retardant treatment, effectiveness of, 91:1.24

Fireworks, ignited by, 97:3.30

Fireworks, ignited by, in dwelling fire, 96:4.21

Incendiary fire spread to, 97:6.56

Pile of removed shakes ignited by cigarette, 97:3.30

Produced flaming brands in wildland fire, 92:4.72

Spotlight ignites shingles, 97:1.27

Wildland fire spread factor, 93:6.89

WOOD STOVES

Camping stove fuel used to kindle, ignites fatal fire, 97:6.20

Catastrophic fire caused by, 91:4.64, 68

Gasoline used to kindle, ignited catastrophic fire, 91:4.68

Heat from faulty stove pipe connection of homemade stove, ignites catastrophic fire, 97:5.51

Point of fire origin in area of stove, 98:5.46

Radiant heat from flue ignites stored wood, 92:5.25

Structural framing ignited by, in catastrophic fire, 97:5.49

WOODEN STRUCTURAL MEMBERS

Damage service cable, which ignites joist, 96:5.93

WORLD TRADE CENTER, N. Y., N. Y., EXPLOSION AND FIRE

Catastrophic fire, 94:5.104

Human behavior during evacuation, 95:2.59

Large loss fire, 93:6.91, 94:6.90

WYOMING

Fatal dwelling fire, 1991, 92:5.26

Manufacturing plant fire, 1993, 94:3.30

Sawmill fire, 1990, 92:1.26


Y

YUMA, ARIZ.

Manufacturing plant fire, Nov. 12, 1992, 93:4.33


Z

ZOO FIRES

Pennsylvania, 1995, 96:6.24

Reprinted with permission.

 
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